Welcome to European Tribune. It's gone a bit quiet around here these days, but it's still going.
It is difficult to buck the parties in those countries with proportional electoral systems, because it's the parties who nominate candidates to the slate, who manage  the financing and who receive the public funding.

In Germany, someone like Hackett would probably never have got the opportunity.

Even candidates who campaign for a direct mandate in personalized proportional systems must make nice to their party if they want to have a safe fallback slot on the slate.

Even where donations are allowed, they can't be sufficiently targeted.

Unless the recipient is one of the smaller parties...

The fact is that what we're experiencing right now is a top-down disaster. -Paul Krugman

by dvx (dvx.clt št gmail dotcom) on Wed Aug 3rd, 2005 at 07:22:27 AM EST

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