Welcome to European Tribune. It's gone a bit quiet around here these days, but it's still going.
Display:
HK has the Fed as its central bank, it demonstrates nothing of the sort.

Wind power
by Jerome a Paris (etg@eurotrib.com) on Mon Jun 7th, 2010 at 07:39:56 AM EST
[ Parent ]
The US Fed doesn't act as lender of last resort (and this includes setting tha base interest rates) nor does it provide deposit insurance or carry out bank supervision or regulation, nor sets reserve requirements. So, how is the US Fed HK's central bank in any meaningful way?

By laying out pros and cons we risk inducing people to join the debate, and losing control of a process that only we fully understand. - Alan Greenspan
by Migeru (migeru at eurotrib dot com) on Mon Jun 7th, 2010 at 08:11:33 AM EST
[ Parent ]
HK banks (the big 4) can only emit currency if backed one-for-one by the same amount of dollars.

Wind power
by Jerome a Paris (etg@eurotrib.com) on Mon Jun 7th, 2010 at 09:04:16 AM EST
[ Parent ]
http://www.info.gov.hk/hkma/eng/currency/link_ex/index.htm


The Linked Exchange Rate System was established in 1983. It is in essence a Currency Board system, which requires both the stock and the flow of the Monetary Base to be fully backed by foreign reserves. Any change in the size of the Monetary Base has to be fully matched by a corresponding change in the foreign reserves. In Hong Kong, the Monetary Base comprises the following components:

Certificates of Indebtedness (as backing for banknotes) and government-issued notes and coins;

the sum of balances of banks' clearing accounts (Aggregate Balance) maintained with the HKMA for the purpose of clearing and settling transactions between the banks themselves, and also between the banks and the HKMA; and

the outstanding amount of Exchange Fund Bills and Notes.



Wind power
by Jerome a Paris (etg@eurotrib.com) on Mon Jun 7th, 2010 at 09:06:09 AM EST
[ Parent ]
This sounds like what I once proposed Hungary's central bank should have been doing to prevent the possibility of a currency crisis, namely, accumulating foreign reserves in an amount matching the country's aggregate foreign-currency liabilities. This would act as an automatic negative feedback mechanism in case a carry trade got started.

By laying out pros and cons we risk inducing people to join the debate, and losing control of a process that only we fully understand. - Alan Greenspan
by Migeru (migeru at eurotrib dot com) on Mon Jun 7th, 2010 at 09:20:40 AM EST
[ Parent ]
So the Hong-Kong currency board functions as a potential lender of last resort and a deposit insurer since it must hold enough foreign reserves to cover in full the aggregate liabilities of the private banks.

It also functions as a clearinghouse for interbank payment and settlement.

The role of the Fed is totally incidental here. They might as well have mandated that the HKMA must have enough gold reserves (or barrels of oil) to back all the banks' liabilities.

By laying out pros and cons we risk inducing people to join the debate, and losing control of a process that only we fully understand. - Alan Greenspan

by Migeru (migeru at eurotrib dot com) on Mon Jun 7th, 2010 at 09:24:25 AM EST
[ Parent ]
The role of the Fed is also not unique since the mandate is on "foreign reserves" not "dollar reserves". This means potentially the mandate could be fulfilled by matching KH's monetary mass not only in quantity but in kind - Euro liabilities matched by Euro reserves, dollar by dollar, etc. What makes the USD special is that the internal HK liabilities are matched by USD reserves, but this need not be so.

By laying out pros and cons we risk inducing people to join the debate, and losing control of a process that only we fully understand. - Alan Greenspan
by Migeru (migeru at eurotrib dot com) on Mon Jun 7th, 2010 at 09:36:01 AM EST
[ Parent ]
So how does the fact that HK choose to operate a currency board mean that they have a Central Bank?

They don't have a Central Bank and never have had.

My point, as you well know, is that neither Central Banks nor private banks are necessary intermediaries. Conventional, yes: necessary or even desirable, demonstrably not.

Banking as service provision is a different question.

The financial system cannot be fixed without systemic fiscal reform of a kind which is politically impossible.

Introduction of a complementary financial system is the only solution, and IMHO this will be in place within two to five years.

"The future is already here -- it's just not very evenly distributed" William Gibson

by ChrisCook (cojockathotmaildotcom) on Mon Jun 7th, 2010 at 09:25:49 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Jerome a Paris:
banks' clearing accounts (Aggregate Balance) maintained with the HKMA for the purpose of clearing and settling transactions between the banks themselves, and also between the banks and the HKMA
plus the fact that the HKMA maintains foreign reserves in an amount sufficient to back all the monetary mass of Hong Kong means that it fulfills all the functions of a central bank even if it isn't called a central bank.

Can we please step away from the nominalist debate for a bit and just look at the functions of the institutions?

By laying out pros and cons we risk inducing people to join the debate, and losing control of a process that only we fully understand. - Alan Greenspan

by Migeru (migeru at eurotrib dot com) on Mon Jun 7th, 2010 at 09:31:44 AM EST
[ Parent ]
HKMA Infrastructure


Central Moneymarkets Unit

The Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) established the Central Moneymarkets Unit (CMU) in 1990 to provide computerised clearing and settlement facilities for Exchange Fund Bills and Notes. In December 1993, the HKMA extended the service to other Hong Kong dollar debt securities. It offers an efficient, safe and convenient clearing and custodian system for Hong Kong dollar debt instruments. Since December 1994, the CMU has been linked with other regional and international systems.  This helps to promote Hong Kong dollar debt securities to overseas investors who can make use of these links to participate in the Hong Kong dollar debt market.

The CMU service was further extended to non-Hong Kong dollar debt securities in January 1996.  In December 1996, a seamless interface between the CMU and the Hong Kong dollar Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) interbank payment system was established. This enables the CMU system to provide real-time and end-of-day Delivery versus Payment (DvP) services to its members.  

The CMU was further linked to the US dollar, euro and Renminbi RTGS systems in December 2000, April 2003 and March 2006 respectively to provide real time DvP capability for debt securities denominated in those currencies and also intraday and overnight repo facilities for the US dollar and euro payment systems in Hong Kong.

The key point is that according to the definitive Hong Kong Payment Systems document there is no central counterparty whether named a Central Bank or not.

The Central Moneymarkets Unit (CMU) is a membership entity; acts as a custodian; provides no guarantee; and takes no credit risk. (see pages 122 onwards).

As you know, a custodian is a key element of the P2P finance architecture I advocate.

"The future is already here -- it's just not very evenly distributed" William Gibson

by ChrisCook (cojockathotmaildotcom) on Mon Jun 7th, 2010 at 01:07:11 PM EST
[ Parent ]
To understand why this is not a central bank, could you give a definition of central bank structure (with picture if possible) so that the difference becomes clear?

Sweden's finest (and perhaps only) collaborative, leftist e-newspaper Synapze.se
by A swedish kind of death on Tue Jun 8th, 2010 at 05:49:59 AM EST
[ Parent ]

Display:

Top Diaries

Occasional Series