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European Salon de News, Discussion et Klatsch - 3-4 November

by DoDo Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:35:21 PM EST

 A Daily Review Of International Online Media 


Europeans on these dates in history:

1982 - birth of Evgeni Plushenko, Russian figure skater

More here

1972 - birth of Luís Figo, Portuguese footballer

More here

 The European Salon is a daily selection of news items to which you are invited to contribute.  Post links to news stories that interest you, or just your comments.  Come in and join us!


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 EUROPE 



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.

by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:06:34 PM EST
EU Budget Commissioner Challenges UK Loyalty to Europe - SPIEGEL ONLINE

On Friday, European Commissioner for Financial Programming and Budget Janusz Lewandowski, Poland's representative in the EU's executive, said it was time for Britain to make a fundamental decision regarding its future in the European Union. "Of course there are limits," he said in an interview with the German daily Süddeutsche Zeitung. "We can't finance more Europe with substantially less money."

When asked if he was referring to budgetary criticism coming from London, Lewandowski said: "Of course I am also referring to Great Britain. Either they see their future in the European Union in the long term or they don't."

Lewandowski's comments come on the heels of several brash comments on the budget coming from leading British politicians. Parliament on Wednesday heaped pressure on Prime Minister David Cameron to push through deep cuts to the EU's proposed budget, as several members of his own party joined the opposition in a non-binding vote on the matter.



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:06:44 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Merkel raps Britain, France over threatened budget vetoes | EurActiv

Merkel said it was normal in politics to "stake out terrain" ahead of a summit such as the 22-23 November meeting of EU leaders to discuss the EU's €1 trillion spending plan.

But a day after British Prime Minister David Cameron came under pressure in Parliament to act tough on the EU budget and France waved its veto threateningly, Merkel said: "I don't want to throw more vetoes into the room, it doesn't help bring about a solution."

Proposals to reduce the 2014-2020 budget have disappointed some richer member states which want to cut their contributions even further as they struggle to reduce their debts. But they have angered countries such as Poland that rely heavily on EU funding for economic development.

Merkel visits Cameron next week after his humiliating defeat in Parliament on Wednesday at the hands of Eurosceptic rebels in his Conservative party, who are not satisfied with his push for a freeze in spending.

Paris has also threatened to block a deal - in anger at proposals to trim the Common Agricultural Policy - as has Denmark, which wants a rebate on its contributions similar to those negotiated by first Britain then Germany, Sweden, the Netherlands and Austria.



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:06:54 PM EST
[ Parent ]
More vetoes:

Bulgaria vetoes Macedonia's EU accession talks | EurActiv

Bulgaria has joined Greece in vetoing the opening of EU accession talks with Macedonia, despite a positive recommendation by the European Commission.

Bulgarian President Rossen Plevneliev told EU Enlargement Commissioner Štefan Füle on Wednesday (31 October) that Macedonia is "not ready" to start accession negotiations.

This is the fourth consecutive year that accession talks have been delayed.

Füle visited Bulgaria in a bid to clarify the government's position with respect to Macedonia. Prime Minister Boyko Borissov has accused Skopje of stealing from Bulgaria's history and badmouthing his country (see background).

...These developments took place amid threats by the EU executive to publish an extraordinary monitoring report on Bulgaria's ailing judicial system, which may have encouraged Sofia to hit back at the Commission at a time when Füle was seeking mediation over Macedonia.



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:07:14 PM EST
[ Parent ]
This veto makes no more sense than Greece's.

I think it would be helpful if they would explain under what circumstances Macedonia's (or however re-named) accession would be possible cos right now it just seems that it's not now, not ever, never

keep to the Fen Causeway

by Helen (lareinagal at yahoo dot co dot uk) on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 04:39:38 AM EST
[ Parent ]
They say further down:

Bulgaria vetoes Macedonia's EU accession talks | EurActiv

"Bulgaria cannot grant an EU certificate to the actions of the government in Skopje which is systematically employing an ideology of hate towards Bulgaria," Plevneliev stated.

"It is strategically important for the long-term stability in the Balkans that the government in Skopje starts applying the European approach towards its neighbours, without claims and manipulations. It is high time that the government in Skopje be done with its anti-Bulgarian campaign, and the manipulation of historical facts. The responsible European approach towards one's neighbours and the next generation is to preserve history whatever it might be," Plevneliev added.

Who was Bulgarian-Macedonian-Greek before the formation of the states is a silly game but if it comes with territorial demands it is serious. Also:

Bulgaria vetoes Macedonia's EU accession talks | EurActiv

In Skopje, Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski, the leader of the nationalist VMRO-DPNE party, appears as the main instigator of tensions with its neighbours. Gruevski's government has financed statues and arches promoting Macedonian nationalism and has renamed the airport and for Alexander the Great, an historical figure claimed by both Greece and Macedonia.


A vote for PES is a vote for EPP! A vote for EPP is a vote for PES! Support the coalition, vote EPP-PES in 2009!
by A swedish kind of death on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 07:18:48 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Yes, territorial claims should be put aside. After all, before 1923, much of the area now occupied by (ex-Yugoslavian) Macedonia was Bulgarian, as was the now-Grecian north shore of the Aegean.

But I sometimes wonder how serious these claims are, or whether they are simply there to upset historical enemies. After all, given the catastrophes being visited on other EU countries, do they really want to join ? Or are they simply going through the motions to avoid the charge of lacking ambition ?

keep to the Fen Causeway

by Helen (lareinagal at yahoo dot co dot uk) on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 08:29:19 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Bulgarian for about 10 seconds. One might better say they were Ottoman Turkish (because they were for a long time) and then they switched back and forth repeatedly over a slate of Balkan wars. But, Bulgarian historically? I don't think so. This is the problem in the region, since none of the 3 sides controlled the areas historically. The claims are almost all based on the events of the era. For Greece, this meant the population of Macedonia and Thrace by the Greeks ethnically cleansed from Anatolia and elsewhere, and for Macedonia and Bulgaria this meant losses due to wars (for Bulgaria, it was siding with Nazi Germany and earlier the Balkan wars) and for Macedonia this had to do with Tito's plans during the Greek Civil War.

The borders are less historical than they are due to relatively recent exigent circumstances.

by Upstate NY on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 11:59:57 AM EST
[ Parent ]
No one was Bulgarian-Macedonia-Greek before the formation of these states.

They were Christian-Jewish-Muslim, and they spoke multiple languages, Greek, Ladino, Bulgarian, Albanian, Turkish, etc., and many spoke multiple languages and displayed a great deal of tolerance for one another outside the apparatus of the state.

It was the repression by the state that lead to the exclusionary formations that cause so much trouble in the region today.

by Upstate NY on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 11:44:51 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Of course.

I assumed "manipulation of historical facts" refers to the Macedonian appropriation of Ottoman era historical figures as Macedonians, that Bulgaria has already appropriated as Bulgarians. Because I know that is an issue.

A vote for PES is a vote for EPP! A vote for EPP is a vote for PES! Support the coalition, vote EPP-PES in 2009!

by A swedish kind of death on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 11:59:40 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Gotse Delchev was both Macedonian and Bulgarian. This seems to be a problem for these two peoples, whereas it should most naturally be a point of unity.

Because of the Albanians in Macedonia, the leadership has adopted a siege mentality. I suppose this is understandable, but one can hardly sympathize with it.

by Upstate NY on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 12:02:24 PM EST
[ Parent ]
... pronounced "Gotcha"?

It is rightly acknowledged that people of faith have no monopoly of virtue - Queen Elizabeth II
by eurogreen on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 01:48:08 PM EST
[ Parent ]
I would love to know.
by Upstate NY on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 02:10:37 PM EST
[ Parent ]
the locals say it "Goyts-tseh Dey-chev"

keep to the Fen Causeway
by Helen (lareinagal at yahoo dot co dot uk) on Sun Nov 4th, 2012 at 07:33:50 AM EST
[ Parent ]
I think it makes much less sense than Greece's and the article implies it has more to do with Bulgaria and the EU than it does Macedonia. This joint celebration thing is totally minor compared to the Macedonia-name problem.
by Upstate NY on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 12:10:20 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Another interesting aspect of the article:

"I am one of those people who believe that it is not good to leave our partners waiting before the door for too long. I believe that integration is the best means for coping with nationalism, and I am convinced that isolation boosts nationalism," Füle was quoted as saying.

One wonders if this still holds true in Europe, given the last few years.

by Upstate NY on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 12:11:12 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Wealthy Greeks Still Dodging Taxes Despite Crisis - SPIEGEL ONLINE
The principle of tax justice may be enshrined into the Greek constitution, but it has become increasingly obvious that not all Greek taxpayers are created equal. Currently, the government in Athens is preparing yet another round of harsh austerity measures, severely testing the cohesion of both the coalition and society. Already, such measures in combination with tax hikes have slashed average household income in Greece by half since the beginning of the crisis. Measures now planned will see pensions sink by 25 percent.

At the same time, though, a small elite of wealthy Greek ship owners is fighting to defend its tax-free status -- also, ironically enough, enshrined in the constitution. Meanwhile, other moneyed Greeks, including doctors, lawyers and engineers, continue to systematically avoid taxes. According to a recent study, seven out of 10 self employed Greeks significantly underreport their earnings. Indeed, though the crisis has been raging for five years now, many wealthy Greeks are under no more pressure to pay taxes than they were before.

The study's authors use data from a large Greek bank which uses several factors in addition to income reports to measure a client's creditworthiness. The result: Undeclared income from self-employed Greeks amounted to €28 billion in 2009, more than 10 percent of the country's gross domestic product that year. The state lost €11.2 billion euros in tax revenues as a result.



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:07:24 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Bankrupt billionaire Sean Quinn jailed for contempt | World news | The Guardian

In a fall from grace that personifies the ignominious collapse of the Celtic Tiger, Sean Quinn, once Ireland's wealthiest man, has been sent to jail for contempt of court. The bankrupt ex-billionaire will serve a nine-week sentence, the Dublin high court ruled on Friday.

Quinn was jailed for preventing the seizure of his international assets, worth tens of millions of euros, which the state-owned Irish Bank Resolution Corporation won the right to recover in June.

The IBRC is the former Anglo Irish Bank, which lent the Quinn family hundreds of millions of euros to invest in property around the world.

Justice Elizabeth Dunne told the businessman she had no choice but to sentence him for contempt of court and his role in a scheme that put the family's €500m (£400m) international property empire beyond the reach of the bank.



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:07:32 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Doesn't the article assume that tax evasion could be reduced to nil? When it says a state loses an amount if income, it assumes that the state should have reduced it to nothing? No mention is made of european-wide tax evasion averages. In the best case scenario (best case because Greece is a small country with lots of Mom-and-Pop shops and a tourist-centric economy) Greece could reduce tax evasion to the euro norm (19%), but the savings then would be 1/3rd or 1/4th of those stated in the Spiegel article. Which shows two things: reducing tax evasion could not save Greece, and tax evasion did not cause Greece's problems.

We differentiate too much between high tax evasion of very high taxes and low evasion of low taxes. I say this as an American, because we collect 20% of GDP in taxes here. In Greece, they collect 40%, and have for decades. If you back out the shipping sector which is 15% of GDP, that number rises to 50%+ tax revenue to GDP annually. They have high evasion of high taxes there, apparently.

I would also note that the scandal surrounding the HSBC-Swiss hit list in Greece is always couched in the media as one of tax evasion. As if the corrupt bribe money could be declared to tax authorities. "$82,000 income as a result of my duties as Deputy Minister of the Military, $3.8 million in bribes received from X..." No one is going to report that.

The issue of the HSBC list is a question of corruption, not tax evasion. But time and again, we see the corruption angle downplayed both in Greece and the international media. We have the ex-Defense Minister in Greece on trial for bribes amounting to $2 billion ($2 billion in BRIBES!!!!!!! how many exclamation marks is enough???), and that results in 1 article in the largest Greek daily, and almost no mention of this by any international news source! To top it off, Greece has issued an international criminal warrant against the CEO of Siemens. Not the Greek Siemens director, but the big enchilada! You hear almost nothing of this anywhere.

The austerity measures, far from encouraging average Greeks to pay their taxes have done the opposite. They have reinforced the idea that tax money is a form of malinvestment in the future, paid to bank executives elsewhere. By all means necessary, avoid paying taxes.

by Upstate NY on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 11:54:59 AM EST
[ Parent ]
can become a means of fighting corruption and/or crime. If I've got this right, the Italian tax department have taken to seizing rich people's yachts if they can't justify sufficient legal sources of income... sounds good to me.

It is rightly acknowledged that people of faith have no monopoly of virtue - Queen Elizabeth II
by eurogreen on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 02:04:24 PM EST
[ Parent ]
But it also sets a precedent that you need to be a little bit careful with. "We can't see how you can have enough money on your reported income to own such a nice car." snatch

As long as it is only applied to rich fucks, sure, go for it. But as a general enforcement tool, it comes with sticky strings attached.

- Jake

Austerity can only be implemented in the shadow of a concentration camp.

by JakeS (JangoSierra 'at' gmail 'dot' com) on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 02:42:54 PM EST
[ Parent ]
What do you think already happens under Hartz4?

Von überall könnte das Volk, Urbrut alles Undemokratischen, Zelle des Terrors, über die gewählten Hüter von Wachstum und Wohlstand® kommen. - flatter
by generic on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 03:54:41 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Italian provinces merger reignites ancient rivalries | World news | The Guardian

The Tuscan cities of Pisa and Livorno lie only 15 miles apart, but they have been separated for centuries by a relationship of "cordial loathing," - hence the Livorno saying "Better a death in the house than a Pisan at the door."

Small wonder that sparks are flying after a government decreed that the proud provincial capitals would be merged to create a single province as part of a cost-cutting drive.

The decree, which was issued on Wednesday and deemed "irreversible" by one government minister, will reduce the number of Italian provinces, which sit below the country's regional authorities and above its municipal councils, from 86 to 31.

The move marks a climbdown from plans to scrap them all, but has inflamed ancient rivalries as cities fight over which will become the new provincial capital.



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:07:42 PM EST
[ Parent ]
heh, there are taunting graffiti around siena still, boasting their only military victory over florence, 900 years ago!

"We can all be prosperous but we can't all be rich." Ian Welsh
by melo (melometa4(at)gmail.com) on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 06:30:43 PM EST
[ Parent ]
They could do like Calabria and have the giunta in one city and the consiglio in another.....
by gk (g k quattro due due sette "at" gmail.com) on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 03:07:58 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Corruption probe gets closer to Russian Defence chief - Europe - World - The Independent

Over the past decade, Anatoly Serdyukov has earned a reputation as a faithful and thorough executor of whatever orders President Vladimir Putin gives him.

He was head of Russia's tax office in 2003 when Putin went after the oil tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky on tax evasion charges, and he provided crucial support to the prosecution that put Khodorkovsky in prison. More recently, as defense minister, Serdyukov has been ruthlessly reshaping and reducing the officer corps, fulfilling Putin's directive to create a modern army.

But now Serdyukov is on the verge of being sucked into a criminal investigation of an extensive corruption scheme in the Defense Ministry -- and the surprise isn't about the corruption, it's about his seemingly sudden vulnerability.

When police swooped in last week to seize documents from a Defense Ministry agency, it set off a rash of speculation about why Serdyukov has now become a target. His place in Putin's firmament is well established. But he has more than a few enemies, and some of them are highly influential. One might be his father-in-law.



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:07:52 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Pussy Riot should not be in jail, says Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev - Europe - World - The Independent

Dmitry Medvedev, Russia's Prime Minister, directly contradicted President Vladimir Putin today by stating his view that the jailed members of the punk group Pussy Riot should be freed.

Nadezhda Tolokonnikova and Maria Alekhina were jailed for two years by a Moscow court earlier this year for "hooliganism motivated by religious hatred" after they performed a "punk prayer" criticising President Vladimir Putin in Moscow's main cathedral.



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:08:01 PM EST
[ Parent ]
BBC News - Alexander Litvinenko inquest 'may look at MI6 role'

The inquest into the death of murdered Russian former spy Alexander Litvinenko could examine the possible role of British spies in his death.

MI6 and the Russian secret service, the FSB, may become "interested parties", a pre-inquest review has heard.

The inquest is set to be held as soon as possible next year.

Mr Litvinenko, 43, is thought to have been poisoned with polonium-210 after meeting two Russians for tea at a central London hotel in November 2006.

The pre-inquest review was held on Friday at Camden Town Hall, in north London. Continue reading the main story "Start Quote

It's important for Russia and England because this relationship is quite difficult and I think everybody needs to know what happened to Sacha"

End Quote Marina Litvinenko Alexander Litvinenko's widow

Hugh Davies, counsel to the inquest, said it could extend to include "the possible culpability of the Russian state", as well as "the possible culpability of the British state in the death of Alexander Litvinenko either: one, in carrying out by itself or its agents the poisoning; or two, failing to take reasonable steps to protect Mr Litvinenko from a real and immediate risk to his life".

by afew (afew(a in a circle)eurotrib_dot_com) on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 04:05:31 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Merkel warns of long path to eurozone recovery | News | DW.DE | 03.11.2012

Chancellor Angela Merkel has said it will take five years, or even longer, to overcome the eurozone debt crisis. She restated the need for greater fiscal discipline at a regional meeting of her Christian Democrat party.

The chancellor told members of her Christian Democrat (CDU) party in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania there were no rapid solutions to the eurozone crisis.

"We have to hold our breath for five years or more," Merkel warned delegates in the city of Sternberg. "Whoever thinks this can be fixed in one or two years is wrong."

"A lot of investors do not believe that we can keep our promises in Europe," said Merkel. "We need a bit of strictness to convince the world that it is profitable to invest in Europe."

by afew (afew(a in a circle)eurotrib_dot_com) on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 04:08:41 PM EST
[ Parent ]
We need to hold our breath until the confidence fairy appears?

A vote for PES is a vote for EPP! A vote for EPP is a vote for PES! Support the coalition, vote EPP-PES in 2009!
by A swedish kind of death on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 04:23:55 PM EST
[ Parent ]
If we do it real hard and long enough, Angela will metamorphose into the Fairy Godmother and turn our pumpkins into Porsches.
by afew (afew(a in a circle)eurotrib_dot_com) on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 05:07:16 PM EST
[ Parent ]
afew:
"We need a bit of strictness to convince the world that it is profitable to invest in Europe."

translated = these uppity euro-workers need their wages dropped to compete with the chinese.

reforms! raus! forwards into the kind of social misery their workers enjoy, full speed ahead!

you're all heart, angie

"We can all be prosperous but we can't all be rich." Ian Welsh

by melo (melometa4(at)gmail.com) on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 05:11:47 PM EST
[ Parent ]


I distribute. You re-distribute. He gives your hard-earned money to lazy scroungers. -- JakeS
by Migeru (migeru at eurotrib dot com) on Sun Nov 4th, 2012 at 05:17:19 AM EST
[ Parent ]
LA Times: Merkel: Euro debt crisis will last 5 years or more (November 3, 2012)
Merkel said Saturday that the continent is on the right path to overcome the crisis but "whoever thinks this can be fixed in one or two years is wrong."

...

But Merkel told a regional meeting of her Christian Democratic Party on Saturday that the time had come for "a bit of strictness."

Otherwise, she said, Europe won't be able to attract international investment.

Merkel: the Fraulein Rottenmeier that keeps on giving.

I distribute. You re-distribute. He gives your hard-earned money to lazy scroungers. -- JakeS
by Migeru (migeru at eurotrib dot com) on Sun Nov 4th, 2012 at 05:21:05 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Greek hospitals are not paying the bills for cancer drugs:

http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/11/03/greece-drugs-idUSL5E8M30ZL20121103

"It only affects Greece, where we have been faced with many problems. It's just the one product," he told the paper.

A spokesman for the company told Reuters that the drug concerned was Erbitux and that ordinary Greeks can still purchase it from pharmacies.

Some countries have taken action to pay bills, such as in Spain, where the government has said it will help hospitals to pay off debts.

"That has improved things, even though the situation should still be regarded as critical for the coming years," Zachert said.

Erbitux is Merck's second best-selling prescription drug, bringing in sales of 855 million euros ($1.1 billion) in 2011 from treating bowel cancer and head and neck cancer. ($1 = 0.7785 euros)

by Upstate NY on Sun Nov 4th, 2012 at 11:53:44 AM EST
[ Parent ]
 ECONOMY & FINANCE 


*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:08:41 PM EST
Paris hopes vacant homes can solve housing crisis - FRANCE - FRANCE 24

With an average price per square metre of 16,000 euros, Place des Vosges, in the heart of Paris' celebrated Marais district, is one of France's most exclusive residential areas.

But with winter on the doorstep, and more than 130,000 people on the streets or living in inadequate housing, the Socialist government plans to make Place des Vosges - among other parts of Paris - a little more inclusive.

Specifically, the government is targeting properties that have long been kept vacant in the capital city, many of which may be legally appropriated for temporary social housing.

The exact number of vacant buildings is unknown, as no official records have been kept. However, records by EDF, France's national electricity company, suggest there are around 40,000 homes and offices which have been disconnected from the grid for an extended period. The real number, according to social housing organisations, could even be as high as 120,000.



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:08:47 PM EST
[ Parent ]
London should do this. Except Boris wouldn't because he is a plutocrat ass licker

keep to the Fen Causeway
by Helen (lareinagal at yahoo dot co dot uk) on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 04:45:18 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Indeed.

I'd also like to see much higher business rates for property management companies that are keeping shops and offices empty. Although one could argue this needs to be matched by reductions in business rates once the premises are occupied...

by Metatone (metatone [a|t] gmail (dot) com) on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 10:51:14 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Gazprom gets a boost from Asia as EU sales decline | EurActiv

azprom's sales of gas to Europe and other countries fell 0.5% to 416 billion roubles (€10.2 billion) in the first six months of the year, while sales to Russia fell 10% to 120 billion roubles (€3 billion), according to the company's second-quarter results on Friday.

The trend has continued well into October. Exports to Europe, where the company covers a quarter of the continent's gas needs, fell 8% for the first 10 months of the year, to 113.1 billion cubic metres, according to both a company source and an analyst.

...As Gazprom's problems with Europe persist, Russian President Vladimir Putin has ordered the company to forge close ties with fast-growing Asia Pacific consumers such as China and Japan.

Russia, the world's second-largest producer of natural gas after the United States, has for years tried to secure a deal to sell pipeline gas to China, the world's largest energy consumer. The two countries have failed so far to iron out differences over issues such as price and routes.



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:08:56 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Romney attacks Obama over rise in jobless rate - US ELECTION 2012 - FRANCE 24

Republican presidential contender Mitt Romney said on Friday that the rise in the US unemployment rate shows the economy is at a virtual standstill.

Romney used Friday's jobs report, which showed the jobless rate edging a tenth of a point higher to 7.9 percent, as a chance to land some final blows on his rival, President Barack Obama, ahead of next Tuesday's presidential election.

...The rise in the jobless rate is believed to be down to a jump in the number of people registering as job hunters. Only people who have recently looked for a job can count as unemployed.

But in what was better news for Obama, the Labor Department also announced on Friday that employers had added 171,000 people to their payrolls last month.



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:09:06 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Krugman blog: Soup Kitchens Caused the Great Depression (November 3, 2012)
Quiggin's post takes on both Mulligan's specifics and the broader claim that increased use of the social safety net is a cause rather than a result of the depressed economy. As one of his commenters points out, this amounts to the claim that soup kitchens caused the Great Depression. Quiggin does an admirable job of refuting this claim. I would, however, add one more point. If you really believe that the problem is that excessive generosity to the downtrodden is reducing the incentive to work, so that what we really have is a supply problem rather than a demand problem, you should expect to see upward pressure on wages.
Right-wing economics: soup kitchens caused the Great Vacation.

I distribute. You re-distribute. He gives your hard-earned money to lazy scroungers. -- JakeS
by Migeru (migeru at eurotrib dot com) on Sun Nov 4th, 2012 at 05:14:41 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Mohamed A. El-Erian: The Other Financial Crisis (Project Syndicate, Nov. 2, 2012)
But the other credit crisis is equally consequential, and receives much less attention, even as it erodes societies' integrity, productive capabilities, and ability to maintain living standards (particularly for the least fortunate). I know of very few Western countries where small and medium-size companies, as well as middle-income households and those of more limited means, have not experienced a significant decline in their access to credit - not just new financing, but also the ability to roll over old credit lines and loans.

The immediate causes are well known. They range from subdued bank lending to unusually high risk aversion, and from discredited credit vehicles to the withdrawal of some institutions from credit intermediation altogether.

Such credit constraints are one reason why unemployment rates continue to rise in so many countries - often from already alarming levels, such as 25% in Greece and Spain (where youth unemployment is above 50%) - and why unemployment remains unusually high in countries like the US (albeit it at a much lower level). This is not just a matter of lost capabilities and rising poverty; persistently high unemployment also leads to social unrest, erosion of trust in political leaders and institutions, and the mounting risk of a lost generation.



I distribute. You re-distribute. He gives your hard-earned money to lazy scroungers. -- JakeS
by Migeru (migeru at eurotrib dot com) on Sun Nov 4th, 2012 at 05:42:44 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Worth noting as well that at exactly the same time banks are withholding credit from SMEs, large corporations that are customers of SMEs are paying ever more slowly - meaning SMEs are under even more strain.
by Metatone (metatone [a|t] gmail (dot) com) on Sun Nov 4th, 2012 at 01:36:15 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Ant the public sector is effectively in default to its private sector providers.

I distribute. You re-distribute. He gives your hard-earned money to lazy scroungers. -- JakeS
by Migeru (migeru at eurotrib dot com) on Sun Nov 4th, 2012 at 01:50:46 PM EST
[ Parent ]
 WORLD 


*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:09:19 PM EST
CIA played key role in response to Benghazi attack - USA - LIBYA - FRANCE 24

The CIA played a central role in reacting to the September 11 attack on a US diplomatic compound in the Libyan city of Benghazi, intelligence officials said on Thursday, deploying security operatives to the scene within 25 minutes after the building came under siege.

The intelligence agency organised evacuation efforts, commandeering an unarmed US military drone to map out possible escape routes. The CIA also dispatched an emergency security team from the capital Tripoli to Benghazi, and chartered aircraft to carry US personnel to safety.

The version of events given by senior officials, who did not wish to be identified, is the most detailed chronology to date of that fateful night in Benghazi and the CIA's involvement in it. The attack ultimately claimed the lives of the US ambassador to Libya, Christopher Stevens, and three other Americans.

While Thursday's announcement shed light on the extent of the CIA's covert presence in Libya, it was intended to refute media reports and claims by critics that officials in Washington delayed sending help to US personnel amid the attack.



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:09:30 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Israel admits responsibility for 1988 assassination - Israel - Palestine - FRANCE 24

Lifting a nearly 25-year veil of secrecy, Israel acknowledged Thursday that it killed the deputy of Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat in a 1988 seaborne raid in Tunisia.

Two of those involved in the operation now hold high political office - Defense Minister Ehud Barak and Vice Premier Moshe Yaalon. At the time, Barak was deputy military chief, and Yaalon was head of the Sayeret Matkal unit. Their precise roles in the operation were not divulged, and both men's offices declined comment.

Israel has long been suspected of assassinating Khalil al-Wazir, who was better known by his nom de guerre Abu Jihad. But only now has the country's military censor cleared the Yediot Ahronot daily to publish the information, including an interview with the commando who killed him, at least 12 years after the newspaper obtained the information.

...Abu Jihad founded the Palestine Liberation Organization with Arafat and was blamed for a series of deadly attacks against Israelis. Among them, he masterminded a 1978 attack on an Israeli bus that killed 38 Israelis. Later, he organized the first Palestinian uprising against Israel, which began in December 1987.



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:09:40 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Syrian rebels accused of war crime after video is posted appearing to show opposition forces shooting captured Assad troops - Middle East - World - The Independent

A video, which appears to shows Syrian rebels summarily executing a group of unarmed men sparked international outrage today, increasing concerns about the make-up of the plethora of armed groups fighting in an increasingly dirty war.

The UN joined human rights groups in accusing the rebels of a possible war crime in the incident apparently filmed after rebels seized a checkpoint near the strategically crucial town of Saraqeb in Idlib province, which was reported to be in Free Syrian Army (FSA) control today.

The video will compound worries about elements within the rebel ranks just days before a key meeting in Doha which aims to forge a new opposition body including more representation from internal groups. 



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:09:51 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Chinese ships enter disputed island waters, Japan says - CHINA - JAPAN - FRANCE 24

Four Chinese government ships were in the territorial waters of disputed Tokyo-controlled islands on Friday, Japan's coastguard said.

The maritime surveillance ships entered the 12-nautical-mile zone around one of the East China Sea islands shortly after 0230 GMT, the coastguard said.

They were sailing near Uotsurijima, they said, referring to the main islet in the disputed chain, called the Senkaku Islands in Japan and the Diaoyu Islands in China.

Chinese vessels have moved in and out of what Japan says is its sovereign territory over the last two months, since Tokyo nationalised some of the islands.

As well as the potential mineral reserves to which ownership of the islands grants access, both countries have considerable amounts of national pride at stake in the decades-old spat.



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:10:03 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Al Qaeda supporter sentenced for model plane plot - USA - FRANCE 24

An American supporter of Al-Qaeda was sentenced Thursday to 17 years in prison for plotting to bomb the Pentagon and US Capitol using remote-controlled model planes laden with explosives.

Rezwan Ferdaus pleaded guilty in July to the scheme, which turned out to be an FBI sting. His 17-year prison term, handed down by a judge in Boston, will be followed by 10 years of supervised release, a Justice Department statement said.

"His actions were self-initiated, deliberate and dangerous," said First Assistant US Attorney Jack Pirozzolo. "He intended to unleash horrific acts of violence against the people of the United States both here and abroad."

...Ferdaus was also accused of modifying mobile phones for use as switches in bombs to kill US soldiers in Iraq and of giving the devices to FBI agents "he believed were members of or recruiters for Al-Qaeda."

According to prosecutors, Ferdaus told the undercover agents in June 2011 that he had decided to expand his attack plan to include a ground assault on the Pentagon and asked them to provide him with explosives, grenades, fully automatic weapons and a silencer.

"Self-initiated", but it all depended on logistics "offered" by FBI agents?...

*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.

by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:10:23 PM EST
[ Parent ]
 LIVING OFF THE PLANET 
 Environment, Energy, Agriculture, Food 


*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:10:37 PM EST
Mining Boom Underway in Finland in the Search for Mineral Deposits - SPIEGEL ONLINE

Mining companies are flocking to northern Finland as new deposits of gold, nickel and other minerals promise vast profits. But the area's fragile wetland ecosystem is paying the price. Conservationists are so far fighting a losing battle.

...Long-suffering as Finns may be, resistance is growing. Fifty-three companies in the tourist sector are protesting against a huge gold mine in Kuusamo in north-eastern Finland, where Australian company Dragon Mining is conducting test drilling in full view of a popular ski resort. Containing 4.9 grams per ton of rock, the gold content is high, but so is the uranium content. Much of the radioactive element would likely end up in nearby lakes during processing. Moreover, vast quantities of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide are released when the ground's peat layers are dug up during drilling.

"The cost to the environment will exceed the profits from the gold mines," warns the Finnish Association for Nature Conservation.



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:10:45 PM EST
[ Parent ]
New York's Republican Mayor Bloomberg endorses Obama - US ELECTIONS 2012 - FRANCE 24

New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg backed President Barack Obama over Republican Mitt Romney on Thursday, saying the incumbent Democrat will bring critically needed leadership to fight climate change after the devastation wrought by Superstorm Sandy.

The endorsement from the politically independent and mayor the biggest U.S. city was a major boost for Obama, who is spending the campaign's final days trying to win over independent voters whose voices will be critical in determining the winner of Tuesday's election.

Both candidates had eagerly sought the nod from Bloomberg, who didn't endorse a presidential candidate in 2008 and has publicly grumbled about both Obama and Romney. But Bloomberg said the possibility that Sandy resulted from climate change had made the stakes of the election that much clearer.



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:10:55 PM EST
[ Parent ]
China and Russia Block Plan to Create Ocean Sanctuaries in Antarctica - SPIEGEL ONLINE
Proposals to establish marine reserves in two critical areas of the Southern Ocean were stymied by Russia, China and Ukraine at the end of a two-week international summit in Australia on Thursday. Commercial fishing restrictions in the proposed sanctuaries proved to be the main sticking point.


*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:11:04 PM EST
[ Parent ]
 LIVING ON THE PLANET 
 Society, Culture, History, Information 


*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:11:17 PM EST
Interview with Plaintiff of Racial Profiling Case in Germany - SPIEGEL ONLINE
He was born in Germany, and he is black. A 26-year-old student who won a landmark court case against police for racial profiling this week speaks with SPIEGEL ONLINE about his moment of civil disobedience and whether he thinks the legal victory will change things for others like him.

...SPIEGEL ONLINE: Your suit involved a police spot check in a regional train. What happened exactly?

Student: I am going to college in Kassel and was headed home to see my family in Offenbach in December 2010. Along this route there are often federal police out searching for so-called "illegals," or foreigners without residency permits. In the two years prior, they had selected me about 10 times for a random check of my identification. It's a pretty rotten feeling. I was born and raised here. I am German. According to the anti-discrimination law in the constitution, skin color is not grounds for a spot check.

SPIEGEL ONLINE: So it happened again?

Student: Yes. I had just purchased a cup of tea from the snack vendor in the train when the police officers asked me in a commanding tone to show them my identification. I wanted to know why, but got no real answer, so I refused.



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:11:25 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Refusal to comply with the demands from the authorities is surely sufficient grounds for incarceration. In the US this usually ends with tasers

keep to the Fen Causeway
by Helen (lareinagal at yahoo dot co dot uk) on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 04:51:43 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Only if the demand is not obviously illegal in the first place. If the police demands that everyone clears the street, they get to arrest those who don't. If the police demands that all the brown people and communists clear the street, they don't get to arrest the brown people and communists that remain on the street.

- Jake

Austerity can only be implemented in the shadow of a concentration camp.

by JakeS (JangoSierra 'at' gmail 'dot' com) on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 08:38:41 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Authorities don't have an unlimited license to make demands. In this case, German federal police don't have the right to ask for an ID without giving a tangible reason.

Interview with Plaintiff of Racial Profiling Case in Germany - SPIEGEL ONLINE

SPIEGEL ONLINE: Was your resistance spontaneous?

Student: I had looked into it ahead of time and knew that without cause for suspicion, the officers -- whether they were from the state or federal police -- must give me at least one reason for checking my identity.



<sub>*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
</sub>
by DoDo on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 11:33:58 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Two shot dead in latest Marseille gang killing - FRANCE - FRANCE 24
Two men in their early 20s were killed by gunmen in the city of Marseille on Thursday evening, in a hit investigators said appeared to be linked to rivalries over the local drug trade. The two gang-related homicides - the 22nd and 23rd this year - showed France's second largest city continued to struggle with drug-related crime.

...The growing frequency of murders -16 were committed in Marseille in 2011- between feuding drug dealers, as well as the brashness and intense firepower used in the operations, have set off alarm bells in France.

...On September 6, Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault called for an inter-ministerial meeting to address the issue of criminal activities in Marseille. Among other decisions, the government said at the end of the gathering that it would add 120 police on the ground.

However, Marseille's troubles do not end with its thriving criminal underworld. In mid-October, 30 police officers belonging to the elite anti-criminality squad, or BAC, were detained for questioning as part of an investigation by internal affairs. The officers are suspected of theft and extortion.



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:11:35 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Naples: A city where life is cheap - Europe - World - The Independent

On the 15th of last month the death toll among innocent bystanders reached a worrying landmark. Thirty-year-old student Pasquale Romano became the 160th person to be killed by mistake by Camorra mobsters since 1980, after gunmen shot him 14 times while he sat in his Renault Clio in nearby Marianella.

"One hundred and sixty cases of mistaken identity suggests that the people behind the killings aren't too fussed if they get the wrong person," said Mr Scherillo. The death of Pasquale Romano, in circumstances so similar to those of his brother, prompted Mr Scherillo to write an open letter to La Repubblica newspaper, calling on the public to fight back against the clans.

...A battle for the drug market in the Secondigliano and neighbouring Scampia and Miano districts lies behind the violence. The combatants are members of the Camorra group known as the Scissionisti - the secessionists - who broke away from the Northern Naples' Di Lauro ruling clan in 2004. That conflict, between the Di Lauro loyalists and the Scissionisti, saw 60 slayings in just 18 months. Now younger Scissionisti are fighting among themselves as well as continuing hostilities with the Di Lauro faction. And the body count is rising.



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:11:42 PM EST
[ Parent ]
London's Shard eclipsed as Moscow's Mercury Tower becomes Europe's tallest skyscraper - Architecture - Arts & Entertainment - The Independent

Mercury City, the tower Russian retail billionaire Igor Kesaev is building in Moscow's new financial district, overtook the Shard in London as Europe's tallest skyscraper.

The tower reached its full height of 339 meters (1,112 feet), 29 meters more than the Shard, Kesaev's Mercury Development said Thursday, citing Hamburg, Germany-based researcher Emporis. The 70-story skyscraper, designed by U.S. architect Frank Williams, who died in 2010, and Russia's Mikhail Posokhin, is be completed in the first quarter next year.



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:11:51 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Frank Interviews With Red Army Soldiers Shed New Light on Stalingard - SPIEGEL ONLINE
A German historian has published a collection of unusually candid interviews with members of the Red Army that provides the first precise account of the battle of Stalingrad from the perspective of ordinary soldiers. They show that this chapter in history deserves a reappraisal.

...Researchers conducted interviews with a total of 215 combatants in Stalingrad -- some during the battle and some shortly thereafter. Some of the statements reflect the official character of the interview situation, but the soldiers also spoke of their fears and cowardice, and even criticized decisions by their superiors.

The accounts were so candid that the Communists later only published a small portion of them. After 1945, the Soviet leadership was not interested in impressions of bloody battles, but rather in glorified heroic epics in which Stalin played the leading role. The roughly 5,000 protocols compiled by the historians' commission disappeared into the history department archives at the Soviet Academy of Sciences. In 2001, German historian Jochen Hellbeck, who teaches at Rutgers University in New Jersey, heard about this treasure. Seven years later, he was able to secure over 10,000 pages in Moscow.

Hellbeck has now published "Die Stalingrad-Protokolle" (or "The Stalingrad Protocols"), which consist of interviews, including in some cases photos of the interviewed soldiers, along with background information on the interviews. In light of these documents, the history of the Battle of Stalingrad may not have to be rewritten, but it does need correcting on a number of points. These latest findings completely undermine the argument -- put forward by the Nazis and repeated by the West during the Cold War -- that the Red Army soldiers only fought so fiercely because they would have otherwise been shot by members of the secret police.

The second-most important motivation was fighting for a good cause (permeated with much more manpower and effect than the terror), and the top motivation was revenge. In that relation, there is more deconstruction of the myth of the good Wehrmacht soldier.

*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.

by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:15:52 PM EST
[ Parent ]
I've been doing a lot of reading on WW2 recently, especially on the East Front, and in nearly every account the high morale of the Soviet troops (especially after the disastrous first months of Barbarossa, when the entire command structure seemed ready to collapse) comes through as a key point in Russia's favor.  I look forward to an English translation of this.
by Zwackus on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 11:26:41 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Man responsible for making Titanic seaworthy had request for 50% more lifeboats knocked back, new documents reveal - Home News - UK - The Independent

Private papers from the man responsible for making sure the Titanic was safe to sail have emerged that show he demanded 50% more lifeboats but was pressurised by the White Star Line into backing down.

The documents have come to light a century after 1,500 people perished when the Royal Mail Steamer Titanic sank into icy waters during her maiden voyage on April 15 1912.

The notes, written by Captain Maurice Clarke, the board of trade safety and emigration official who inspected the Titanic before it set sail, were not even presented to the inquiry into the disaster.



*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:16:05 PM EST
[ Parent ]
It's difficult to know if they wold have made any difference.

the lifeboats that were there were launched half empty and sailed away from the ship to ensure they never became full. There was never any intention by the crew to save as many passengers as possible, only the rich ones

keep to the Fen Causeway

by Helen (lareinagal at yahoo dot co dot uk) on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 04:58:17 AM EST
[ Parent ]
I think you have cause and effect backwards: the crew had to ensure that the boats don't become overloaded and had a reason to think about selection because there was no proper evacuation plan and everyone rushed towards the too few lifeboats. So, together with an evacuation plan, I think they would definitely have made a difference. Especially if the officers responsible for the evacuation plan in the lower levels could have made the captain relaise the situation earlier (the Titanic had hours for evacuation, unlike the Lusitania).

*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 11:40:43 AM EST
[ Parent ]
I should add that AFAIK, Captain Maurice Clarke had no rules to rely on in his demand for more lifeboats: before the Titanic, there were some idiotic rules in which the required number of seats in lifeboats was the function of ship size.

*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 11:44:18 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Reuters: By email or in a tent: a scramble to get Sandy victims to vote (November 3, 2012)
In New Jersey, authorities took the uncommon step of declaring that any voter displaced from their home by Sandy would be designated an overseas voter, allowing them to submit an absentee vote by fax or email.

According to the Federal Voting Assistance Program, about a dozen U.S. states allow absentee ballots - mainly from overseas voters - to be returned by email, while several more have the ability to allow this in certain emergency situations.

New Jersey Governor Chris Christie also said he had ordered county clerks to open their offices this weekend to allow early voting for storm-affected residents and that paper ballots would be available on Tuesday at polling stations still without power.



I distribute. You re-distribute. He gives your hard-earned money to lazy scroungers. -- JakeS
by Migeru (migeru at eurotrib dot com) on Sun Nov 4th, 2012 at 05:51:38 AM EST
[ Parent ]
 PEOPLE AND KLATSCH 


*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:16:18 PM EST
Action man Putin felled by mystery injury - RUSSIA - FRANCE 24
Russia's President Vladimir Putin has been forced to cancel several public appearances recently, prompting speculation over the state of his health. The Kremlin insists the all-action leader has simply pulled a muscle.


*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:16:28 PM EST
[ Parent ]
A request to contributors: when posting news items related to the same subject as some already posted news item, could you post it as a response to that, so that related stories are and stay together?

*Lunatic*, n.
One whose delusions are out of fashion.
by DoDo on Fri Nov 2nd, 2012 at 04:38:21 PM EST
[ Parent ]

Psssst, don't mention clima....

"Life shrinks or expands in proportion to one's courage." - Anaïs Nin

by Crazy Horse on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 05:57:34 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Fantastic cover!

I distribute. You re-distribute. He gives your hard-earned money to lazy scroungers. -- JakeS
by Migeru (migeru at eurotrib dot com) on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 08:11:41 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Paddy Roy Bates, The Pirate Prince Of Sealand Remembered : NPR

Paddy Roy Bates, the self-proclaimed prince of Sealand, was almost 80 when I met him in the summer of 2000. He was silvery and straight-backed -- very much the model of a modern major, which he was in the British Army during World War II, when he survived frostbite, malaria, snakebites and a German bomb that shattered his jaw so badly a surgeon told him no woman would ever love him. So he married a former beauty queen named Joan and made her the princess of Sealand.

Let me explain.

Bates hustled after the war, running boats that brought meat, rubber and fish into a Britain that was broke and weary. He saw that the government hadn't torn down some of the stout stone and steel gunnery towers that had guarded the Thames.



Any idiot can face a crisis - it's day to day living that wears you out.
by ceebs (ceebs (at) eurotrib (dot) com) on Sat Nov 3rd, 2012 at 08:28:36 AM EST
[ Parent ]


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