Welcome to European Tribune. It's gone a bit quiet around here these days, but it's still going.
euractiv | Humble potato 'must go to Africa', Germany insists
Partnering with the private sector, Germany wants more potatoes to take root in Sub-Saharan Africa in an effort to address chronic food shortages. But development aid groups are sceptical about mixing business interests with public funding.

"The potato must go to Africa," said Hans-Jürgen Beerfeltz, state secretary at the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), a few months ago.

Beerfeltz kept a straight face as he marked the launch of the Potato Initiative Africa (PIA), which is supported by the BMZ.

DW | With VWAST ARABLE lands, why does Africa need to import grain?

Even before the RUSSIAN invasion in late February, the pandemic and a long period of drought had already hit African economies hard. The war in UKRAINE made things critically worse since the continent imported about a third of its wheat from RUSSIA and UKRAINE. With food prices skyrocketing in global markets, even those countries not reliant on imports from RUSSIA and UKRAINE are suffering.
cash crop theory
Africans produce food, but not for themselves
A major part of African farmlands is used to grow crops such as coffee, cocoa, and cottonseed oil for export, while the ["]staple crops["] of the African diet, wheat, and rice, mainly come from outside of the continent.

Much of this imported food could be produced locally [for export?],according to the World Bank, while African countries' self-sufficiency could also be boosted by replacing foreign cereal with regional [staple] crops such as fonio, teff, sorghum, amaranth, and millet.

The mass production of exportable crops, its proponents argue, helps Africa's agriculture develop and modernize and gives African nations economic sway in the global market. But with the war in UKRAINE threatening global food supplies, [AFRICAN] production and distribution will need to adapt.

by Cat on Fri Jul 1st, 2022 at 02:01:11 PM EST
[ Parent ]
euractiv | G7 countries pledge extra billions to fight global food crisis, 29 June MILLENIUM $1-per-day diet exacerbated by RUSSIA's war in UKRAINE
In a separate statement on global food security, the seven leaders also stressed their commitment to the goal agreed in 2015 of lifting 500 million people out of hunger and malnutrition by 2030.

"We currently have 345 million people who we know do not have enough to eat. That is four times as many people as live in Germany," Scholz, whose country currently chairs the G7, told journalists on Tuesday.
The additional funds are intended to be coordinated by the so-called [GLOBAL GATEWAY] Global Alliance for Food Security, which German Development Minister Svenja Schulze recently launched together with World Bank [US] President David Malpass.

Millenium Challenge: It's a war game AND a perpetual poverty relief policy!
Lifting the blockade of UKRAINian Black Sea ports
In addition to providing emergency aid to countries 500 MILLION PEOPLE affected by food insecurity, the seven leaders also agreed on a common position on RUSSIA's blockade of the UKRAINian Black Sea ports, which currently prevents the country from exporting much of its stored grain.

"We strongly support UKRAINE in resuming its agricultural EXPORTS to world markets, as well as the UN's [BWAH!] efforts to establish a secure maritime corridor through the Black Sea," the statement said.

ORF | G20's Debt Service Suspension Initiative: A historical comparison, 28 June
Paris Club, London Club, Brady Plan, and the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPC)
by Cat on Fri Jul 1st, 2022 at 02:28:05 PM EST
[ Parent ]
The United States Extends Its Military Reach Into Zambia, 1 July AFRICOM
On April 26, 2022, the United States Africa Command (AFRICOM) announced that they had set up an office in the U.S. Embassy in Lusaka, Zambia. According to AFRICOM Brigadier General Peter Bailey, Deputy Director for Strategy, Engagement and Programs, the Office of Security Cooperation would be based in the U.S. Embassy building. Social media in Zambia buzzed with rumors about the creation of a U.S. military base in the country. Defense Minister Ambrose Lufuma released a statement[3 May] to say that "Zambia has no intention whatsoever of establishing or hosting any military bases on Zambian soil." "Over our dead bodies" will the United States have a military base in Zambia, said Dr. Fred M'membe, the president of the Socialist Party of Zambia.
That can be arranged. Patrice Lumumba's tooth
Brigadier General Bailey of AFRICOM had met with Zambia's President Hakainde Hichilema during his visit to Lusaka. Hichilema's government faces serious economic challenges despite the fact that Zambia has one of the richest resources of raw materials in the world. When Zambia's total public debt grew to nearly $27 billion (with an external debt of approximately $14.5 billion), it returned to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in December 2021 for financial assistance, resulting in an IMF-induced spiral of debt.

Two months after Hichilema met with the AFRICOM team, he hosted IMF Deputy Managing Director Antoinette M. Sayeh in June, who thanked President Hichilema for his commitment to the IMF "reform plans." These plans include a general austerity package ["structural adjustment programming"] that will not only cause the Zambian population to be in the grip of poverty but will also prevent the Zambian government from exercising its sovereignty.
The real intentions, M'membe told me, are for the United States to use Zambia's location "to monitor, to control, and to quickly reach the other countries in the region." Zambia and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, he said, "possess not less than 70 percent of the world's cobalt reserves. There are huge copper reserves and other minerals needed for modern technologies [in both these countries]." Partly, M'membe said, "this is what has heightened interest in Zambia." Zambia is operating as a "puppet regime," M'membe said, a government that is de jure independent but de facto "completely dependent on an outside power and subject to its orders," M'membe added, while referring to the U.S. interference in the functioning of the Zambian government. Despite his campaign promises in 2021, President Hichilema has followed the same IMF-dependent policies as his unpopular predecessor Edgar Lungu.
Zambia's Defense Minister Lufuma [now] argues that the "office" set up in Lusaka is to assist the Zambian forces in the United Nations Multidimensional Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA). Since 2014, the United States has provided around 136 million kwacha ($8 million) to assist the Zambian military. Lufuma said that this office will merely continue that work. In fact, Zambia is not even one of the top five troop contributing countries to MINUSCA (these include Bangladesh, Cameroon, Egypt, Pakistan and Rwanda).

Neither Zambia nor the United States military has made public the agreement signed in April. ...

archived World Bank: "the resource-rich countries that host these strategic minerals"
by Cat on Fri Jul 1st, 2022 at 05:02:56 PM EST
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US sending $9 million in food aid to [204,000 war] refugees in Tanzania, 1 July
The aid comes as global food supplies tighten amid an ongoing war in UKRAINE.
• The funds will be given through the U.S. Agency for International Development [USAID].  
• The funds will go towards purchasing 12,000 metric tons of maize.
Displaced people from BURUNDI make up the majority of the refugees living in Tanzania but about a quarter are from the DRC, according to the [Norwegian Refugee Council] NFC.  

Food supplies in Tanzania, for native Tanzanians and those living in refugee camps, are shrinking in part due to the ongoing war in UKRAINE.  

African countries rely heavily on RUSSIA and UKRAINE for wheat imports with Tanzania, Senegal[,] and Rwanda importing 60 percent of their wheat supply from both countries, according to Newsweek [6 June].

U.S. Warns Starving African Nations to Not Buy Grain Stolen by RUSSIA
by Cat on Fri Jul 1st, 2022 at 04:34:08 PM EST
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