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Trump has not yet killed the Republican party, as had been hoped by some when he first announced his candidacy during the primaries, and was hoped by some when he won the nomination, and is believed by some to be an inevitable result of the ongoing train wreck of a presidency. To the contrary, white supremeacist assholes have been emboldened by his march towards facist authoritarianism. If he lives another few years he may well win re-election. What dosage would be required before the curse of right-wing racist partisan assaholerly will pass? Total nuclear annihilation might suffice.
Modern parliamentary democracy elects representatives and these representatives constitute the government. Before the democracy came into power, the Greeks had been governed by various forms of government, including government by representatives. The democracy knew representative government and rejected it. It refused to believe that the ordinary citizen was not able to perform practically all the business of government. Not only did the public assembly of all the citizens keep all the important decisions in its own hands. For the Greek, the word isonomia*, which meant equality, was used interchangeably for democracy. For the Greek, the two meant the same thing. For the Greek, a man who did not take part in politics was an idiotes, an idiot, from which we get our modern word idiot, whose meaning, however, we have limited. Not only did the Greeks choose all officials by lot, they limited their time of service**. When a man had served once, as a general rule, he was excluded from serving again because the Greeks believed in rotation, everybody taking his turn to administer the state.
* equilibrium of dosages in Hippokrates, adapted by translators, yo, to Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle (another "anti-democratic" philosopher), 4th cen. BCE
** This statement is not entirely true. Quite a lot of classical historiography documents the opposite effect to protect minority rentiers, oligrachy or patronage (Latin), in Athens. "There are great gaps in our knowledge of many aspects of Greek life" (James): Indeed this this admission recurs with alarming frequency in "authoritative" historiography. A vanishing amount of documentary evidence of "democracy" in other Greek city-states (Pelopp. or coloni) survives. Romantic interpretation of the political economy, expressed in this essay, does illustrate however how widespread, misunderstood, and corrupt this model of western hegemony is. I don't call it the "bibble", for nothing.
Diversity is the key to economic and political evolution.
Total nuclear annihilation might suffice.
But the algorithms will survive...
It is rightly acknowledged that people of faith have no monopoly of virtue
- Queen Elizabeth II
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