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post-colonial cash crops
As part of the transport objective, the European Parliament also managed to clinch an agreement that will lead to a phase out of palm oil by 2030, starting with a freeze on existing quantities of imported palm, Turmes told EURACTIV.

That is likely to anger Malaysia and Indonesia, the world's two biggest producers of palm oil, which have threatened of trade retaliation measures in case a ban is agreed.

The biofuels part of the deal also includes a freeze on so-called first generation biofuels like ethanol, which are produced domestically, at the levels of production reached by each EU member state in 2020. A corresponding 3.5% target was set for so-called second generation biofuels coming from non-food crops, like wood residues.

France: Farmers Block Refineries to Protest Palm Oil Import, 11 JUNE
"This blockade cannot be the solution to the discussion that we are going to have. This blockade is illegal. It is not by blocking refineries that we are going to find adequate solutions," Travert told RTL Radio.

Last month, authorities gave Total permission to use palm oil as a feedstock. The farmers are strongly opposed to the importation of the product which, they say, will likely cut into the profits of locally produced rapeseed oil. Palm oil is cheaper than rapeseed oil.

"Our target is the state," Lambert said, adding that Total's decision on palm oil was "the last straw."

Environmentalists have blamed palm oil cultivation for deforestation in southeast Asia [BUT NOT AFRICA]. Some European lawmakers are pushing for a ban on palm oil use in biofuel, citing its effect on the environment.

New EU 'Peace fund' [EPF] could buy weapons for Africa

Diversity is the key to economic and political evolution.
by Cat on Thu Jun 14th, 2018 at 06:19:01 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Key words: Indonesia deforestation palm oil survival Orangutan

The Future of the Bornean Orangutan: Impacts of Change in Land Cove  

Orangutans face complete extinction within 10 years, animal rescue charity warns | The Independent - 2016 |

Orangutans will be extinct from the planet within 10 years unless action is taken to preserve forests in Indonesia and Malaysia where they live, a conservation charity has warned.

The Bornean orangutan was officially listed as critically endangered by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) last month, joining the only other kind, the Sumatran orangutan, in that classification.

In just 25 years, more than a quarter of Indonesia's forests - 76 million acres, an area almost the size of Germany - have disappeared.

One of the main reasons is to clear land to make way for palm oil plantations. The oil is used to make a vast array of different consumer products from crisps, pizza, noodles and donuts to toothpaste, shampoo and biodiesel.

Leading brands such as Pepsico, Johnson & Johnson and Colgate-Palmolive fail to track origin of palm oil | Greenpeace |

Indonesia: Tribe attacked in palm oil plantation

Members of the nomadic Orang Rimba tribe in Indonesia have been attacked and their possessions burned as part of an eviction from a palm oil plantation on their ancestral land.

The Orang Rimba are a nomadic hunter-gatherer tribe who have been dependent on and managed their forest home in Sumatra for generations. Although a national park was created to protect local wildlife and - unprecedented in Indonesia - the tribe, the Indonesian government has signed over most of their ancestral lands to palm oil, timber and other plantation companies.

As a result many Orang Rimba are forced to live in plantations, collecting palm oil seeds and hunting wild boar. For collecting the seeds, the tribe have been accused of theft by the company operating in the area, even though the oil palm is on Orang Rimba ancestral land and the tribe do not regard such foraging as theft.

One Orang Rimba man said: "That is our ancestral land. Our life and death are in that land. How can it be that we are forbidden? It's forbidden for children to take the seeds which have fallen from the palm oil trees. How can it be forbidden? They planted palm oil trees all over our land."

The palm oil company PT Bahana Karya Semestra (BKS), which is owned by Sinar Mas, has recently ordered the Orang Rimba to leave. Members of the tribe have reported that they were already preparing to go when they were attacked, beaten and stabbed by security staff from BKS.

Understanding the Impacts of Land-Use Policies on a Threatened Species: Is There a Future for the Bornean Orang-utan?

Global Warming - distance between America and Europe is steadily increasing.

by Oui on Thu Jun 14th, 2018 at 06:42:45 PM EST
[ Parent ]
possibly weed.

Diversity is the key to economic and political evolution.
by Cat on Thu Jun 14th, 2018 at 06:53:54 PM EST
[ Parent ]

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