Welcome to European Tribune. It's gone a bit quiet around here these days, but it's still going.
Display:
The 100 million city: is 21st century urbanisation out of control? - Guardian


But new research suggests that the changes Lagos has seen in the last 60 years may be nothing to what might take place in the next 60. If Nigeria's population continues to grow and people move to cities at the same rate as now, Lagos could become the world's largest metropolis, home to 85 or 100 million people. By 2100, it is projected to be home to more people than California or Britain today, and to stretch hundreds of miles - with enormous environmental effects.

Hundreds of far smaller cities across Asia and Africa could also grow exponentially, say the Canadian demographers Daniel Hoornweg and Kevin Pope at the Ontario Institute of Technology. They suggest that Niamey, the barely known capital of Niger - a west African country with the highest birth rate in the world - could explode from a city of fewer than one million people today to be the world's eighth-largest city, with 46 million people, in 2100. Sleepy Blantyre in southern Malawi could mushroom to the size of New York City today.

Under the researchers' extreme scenario - where countries are unable to control fertility rates and urbanisation continues apace - within 35 years more than 100 cities will have populations larger than 5.5 million people. By 2100, say the authors, the world's population centers will have shifted to Asia and Africa, with only 14 of the 101 largest cities in Europe or the Americas.

What happens to those cities over the next 30 years will determine the global environment and the quality of life of the world's projected 11 billion people. It's impossible to know how exactly how cities will grow, of course. But the stark fact, according to the United Nations, is that much of humanity is young, fertile and increasingly urban. The median age of Nigeria is just 18, and under 20 across all Africa's 54 countries; the fertility rate of the continent's 500 million women is 4.4 births. Elsewhere, half of India's population is under age 25, and Latin America's average age is as high as 29.

by Bjinse on Wed Mar 21st, 2018 at 10:26:32 PM EST
[ Parent ]

Display:

Occasional Series