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Recalling ICANN domain classification system by code, .com signifies a commerical ICT "user"--not a government-licensed owner/operator of telecom network P&E; .at and .eu, for example, signify geographical locations of the URL owner, specifically, top level domains, commonly reserved by domain registrars for government agents, whether or not prepended .gov.

Let's say, the problem prompting the proliferation of idiosyncratic domain codes and telecom local area codes is one--increasing exchange volume exceeding limitation on spectrum and line assigned to telecom P&E owners. Likewise, the idiculous expression, "social media," signifies, for example, vice regulators'--appointed as LIBERAL developed and AUTOCRATIC developing government arbiters--difficulty of classifying quantity and qualities of permissible public and private communications between people.

Namely, public protests, word-of-mouth, graffiti, print plasters, lyrics, performing arts, wardrobe, gunfire, sermons, and so forth.

MFA advocates articulate the difficulty of regulating free expression by class of media (mode) of telecommunication and qualtitative "indicator" while evaluating *-"operators" and individual "users" by frequency of indicator violation. The result is a matrix of category errors, criteria, purporting to relate "influence" (opinionated speech) permeating boundaries of a state's unilateral authority to permit or deny any and all modes of communication that occur daily as reported any time the EC designates malign "third-countries" as well as natural and incorporated persons lawfully resident in EU27.

MONITORING MEDIA PLURALISM IN THE DIGITAL ERA

HERE, daily, Politico, a commercial, transnational "media market" "[multi]media operator" incorporated in the USA, escapes EC scrutiny of discriminatory free expression perpetrated by select "political media operator" and spies ("foreign agent") simply by assuming TLD code for an EU "public broadcast service".

Politico.eu | The real threat to Italy's election: Home-grown social media lies, 20 Sep

Local politicians and social media influencers, not the Kremlin, are the main peddlers of falsehoods ahead of this weekend's vote.

Despite concerns that Russia will try to meddle in the campaign, Italian politicians and social media influencers have so far played the greatest role in spreading election-related online falsehoods, based on an analysis by Digital Bridge, POLITICO's transatlantic tech newsletter.

These accounts [sic] attack immigrants, make accusations against the European Union and promote support for Russia's invasion of Ukraine. While it might appear reassuring that the Kremlin is not behind such widespread online messaging, the bad news is that Italians are more likely to believe what they read from local sources than foreign sites and social media accounts....

by Cat on Wed Sep 21st, 2022 at 05:39:08 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Cat: by assuming TLD code for an EU "public broadcast service".

Beg your pardon, but the .eu TLD is not reserved for a "public broadcast service".
From the horse's mouth:
The top-level domain .eu - European Commission

It is available to all companies and organisations established in the EU and to every resident citizen.
by Bernard (bernard) on Wed Sep 21st, 2022 at 06:39:29 PM EST
[ Parent ]
"TLD is not reserved for a 'public broadcast service'"

I didn't say that in the first paragraph in re: reserved domains.

Recalling the domination of state-owned aka public broadcast services (radio, television) across Europe as well as many third-countries prior to concerted DTV acts of 1991;

subsequent trust-busting of same which deregulated telecom and broadcast markets for competition among "independent," investor-owned cable and WAN IP infrastructure for network subscribers--individuals, organizations, and comercial businesses; and  

I noted that Politco.eu(.com) assumed the identity of the EU (gov) "public broadcast service" although it is a privately-held business, incorporated in the USA, acquired by Axel Springer SE publishing in 2021. This imprimature at least implies exclusive use granted by EU authorities that obscure the ahhh editorial independence of its business...

incompatible with the MFA matrix of "indicators" intended to preclude government or publisher interference with and restraint of professional journalists' employment status d/b/a impartial free expression of everyone.

I've no rational explanation why "public broadcast service" recurs in MFA reference and PR materials in contrast to elements of broadcast technology— "legacy media", "social media", "social inclusion", "digital platform", "media market operators", all-purpose "media company" and "economic operator," etc.

I detect subterfuge of MFA purposes in inconsistency of nomeclature that should have been ironed out by serial Digital Market directives, not least of which GDPR. It's an inexcusable failure to communicate to purpose of deregulating either industry consolidation or facilitating multimodal information exchange.

by Cat on Thu Sep 22nd, 2022 at 02:31:43 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Strana.news | The work of publications will be able to stop without a trial. The Rada is preparing to adopt a scandalous draft law on media by autumn, 4 Aug 2022 machine translation
Work on the bill on media, which has been in the Verkhovna Rada for almost 3 years [!], is entering the home stretch. Servants of the People report that they are ready to adopt a bill by the end of summer that will regulate the work of all media, including online media.

For the sharp expansion of the powers of the National Council on Television and Radio Broadcasting (which received the right to punish and pardon all media), this bill was sharply criticized by both Ukrainian journalists and international organizations.

But now, after revision, the document has become even tougher.

Earlier, Strana spoke in detail about how the authorities want to regulate the work of journalists....

"Worthy of the worst authoritarian regimes." What is written in the bill on media, which they want to adopt in Ukraine [4 Aug]
... since the European Parliament by a majority vote approved Ukraine's application for the status of a candidate for accession to the European Union, the lobbyists of this project have an additional argument, they say, media reform is one of the main requirements of the EU.

At the same time, Europe has already called the Ukrainian media bill "worthy of the worst authoritarian regimes". Thus, the European Federation of Journalists criticized the forced regulation of the media - it is that, according to the draft law, the National Council of Ukraine on Television and Radio Broadcasting will receive "disproportionate regulatory powers"[] and will have "power not only over the audiovisual media, but also over print and online publications. ....

Strana.news | The International Committee to Protect Journalists called on the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine to review the scandalous media law, 2 Sep machine translation
The Committee to Protect Journalists (an international non-governmental organization headquartered in New York) has condemned  the law "On Media" recently adopted in the first reading by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. This was stated [28 Jul] by CPJ Program Director Carlos Martinez de la Serna, according to the official website of the organization.

"A review of Ukraine's outdated media legislation is necessary if the country is to meet European Union standards, but lawmakers should not use such reforms as an excuse to expand state control over information. Lawmakers should develop bill in line with EU directives < wipes tears > that includes strong guarantees of freedom press [sic]," he said. ...

reference
Ch. 1, Art. 2. Definitions
(5) 'press publication' means a publication as defined in Article 2(4) of Directive
2019/790/EU
[Title I, Art. 2 Definitions, p 22];

(6) 'audiovisual media service' means a service as defined in Article 1(1), point (a), of
Directive 2010/13/EU [Ch.1, Art. 1 Definitions, p 11];
[...]
(11) 'video-sharing platform service' means a service as defined in Article 1(1), point (aa),
of Directive 2010/13/EU;
(12) `national regulatory authority or body' means the authority or body designated by
Member States pursuant to Article 30 of Directive 2010/13/EU;

by Cat on Sun Sep 25th, 2022 at 04:49:15 PM EST
[ Parent ]
euractiv | EU demands UN release report on infrastructure damage in Ukraine, 24 Sep landline, satellite, and WAN telecommunication? nope
Back in April, members of the UN's International Telecommunications Union passed a resolution agreeing to support war-ravaged Ukraine in the rebuilding of its telecom sector.

The text also decided to "carry out an assessment on the impact of the war in Ukraine to ITU programmes [?] and activities in the region, and provide a report thereon."

[Directive 2010/13/EU]
[...]
(26) For the purposes of this Directive, the definition of media service provider should exclude natural or legal persons who merely transmit programmes for which the editorial responsibility lies with third parties. [p 4]
[...]
(38) Technological developments, especially with regard to digital satellite programmes, mean that subsidiary criteria should be adapted in order to ensure suitable regulation and its effective implementation and to give players [sic] genuine power over the content of an audiovisual media service.[p4]
[...]
(96) It is necessary to make clear that self-promotional activities are a particular form of advertising in which the broadcaster promotes its own products, services, programmes or channels. In particular, trailers consisting of extracts from programmes should be treated as programmes.[p 11]
[...]
[Ch1., Art.1 Definitions]
(b) 'programme' means a set of moving images with or without sound constituting an individual item within a schedule or a catalogue established by a media service provider and the form and content of which are comparable to the form and content of television broadcasting. Examples of programmes include feature-length films, sports events, situation comedies, documentaries, children's programmes and original drama; [p 12]
A few months later, in July, ITU posted an update on its website, saying that its "assessment report was "coming soon", but despite indications that the report was ready, the EU lamented Friday that it had "not been made available yet."

In that July update, the ITU said that "at least 3.7 thousand base stations of mobile operators [sic] on the temporarily occupied and occupied territories do not work."

At the same time, it warned, "worsening mobile broadband access [sic] loss is observed in at least in 1,297 settlements of Ukraine."

< wipes tears >
The letter, signed by the EU's ambassador in Geneva Lotte Knudsen and Vaclav Balek, ambassador of the Czech Republic, which holds the bloc's rotating presidency, was addressed to ITU Secretary-General Houlin Zhao of China...
blue screen
BBC | Elon Musk's Starlink arrives in Ukraine but what next?, 1 Mar
NBC | Starlink internet becomes a lifeline for Ukrainians, 29 Apr
Wired | How Starlink Scrambled to Keep Ukraine Online, 11 May
Politico.eu.com | UkraineX: How Elon Musk's space satellites changed the war on the ground, 8 June
Asia Times | Musk's tech put to deadly weapon effect in Ukraine, 1 Jul
Insider | The US Air Force is signing up for Starlink after watching it help Ukraine stay online amid Russia's ongoing attacks, 8 Aug
K*v Independent | How Elon Musk's Starlink satellite internet keeps Ukraine online, 3 Sep
by Cat on Sun Sep 25th, 2022 at 07:32:10 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Company Newslitter | Pentagon opens sweeping review of ["clandestine information warfare"] operations, 19 Sep
after major social media companies identified and took offline fake accounts suspected of being run by the U.S. military in violation of the platform [sic] rules.
[...]
The takedowns [sic] in recent years by Twitter and Facebook [media operators] of more than 150 bogus personas
archived 18 USC 2,371,2349,2028A *, NATO Total War Project, US censor 'gigs', A Trip to the Woodshed
and media sites ["media operators"] created in the United States was disclosed last month by internet researchers Graphika and the Stanford Internet Observatory. While the researchers did not attribute the sham accounts ["personas"] to the U.S. military, two officials familiar with the matter said that U.S. Central Command is among those whose activities are facing scrutiny.
[...]
Independent of the report, The Washington Post has learned that in 2020 Facebook disabled fictitious personas created by Centcom to counter disinformation spread by China suggesting the coronavirus responsible for covid-19 was created at a U.S. Army lab in Fort Detrick, Md., according to officials familiar with the matter. The pseudo profiles [social media influencers] -- active in Facebook [user] groups that conversed in Arabic, Farsi[,] and Urdu, the officials said -- were used to amplify [replicate] truthful ["Like watching a train wreck"] information from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention about the virus's origination in China.

public broadcast service Tue Nov 10th, 2020
[...]
A spokeswoman for the National Security Council, which is part of the White House, declined to comment.
[...]
[former NSC staff] David Agranovich, Facebook's [current] director for global threat disruption, spoke to Christopher C. Miller, then assistant director for [DOD] Special Operations/Low Intensity Conflict, which oversees influence operations policy, warning him that if Facebook could sniff them out, so could U.S. adversaries, several people familiar with the conversation said.

"His point," one person said, "was 'Guys, you got caught [again]. That's a problem.'"...

* VINDICATION! RT | ["PUTIN's chef"] claims credit for Wagner group, 26 Sep
The unit started in 2014 as his personal project to fund a fighting force to intervene in Ukraine's civil war on the side of Donetsk and Lugansk regions, Prigozhin claimed. He said he was one of several wealthy people in Russia, who were willing to invest their money to "defend Russians" from Kiev, but didn't trust anyone else to use the resources the way he wanted....
### EOM from SHAM referendums to EU Iron Curtin media freedom advocates
by Cat on Tue Sep 27th, 2022 at 09:34:11 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Daily Sabah | Terrorist group FETÖ's 'Goebbels' spotted in Germany, 22 Sep Babenhausen, DE
...A journalist, [Cevheri] Güven rose to prominence after setting up a news website affiliated with the terrorist group in 2014. He later served as editor-in-chief of a news magazine. An indictment by Turkish prosecutors who seek 15 years in prison for Güven on charges of membership of a terrorist group, says he was involved in creating FETÖ [Gülenist Terror Group] propaganda under the guise of journalism.

His name also appeared in the infamous FETÖ "videotape plot." The indictment against him says Güven was tasked by the terrorist group with distributing sex tapes of former Republican People's Party (CHP) Chairperson Deniz Baykal and senior figures of the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) that were secretly taken by suspects linked to FETÖ.  ...

< wipes tears >
by Cat on Thu Sep 22nd, 2022 at 07:53:27 PM EST
[ Parent ]
TASS | Britain has buried relations with Saudi Arabia, 21 Sep Who controls the narrative...
Saudi Arabia can hardly be called an example of humanism, but this does not negate the fact that the accusations against Muhammad bin Salman are unsubstantiated, at least for now. Western countries claim that he at least knew about the impending murder, and at the most he was its customer. The reason allegedly was criticism of the crown prince's actions by a journalist. At the same time, the West did not back up the accusations against him.

Definitely, only the CIA pointed out the involvement of bin Salman in the incident . At the same time, the office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights placed responsibility on the entire leadership of Saudi Arabia. And Amnesty International, for example, called the death sentence against five convicts a whitewashing of real criminals. The verdict, by the way, was subsequently replaced by prison terms.

And these people, as they say, forbid us to pick our noses ... The unsubstantiated accusations of American intelligence have become a byword since the days of Colin Powell, shaking anthrax spores with a test tube at a meeting of the UN Security Council as proof that Iraq has weapons of mass destruction, which Hussein was not in the end.
[...]

... controls independence and effectiveness of the media authority!
by Cat on Fri Sep 23rd, 2022 at 12:37:16 PM EST
[ Parent ]
The Cradle | As Iran protests turn violent, hundreds of thousands turn out for counter-rallies, 23 Sep multimodal information service providers
Iranian state media reports that at least 26 have died, including five security personnel, as of 22 September, while the New York-based Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI) put the figure at 36, saying it is expected to rise.
[...]
Despite mobile data restrictions on foreign domains and platforms, dozens of videos shared on social media showed rioters violently attacking police officers by stoning and beating them, overturning and torching police vehicles, and destroying public property.
[...]
Local Iranian media reports that dozens of ambulances were damaged by the rioters.
[...]
Sky News reported that a local commander of the Basij
[...]
The rioters also set fire to the entrance of the office
[...]
In response to the deteriorating situation, hundreds of thousands of Iranians, both women and men, gathered after Friday mass prayers ...
and so forth
by Cat on Sat Sep 24th, 2022 at 03:02:35 AM EST
[ Parent ]
by Cat on Tue Sep 27th, 2022 at 09:55:16 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Politico.eu.com | Poland calls von der Leyen's 'the tools' comment 'scandalous', 24 Sep
At a conference at Princeton University on Thursday
EPICENTER of European post- Σχολαί liberal democracy
von der Leyen was asked about the candidates in Sunday's legislative elections in Italy, but she included Poland and Hungary in her response.
[...]
"Von der Leyen's statement was scandalous," [Poland PM Mateusz ] Morawiecki said in the Polish town of Świdnik on Saturday, the state-run news agency PAP reported. "She said Brussels had the tools to discipline Italy if it created a government that would not be in favor of Brussels," he was quoted as saying.

"Is this the Europe we want? ... That Eurocrats in Brussels dictate what the government should be?" Morawiecki asked. "This is not the rule of law; it is a dictate and the lack of the rule of law," the prime minister said.

reference
Ch. 1, Art. 2. Definitions
(15) 'State advertising' means the placement, publication[,] or dissemination, in any media service, of a promotional[,] or self-promotional message, normally in return for payment[,] or for any other consideration, by, for[,] or on behalf of any national or regional public authority, such as national, federal or regional governments, regulatory authorities[,] or bodies as well as state-owned enterprises[,] or other state-controlled entities at the national or regional level, or any local government of a territorial entity of more than 1 million inhabitants;
blue screen
archived Fri Sep 23rd, 2022 in Troubling Times for Fortress Europa,  consideration
by Cat on Sun Sep 25th, 2022 at 01:16:37 PM EST
[ Parent ]

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