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People might want to look back at Rogue Trooper's recent diary This United Kingdom, and the comments to that.

In that thread I quoted the Spanish Constitution's approach to devolution, as Spain is a country of 50 provinces with a few historical nationalities (Galicia, Basque Country, Navarra, Catalonia) and two archipelagos totalling 15 provinces. The issue of having Catalan or Basque MPs voting on national legislation on public services was never posed that I'm aware of. It was just not considered an issue. However, within a few years of the approval of the Constitution, Spain had been carved into 17 autonomous communities and no province was left out of one (Santander, Rioja, Madrid, Murcia consist of one province each, as do Navarra and the Balearics, but Navarra is a historical nationality and the Balearics an archipelago so that was to be expected).

Anyway, here's the Spanish procedure (which would ultimately lead to a federate England and no English Parliament)

Spanish Constitution of 1978
Section 143
1. In the exercise of the right to self-government recognized in section 2 of the Constitution, bordering provinces with common historic, cultural and economic characteristics, insular territories and provinces with a historic regional status may accede to self-government and form Self-governing Communities (Comunidades Autónomas) in conformity with the provisions contained in this Part and in the respective Statutes.
2. The right to initiate the process towards self-government lies with all the Provincial Councils concerned or with the corresponding inter-island body and with two thirds of the municipalities whose population represents at least the majority of the electorate of each province or island. These requirements must be met within six months from the initial agreement reached to this aim by any of the local Corporations concerned.
3. If this initiative is not successful, it may be repeated only after five years have elapsed.
The Scottish Parliament, Greater London Authority, and the Welsh and Ulster Assemblies would be grandfathered in.

Nothing is 'mere'. — Richard P. Feynman
by Migeru (migeru at eurotrib dot com) on Tue Jul 4th, 2006 at 07:15:53 AM EST

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