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... and not only fair-trade: it is common to many NGO areas of activity...

DEVELOPMENT-WORLD: What Is So Fair About Fair Trade?

But, whatever the definitions, the charters and the organisations' role in the chain, both the PFCE and Minga admit that certification is the weakest link in ensuring that trade is indeed fair.

Both networks rely on self-evaluation. There is no independent verification that producers do in fact abide by a network's charter and principles.

In order to join Minga and have its products sold by the association's outlets, a producer must fill in a questionnaire with about 400 questions.

``We also encourage a participatory system of verification where a member organisation visits another and evaluates economic, social and environmental practices,'' says Besson.

For Maisonhaute, it is unthinkable to systematically verify production standards on the ground in developing countries: ``Given the number of producers and the distances to cover, the cost of travelling to each location would be unbearable.''

This allows the Adam Smith Institute, a British think tank that promotes free trade and is one of fair trade's harshest critics, to denounce what it sees as a marketing initiative rather than a new model for economic justice.

``Just 10 percent of the premium consumers pay for fair trade actually goes to the producer. Retailers pocket the rest,'' the Institute claims in a report titled ``Unfair Trade''.

Point n'est besoin d'espérer pour entreprendre, ni de réussir pour persévérer. - Charles le Téméraire
by marco on Mon Sep 22nd, 2008 at 03:41:52 AM EST
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