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Domain name registrar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A domain name registrar is an organization or commercial entity, accredited by a generic top-level domain registry (gTLD) and/or by a country code top-level domain (ccTLD) registry, to manage the reservation of Internet domain names in accordance with the guidelines of the designated domain name registries and offer such services to the public.

But the ultimate power is held by

ICANN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN, pronounced ˈaɪkæn EYE-kan) is a non-profit corporation headquartered in Marina del Rey, California, United States that was created on September 18, 1998, and incorporated on September 30, 1998[1] to oversee a number of Internet-related tasks previously performed directly on behalf of the U.S. government by other organizations, notably the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA).

ICANN is responsible for managing the Internet Protocol address spaces (IPv4 and IPv6) and assignment of address blocks to regional Internet registries, for maintaining registries of Internet protocol identifiers, and for the management of the top-level domain name space (DNS root zone), which includes the operation of root nameservers. Most visibly, much of its work has concerned the introduction of new generic top-level domains (TLDs). The technical work of ICANN is referred to as the IANA function.

However this power is ultimately dependent on the cooperation of ISPs and end-users.

Sweden's finest (and perhaps only) collaborative, leftist e-newspaper Synapze.se

by A swedish kind of death on Tue Dec 28th, 2010 at 02:57:34 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Thus "America controls the Internet." Which is false, to start with, because it's just a list of names and addresses. Plus, the UN is trying to take it over. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_Governance_Forum
by asdf on Tue Dec 28th, 2010 at 06:02:15 PM EST
[ Parent ]
The yellow pages control the phones!

Sweden's finest (and perhaps only) collaborative, leftist e-newspaper Synapze.se
by A swedish kind of death on Wed Dec 29th, 2010 at 03:45:11 PM EST
[ Parent ]
No, not domain names. IPs.

Of all the ways of organizing banking, the worst is the one we have today — Mervyn King, 25 October 2010
by Migeru (migeru at eurotrib dot com) on Wed Dec 29th, 2010 at 04:42:02 AM EST
[ Parent ]
ICANN too.

Though I don't think all of v6 is assigned.

by Colman (colman at eurotrib.com) on Wed Dec 29th, 2010 at 05:51:33 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Yes, could have been more clear on that. As far as I know the blocs of IP-numbers is divided by ICANN out to domain name registrar.

I've heard (tm) that in v4 MIT had a larger bloc of IP-adresses then an ordinary country outside the US.

Sweden's finest (and perhaps only) collaborative, leftist e-newspaper Synapze.se

by A swedish kind of death on Wed Dec 29th, 2010 at 03:42:17 PM EST
[ Parent ]
You're confusing again domain names and IP addresses: domain names are indeed assigned by name registrars; IP addresses however are assigned by your ISP, or for a web site, the hosting company's ISP. Block of IP addresses are assigned to ISPs by "regional" registries: ARIN for the Americas, RIPE (Réseaux IP Européens) for Europe, etc...

These regional registries got their IP address blocks from IANA (Internet Assigned Number Authority), the whole gory details being shown here. At the beginning of the list, you'll see all the "legacy" IP addresses assignment in the 1980s: those are the class A address blocks; for instance, MIT has all 16 millions plus change of IP addresses from 18.0.0.0 to 18.255.255.255.

These legacy class A IP address blocks give each of these organizations more "public" IP addresses than say China.

IPv6 addresses are also being assigned by the same structures, but only a (very) limited number has been assigned so far.

by Bernard on Thu Dec 30th, 2010 at 10:14:10 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Nah, I was not confusing them. I was however wrong in thinking that they were assigned through the same organisational structure. So I thank you for enlightening me.

Sweden's finest (and perhaps only) collaborative, leftist e-newspaper Synapze.se
by A swedish kind of death on Thu Dec 30th, 2010 at 10:50:14 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Well, in both structures, if you go all the way up the food chain, you pretty much end up with ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) that also operates the IANA.

ICANN is headquartered in Marina Del Ray, Calif., under the California Nonprofit Public Benefit Corporation Law and although it is no longer directly controlled by the US government, its present legal status and location make it difficult to be fully independent from government pressure.

by Bernard on Thu Dec 30th, 2010 at 01:36:09 PM EST
[ Parent ]

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