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Biathlon's genesis in pre-Revolutionary Russia and independent Finland

The roots of biathlon evolved in the  Norwegian army (1811) during the eighteenth century but the sport's more immediate genesis stems from an obscure ski manual prepared for the Russian military in 1912.

The author of this book, Skis in the Art of War, was K. B. E. E. Eimeleus, a Finnish-born junior officer serving in the Russian Imperial Cavalry. Due to the disastrous consequences of the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905, an ill-advised conflict provoked by Russia in a northern climate along the empire's far-eastern border, it was apparent that in future warfare, the Russian army would have to fight again under similar winter conditions.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu Feb 17th, 2022 at 07:02:40 PM EST
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