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Coen was a nasty piece of work:
On 30 May 1619, Coen, backed by a force of nineteen ships, stormed Jayakarta driving out the Banten forces; and from the ashes established Batavia as the VOC headquarters. In the 1620s almost the entire native population of the Banda Islands was driven away, starved to death, or killed in an attempt to replace them with Dutch plantations.
but who solved:
A major problem in the European trade with Asia at the time was that the Europeans could offer few goods that Asian consumers wanted, except silver and gold. European traders therefore had to pay for spices with the precious metals, and this was in short supply in Europe, except for Spain and Portugal.
by [VOC = Dutch East India Company]:
... start[ing] an intra-Asiatic trade system, whose profits could be used to finance the spice trade with Europe. In the long run this obviated the need for exports of precious metals from Europe, though at first it required the formation of a large trading-capital fund in the Indies. The VOC reinvested a large share of its profits to this end in the period up to 1630. The VOC traded throughout Asia. Ships coming into Batavia from the Netherlands carried supplies for VOC settlements in Asia. Silver and copper from Japan were used to trade with India and China for silk, cotton, porcelain, and textiles. These products were either traded within Asia for the coveted spices or brought back to Europe.
Simultaneously, the invention of the fluyt lowered the costs of intra-European trade by increasing cargo capacity per-ship. I know this ship was the backbone of the intra-European trade, I do not remember (it's been a while!) if it was used as a long distance carrier. For the 'long haul' they used the specially designed Dutch East Indiaman for the 'retour' (there and back again) route. IIRC, the Dutch used the Chinese Junk in Asia mostly from the fact it was designed for those waters. How extensively the Junk was used I cannot say.
Anyway, the distribution of goods imported by the DEIC from Asia was wholesaled out to other Dutch merchants and companies - thus the multitude of warehouses in Amsterdam - who then distributed across Europe. The "odd-job" merchants completed the European side of the trade cycle. Two important "strangle-points" in this trade was the English Channel (piracy/interdiction) and the Danish Kattegat (transition fees) leading to a couple each of Dutch-English and Dutch-Danish wars.
She believed in nothing; only her skepticism kept her from being an atheist. -- Jean-Paul Sartre
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