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My intention was to explain the switch in alliance in the European Parliament to illustrate the seats lost and seats gained.

All the bullshit in my post are quotes from linked news articles. I do appreciate you clarity on terminology.

However the Dutch party Democrats 66 of Sophie In 't Veld is liberal centrist left - relatively speaking- . It must be clear ALL political parties have moved to the right in compliance with the rhetoric of populist parties.

In Europe, nationalism rising | The Harvard Gazette - Feb. 2017 |

A new salience

Although the words populism and ethno-nationalism are often used interchangeably, they actually are distinctly different.

"Populism is a way of making political claims that oppose ostensibly `corrupt elites' with `the virtuous people,'" said Bart Bonikowski, a Harvard associate professor of sociology who studies populist and nationalist movements.

The left often labels big business and banking executives as elites, while the right typically targets the state itself and those who keep it running, like civil servants, bureaucrats, and elected officials, along with academics and other intellectuals, "whereas ethno-nationalism is ... a definition of the nation that excludes various ethnic, religious, and racial out-groups," he said.

Because populism is less an ideology than a form of political discourse, it is often attached to a variety of political ideologies, including nationalism.

"It's basically a strategy for mobilizing political support for whatever politicians' objectives might be," said Bonikowski. "It so happens that in Europe and the United States and elsewhere ... populism attached to ethno-nationalism has gained traction. But that doesn't mean the two things are the same or that they only occur with one another."

by Oui on Mon May 27th, 2019 at 08:04:10 PM EST
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