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Pour effectuer son calcul, l'institution a choisi de retenir comme critère de pauvreté extrême celui de personnes vivant avec moins de 2 dollars par jour  et non celui, traditionnel, de 1 dollar  afin de tenir compte des dépenses additionnelles, notamment de vêtements et de chauffage, nécessaires pour vivre dans cette région froide.

The criteria for poverty was 2$/day, equivalent to 1$/day in less cold climates.
Et ce sont plus de 150 millions d'individus qui étaient économiquement "vulné ra bles" , selon la Banque mondiale, c'est-à-dire qu'ils disposaient quotidiennement de moins de 4 dollars.

Poverty remains prevalent in the region.  There are an additional 150 million who live with less than 4$/day.

So here we have three different criteria of poverty used by the World Bank (less than $1, $2 or $4 per day). Elsewhere in this discussion AFew mentioned that the UNICEF defines poverty as 50% of median income, and the EuroStat as 60% of median income.

With such disparity of criteria it is not surprising that people cannot agree on whether or to what degree there is poverty.

Les économistes ont aussi passé en revue les mesures  non monétaires  de la pauvreté. "Les tendances de l'accès à l'éducation, aux soins de santé, à l'eau et au chauffage sont très variables.

The World Bank economists also looked at non-monetary criteria for poverty: access to education, healthcare, water and heating. Evolutions vary wildly.

Apparently either the World Bank or Le Monde decided to highlight the income criteria of poverty because it lends itself to a newt soundbite: 40% less poor!. But, apparently, also in terms of income things vary widely:

Durant la période 1998-2003, la pauvreté a baissé dans tous les pays de la zone étudiée, sauf trois : Pologne, Lituanie et Géorgie.

During that period, poverty went down in all countries except three: Poland, Lithuania and Georgia.

I suppose this vindicates MarekNYC's points about poverty in Poland, although I suspect he would rather not be vindicated.

A society committed to the notion that government is always bad will have bad government. And it doesn't have to be that way. — Paul Krugman

by Migeru (migeru at eurotrib dot com) on Fri Oct 14th, 2005 at 07:51:51 PM EST
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