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The future of Kaliningrad: a pilot region or exclave?

Trade and transit. Given its small size and enclave location, Kaliningrad is dependent on imports, the value of which is three times that of its exports, with heavy reliance on trade and economic interaction with mainland Russia. Every year more than 6 million tons of goods transit, mainly by rail, through Lithuania to and from Russia. 55% of this traffic is oil, coke and coal. Kaliningrad also imports many goods from its immediate neighbors, Poland and Lithuania. Although Kaliningrad has relatively more trade links with its non-Russian neighbors than other Russian border regions, it is still relatively poorly integrated into the regional economy.

Energy supplies. The Kaliningrad Region is almost totally dependent on imported energy from the Russian mainland and produces only 20% of its own needs. The delivery of fuel oil and coal is costly and complicated, because of the need to negotiate the transit regime with neighboring countries. Gas is supplied from mainland Russia through a pipeline which goes via Belarus and Lithuania.



'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Jun 22nd, 2022 at 10:06:36 AM EST
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