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MOSSADEGH YIELDS ON ELECTION IN IRAN; Agrees to Vote to Fill House Seats to Resolve Impasse on Powers of the Shah, April 21, 1953
"in the hope of overcoming the opposition boycott that was preventing a vote on the proposal to divest Shah Mohammed Riza Pahlevi of his powers of control over the military and civil affairs of Iran."
Mossadegh and the Coup d'Etat of 1953
In 1951, Iran's oil industry was nationalized with near-unanimous support of Iran's parliament in a bill introduced by Mossadegh, who led the oil commission of the parliament. Iran's oil had been controlled by the British-owned Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC) under license, and was only a source of little revenue for the country. Popular discontent with the AIOC began in the late 1940s as a large segment of Iran's public and a number of politicians saw the company as exploitative and a vestige of British imperialism. Despite Mosaddegh's popular support, Britain was unwilling to negotiate its single most valuable foreign asset, and instigated a worldwide boycott of Iranian oil to pressure Iran economically. Initially, Britain mobilized its military to seize control of the Abadan oil refinery, the world's largest, but Prime Minister Clement Attlee opted instead to tighten the economic boycott while using Iranian agents to undermine Mosaddegh's government. With a change to more conservative governments in both Britain and the United States, Churchill and the U.S. Eisenhower administration decided to overthrow Iran's government though the previous U.S. Truman administration had opposed a coup.
[...]
According to the CIA's declassified documents and records, some of the most feared mobsters in Tehran were hired by the CIA to stage pro-Shah riots on 19 August. Other CIA-paid men were brought into Tehran in buses and trucks, and took over the streets of the city. Many people were killed during and as a direct result of the conflict. Mosaddegh was arrested, tried and convicted of treason by the Shah's military court. On 21 December 1953, he was sentenced to three years in jail, then placed under house arrest in Ahmad Abad for the remainder of his life. ...
64 Years Later, CIA Finally Releases Details of Iranian Coup
Persian soldiers chase rioters during civil unrest in Tehran, August 1953. On August 19, 1953, democratically-elected Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh was overthrown in a coup orchestrated by the CIA and British intelligence, after having nationalized the oil industry. The Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was re-installed in the primary position of power. Massive protests broke out across the nation, leaving almost 300 dead in firefights in the streets of Tehran. (Photo credit should read /AFP/Getty Images)
[...]
The coup attempt began on August 15 but was swiftly thwarted. Mossadegh made dozens of arrests. Gen. Fazlollah Zahedi, a top conspirator, went into hiding, and the shah fled the country. The CIA, believing the coup to have failed, called it off.

"Operation has been tried and failed and we should not participate in any operation against Mossadegh which could be traced back to US," CIA headquarters wrote to its station chief in Iran in a newly declassified cable sent on Aug. 18, 1953. "Operations against Mossadegh should be discontinued."

That is the cable which Kermit Roosevelt, top CIA officer in Iran, purportedly and famously ignored, according to Malcolm Byrne, who directs the U.S.-Iran Relations Project at the National Security Archive at George Washington University. ...

Amen.
by Cat on Sun Jan 5th, 2020 at 06:50:47 AM EST
Agreed on all of the above. But that is no reason to sacralize political actors, especially those with blood on their hands - our politicians or others' politicians. If we go down that road we will have Saint Donald and new religious wars. Sadly, it looks like that is what we are doing for the duration of Saint Donald's tenure.

Sorry, but all of this 'revered martyr' BS triggered my gag reflex.

"It is not necessary to have hope in order to persevere."

by ARGeezer (ARGeezer a in a circle eurotrib daught com) on Sun Jan 5th, 2020 at 07:13:33 AM EST
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Never. Gets. Old.

by Cat on Sun Jan 5th, 2020 at 11:19:27 PM EST
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DICTION CORNER
euhemerism
by Cat on Mon Jan 6th, 2020 at 08:21:11 PM EST
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BTW, I had already read most of those posts on Oui's diary and rated some as excellent. I don't beieve in martyrs or martyrdom. Goes with being an atheist.


"It is not necessary to have hope in order to persevere."
by ARGeezer (ARGeezer a in a circle eurotrib daught com) on Sun Jan 5th, 2020 at 07:22:46 AM EST
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sumbuddy tell the congressional prayer breakfast ppl.
by Cat on Sun Jan 5th, 2020 at 08:04:54 AM EST
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Please!


"It is not necessary to have hope in order to persevere."
by ARGeezer (ARGeezer a in a circle eurotrib daught com) on Sun Jan 5th, 2020 at 05:28:21 PM EST
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BTW, do you know what the 'H' in Jesus H. Christ stands for?

Haploid.

"It is not necessary to have hope in order to persevere."

by ARGeezer (ARGeezer a in a circle eurotrib daught com) on Fri Jan 10th, 2020 at 04:50:49 PM EST
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A very powerful force in persuasion from the time of the Romans ... Caesar wasn't aware I'm sure.

Damnatio ad bestias

Related reading ...

Martyr Cults In Nineteenth-Century Italy

The Trump White House stepped into a trap set by Solameini to achieve what he longed for: a united front against America from Tehran through Baghdad, Damascus and Beirut. Both Russia and China will remain a common foe of the US, backing the Islamic State of Iran.

The Baghdad Pact (1955) and the Central Treaty Organization (CENTO)

Related reading ...

Dilemma of 1989 - NATO and Warsaw Pact
Intrusion Soviet Space and CW Arms Race
Saudi Bandar bin Sultan, the Butcher of Christians and Shiites in the Levant

by Oui on Sun Jan 5th, 2020 at 10:45:19 AM EST
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Onward towards total renewable energy. We had better be ready when fracking fails. Same for Europe. Let Russia and China divvy up the Middle East oil. The USA SHOULD have been able to do better in that part of the world. But we again fell prey to the self interested looters that have dominated US politics from the beginning. We will be lucky to save ourselves, especially after Trump. Trump IS an accurate reflection of at least 40% of the US electorate. I wish there were a god to help us.


"It is not necessary to have hope in order to persevere."
by ARGeezer (ARGeezer a in a circle eurotrib daught com) on Sun Jan 5th, 2020 at 05:39:02 PM EST
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Dood. The innerboobs is real, yo.
by Cat on Sun Jan 5th, 2020 at 07:46:29 PM EST
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hmm, yes, well, I see your meaning: BEATIFICATION of HEROIC figures in times of WAR is not only a historical Roman Catholic pastime since the REFORMATION of popery. 02.12.1771 changed everything.
At a Time, when the Barriers against Popery, erected by our Ancestors, are suffered to be destroyed, to the hazard even of the Protestant Religion: When the system of the civil Law which has for so many Ages and Centuries, been withstood by the People of England, is permitted to become fashionable: When so many Innovations are introduced, to the Injury of our Constitution of civil Government: it is not surprizing that the great Securities of the People, should be invaded, and their fundamental Rights, drawn into Question. While the People of all the other great Kingdoms in Europe, have been insidiously deprived of their Liberties, it is not unnatural to expect that such as are interested to introduce Arbitrary Government should see with Envy, Detestation and Malice, the People of the British Empire, by their Sagacity and Valour defending theirs, to the present Times....
The "Founders" DIED so we could live.
by Cat on Sun Jan 5th, 2020 at 08:04:38 PM EST
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