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Swedish debt/GDP since the great nordic war:

Wars and various burning of bondholders (mostly by the government buying up debt at market price and cancelling it) dominate until the post-war era. Post-war I don't know. The decrease in debt/gdp around 1945 and 1960 appears rather sharp but perhaps it is just increasing GDP, can't find anything about bonds written down. The last debt peak around is at least the bank crisis of the early 90ies with austerity and introduction of mass unemployment. Then follows a decrease in debt/GDP as a result of a mercantilistic policy of wage depression and a debt reduction target.

by A swedish kind of death on
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In story: 22 August 2014

Re: Economy and Finance
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In Wales:
Russia has a long and varied history of using sudden food safety concerns as a political weapon against unfriendly states.

Russia, huh? No other countries ever do this?

by afew (afew(a in a circle)eurotrib_dot_com) on
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In story: 22 August 2014

Re: Economy and Finance
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Time to retire unemployment | Edward Hadas

That binary split of employed and unemployed no longer exists. Many people nowadays drift in and out of paid jobs, shifting back and forth from full to part-time work. Some move in and out of the legal economy. Transient self-employment is common. Retirement is a flexible concept. Parents and other carers sometimes balance paid and unpaid labour.

Students, prisoners or disabled people at any time could and might want to work for pay. And paid employment cannot always be interpreted as a sign of a well-functioning labour market: jobs may be precarious, ill-suited to the worker's skills, or pay less than a living wage.

by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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In story: 22 August 2014

Re: Living Off the Planet
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Swelling Australian cities harbour ever bigger spiders - life - 21 August 2014 - New Scientist

As if Australia's spiders weren't big and scary enough, it turns out denser, busier cities are allowing some of them to grow even bigger. The same thing could be happening the world over.

Most Australians will have seen the large but mostly harmless golden orb-weavers that sometimes congregate in people's gardens. Elizabeth Lowe of the University of Sydney was surprised at just how large some were growing, and began investigating what could be behind this.

by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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In story: 22 August 2014

Re: Living On the Planet
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It would be stupid to ignore a drop in human intellect - 21 August 2014 - New Scientist

THE US Immigration Act of 1924 imposed limits on the number of people from a wide range of "undesirable" ethnicities who could move to the country. Some of the staunchest supporters of the act were eugenicists, who believed that the fecundity of poor people was reducing the overall health and intelligence of the nation. They wanted to stop "inferior stock" from Europe, including Italians, Czechs and Poles, further weakening the US's superior "old stock".

They were, of course, wrong. Poor performance by immigrants on IQ tests had nothing to do with ethnicity and everything to do with poverty. Malnutrition, poor health and lack of education all depress IQ. As social conditions have improved, IQ scores have shot up in country after country, in what is called the Flynn effect. In the US, they rose by 3 points per decade between 1932 and 1978.

by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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In story: 22 August 2014

Re: Living Off the Planet
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UK's warmest period record sparks call for greater climate action | Environment | theguardian.com

An expert on climate change policy has called for more action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions as it emerged the country saw the warmest period from January to July since records began in 1910.

It was also the third-equal wettest such period for those months, the Met Office confirmed.

So far, not including 2014, seven of the UK's warmest years on record, and four of the five wettest years on record, have all occurred since 2000.

by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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In story: 22 August 2014

Re: Living Off the Planet
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Scientist in focus - meteorologist and climate communicator Paul Huttner | John Abraham | Environment | theguardian.com
Meteorologists have the tools to clearly understand how humans are affecting the Earth's climate. For folks who study weather every day, the changes they've seen defy natural explanation. But most meteorologists have to balance their very limited airtime and their reporting obligations with a desire to convey the reality of climate change.
by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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In story: 22 August 2014

Re: Living Off the Planet
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US sailors prepare for fresh legal challenge over Fukushima radiation | Environment | The Guardian

The first time it occurred to James Jackson that there could be lasting damage from his US Navy service during Japan's tsunami and nuclear disaster came when his eldest son, Darius, was diagnosed with leukaemia.

Darius, now 15, spent a month in hospital in early 2013, soon after his diagnosis. "I thought I was going to have to bury him," Jackson recalled. The teenager who aspired to play college basketball now has a catheter in his chest and is too frail to run the length of the court.

by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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In story: 22 August 2014

Re: Living Off the Planet
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Protecting produce: ten African countries get biosecurity investment | Global Development Professionals Network | Guardian Professional
The Australian International Food Security Research Centre recently announced the launch of a two-year, $800,000 initiative for sub-Saharan Africa. The project aims to help 10 countries become better equipped to combat plant biosecurity threats.
by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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In story: 22 August 2014

Re: Living Off the Planet
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A time to cull? The battle over Australia's brumbies | World | The Guardian

It's a bad year for Australia's wild horses caught in the upper reaches of the Australian Alps. This mountain pass between New South Wales and Victoria is not called Dead Horse Gap for nothing.

But it could get worse for the wild horses as national parks in Victoria and NSW decide how to manage brumby numbers, which they describe as out of control.

Both states are considering "wild horse management plans" for the next five years. Both will address how to cull brumbies with all methods on the table, in an effort to protect Australian habitats and species.

by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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In story: 22 August 2014

Re: Living On the Planet
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The rise in sexual offences on trains shows how rife misogyny is | Ellie Cosgrave | Comment is free | theguardian.com
Today the British transport police announced a 21% increase in reported sex offences on railways, rising to 1,117 in 2013-14 from 925 the previous year. The news comes in the same week that police released an image of a man they want to question over the prolonged sexual assault of a woman on a London train.
by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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In story: 22 August 2014

Re: Economy and Finance
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AFP.com

Russian authorities launched nationwide inspections of McDonald's restaurants Thursday after shutting three wildly-popular Moscow locations on apparent government orders aimed at striking back against biting Western sanctions.

It was the latest and arguably most resonant salvo in an escalating and economically-bruising trade war over a bloody conflict in Ukraine that has plunged East-West relations into what some have dubbed a "new Cold War".

Russia has a long and varied history of using sudden food safety concerns as a political weapon against unfriendly states.

by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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AFP.com

Friends, relatives and colleagues have paid tribute to American journalist James Foley, executed by Islamic State jihadists, with his parents praising their "fearless" son.

Condolences and shocked messages poured in after the Islamist group released a video of Foley's beheading late Tuesday, including from French journalists who revealed they had been held alongside him in the past year.

by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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In story: 22 August 2014

Re: Living On the Planet
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EUobserver / Lithuanian TV reluctant to show LGBT rights ad
Lithuania's TV broadcasters have appeared more than reluctant to air a video ad promoting LGBT rights.
by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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EUobserver / Scottish EU membership 'not in serious doubt'
BRUSSELS - Scotland's EU membership "is not in any serious doubt" if the country votes for independence, according to new research by constitutional experts.
by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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In story: 22 August 2014

Re: Economy and Finance
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EUobserver / Russia relaxes EU food ban, counts costs

BRUSSELS - Russia has said its ban on EU food imports will cost it "hundreds of billions of rubles" in subsidies.

Its agriculture minister, Nikolai Fyodorov, told the Rossiya 24 broadcaster on Wednesday (20 August) the government has set aside 50 billion rubles (€1.03bn) for this year to keep shop shelves stocked with EU-type products.

"We are trying to prove that it [the 50bn ruble subsidy] needs to be somewhat higher," he noted.

by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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In story: 22 August 2014

Re: Living On the Planet
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Iceland′s Bárðarbunga volcano: Europe could soon be under another giant ash cloud | Sci-Tech | DW.DE | 20.08.2014

Bárðarbunga lies in central Iceland, rises to 2009 meters above sea level and is the country's second highest mountain. It is completely covered by the Vatna Glacier and is part of Iceland's largest volcanic system, which comprises several volcanoes and is 190 kilometers long.

2. Iceland's Meteorological Office has detected more than 2000 earthquakes in the Bárðarbunga area - at a depth of five to ten kilometers - since Saturday. Scientists see earthquakes as an early warning that a volcano may erupt. When magma moves deep down, the pressure breaks rocks and the earth starts to shake.

by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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In story: 22 August 2014

Re: Living On the Planet
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Ebola: researchers now know how many doses we need of a vaccine that′s yet to exist | Sci-Tech | DW.DE | 21.08.2014

A team of researchers from the University of Oxford have calculated the amount of medicine needed to fight the current outbreak of the Ebola virus in Western Africa.

In a study for the World Health Organization (WHO), published in "Nature," epidemiologist Oliver Brady estimates that 30,000 doses of vaccine would have been needed to immunize all of those at risk of infection during the current outbreak.

But the problem is no vaccine has been tested and approved

by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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In story: 22 August 2014

Re: People et Klatsch
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Former Irish Prime Minister Albert Reynolds dies | News | DW.DE | 21.08.2014

Reynolds, who had been suffering from the last stages of Alzheimer's disease, died on Thursday at the age of 81, his Fianna Fail party said.

Reynolds served as the eighth prime minister of Ireland between 1992 and 1994, and is remembered for his commitment to ending sectarian bloodshed in Northern Ireland.

Current Taoiseach (Irish prime minister) Enda Kenny said it was "with great regret" that he learned of the news, saying Reynolds had "played an important part in bringing together differing strands of political opinion."

by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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In story: 22 August 2014

Re: Economy and Finance
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PMI survey indicates sluggish eurozone growth | Business | DW.DE | 21.08.2014

Private business growth slowed to a marginal pace in the 18-member eurozone in August despite extensive price cutting, a survey showed Thursday.

The Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI), a closely watched measure of overall growth that surveys thousands of companies across the region, fell to 52.8 points from 53.8 points in July. A reading above 50 indicates expansion.

by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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In story: 22 August 2014

Re: Economy and Finance
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German industry leaders worried about lack of suitable apprentices | Business | DW.DE | 21.08.2014

The Association of German Chambers of Commerce and Industry (DIHK) said Thursday it was getting harder for firms to find suitable apprentices.

It said there were many reasons for the current plight of some 80,000 offered apprenticeships remaining vacant. For one, more people are staying in school rather than dropping out. And a number of people are going on to university.

"While it has never been so easy for young people to secure an apprenticeship, German companies are experiencing more and more difficulties in finding applicants," DIHK President Eric Schweitzer said in a statement in Berlin.

by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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In story: 22 August 2014

Re: Living On the Planet
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Humans and Neanderthals ′shared Europe′ | News | DW.DE | 21.08.2014

Writers of a study published in the journal Nature concluded there was a high probability that pockets of Neanderthal culture survived until between 41,030 and 39,260 years ago.

Researchers used new carbon dating techniques and mathematical models to examine some 200 samples from about 40 sites as far apart as Spain and Russia.

The findings would appear to support a theory that Homo neanderthalis lived alongside Homo sapiens - who were late arrivals in Europe about 45,000 to 43,000 years ago - for longer than had been thought.

by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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In story: 22 August 2014

Re: Economy and Finance
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Bank of America settles mortgage probes with record penalty | Business | DW.DE | 21.08.2014

The US Department of Justice announced Thursday that Bank of America (BofA) had accepted penalties amounting to a total of $16.6 billion (12.5 billion euros).

In the largest settlement in history between the United States and a single company, the US lender agreed to pay $9.65 billion in cash penalty as well as provide $7 billion in compensation for investors.

In the run-up to the 2008 financial crisis, BofA sold large numbers of mortgage-backed securities (MBS) and collateralized debt obligations (CDO) to investors, concealing that these financial products were partly based on low-quality credits and pose a huge risk of default.

by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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Violent territorial dispute flares in India′s Assam state | News | DW.DE | 21.08.2014

Thousands of protestors in the northeastern Indian state of Assam defied a curfew on Thursday and attacked officers near the unstable border with its neighbor Nagaland.

Brandishing sticks, stones, and in some cases bows and arrows, residents of Assam's Golaghat district assaulted the state police on the grounds that the authorities had failed to defend them from the Nagas.

At least 20 people have died and 10,000 have fled their homes in five days of unrest, according to Indian officials.

by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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Indonesia′s top court upholds results of presidential election | News | DW.DE | 21.08.2014

The Constitutional Court in Jakarta on Thursday unanimously decided that the result from the July 9 poll was valid, in a ruling that cannot be appealed.

"The court rejects ... all applications from the applicant (Prabowo) by all nine judges," said Chief Justice Hamdan Zoelva, Reuters reported.

Earlier in the day, police dispersed thousands of Prabowo supporters, who had gathered near the court house and tried to break through security barriers before the verdict was delivered. Security forces used teargas and water cannon to dispel them.

by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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Neo-Nazi investigation was a ′fiasco,′ report says | News | DW.DE | 21.08.2014

A fact-finding parliamentary committee in the eastern German state of Thuringia on Thursday officially presented its final report on the police investigation into activities of the neo-Nazi group "National Socialist Underground" (NSU).

The NSU is alleged to have carried out at least 10 murders, mostly of people with migrant backgrounds, in Germany, along with other violent crimes.

The around 1800-page report, which was two-and-a-half years in the making, slammed police and justice authorities for a series of mistakes made during the investigation of the crimes.

by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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In story: 22 August 2014

Re: Living On the Planet
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Wim Wenders to be honored for life′s work at Berlinale | News | DW.DE | 21.08.2014

The 65th Berlin Film Festival will see one of Germany's most widely recognized directors receive a lifetime achievement award, the honorary Golden Bear, organizers announced on Thursday.

Festival director Dieter Kosslick lauded the maker of "Wings of Desire" as "one of the most noted contemporary auteurs," adding that next year's Berlinale would pay tribute to Wenders' artistic diversity.

"His cross-genre and multifaceted work as a filmmaker, photographer and author has shaped our living memory of cinema, and continues to inspire other filmmakers," Kosslick said in a statement.

by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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US tried but failed to rescue Syria hostages, ′including journalist Foley′ | News | DW.DE | 21.08.2014

The Pentagon said on Wednesday that Washington had sent special operations troops into Syria, but that a mission to rescue US hostages had ultimately proved unsuccessful.

The rescue operation "involved air and ground components and was focused on a particular captor network..." the Pentagon statement said. "Unfortunately, the mission was not successful because the hostages were not present at the targeted location."

Unnamed officials told news agencies the group of captives included journalist James Foley, who was beheaded in a video distributed this week by the militant Islamist group "Islamic State" (IS).

by In Wales (inwales aaat eurotrib.com) on
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News and Views

 22 August 2014

by In Wales - Aug 21, 38 comments

Your take on today's news media

 21 August 2014

by dvx - Aug 20, 50 comments

Your take on today's news media

 Midweek Open Thread

by Helen - Aug 20, 1 comment

Get on the good foot

 StartThe Week Open Thread

by Helen - Aug 18, 20 comments

Here we go again

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