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As it happens, Counterpunch published this morning an essay that accomplishes two tasks, (1) furnish Spain's legacy in Catalunya; and (2) refute the ambivalent intentions of Spain's constitutional letter.
Whatever post-Franco party has been in power, Madrid has always done everything possible to suppress Catalonia's attempts to claim the right to self-determination but, this time, as October 1 looms, the response against a peaceful citizen movement has been much rougher than anyone imagined, including measures like police and Guardia Civil ships in the harbor, water-cannon trucks roaring along the highways, helicopters clattering overhead, taking control of Catalan finances, raiding the offices of the government's IT center, the Foreign Affairs Ministry and Catalan government offices, detaining fourteen officials, impounding close to ten million ballot papers (so activists took printers into the streets to make off new ones), shutting down websites about the election (swiftly restored with mirror sites), and placing the Catalan police (Mossos) under the command of a colonel from the Guardia Civil (who, from a long lineage of Franco supporters, was charged with torture in 1992).
"The Rule of Law Such As Ours" (And as Imposed in Catalonia)
Article 155 was damningly described by Pedro Cruz Villalón, none other than a former President of the Constitutional Court of Spain, as the most aggressive and unfortunate exponent of a conception of state unity which is latent in Article 2 as something preexisting, prior to and, accordingly, superior to the Constitution itself as well as the whole legal system. This absurd situation of a constitution that annuls itself in the name of the unity it hallows signals serious legal problems which, affecting Spain as a whole, date back to the "Transition" (from the Franco regime). This was actually a non-transition, or continuity dressed up as a formal, legal break with the past, and aiming to restore the monarchy and leave the hegemony of the dominant social group unscathed.
For my part I think, Orwell's and Chomsky's authority over English-speakers' image of Catalan revolution within Spanish Civil War of the '30s finally hit its nadir. I note with interest that Podemos is not mentioned here with Cuidados. It is as if for the authors political groups' dominion were indeed redundant and dissolved in unity of the bourgeois and "proletariat" sentiments since Colau's election. We shall see. We shall see how far civil disobedience can carry their cause.
Diversity is the key to economic and political evolution.
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