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The Roman empire went on longer than most as we've said. The immediate problems that explode in the third century are invasions and successions.
which devoured Alexander's short-lived "Greek" empire five ways to Sunday
Invasions by first of all Persia. Persia is the old enemy of the Roman empire. Indeed as many of you know the old enemy of the Greek city-states that precede the Roman empire as far back as the first historian of the western tradition, Herodotus, first week of directed studies for those of you who are nostalgic for that experience. Persia is the enemy. Well, we never study Persia. It's like off-stage all the time and that's the great benefit of the department of near eastern languages and cultures. If you want to learn about Persia really from within instead of "O, my god, the Persians" in 370 B.C. and it's gonna to be, it's going to come to an end in the seventh century. But uh that's because of Islam.




Diversity is the key to economic and political evolution.
by Cat on Wed Dec 6th, 2017 at 03:39:17 PM EST
Garth Fowden's Empire to Commonwealth - Consequences of monotheism in late antiquity, which I read ~25 years ago, best framed this whole issue for me. He also argues the importance of Iran and the Iranian plateau as a geographic fortress that gave weight to the Persian and Sasanian empires located there. In a age when China and India were too remote to matter Iran hosted the 'middle empire, between the Byzantine and the Kushan. This contrasts with the 'three great monotheisms' view of the period more common in 'the west', which was a barbarian fringe once Rome fell.

"It is not necessary to have hope in order to persevere."
by ARGeezer (ARGeezer a in a circle eurotrib daught com) on Thu Dec 7th, 2017 at 04:32:48 PM EST
[ Parent ]
I always find it amusing that Sparta's pro-Persian foreign policy, and direct collaboration with the Persians with an eye towards the "pacification" of Greece and an end to the dangerous politics of their Athenian rivals -- somehow that always gets forgotton by clash-of-civilization dumbasses.
by Zwackus on Fri Dec 8th, 2017 at 02:55:42 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Treason Against Europa at the very root of the civilization! That root gave rise to many fruitful branches, not least when transplanted to North America.

"It is not necessary to have hope in order to persevere."
by ARGeezer (ARGeezer a in a circle eurotrib daught com) on Fri Dec 8th, 2017 at 03:48:18 PM EST
[ Parent ]
I'm slightly concerned that the extensive use of quotes in this diary may be in breach of our user guidelines on quoting external material.

Index of Frank's Diaries
by Frank Schnittger (mail Frankschnittger at hot male dotty communists) on Wed Dec 6th, 2017 at 10:44:53 PM EST
There is something going on in today's Republic of Macedonia, according to ignorable sources:

Will Macedonia Be Removed From The Map In 2018? -- Oriental Review

The formal international partition of the Republic of Macedonia between Albania and Bulgaria is what the author predicted back in May 2015 and which was even indirectly responded to by Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov at the time during the height of the country's Color Revolution crisis, but this process has since taken on an unofficial form as well if Macedonia is "federalized" into an Albanian western half simultaneously with its eastern one being socio-economically subsumed by Bulgaria, with this latter scenario being facilitated by the Albanian "bilingualism" push and recent "treaty" with Bulgaria. Some Macedonians have keenly picked up on this plot, but that's why the ruling authorities have sought to imprison patriotic citizens and political figures in order to intimidate the rest of the population into passively allowing this anti-constitutional and even treasonous process of state dismantlement to continue.

[...]

To add insult to injury, the "Cultural Marxist" erasure of all visible signs of Macedonia's historical uniqueness will probably be directly supervised by Hoyt Brian Yee, Victoria Nuland's successor and expected replacement of current US Ambassador to Macedonia Jess Baily. Yee was just as responsible for Macedonia's coup as Nuland was for Ukraine's, yet at least the Eastern European country wasn't totally humiliated to the point of having her officially oversee the destruction of its monuments to Lenin, the founder of Ukraine's first-ever statehood no matter how "politically incorrect" it is for its ultra-nationalists to ever acknowledge. In Macedonia's case, however, the Balkan country is being forced to endure the shame of having the man most directly responsible for their coup placed in charge of seeing out the destruction of monuments representing a much older civilizational heritage than just the past 100 years.

by das monde on Thu Dec 7th, 2017 at 01:44:37 AM EST
... the "Cultural Marxist" erasure of all visible signs of Macedonia's historical uniqueness

Sounds like Andrew Korybko needs to have his meds upgraded.

She believed in nothing; only her skepticism kept her from being an atheist. -- Jean-Paul Sartre

by ATinNM on Thu Dec 7th, 2017 at 01:49:59 AM EST
[ Parent ]
His writing is very edgy. On the other hand, he refers to the Macedonian situation as "Dictatorship Of The Proletariat", thus invoking Marxism is a lesser stretch.
by das monde on Thu Dec 7th, 2017 at 03:07:16 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Cultural Marxism - Vice
You might have heard the term 'Cultural Marxism' thrown around by figureheads of the new radical right. This is what they're on about, and why they're wrong.


"It is not necessary to have hope in order to persevere."
by ARGeezer (ARGeezer a in a circle eurotrib daught com) on Thu Dec 7th, 2017 at 03:45:01 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Al Jazeera Balkans: Hoyt Brian Yee to replace Jess Baily in Macedonia

Washington, 29 November 2017 (MIA) - Hoyt Brian Yee, US Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs and Eurasian Affairs, as of next year will be the new US Ambassador to Macedonia, Al Jazeera Balkans (AJB) correspondent reports, citing sources of the US Department of State.

Hoyt Brian Yee will replace the current US ambassador Jess Baily, who was in that position from December 2014. Hoyt Yee is an experienced diplomat and expert for the Balkans who started his career in the 1990s along with the so-called "bulldozer diplomat" Richard Holbrooke.

The sending of Hoyt Brian Yee to Macedonia is assessed as a confirmation of Washington's increased engagement in the Balkans, primarily because of Moscow's attempts to impose its influence in the region.

    [Links added are mine - Oui]

Hoyt Brian Yee Tipped as US Ambassador in Macedonia

With the recent appointment of Wess Mitchell as new Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs by the US Senate, the gap left by former Obama-era Assistance Secretary Victoria Nuland has been filled by the administration of Us President Donald Trump. Since January 20, Yee had looked after Nuland's duties. It may be expected that Mitchell is looking for a deputy that has not been appointed by the previous US president.

Ever since the departure, Deputy Assistant Secretary Yee has played a significant role in the Western Balkans, playing an important role in the solution of the political crises in the region that all came to a head in May. Within 24 hours, the political stalemate in Macedonia was resolved with the instalment of the new government of Zoran Zaev, the MacAllister+ agreement in Albania, and parliamentary elections in Kosovo.

Even after this diplomatic success, Yee continued to be prominent in Western Balkans politics, recently stating that the truth about the wiretapping scandal in Macedonia, which had led to the fall of the Gruevski government, and the Tahiri-Habilaj affair in Albania needs to come out. He recently visited Belgrade and Prishtina, in the hope of furthering the dialogue between Kosovo and Serbia.

by Oui on Thu Dec 7th, 2017 at 02:48:37 PM EST
[ Parent ]
A crumbling Empire needs internal security and militarized police to keep the peons in line.

After all:

Fascism is the failure mode of liberal democracy.


She believed in nothing; only her skepticism kept her from being an atheist. -- Jean-Paul Sartre
by ATinNM on Thu Dec 7th, 2017 at 01:47:15 AM EST

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