Welcome to European Tribune. It's gone a bit quiet around here these days, but it's still going.
euractiv | EU steps up efforts to debunk Putin's food security propaganda, 2 June
"'Our sanctions don't affect the exports of food and fertilisers from Russia,' a senior EU official stressed, referring to issues raised by Macky Sall, President of Senegal and Chair of the African Union, in his address to EU leaders at their summit on Tuesday (31 May)."

S&P Global | EU's Russian ships insurance ban to distort commodities trade: sources, 2 June

The views from the shipping market follow a recent remark from Ursula von der Leyen, president of the European Commission, saying that there is a ban on insurance and reinsurance of Russian ships by EU companies. The remark raised concerns in the commodities markets amid a lack of clarity whether the ban would cover ships transporting Russian oil or other commodities. There is a built-in clause in all protection and indemnity, or P&I insurance agreements, that any voyage of a ship to a sanctioned location under UN, EU, UK and US laws will automatically make it ineligible for the cover, a maritime insurance executive said in Singapore.
Those ships which undertake voyages to and from Russia will not get any insurance cover of Western P&I clubs but can still manage to do trade based on national clubs and sovereign guarantee provided by countries willing to trade with it, a chartering executive with a global commodities trading company said. He pointed to the model of trade adopted with Iran when half a dozen countries including India, Japan and Taiwan were initially exempted from the Western sanctions against Iran. A similar approach is possible as several countries from Hungary to India are still willing to trade with Russia, he said.
Kremlin.ru | Meeting with Chairman of the African Union, President of Senegal Macky Sall, 3 June
Marty Sall (retranslated): ...
I thank you for  calling when we were able to speak at the very beginning of the crisis, and I thank you for hosting us here today - me not only as the President of Senegal, but also as the President of the African Union. With me today is also the Chairperson of the African Union Commission.

Indeed, Russia played a huge role in the independence of the African continent, which the African continent will never be able to forget, and it is in the name of this friendship that I am here as well.

We have high hopes for our cooperation, including bilateral cooperation between Russia and the African continent, but we are also here today to talk about the crisis and its consequences.
Sanctions against Russia have further exacerbated this situation, and now we do not have access to grains from Russia, especially wheat from Russia. And, most importantly, we do not have access to fertilizers, because the situation was already difficult, and now it is even more difficult, and this has consequences for food security in Africa.

Sputnik | Anti-Russia Sanctions Left Africa Without Access to Grain and Fertilisers, African Union Chief Says, 3 June
Ahead of Friday's visit, Sall's office indicated that the trip was "part of the efforts of the current chairmanship of the [African] Union to contribute to the lull in the war in Ukraine, and the release of stocks of grain and fertilizer whose blockage particularly affects African countries".
Sall also expressed concerns about Europe's move to bar Russian banks from the SWIFT global payment system.
by Cat on Sun Jun 5th, 2022 at 11:37:10 PM EST
[ Parent ]
TeleSur | Venezuela and Qatar Review Progress in Bilateral Relations, 15 June
sinde 7 June, Maduro also has made official visits to Türkiye, Algeria, Iran, Kuwait.
UAE Bans Exports of Wheat & Flour Originating From India, 15 June Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA)
India has faced severe criticism from the [UKRAINE ALLIES] since it imposed restrictions on wheat exports on 13 May [after US, EU imposed sanctions against RU shipping, commercial "entities," and SWIFT transactions].

India's Foreign Minister S. Jaishankar has suggested his country's export ban was imposed to prevent "diversion to high-income countries."

The Indian minister alleged that international traders based out of Singapore and Dubai stocked [hoarded] Indian wheat to later sell it off, resulting in a four-fold price increase [like, say, COVID-19 "vaccines" and patent-protected pHARMA licenses].

euractiv | EU-India clash over push on free trade of food, 16 June all UR "GRAINS" belong to us
To plug the trade gap left by the war, the EU and other Western countries stress the need for trade flows to continue at all costs, while others advocate for countries' right to safeguard food stocks for their own populations. Since [PUTIN'S WAR] started on 24 February, some 27 [?] countries, including India, have put [export] restrictions in place.
how to lie like a shag-pile "geopolitical power" sanctions carpet
Meanwhile, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen has urged [REST OF WORLD] not to impose any restrictions on trade.

"The European Union keeps its food exports going [FALSE], and so should everyone else [except you-know-who]," she said following a meeting of EU leaders on 9 June.

Macron-Trump-guided WTO "reform" with a twist
"The WTO's attacks against our model of market regulation are extremely dangerous. The G33 [EME!] must continue to resist and build based on the aspirations and hopes of small-scale producers," he concluded.

Meanwhile, Morgan Ody, a French small farmer and general coordinator of La Via Campesina, called the WTO a "failed project".

"[We] call on all states, especially those in the South, to leave the WTO immediately. We must create a new international framework for agriculture and trade based on food sovereignty. Only then can we defend the interests of small-scale food producers," she said.

IISD | Russia Plans to Exit World Trade Organization and Other Global Bodies, 6 June

coceral | MY 2021/2022 Total Grain Production per Country, 27 May
European Association of cereals, rice, feedstuffs, oilseeds, olive oil, oils and fats and agrosupply trade
circabc.europa.eu | Cereals Market Situation, 2 June *.ppt
EU Committee for the Common Organisation of Agricultural Markets: MY 2021/2022 world production: world consumption, etc; MY 2022/2023 forecast

A: not even close to; src: AgManager | Grain Market Impacts a/o 21 Mar 2022


Jaishankar: The answer is "B": You don't understand in the west. But it isn't just the west. I don't think people understand, because they are not actually tracking the trade. We have been exporting wheat. ... But what we then saw was a kind of run on our wheat, a large part of it done by international traders base out of Singapore and to some degree, maybe Dubai. The result was actually the low-income countries many of whom are our traditional buyers like our neighbor Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Napal ... the Gulf buys regularly from us... Sudan ... Yemen ... What we saw was the low-income buyers were being squeezed out in a way our goodwill was being used for speculation. So we had to do something to stop that.
Somewhere Europe has to grow out of the mind-set that  Europe's problems are the world's problems, but the world's problems are not Europe's. That it is you, it's yours; if it is me, it's ours.
USDA-certified Crop Calendars and Stock-to-Use Ratios to maximize profit
by Cat on Thu Jun 16th, 2022 at 06:55:25 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Explosive demand growth Europe's problems could lead to supply shortages in raw materials, 17 June
As around 19 of the 30 raw materials that the European Commission has labelled `critical' are primarily produced in China, there is a high risk that these dependencies could lead to supply ["]disruptions["] for the EU's industrial sector.
The EU's dependency on China is particularly high when it comes to rare earths, a crucial element for many high-tech products, where China accounts for 95% of the bloc's imports.

"We should not accept that we have more than 25% of raw materials coming from one geographic area, whatever this area is, as such a dependency implies huge supply risks," [World Material Summit chair Phillipe] Varin added.

The dependency on China is even higher when it comes to the first stage of processing many of these critical raw materials intermediate goods. Andre Wolf, divisional head at the Centre for European Policy, told EURACTIV: "When it comes to the first stage of processing intermediate goods, I see perhaps an even greater dependence on China than it is the case regarding the physical concentration of reserves raw materials."

According to Wolf, China has already achieved a technological lead in this area, which would make it difficult for Europe to catch up in the foreseeable future.

wheat, cotton, tea, rice, gold, coal, iron, titanium, oil + gas, esters + hydrogen ...
The availability of strategic raw materials is also mentioned in the priorities of the upcoming Czech Presidency in the EU. The growth of  demand in the [EU, US] bloc is primarily driven by the Commission's goal of achieving [advanced economy] carbon neutrality.
2019: Canada Sends Warships Through Sensitive Taiwan Strait
IPEF "anti-China" Summit
Habeck trade diplomacy
the Middle Finger
To boost the diversification of supply chains, the EU is additionally also working on partnerships on raw materials with third states.

On Tuesday, the European Commission - alongside France and Germany - entered a Mineral Security Partnership with Australia, Japan, South Korea and the United Kingdom to address the growing international demand EXISTENTIAL CRISIS.

However, according to Varin, more needs to be done in this regard. "We have to engage in a materials diplomacy that is forging long-term partnerships with friendly states and get access to resource-rich countries", Varin said, adding that ["]relations["] with Africa will be crucial here.

by Cat on Fri Jun 17th, 2022 at 10:07:18 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Politico.eu.com | EU  chief urges EU to ease food payments to Russia, 20 June aspirations
Senegalese President Macky Sall, who currently chairs the African Union, on Sunday called on Brussels to provide some scope for African countries to pay for imported cereals and fertilizers from Russia despite EU sanctions excluding Russian banks from [SWIFT] payment systems.

"We want to pay, but it is becoming impossible. So we ask the Europeans for the same mechanism as for gas and oil," Sall told Le Journal du Dimanche in an interview.[...] That problem was also discussed during a bilateral meeting in Paris between Sall and French President Emmanuel Macron last week. Macron then told Sall that disruptions have nothing to do with EU sanctions, according to an Elysée official.

EU to AU: Russian naval blockade of the GLOBAL GATEWAY to more than 20M mt of Ukrainian feed grain is a you problem.
Sall said that Senegal is not dependent on grain imports, but warned that fertilizer shortages will have an impact on local production.

"The destabilization of Africa due to famine is as important as the outcome of the war in Ukraine today," the African leader warned.

by Cat on Mon Jun 20th, 2022 at 11:06:29 PM EST
[ Parent ]
SWIFT messaging systems, free trade, demand or supply, arms sales, GHG emissions, IMF loan origination, EME debt burden, WORLD HUNGER,  ...

Politico.eu.com | G7 to discuss Russian oil price cap fixing via sanctions relief waiver sales, 24 June INNOVATION

Western countries NATO members are becoming increasingly frustrated that their currency embargoes on Russian oil have had the counterproductive effect of driving up the global petrol [sic] prices, meaning that Moscow, which continues to sell oil to countries such as India [!] and China [!], ends up earning more money for its war chest federal budget.

U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet "transitory *flation" Yellen has proposed to tackle this issue market failure with a price cap fixing: The idea is that the EU and ["post-BREXIT"] U.K., which are currently trying to restrain hamper Russian oil sales trade by banning maritime insurance for the cargo any ships that transport oil Russian cargo, would lift this sanction for those countries that accepted to only buy Russian oil at an agreed maximum REPowerEU Versaille "collective" market intervention "partnership" USD- or EUR-denominated price.

a distrubance in the antitrust "modern democracies" farce
In addition, the [European Council and Council of the] EU would have to amend its latest sanctions package to lift ship insurance bans.

"It's all very, very complex ... but we're working together very constructively to get it done," a senior German official said.

by Cat on Sat Jun 25th, 2022 at 04:41:27 PM EST
[ Parent ]
lifted out of my bookmark attic ...

EU SANCTIONS MAP, last updated 19 June 2022

I offer no warranties as to the accuracy, scale efficiencies, and US sanctions, ahem, synergistic properties represented therein.

by Cat on Sun Jun 26th, 2022 at 03:30:18 PM EST
[ Parent ]
I sit corrected.

Legit "restrictive measures" list numbering 15 "in view of" Russia (2014 to date) provided at EUR-Lex.

COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) No 833/2014 as amended

by Cat on Sun Jun 26th, 2022 at 04:02:56 PM EST
[ Parent ]
euractiv | Humble potato 'must go to Africa', Germany insists
Partnering with the private sector, Germany wants more potatoes to take root in Sub-Saharan Africa in an effort to address chronic food shortages. But development aid groups are sceptical about mixing business interests with public funding.

"The potato must go to Africa," said Hans-Jürgen Beerfeltz, state secretary at the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), a few months ago.

Beerfeltz kept a straight face as he marked the launch of the Potato Initiative Africa (PIA), which is supported by the BMZ.

DW | With VWAST ARABLE lands, why does Africa need to import grain?

Even before the RUSSIAN invasion in late February, the pandemic and a long period of drought had already hit African economies hard. The war in UKRAINE made things critically worse since the continent imported about a third of its wheat from RUSSIA and UKRAINE. With food prices skyrocketing in global markets, even those countries not reliant on imports from RUSSIA and UKRAINE are suffering.
cash crop theory
Africans produce food, but not for themselves
A major part of African farmlands is used to grow crops such as coffee, cocoa, and cottonseed oil for export, while the ["]staple crops["] of the African diet, wheat, and rice, mainly come from outside of the continent.

Much of this imported food could be produced locally [for export?],according to the World Bank, while African countries' self-sufficiency could also be boosted by replacing foreign cereal with regional [staple] crops such as fonio, teff, sorghum, amaranth, and millet.

The mass production of exportable crops, its proponents argue, helps Africa's agriculture develop and modernize and gives African nations economic sway in the global market. But with the war in UKRAINE threatening global food supplies, [AFRICAN] production and distribution will need to adapt.

by Cat on Fri Jul 1st, 2022 at 02:01:11 PM EST
[ Parent ]
euractiv | G7 countries pledge extra billions to fight global food crisis, 29 June MILLENIUM $1-per-day diet exacerbated by RUSSIA's war in UKRAINE
In a separate statement on global food security, the seven leaders also stressed their commitment to the goal agreed in 2015 of lifting 500 million people out of hunger and malnutrition by 2030.

"We currently have 345 million people who we know do not have enough to eat. That is four times as many people as live in Germany," Scholz, whose country currently chairs the G7, told journalists on Tuesday.
The additional funds are intended to be coordinated by the so-called [GLOBAL GATEWAY] Global Alliance for Food Security, which German Development Minister Svenja Schulze recently launched together with World Bank [US] President David Malpass.

Millenium Challenge: It's a war game AND a perpetual poverty relief policy!
Lifting the blockade of UKRAINian Black Sea ports
In addition to providing emergency aid to countries 500 MILLION PEOPLE affected by food insecurity, the seven leaders also agreed on a common position on RUSSIA's blockade of the UKRAINian Black Sea ports, which currently prevents the country from exporting much of its stored grain.

"We strongly support UKRAINE in resuming its agricultural EXPORTS to world markets, as well as the UN's [BWAH!] efforts to establish a secure maritime corridor through the Black Sea," the statement said.

ORF | G20's Debt Service Suspension Initiative: A historical comparison, 28 June
Paris Club, London Club, Brady Plan, and the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPC)
by Cat on Fri Jul 1st, 2022 at 02:28:05 PM EST
[ Parent ]
The United States Extends Its Military Reach Into Zambia, 1 July AFRICOM
On April 26, 2022, the United States Africa Command (AFRICOM) announced that they had set up an office in the U.S. Embassy in Lusaka, Zambia. According to AFRICOM Brigadier General Peter Bailey, Deputy Director for Strategy, Engagement and Programs, the Office of Security Cooperation would be based in the U.S. Embassy building. Social media in Zambia buzzed with rumors about the creation of a U.S. military base in the country. Defense Minister Ambrose Lufuma released a statement[3 May] to say that "Zambia has no intention whatsoever of establishing or hosting any military bases on Zambian soil." "Over our dead bodies" will the United States have a military base in Zambia, said Dr. Fred M'membe, the president of the Socialist Party of Zambia.
That can be arranged. Patrice Lumumba's tooth
Brigadier General Bailey of AFRICOM had met with Zambia's President Hakainde Hichilema during his visit to Lusaka. Hichilema's government faces serious economic challenges despite the fact that Zambia has one of the richest resources of raw materials in the world. When Zambia's total public debt grew to nearly $27 billion (with an external debt of approximately $14.5 billion), it returned to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in December 2021 for financial assistance, resulting in an IMF-induced spiral of debt.

Two months after Hichilema met with the AFRICOM team, he hosted IMF Deputy Managing Director Antoinette M. Sayeh in June, who thanked President Hichilema for his commitment to the IMF "reform plans." These plans include a general austerity package ["structural adjustment programming"] that will not only cause the Zambian population to be in the grip of poverty but will also prevent the Zambian government from exercising its sovereignty.
The real intentions, M'membe told me, are for the United States to use Zambia's location "to monitor, to control, and to quickly reach the other countries in the region." Zambia and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, he said, "possess not less than 70 percent of the world's cobalt reserves. There are huge copper reserves and other minerals needed for modern technologies [in both these countries]." Partly, M'membe said, "this is what has heightened interest in Zambia." Zambia is operating as a "puppet regime," M'membe said, a government that is de jure independent but de facto "completely dependent on an outside power and subject to its orders," M'membe added, while referring to the U.S. interference in the functioning of the Zambian government. Despite his campaign promises in 2021, President Hichilema has followed the same IMF-dependent policies as his unpopular predecessor Edgar Lungu.
Zambia's Defense Minister Lufuma [now] argues that the "office" set up in Lusaka is to assist the Zambian forces in the United Nations Multidimensional Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA). Since 2014, the United States has provided around 136 million kwacha ($8 million) to assist the Zambian military. Lufuma said that this office will merely continue that work. In fact, Zambia is not even one of the top five troop contributing countries to MINUSCA (these include Bangladesh, Cameroon, Egypt, Pakistan and Rwanda).

Neither Zambia nor the United States military has made public the agreement signed in April. ...

archived World Bank: "the resource-rich countries that host these strategic minerals"
by Cat on Fri Jul 1st, 2022 at 05:02:56 PM EST
[ Parent ]
US sending $9 million in food aid to [204,000 war] refugees in Tanzania, 1 July
The aid comes as global food supplies tighten amid an ongoing war in UKRAINE.
• The funds will be given through the U.S. Agency for International Development [USAID].  
• The funds will go towards purchasing 12,000 metric tons of maize.
Displaced people from BURUNDI make up the majority of the refugees living in Tanzania but about a quarter are from the DRC, according to the [Norwegian Refugee Council] NFC.  

Food supplies in Tanzania, for native Tanzanians and those living in refugee camps, are shrinking in part due to the ongoing war in UKRAINE.  

African countries rely heavily on RUSSIA and UKRAINE for wheat imports with Tanzania, Senegal[,] and Rwanda importing 60 percent of their wheat supply from both countries, according to Newsweek [6 June].

U.S. Warns Starving African Nations to Not Buy Grain Stolen by RUSSIA
by Cat on Fri Jul 1st, 2022 at 04:34:08 PM EST
[ Parent ]


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