The European Tribune is a forum for thoughtful dialogue of European and international issues. You are invited to post comments and your own articles.
Please REGISTER to post.
House: 71 (R), 46 (D), 3 (VACANT); Fun Fact: $18,000/year salary
Senate: 23 (R), 17 (D)
48 chamber slaves of the patriarchy: 29 (D), 19 (R)
wut: Of the 43 women who won seats in the state legislature in November, only 16 were Republican"
Diversity is the key to economic and political evolution.
Just this term, Thomas called on the court to reconsider a landmark 1964 First Amendment case, describing it and later decisions extending it as "policy-driven decisions masquerading as constitutional law ." He also criticized a 1963 Supreme Court decision that guarantees a lawyer for anyone too poor to hire one. And he equated [sic] the court's Roe v. Wade [?] abortion decision with its Dred Scott [?] decision , which said African Americans weren't citizens, labeling Both "notoriously incorrect."
Limbs va. Indiana (Feb 2019), Ginsburg for the majority, Held: "The Eighth Amendment's Excessive Fines Clause [narrow!] is an incorporated protection applicable to the States under the Fourteenth Amendment's Due Process Clause [narrow!]." Thomas' objects to qualification by "due process"; citizenship unequivocally merits protection.
The 39th Congress focused on these abuses during its debates over the Fourteenth Amendment, the Civil Rights Act of 1866, and the Freedmen's Bureau Act. During those well-publicized debates, Members of Congress consistently highlighted and lamented the "severe penalties" inflicted by the Black Codes and similar measures, Cong.Globe, 39th Cong., 1st Sess., 474 (1866)(Sen. Trumbull), suggesting that the prohibition on excessive fines was understood to be a basic right of citizenship. [...] Similar examples abound. One congressman noted that Alabama's "aristocratic and anti-republican laws, almost reenacting slavery, among other harsh inflictions impose...a fine of fifty dollars and six months' imprisonment on any servant or laborer (white or black) who loiters away his time or is stubborn or refractory." Id., at 1621 (Rep.Myers). He also noted that Florida punished vagrants with "a fine not exceeding $500 and imprison[ment] for a term not exceeding twelve months, or by being sold for a term not exceeding twelve months, at the discretion of the court." Ibid. At the time, such fines would have been ruinous for laborers. Cf. id., at 443 (Sen. Howe) ("A thou-sand dollars! That sells a negro for his life"). These and other examples of excessive fines from the historical record informed the Nation's consideration of the Fourteenth Amendment.
by Frank Schnittger - Jan 26 3 comments
by Frank Schnittger - Jan 22 3 comments
by Cat - Jan 25 36 comments
by Oui - Jan 9 21 comments
by Frank Schnittger - Jan 13 28 comments
by gmoke - Jan 20
by Oui - Jan 15 90 comments
by gmoke - Jan 7 13 comments
by Frank Schnittger - Jan 31
by gmoke - Jan 29
by Oui - Jan 2731 comments
by Frank Schnittger - Jan 263 comments
by Cat - Jan 2536 comments
by Frank Schnittger - Jan 223 comments
by Oui - Jan 2110 comments
by Oui - Jan 21
by Oui - Jan 20
by gmoke - Jan 20
by Oui - Jan 1839 comments
by Oui - Jan 1590 comments
by Oui - Jan 144 comments
by Frank Schnittger - Jan 1328 comments
by Oui - Jan 1219 comments
by Oui - Jan 1120 comments
by Oui - Jan 1031 comments
by Oui - Jan 921 comments
by NBBooks - Jan 810 comments
by Oui - Jan 717 comments