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When it comes to national emergencies, Britain has a tradition of cold calculation | The Guardian |

What's the best way to respond to a global health emergency? For countries like Italy, Spain, South Korea and Denmark, the answer is closing schools and public spaces to limit infection.

The British state has always been good at making shrewd utilitarian calculations. In two crucial moments during the 20th century, the government thought that it wasn't worth attempting to protect the population in any serious way because the damage wrought by drastic policy interventions would be too great. Both Neville Chamberlain and Harold Macmillan's governments made minimal preparations for anticipated disasters: bombing in the 1930s, and nuclear war in the 1950s. In both cases, the government aimed to do the minimum necessary to allay fears.

In a roundabout way, they thought the future wellbeing of British citizens would depend on the government's parsimonious decision to not overinvest in defensive infrastructure. Both governments hoped to avoid war by deterring an attack and by keeping the economy strong. Far better to spend on methods of attacking Germany and the Soviet Union than on buttressing the island against attacks from the air.

The most famous prewar structure was the flimsy Anderson shelter, a set of corrugated iron sheets erected in people's gardens. It remains an emblematic image of the late 1930s. The shelter was named after the minister responsible for air raid precautions, Sir John Anderson, who had a PhD in chemistry.

It's NOT that mankind is powerless, the political leaders are ill prepared and lack vision.

Global arms trade is a nearly 200 billion business and the US drives nearly 80% of it | CNBC |

Still military expenditures to counter the Red Menace are insufficient, Trump finds ... soon modern mini-nukes to be placed in Europe.

NATO's Original Purpose: Double Containment of the Soviet Union and "Resurgent" Germany

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Wed Mar 18th, 2020 at 11:34:56 AM EST

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