Welcome to European Tribune. It's gone a bit quiet around here these days, but it's still going.
Most political action still takes place at the national level so political parties are primarily focused on trying to obtain power through national parliaments. However they are also affiliated to European Party groupings in the European Parliament.

For instance:
Fine Gael is part of the European Peoples party (centre right Christian democrats)
Fianna Fail is part of  the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
Sinn Fein is part of the European United Left-Nordic Green Left party
and Labour is aligned with the European socialists

There is quite a lot of policy coordination and cooperation between national parties within these European groupings, but the real power is still vested in the EU Council (made up of prime ministers) and the European Commission (made up of Government nominees - usually ex prime ministers or cabinet ministers of the ruling parties in each country).

It's not as centralised as the USA, but within the constraints of the Treaties, national states within the EU are still sovereign. Alao the EU budget is only 1-2% of U GDP compared to the Federal Budget which is c. 20% of GDP.

Index of Frank's Diaries

by Frank Schnittger (mail Frankschnittger at hot male dotty communists) on Wed Feb 5th, 2020 at 11:30:05 PM EST
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The US federal government was pretty weak until they passed the income tax amendment in 1909.
by asdf on Thu Feb 6th, 2020 at 12:38:05 AM EST
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by Cat on Thu Feb 6th, 2020 at 12:38:54 AM EST
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I thought it was common knowledge.
by asdf on Thu Feb 6th, 2020 at 03:19:39 AM EST
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The origins of federal growth are in the Constitutional Convention. But the modern [!] period of growth began with the Progressive Era before World War I
Would that include the period between the first Great Depression (1874 ± 24 mo.) and US entry into WWI (1917)? Formation of the reactionary Progressive Party around Wm. Jennings Bryan and fists fulla silver dollars?

huh. It's true. Metalheads prefer FRB birth in 1913 for every calamity of liberty not specified in the Federalist Papers. Far and few between is the reader familiar with the history of US federal customs tariffs, property taxes [1], [2], [3], [4], and personal income tax collections. Prior to 1913.

No wonder most Americans oppose reparations for slavery.

Me? I always peg it, growth of US federal gov, to the series of acts between 1861-1863--although 1789 was a seminal year for US federal treasury bonds issuance and surety--full faith and credit blah blah spanish dollar blah. The Constitution, to be sure, damaged states' and private bankers deposit and currency businesses, but didn't kill them. For that  there was unregulated, international (FX, rail, and real estate) "investment banking" panics and depressions over the next 50 years.

by Cat on Sat Feb 8th, 2020 at 12:58:42 AM EST
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