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How power is transferred and social order is maintained within and across generations

Bourdieu routinely sought to connect his theoretical ideas with empirical research and his work can be seen as sociology of culture or, as he described it, a "Theory of Practice". His contributions to sociology were both evidential and theoretical (i.e., calculated through both systems). His key terms would be habitus, capital, and field.

    Bourdieu elaborated his theory of the habitus while borrowing ideas on cognitive and generative schemes from Noam Chomsky and Jean Piaget dependency on history and human memory. For instance, a certain behaviour or belief becomes part of a society's structure when the original purpose of that behaviour or belief can no longer be recalled and becomes socialized into individuals of that culture.

He extended the idea of capital to categories such as social capital, cultural capital, financial capital, and symbolic capital. For Bourdieu each individual occupies a position in a multidimensional social space; a person is not defined only by social class membership, but by every single kind of capital he can articulate through social relations. That capital includes the value of social networks, which Bourdieu showed could be used to produce or reproduce inequality.

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Bourdieu worked as a lycée teacher at Moulins for a year before his conscription into the French Army in 1955. His biographers write that he chose not to enter the Reserve Officer's College like many of his fellow ENS graduates as he wished to stay with people from his own modest social background. Deployed to Algeria in October 1955 during its war of independence from France, Bourdieu served in a unit guarding military installations before being transferred to clerical work.

After his year-long military service, Bourdieu stayed on as a lecturer in Algiers. During the Algerian War in 1958-1962, Bourdieu undertook ethnographic research into the clash through a study of the Kabyle peoples of the Berbers, laying the groundwork for his anthropological reputation. The result was his first book, Sociologie de l'Algérie (1958; The Sociology of Algeria). which became an immediate success in France and was published in America in 1962. He later drew heavily on this fieldwork in his 1972 book Outline of a Theory of Practice, a strong intervention into anthropological theory.

Picturing Algeria: Pierre Bourdieu's sociology and ethnography using visual methods

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri Mar 11th, 2022 at 08:09:39 AM EST
I didn't check earlier writings about Bourdieu on this site, as my first glance at his work intrigued me ...

"Smile!" or The virtue circle of positive feedback attitudes | by Agnes a Paris Sat Jan 7th, 2006 |

All of us did get to know, through the lessons of history or personal experiences, how mean, selfish, cruel, humankind in its collective or individual manifestations, could be. "Civilization at its extreme produces crimes often worse than extreme barbarism," wrote French 19th century novelist Barbey d'Aurevilly. Well, I am not a lot of an optimistic myself. One of my favorite as it comes to political sciences is Th. Hobbes. Yet, this diary is about positive attitudes and positive feedback. Let me start with the anecdotes that prompted me into this diary.

In need of some optimism, these days we need to look back .. forward looking is plenty of doom.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri Mar 11th, 2022 at 08:22:27 AM EST
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My Learning About Victor Klemperer

    "What is there that embodies the democratic, the German, the humane ideal?" Klemperer asked himself in his diary. For his own life, of course, he already
    knew the answer: it lay in the tireless curiosity, the questioning, the generous
    standards of debate of his heroes Voltaire and Montesquieu and of the other
    thinkers of the Enlightenment.

Music among the Ruins: Classical Music, Propaganda, and the American Cultural Agenda in West Berlin (1945-1949)

With Germany's unconditional surrender on May 8, 1945, the Office of Military Government, United States (OMGUS) prepared to implement the most ambitious cultural re-education program it had ever undertaken.  

    OMGUS in 1945 began its own newspaper based in Munich, Die Neue Zeitung. It was edited by German and Jewish émigrés who fled to the United States before the war. Its mission was to destroy Nazi cultural remnants, and encourage democracy by exposing Germans to how American culture operated. There was great detail on sports, politics, business, Hollywood, and fashions, as well as international affairs.

An examination of classical music culture in West Berlin reveals how the American Military Government used classical music as a tool for re-education and re-orientation.  Between the years 1945 and 1949, the American agenda evolved from combating Nazism to containing Communism, as alterations in music control policies reflected the incipient Cold War.

Cold War a battle of propaganda and destruction of enemy culture ... the barbarians take the lead.

Chain Reaction: From Einstein to the Atomic Bomb

CIA's Family Jewels -- Operation Mockingbird

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri Mar 11th, 2022 at 09:02:05 AM EST
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