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Today -100: June 14, 1918: Better at gas!

Carl Alsberg, head of the Bureau of Chemistry, tells the Senate Agriculture Committee that the Allies are now better at gas warfare than the Germans. The US will start making mustard gas soon.
They not only have more gas at their disposal and are applying it more effectively than the Germans, he said, but in defensive warefare they have more improved gas masks. He predicted that a preventive against mustard gas woon would be found. "We believe we are on the right track but we haven't yet got it," he declared, referring to experiments now being conducted by his department in conjuction with the Bureau of Mines.
June 14, 2018: US Army Resumes Destroying Remaining Mustard Gas Stockpile in Colorado
June 14, 2018: US Resumes Destroying Obsolete Chemical Weapons in Colorado
The plant is destroying 780,000 decades-old shells containing 2,500 U.S. tons (2,270 metric tons) of mustard agent. Although it's often called a gas, the chemical is a liquid under most conditions.

History and Analysis of Mustard Agent and Lewisite Research Programs in the United States

CWS carried out three basic types of experiments with human subjects. According to Cochrane, these testing programs involved the use of approximately 60,000 human subjects. ... It is important to note that CWS personnel were exposed to a variety of toxic materials. For example, in addition to mustard agents, gases such as phosgene (a choking agent), hydrogen cyanide and cyanogen chloride (blood poisoning agents), and chloroacetophenone (tear gas) were also produced at the arsenals. Other personnel were involved in biological warfare research and production, in locations such as Fort Detrick, Maryland, and a civilian plant in Terre Haute, Indiana (Brophy and Fisher, 1959). Chemicals including napalm and white phosphorus were also stored and packed into bombs by CWS personnel. Even the production and testing of gas masks and filter canisters involved the use of toxic chemicals such as asbestos.4 Finally, many people, including women, were assigned duties in the preparation of impregnated clothing, the most common method of which involved the use of two extremely toxic chemicals, chloroamide and acetylene tetrachloride.
Chemical Munitions Destruction Progress as of October 27, 2017

Diversity is the key to economic and political evolution.
by Cat on Thu Jun 14th, 2018 at 11:26:07 PM EST
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