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Why the need to borrow from abroad? Sweden had a positive Current Account Balance from 1994 and onwards (I am uncertain which year the famous trip was, but the soc-dems returned to power in 1994 so it is a starting point).

When it comes to the 70ies and 80ies I think the standard explanation overlooks factors like oil dependence, RoW catching up (Sweden did not have its industrial base destroyed in wwII) and demographics - Sweden avoiding wwII meant  more people born in 10's and 20ies working in the 50ies and 60ies and retiring in the 70ies and 80ies. I also object to stagnation causing the property bubble of the late 80ies, I see that as caused by the deregulation of 1985:

Novemberrevolutionen (Sverige) - Wikipedia

Novemberrevolutionen är det informella namnet på Riksbankens beslut att avreglera den svenska kreditmarknaden den 21 november 1985.[1] Beslutet innebar bland annat att bankerna fick låna ut obegränsat med pengar utan att Sveriges riksbank lade hinder i vägen.

Nationalekonomen Lars Jonung har skrivit om novemberrevolutionen: "Detta är den s.k novemberrevolutionen som markerar den mest genomgripande omläggningen av Riksbankens penningpolitiska strategi under hela efterkrigstiden.".[2]

But we are getting into a very broad topic and of the imho interesting topic in relation to the ongoing euro crisis - did Persson need to borrow abroad and if so why?

Sweden's finest (and perhaps only) collaborative, leftist e-newspaper Synapze.se

by A swedish kind of death on Thu Dec 15th, 2011 at 02:45:21 PM EST
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Note of Caution:

Have to be very careful when making conclusions based on Economic History.  It's easy, with the best will in the world, to fall into "Correlation-as-Causation" fallacies.  

She believed in nothing; only her skepticism kept her from being an atheist. -- Jean-Paul Sartre

by ATinNM on Thu Dec 15th, 2011 at 03:07:13 PM EST
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Well, that credit bubble was certainly caused by credit deregulation, but it was something of a crescendo of the mad 25 years after 1968. It's important to note that with the exception of the oil crises, all the Swedish economic problems of 1968-1993 were homegrown.

Peak oil is not an energy crisis. It is a liquid fuel crisis.
by Starvid on Thu Dec 15th, 2011 at 04:07:30 PM EST
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