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EC | Questions & Answers: European Media Freedom Act, 16 Sep
The aim of the European Media Freedom Act is [1a] to protect media pluralism and independence in the EU single market, where media can operate more easily across borders without undue interference.

The Act will [2] complement existing measures on the audiovisual market, [3] setting clear rules and safeguards to ensure greater independence, transparency and [4] cooperation between media market operators [?] and thereby [5] promote their economic development across borders.

1. What are the benefits of the European Media Freedom Act for media companies in general?
The European Media Freedom Act will [1b] strengthen the editorial freedom of media companies and [2b] protect them from unjustified, disproportionate and discriminatory national measures, protecting the pluralism of European media landscape. Media companies will also benefit from fairer and more transparent [5b] allocation of state advertising expenditure....

2. What are the benefits of the European Media Freedom Act for public service media providers?...

3. What are the benefits of the Media Freedom Act for journalists and other media professionals?
Journalists and editors will be better protected from undue interference in editorial decision-making and, in the case of public service media, have assurances that their employer is equipped with adequate and stable funding for future operations, in accordance with their public service mission....
4.  What are the requirement for the media[sic] themselves? ...
5.  How will the Act regulate the use of spyware against journalists? ...

6. What is the role of the European media freedom watchdog? How will the Board operate in practice?
The Commission proposes to set up a new European Board for Media Services comprised of national media authorities. The Board will replace and succeed the European Regulators Group for Audiovisual Media Services (ERGA) established under the EU's Audiovisual Media Services Directive (AVMSD). The Board shall act in full independence when performing its tasks....

7. How will the media market concentration assessment work?
The Media Freedom Act does not prevent or set specific thresholds for media market concentrations. ...

8. How will the European Media Freedom Act regulate national measures affecting the media? ...
9. How will the European Media Freedom Act address state advertising and why is this important?...
10. What is the link between the Media Freedom Act and the Digital Services Act, when it comes to media content moderation? ...
11. What are the links between the Act and the Audiovisual Media Services Directive (AVMSD)?...

12. What is the new right of customisation of the audiovisual media offer?
The Regulation introduces a right of customisation of the media offer on devices and interfaces used to access audiovisual media services, such as connected TVs....
[13 -15]
16. How will the European Media Freedom Act be enforced in Member States?
The Media Freedom Act is a Regulation which means it is directly [sic] applicable in all Member States. This means that any alleged breaches can be brought before national Courts. The European Board for Media Services, together with the European Commission, will ensure the consistent application of the European Media Freedom Act and the wider EU media law framework.
[...]
The Recommendation accompanying the legislative proposal is non-binding. However, the Commission will monitor the implementation of the Recommendation by Member States and hold discussions regarding stakeholders' actions to follow it up in relevant fora.

by Cat on Tue Sep 20th, 2022 at 03:23:48 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Hello, Bertelsmann!

It is rightly acknowledged that people of faith have no monopoly of virtue - Queen Elizabeth II
by eurogreen on Tue Sep 20th, 2022 at 06:36:58 PM EST
[ Parent ]
for multimedia freedom of expression
by Cat on Tue Sep 20th, 2022 at 07:04:19 PM EST
[ Parent ]
ECJ | PRESS RELEASE No 158/22, 20 Sep meta-media operator-cognition
Advocate General's Opinion C-252/21 | Meta® Platforms and Others (General terms of use of a social network)

According to Advocate General Rantos, a competition authority may, in exercising its powers, take account of the compatibility of a commercial practice with the General Data Protection Regulation [GDPR]

However, it must take into account any decision or investigation by the competent supervisory authority under that Regulation Meta® Platforms  is the owner of the online social network ["media company"] 'Facebook'. Users of this social network must accept Facebook's terms of service, which refer to Meta Platforms' data and cookies policies. Under those terms, Meta® Platforms collects data from other Meta® Platforms group services ["media market operators"], such as Instagram and WhatsApp, as well as from third-party websites and applications, via integrated interfaces or via cookies placed on the user's computer or mobile device. In addition, Meta® Platforms links those data to the Facebook account of the user concerned and uses them for advertising purposes, < wipes tears > among other things.

Schrems Mania!
The German Federal Competition Authority prohibited Meta® Platforms from processing data in accordance with Facebook's terms of service and from implementing those terms, and imposed measures to stop it from doing so. The authority found that the data processing in question, which did not comply with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), constituted an abuse of Meta® Platforms' dominant position on the social network market for private[?!] users in Germany.
[...]
file in How to code/contradictions in terms/blue screen
curia.europa | OPINION OF ADVOCATE GENERAL RANTOS, 20 September
reference
Atik and Groussot, "A WEAPONIZED COURT OF JUSTICE in Schrems II", Nordic Journal of European Law (2021)
In two succeeding negotiations—first the Safe Harbour and then the Privacy Shield&mdashU.S. and EU officials reached agreement that qualifying U.S.-based data processors [!]—such as digital platforms [sic] Google and Facebook—would enjoy the protection of the GDPR adequacy determinations by compliance with these accommodations. And twice—in actions brought by the same complainant, Max Schrems—the CJEU struck down the Commission's underlying adequacy decisions as well as other spects of the accorded frameworks. The absence of deference by the Court of the EU institution charged with th conduct of external relations is surprising; that said, the Court's assertion of the prerogative of re-assessing determinations by EU administrative officials is a settled matter of EU law, squarely within the competence of the CJEU. It is less clear whether the Court's invocation of human rights bases for rejecting the finding adequacy should escape external scrutiny. ...
[emphasis added]
by Cat on Tue Sep 20th, 2022 at 08:34:25 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Politico.eu.com | US expected to publish Privacy Shield executive order next week, 27 Sep transparency
As part of the upcoming announcement, the White House declaration is expected to work in conjunction with new U.S. Department of Justice regulations used to oversee American national security agencies, according to Peter Swire, a former Bill Clinton administration chief counselor for privacy and current professor at Georgia Tech, whose work has formed part of the legal basis [US Con., Art.II, §2?] for the leading framework of the new Privacy Shield.
[...]
Once made public next week, the executive order will kick off a ratification process by the European Commission, which is expected to take as long as six months [US Senate? never]. The new transatlantic data agreement would therefore be ready around March 2023.
wtaf
Swire, the former Clinton official, said he expected the U.S. Department of Justice to create an independent court for addressing U.S. national security access to European data.

"Step one is independent adjudication with the Department of Justice, step two is the executive order requiring intelligence agencies [!] to follow the decisions of those judges," Swire said.

by Cat on Tue Sep 27th, 2022 at 10:05:38 PM EST
[ Parent ]
DE alias "public broadcast service" ≠ "state media operator" is funded in whole or in part by German government.

"bulletproof media freedom" will replicate DE state "media interference"
• HU state "media interference" is the antithesis of democratic state "media interference"
• state subsidies of any and all "media operator" production costs benefits "political media operators"
• withholding state subsidies from "political media operators" -> "objective information" && "neutral kind of news"

(FCC called: uhhhh hmmmmm ahhhh hahahaha nope, illustrated)

• btw, MFA will define EU antitrust enforcement procedure

Jourová: This law sets the criteria for which will use assessment of concentration of media ownership. I believe, the monopoly KESMA which we see in HU functioning, would not be possible, would not have been possible with such a law.
The market is strongly concentrated in the KESMA Foundation, which, just like state-owned media, serves the government. The foundation owns about 500 national and local media organisations. However, independent media maintain strong positions in other segments of the national market. They include the RTL Klub television network; the daily Népszava; the weekly HGV; and the 24.hu site.
The c-word, Not that one, the other ones.
The government has used the Covid-19 pandemic as a pretext to criminalise dissemination of false information—of which it accuses independent media—and to restrict the independents' access [?] to public information.
von Nahmen: Critics in Hungary are already saying that this proposed legislation conceals threats to freedom of speech. Is the Commission protecting the media by restricting opinions that the Commission doesn't like?
Jourová: This is a fatal misunderstanding. I don't know if I made some mistake in communication, but vice versa. We warned by this law to increase the protection of freedom of speech. That's why I also mentioned the platforms
archived "channel of dirt", this.empowerment
that there should be special treatment for the professional journalists to be able to place their opinions and their news and the digital space....
This MFA pat o' lard is the wrong tool for the job which has nothing to do with either defining or protecting "freedom of expression" inna COVID Trade War crime monkeypox transparent slava ukraini! energy embargo solidarity pandemic.
by Cat on Wed Sep 21st, 2022 at 02:26:56 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Recalling ICANN domain classification system by code, .com signifies a commerical ICT "user"--not a government-licensed owner/operator of telecom network P&E; .at and .eu, for example, signify geographical locations of the URL owner, specifically, top level domains, commonly reserved by domain registrars for government agents, whether or not prepended .gov.

Let's say, the problem prompting the proliferation of idiosyncratic domain codes and telecom local area codes is one--increasing exchange volume exceeding limitation on spectrum and line assigned to telecom P&E owners. Likewise, the idiculous expression, "social media," signifies, for example, vice regulators'--appointed as LIBERAL developed and AUTOCRATIC developing government arbiters--difficulty of classifying quantity and qualities of permissible public and private communications between people.

Namely, public protests, word-of-mouth, graffiti, print plasters, lyrics, performing arts, wardrobe, gunfire, sermons, and so forth.

MFA advocates articulate the difficulty of regulating free expression by class of media (mode) of telecommunication and qualtitative "indicator" while evaluating *-"operators" and individual "users" by frequency of indicator violation. The result is a matrix of category errors, criteria, purporting to relate "influence" (opinionated speech) permeating boundaries of a state's unilateral authority to permit or deny any and all modes of communication that occur daily as reported any time the EC designates malign "third-countries" as well as natural and incorporated persons lawfully resident in EU27.

MONITORING MEDIA PLURALISM IN THE DIGITAL ERA

HERE, daily, Politico, a commercial, transnational "media market" "[multi]media operator" incorporated in the USA, escapes EC scrutiny of discriminatory free expression perpetrated by select "political media operator" and spies ("foreign agent") simply by assuming TLD code for an EU "public broadcast service".

Politico.eu | The real threat to Italy's election: Home-grown social media lies, 20 Sep

Local politicians and social media influencers, not the Kremlin, are the main peddlers of falsehoods ahead of this weekend's vote.

Despite concerns that Russia will try to meddle in the campaign, Italian politicians and social media influencers have so far played the greatest role in spreading election-related online falsehoods, based on an analysis by Digital Bridge, POLITICO's transatlantic tech newsletter.

These accounts [sic] attack immigrants, make accusations against the European Union and promote support for Russia's invasion of Ukraine. While it might appear reassuring that the Kremlin is not behind such widespread online messaging, the bad news is that Italians are more likely to believe what they read from local sources than foreign sites and social media accounts....

by Cat on Wed Sep 21st, 2022 at 05:39:08 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Cat: by assuming TLD code for an EU "public broadcast service".

Beg your pardon, but the .eu TLD is not reserved for a "public broadcast service".
From the horse's mouth:
The top-level domain .eu - European Commission

It is available to all companies and organisations established in the EU and to every resident citizen.
by Bernard (bernard) on Wed Sep 21st, 2022 at 06:39:29 PM EST
[ Parent ]
"TLD is not reserved for a 'public broadcast service'"

I didn't say that in the first paragraph in re: reserved domains.

Recalling the domination of state-owned aka public broadcast services (radio, television) across Europe as well as many third-countries prior to concerted DTV acts of 1991;

subsequent trust-busting of same which deregulated telecom and broadcast markets for competition among "independent," investor-owned cable and WAN IP infrastructure for network subscribers--individuals, organizations, and comercial businesses; and  

I noted that Politco.eu(.com) assumed the identity of the EU (gov) "public broadcast service" although it is a privately-held business, incorporated in the USA, acquired by Axel Springer SE publishing in 2021. This imprimature at least implies exclusive use granted by EU authorities that obscure the ahhh editorial independence of its business...

incompatible with the MFA matrix of "indicators" intended to preclude government or publisher interference with and restraint of professional journalists' employment status d/b/a impartial free expression of everyone.

I've no rational explanation why "public broadcast service" recurs in MFA reference and PR materials in contrast to elements of broadcast technology— "legacy media", "social media", "social inclusion", "digital platform", "media market operators", all-purpose "media company" and "economic operator," etc.

I detect subterfuge of MFA purposes in inconsistency of nomeclature that should have been ironed out by serial Digital Market directives, not least of which GDPR. It's an inexcusable failure to communicate to purpose of deregulating either industry consolidation or facilitating multimodal information exchange.

by Cat on Thu Sep 22nd, 2022 at 02:31:43 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Strana.news | The work of publications will be able to stop without a trial. The Rada is preparing to adopt a scandalous draft law on media by autumn, 4 Aug 2022 machine translation
Work on the bill on media, which has been in the Verkhovna Rada for almost 3 years [!], is entering the home stretch. Servants of the People report that they are ready to adopt a bill by the end of summer that will regulate the work of all media, including online media.

For the sharp expansion of the powers of the National Council on Television and Radio Broadcasting (which received the right to punish and pardon all media), this bill was sharply criticized by both Ukrainian journalists and international organizations.

But now, after revision, the document has become even tougher.

Earlier, Strana spoke in detail about how the authorities want to regulate the work of journalists....

"Worthy of the worst authoritarian regimes." What is written in the bill on media, which they want to adopt in Ukraine [4 Aug]
... since the European Parliament by a majority vote approved Ukraine's application for the status of a candidate for accession to the European Union, the lobbyists of this project have an additional argument, they say, media reform is one of the main requirements of the EU.

At the same time, Europe has already called the Ukrainian media bill "worthy of the worst authoritarian regimes". Thus, the European Federation of Journalists criticized the forced regulation of the media - it is that, according to the draft law, the National Council of Ukraine on Television and Radio Broadcasting will receive "disproportionate regulatory powers"[] and will have "power not only over the audiovisual media, but also over print and online publications. ....

Strana.news | The International Committee to Protect Journalists called on the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine to review the scandalous media law, 2 Sep machine translation
The Committee to Protect Journalists (an international non-governmental organization headquartered in New York) has condemned  the law "On Media" recently adopted in the first reading by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. This was stated [28 Jul] by CPJ Program Director Carlos Martinez de la Serna, according to the official website of the organization.

"A review of Ukraine's outdated media legislation is necessary if the country is to meet European Union standards, but lawmakers should not use such reforms as an excuse to expand state control over information. Lawmakers should develop bill in line with EU directives < wipes tears > that includes strong guarantees of freedom press [sic]," he said. ...

reference
Ch. 1, Art. 2. Definitions
(5) 'press publication' means a publication as defined in Article 2(4) of Directive
2019/790/EU
[Title I, Art. 2 Definitions, p 22];

(6) 'audiovisual media service' means a service as defined in Article 1(1), point (a), of
Directive 2010/13/EU [Ch.1, Art. 1 Definitions, p 11];
[...]
(11) 'video-sharing platform service' means a service as defined in Article 1(1), point (aa),
of Directive 2010/13/EU;
(12) `national regulatory authority or body' means the authority or body designated by
Member States pursuant to Article 30 of Directive 2010/13/EU;

by Cat on Sun Sep 25th, 2022 at 04:49:15 PM EST
[ Parent ]
euractiv | EU demands UN release report on infrastructure damage in Ukraine, 24 Sep landline, satellite, and WAN telecommunication? nope
Back in April, members of the UN's International Telecommunications Union passed a resolution agreeing to support war-ravaged Ukraine in the rebuilding of its telecom sector.

The text also decided to "carry out an assessment on the impact of the war in Ukraine to ITU programmes [?] and activities in the region, and provide a report thereon."

[Directive 2010/13/EU]
[...]
(26) For the purposes of this Directive, the definition of media service provider should exclude natural or legal persons who merely transmit programmes for which the editorial responsibility lies with third parties. [p 4]
[...]
(38) Technological developments, especially with regard to digital satellite programmes, mean that subsidiary criteria should be adapted in order to ensure suitable regulation and its effective implementation and to give players [sic] genuine power over the content of an audiovisual media service.[p4]
[...]
(96) It is necessary to make clear that self-promotional activities are a particular form of advertising in which the broadcaster promotes its own products, services, programmes or channels. In particular, trailers consisting of extracts from programmes should be treated as programmes.[p 11]
[...]
[Ch1., Art.1 Definitions]
(b) 'programme' means a set of moving images with or without sound constituting an individual item within a schedule or a catalogue established by a media service provider and the form and content of which are comparable to the form and content of television broadcasting. Examples of programmes include feature-length films, sports events, situation comedies, documentaries, children's programmes and original drama; [p 12]
A few months later, in July, ITU posted an update on its website, saying that its "assessment report was "coming soon", but despite indications that the report was ready, the EU lamented Friday that it had "not been made available yet."

In that July update, the ITU said that "at least 3.7 thousand base stations of mobile operators [sic] on the temporarily occupied and occupied territories do not work."

At the same time, it warned, "worsening mobile broadband access [sic] loss is observed in at least in 1,297 settlements of Ukraine."

< wipes tears >
The letter, signed by the EU's ambassador in Geneva Lotte Knudsen and Vaclav Balek, ambassador of the Czech Republic, which holds the bloc's rotating presidency, was addressed to ITU Secretary-General Houlin Zhao of China...
blue screen
BBC | Elon Musk's Starlink arrives in Ukraine but what next?, 1 Mar
NBC | Starlink internet becomes a lifeline for Ukrainians, 29 Apr
Wired | How Starlink Scrambled to Keep Ukraine Online, 11 May
Politico.eu.com | UkraineX: How Elon Musk's space satellites changed the war on the ground, 8 June
Asia Times | Musk's tech put to deadly weapon effect in Ukraine, 1 Jul
Insider | The US Air Force is signing up for Starlink after watching it help Ukraine stay online amid Russia's ongoing attacks, 8 Aug
K*v Independent | How Elon Musk's Starlink satellite internet keeps Ukraine online, 3 Sep
by Cat on Sun Sep 25th, 2022 at 07:32:10 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Company Newslitter | Pentagon opens sweeping review of ["clandestine information warfare"] operations, 19 Sep
after major social media companies identified and took offline fake accounts suspected of being run by the U.S. military in violation of the platform [sic] rules.
[...]
The takedowns [sic] in recent years by Twitter and Facebook [media operators] of more than 150 bogus personas
archived 18 USC 2,371,2349,2028A *, NATO Total War Project, US censor 'gigs', A Trip to the Woodshed
and media sites ["media operators"] created in the United States was disclosed last month by internet researchers Graphika and the Stanford Internet Observatory. While the researchers did not attribute the sham accounts ["personas"] to the U.S. military, two officials familiar with the matter said that U.S. Central Command is among those whose activities are facing scrutiny.
[...]
Independent of the report, The Washington Post has learned that in 2020 Facebook disabled fictitious personas created by Centcom to counter disinformation spread by China suggesting the coronavirus responsible for covid-19 was created at a U.S. Army lab in Fort Detrick, Md., according to officials familiar with the matter. The pseudo profiles [social media influencers] -- active in Facebook [user] groups that conversed in Arabic, Farsi[,] and Urdu, the officials said -- were used to amplify [replicate] truthful ["Like watching a train wreck"] information from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention about the virus's origination in China.

public broadcast service Tue Nov 10th, 2020
[...]
A spokeswoman for the National Security Council, which is part of the White House, declined to comment.
[...]
[former NSC staff] David Agranovich, Facebook's [current] director for global threat disruption, spoke to Christopher C. Miller, then assistant director for [DOD] Special Operations/Low Intensity Conflict, which oversees influence operations policy, warning him that if Facebook could sniff them out, so could U.S. adversaries, several people familiar with the conversation said.

"His point," one person said, "was 'Guys, you got caught [again]. That's a problem.'"...

* VINDICATION! RT | ["PUTIN's chef"] claims credit for Wagner group, 26 Sep
The unit started in 2014 as his personal project to fund a fighting force to intervene in Ukraine's civil war on the side of Donetsk and Lugansk regions, Prigozhin claimed. He said he was one of several wealthy people in Russia, who were willing to invest their money to "defend Russians" from Kiev, but didn't trust anyone else to use the resources the way he wanted....
### EOM from SHAM referendums to EU Iron Curtin media freedom advocates
by Cat on Tue Sep 27th, 2022 at 09:34:11 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Daily Sabah | Terrorist group FETÖ's 'Goebbels' spotted in Germany, 22 Sep Babenhausen, DE
...A journalist, [Cevheri] Güven rose to prominence after setting up a news website affiliated with the terrorist group in 2014. He later served as editor-in-chief of a news magazine. An indictment by Turkish prosecutors who seek 15 years in prison for Güven on charges of membership of a terrorist group, says he was involved in creating FETÖ [Gülenist Terror Group] propaganda under the guise of journalism.

His name also appeared in the infamous FETÖ "videotape plot." The indictment against him says Güven was tasked by the terrorist group with distributing sex tapes of former Republican People's Party (CHP) Chairperson Deniz Baykal and senior figures of the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) that were secretly taken by suspects linked to FETÖ.  ...

< wipes tears >
by Cat on Thu Sep 22nd, 2022 at 07:53:27 PM EST
[ Parent ]
TASS | Britain has buried relations with Saudi Arabia, 21 Sep Who controls the narrative...
Saudi Arabia can hardly be called an example of humanism, but this does not negate the fact that the accusations against Muhammad bin Salman are unsubstantiated, at least for now. Western countries claim that he at least knew about the impending murder, and at the most he was its customer. The reason allegedly was criticism of the crown prince's actions by a journalist. At the same time, the West did not back up the accusations against him.

Definitely, only the CIA pointed out the involvement of bin Salman in the incident . At the same time, the office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights placed responsibility on the entire leadership of Saudi Arabia. And Amnesty International, for example, called the death sentence against five convicts a whitewashing of real criminals. The verdict, by the way, was subsequently replaced by prison terms.

And these people, as they say, forbid us to pick our noses ... The unsubstantiated accusations of American intelligence have become a byword since the days of Colin Powell, shaking anthrax spores with a test tube at a meeting of the UN Security Council as proof that Iraq has weapons of mass destruction, which Hussein was not in the end.
[...]

... controls independence and effectiveness of the media authority!
by Cat on Fri Sep 23rd, 2022 at 12:37:16 PM EST
[ Parent ]
The Cradle | As Iran protests turn violent, hundreds of thousands turn out for counter-rallies, 23 Sep multimodal information service providers
Iranian state media reports that at least 26 have died, including five security personnel, as of 22 September, while the New York-based Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI) put the figure at 36, saying it is expected to rise.
[...]
Despite mobile data restrictions on foreign domains and platforms, dozens of videos shared on social media showed rioters violently attacking police officers by stoning and beating them, overturning and torching police vehicles, and destroying public property.
[...]
Local Iranian media reports that dozens of ambulances were damaged by the rioters.
[...]
Sky News reported that a local commander of the Basij
[...]
The rioters also set fire to the entrance of the office
[...]
In response to the deteriorating situation, hundreds of thousands of Iranians, both women and men, gathered after Friday mass prayers ...
and so forth
by Cat on Sat Sep 24th, 2022 at 03:02:35 AM EST
[ Parent ]
by Cat on Tue Sep 27th, 2022 at 09:55:16 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Politico.eu.com | Poland calls von der Leyen's 'the tools' comment 'scandalous', 24 Sep
At a conference at Princeton University on Thursday
EPICENTER of European post- Σχολαί liberal democracy
von der Leyen was asked about the candidates in Sunday's legislative elections in Italy, but she included Poland and Hungary in her response.
[...]
"Von der Leyen's statement was scandalous," [Poland PM Mateusz ] Morawiecki said in the Polish town of Świdnik on Saturday, the state-run news agency PAP reported. "She said Brussels had the tools to discipline Italy if it created a government that would not be in favor of Brussels," he was quoted as saying.

"Is this the Europe we want? ... That Eurocrats in Brussels dictate what the government should be?" Morawiecki asked. "This is not the rule of law; it is a dictate and the lack of the rule of law," the prime minister said.

reference
Ch. 1, Art. 2. Definitions
(15) 'State advertising' means the placement, publication[,] or dissemination, in any media service, of a promotional[,] or self-promotional message, normally in return for payment[,] or for any other consideration, by, for[,] or on behalf of any national or regional public authority, such as national, federal or regional governments, regulatory authorities[,] or bodies as well as state-owned enterprises[,] or other state-controlled entities at the national or regional level, or any local government of a territorial entity of more than 1 million inhabitants;
blue screen
archived Fri Sep 23rd, 2022 in Troubling Times for Fortress Europa,  consideration
by Cat on Sun Sep 25th, 2022 at 01:16:37 PM EST
[ Parent ]
informational autocracy has entered the room
...First, an informational autocracy refrains from using violence and direct repression against its opponents. Independent journalists are not jailed, nor are NGOs formally banned, even though their phones might be tapped. Second, the regime efficiently mimics most of the institutions of democracy, creating a façade that leaves international observers concluding that elections were "free but unfair". Third, the regime's narratives, while lacking support among highly educated elites are so deeply embedded among less educated and less privileged groups that it can safely rely on their support

This system [telecommunication P&E?] relies on "hardware" and "software". From a hardware perspective, it depends on the most centralised and controlled media system within the EU. The second Orbán government, which took power in 2010, gave rise to a government-organized media empire in which more than 500 regional and local outlets all echo the same centrally crafted messages. In 2019, Reporters Without Borders said it found in Hungary "a degree of media control unprecedented in an EU member state".

On the software side, fake news and conspiracy theories are rife. Hungarian pro-Fidesz media outlets frequently propagate Kremlin lines on the war in Ukraine, and push false stories on issues like migration, the influence of the international financier George Soros, NATO and the United States, and the so-called Western "liberal elite"....

by Cat on Tue Sep 27th, 2022 at 11:15:48 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Yonhap | S. Korea to introduce digital society framework act in 2023: ICT ministry, 28 Sep "social media" mania
stipulating basic rights on digital [sic] accessibility and the fostering of related social infrastructure, the Ministry of Science and ICT said Wednesday. The bill, tentatively named the Digital Society Framework Act, will be drafted to call for the promotion of digital industries and the establishment of related social [sic] infrastructure. It will also call for the nurturing of talent in digital fields, the ministry said.
[...]
Vice Science Minister Park Yoon-kyu said the government will create the charter next year after discussing it with experts in the direction of expanding the people's digital accessibility rights and freedom.
Global Monitor | South Korea Telecommunication Market Report (2020-2025) - purporting to illustrate, AFAICT, G2 telecom de-reg since my 2002 research, incl but not limited to OECD secure server consolidation

"Porter's Five Forces Analysis" LOL!

by Cat on Wed Sep 28th, 2022 at 04:06:59 PM EST
[ Parent ]
kawsachunnews | CNN Taken Down for Violating Nicaragua's Constitution, 23 Sep media operator programmes
For its part, this Regulatory Entity, as a decentralized entity of the State of Nicaragua, in compliance with its functions and powers conferred by Decree-Law Number 1053 "Organic Law of the Nicaraguan Institute of Telecommunications and Postal Services (TELCOR)", Law Number 200 "General Law of Telecommunications and Postal Services" and other applicable regulations, is obliged to ensure the protection, defense and preservation of the principles, rights and guarantees established in our Political Constitution and other laws on the matter.

Based on the foregoing, and since it has been verified that the content transmitted by the Channel "CNN en español" through the Subscription Television network of the company it represents contravenes, violates, and damages the aforementioned legal norms, the immediate withdrawal of said channel from the channel grids authorized by this Regulatory Entity is ordered.

Finally, we request that the Regulatory Entity be informed as soon as possible, which channel will replace "CNN en español" in the channel grids for our review and authorization.

tiny violin
VOA | Statement on Suspension of License of VOA Affiliate Radio Dario in Nicaragua, 16 Aug
"systematic campaign against independent media" violins
by Cat on Fri Sep 30th, 2022 at 04:04:36 PM EST
[ Parent ]
DW | India tightens GRIP on social media, 29 Oct G7 ALERT
The Indian government will create a three-person grievance redressal committee to veto moderation decisions made by social media platforms, according to legal changes adopted on Friday. The panel, which will be set up by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), will effectively have the final say on social media content.
[...]
This is the latest move in the long-running push by the government to gain control over social media firms such as Meta and Twitter, as Indian authorities continue to clash with big tech companies.

The IT Rules, which came into effect in 2021, requires social media platforms with more than 5 million users to locate the source of a post if required by local authorities -- a tool that activists fear can lead to surveillance. The government is currently fighting a case in the Delhi High Court where [META PLATFORMS] WhatsApp had filed a lawsuit to block this ["]traceability["] clause.

No "cybersecurity", "criticial infrastructure," "hate speech," UKRAINE, or "monetization" grievances?
Meanwhile, the government ordered takedowns of several Twitter, [META PLATFORMS] Facebook[,] and [ALPHABET] YouTube accounts since 2021, citing a threat to national security and sovereignty. In July 2022, microblogging website Twitter filed a case against the government in a regional high court regarding the same issue. It alleged that the government had abused its power by ordering it to ARBITRARILY remove several tweets from the platform....
About IFF
by Cat on Sat Oct 29th, 2022 at 02:01:43 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Sputnik | Young Adults Trust Info From Social Media Almost as Much as Traditional News, Survey Finds, 29 Oct
In a survey conducted by the Pew Research Center's American Trends Panel, half of the 18-29 year olds in the US say that they have "some or a lot" of trust in the quality of information received from social media websites - while only 56% of young adults said the same about information disseminated by national news organizations.
[...]
Compared to the half of young adults who trusted news from social media, only 36% of adults aged 30-49 and 25% of those aged 50-64 could say the same.
[...]
In a separate, recent Gallup poll [18 Oct 2022], 38% of Americans said they had no trust at all in media organizations to report the news fairly and accurately. Democrats, however, were far more likely to trust the press than Republicans were, with a gap of 56%.
by Cat on Sat Oct 29th, 2022 at 02:59:20 PM EST
[ Parent ]
euractiv.com | The European Media Freedom Act, 22 Sep media operator
The Commission has finally released its long-awaited European Media Freedom Act, but it has stirred controversy in a number of directions. Renate Schroeder, Director of the European Federation of Journalists, and Ilias Konteas, Executive Director of EMMA-ENPA, join this week's podcast to discuss its contents and implications.
Politico.eu.com | We're fine as we are, Press tells EU as Brussels plans media freedom law, 16 Sep LOL
... The unprecedented move has press publishers -- which had already tried to kill the law during consultations -- up in arms.

"Media regulators can now interfere with the free press, while publishers are estranged from their own publications," said Ilias Konteas, executive director of the European Magazine Media Association (of which POLITICO's owner Axel Springer is a member) and the European Newspaper Publishers Association....

LSE[!] | The democratic fightback has begun: The European Commission's new European Media Freedom Act, 16 Sep
The European Commission has published a draft European Media Freedom Act (EMFA). If passed, this new law would represent a major shift in EU policy on the media, and a welcome shot in the arm for democracy across the Union. Freed of the Eurosceptic United Kingdom, during a perceived crisis of European democracy, there is widespread support for proposals to support media freedom, and the news media themselves are likely to give them full-throated support.
"The proposed Regulation includes safeguards against political interference in editorial decisions and against surveillance. It puts a focus on the independence and stable funding of public service media as well as on the transparency of media ownership and of the allocation of state advertising" Twitter and Facebook accounts? ooo boy howdy, wutarelief.

reference
EC | 1. Proposal for a Regulation establishing a common framework for media services in the internal market ( European Media Freedom Act)(.pdf), 67 pp
EC | 2. Recommendation - European Media Freedom Act (.pdf), 13 pp

by Cat on Fri Sep 23rd, 2022 at 02:31:29 PM EST
[ Parent ]
in the footnotes

de business ideer

The proposal is articulated around four specific [sic] objectives:

• Fostering cross-border activity and investment in media services by harmonising certain elements of the diverging national media pluralism frameworks, in particular to facilitate cross-border service provision. Through coordination at EU level, the proposal aims to ensure that when assessing media market concentrations independent national authorities approach media pluralism and media independence in a consistent manner.

• Increasing regulatory cooperation and convergence through cross-border coordination tools and EU-level opinions and guidelines. This will promote consistent approaches to media pluralism and media independence, and provide effective protection for users of media services from illegal and harmful content, including online and with regard to service providers (including from third countries) [!] not following EU media standards.

• Facilitating provision of quality media services by mitigating the risk of undue public and private interference in editorial freedom. The proposal aims to guarantee that journalists and editors can work without interference, including when it comes to protecting their sources and communications. By fostering editorial independence, it also guarantees better protection for the interests of recipients of media services.

• Ensuring transparent and fair allocation of economic resources in the internal media market by enhancing transparency and fairness in audience measurement and allocation of state advertising. The proposal aims to ensure transparency, non-discrimination, proportionality, objectivity[,] and inclusiveness of audience measurement methodologies, in particular online. It will also ensure transparency, non-discrimination, proportionality[,] and objectivity in allocation of state advertising to media outlets, in order to minimise the risks of the misuse of public funding for partisan interests, to the detriment of other market players. It will thus promote fair competition in the internal media market.

de business plan ...
2. LEGAL BASIS, SUBSIDIARITY[,] AND PROPORTIONALITY

The legal basis for this proposal is Article 114 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), which provides for the adoption of measures for the approximation of the provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative action in Member States which have as their object the establishment and functioning of the internal market. ...

and demand for EU "financial support"
3. RESULTS OF EX POST EVALUATIONS, STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATIONS[,] AND IMPACT ASSESSMENTS

The proposal is based on extensive consultation with stakeholders, in the light of the general principles and standards for consultation of interested parties by the Commission.

A call for evidence announcing the initiative was published on 21 December 2021 and was open for feedback until 25 March 2022. A total of 1 473 responses were received 41. A public consultation was open from 10 January to 25 March 2022 and attracted 917 responses 42. ...


by Cat on Fri Sep 23rd, 2022 at 03:04:26 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Welt | Zahl der Unzufriedenen wächst rasant - besonders in Ostdeutschland, 23.09
...Zu dem Zeitpunkt waren demnach nur 26 Prozent der Befragten im Osten mit der Arbeit der Bundesregierung zufrieden, im Vergleich zu 42 Prozent im Jahr 2020. Antwortmöglichkeiten waren Abstufungen von sehr, ziemlich oder etwas zufrieden bis zu etwas, ziemlich oder sehr unzufrieden.
[...]
Nur noch 43 Prozent der Ost- und 58 Prozent der Westdeutschen seien der Auffassung, ,,dass man seine Meinung immer frei äußern kann, ohne Ärger zu bekommen", im Vergleich zu 50 beziehungsweise 63 Prozent vor zwei Jahren. Wirtschaftlich schließt der Osten nur sehr langsam zum Westen auf, wie es weiter hieß....
by Cat on Sat Sep 24th, 2022 at 01:06:23 AM EST
[ Parent ]
euractiv | EU regulators give negative view on proposal to make ["]platforms["] pay for telecom infrastructure
as if (line, spectrum) telecom carriers do not already charge "users" (biz media operators, individual media operators by device and service area) for delivery by volume (data type and Q) aka "subscription plan type"?
BEREC stressed that the internet [sic] has a proven ability to self-adapt [sic] to changing conditions, including increasing traffic volume and changing demand patterns [differential pricing?]. In other words...In 2012, the telecom providers called for a similar sending-party-pays principle.
wut receiving-party is free of charges?
Another important argument of the telecom companies is that, while the tech platforms ["media operators"] are generating and monetising most of the network traffic rents, they [telecom companies] are left with bearing infrastructure costs [capEx] of up to €36-40 billion per year.
So what. CapEx is a P&L allowance; S/T, L/T liabilities are balance sheet finance artifacts.
BEREC noticed that this point needs to be thoroughly analysed since network infrastructure costs are not very traffic-sensitive [contradiction ALERT!] and their capacity needs to be enhanced ["bandwidth throttling and capping"?] only when higher peak capacity is required. However, the picture changes with mobile networks [spectrum bandwidth] that have a higher degree of traffic sensitivity.
"net neutrality" GIGO
The regulators' view is that the internet operators ["media operators"] and content providers ["media operators"] are mutually dependent [wut], as the demand  for [price of] content [data transmission] drives the demand for [price of] broadband access [carrier subscription] and, vice versa, internet availability [sic] leads to higher demand  for [price of] internet telecom carrier network services.

euractiv | Public service media looks for innovative solutions to old problems

Despite the recently-published European Media Freedom Act's focus [nope] on protecting [nope] public service media [operators], innovation [sic] at the newsroom level is needed to ensure that such outlets [media operators] can continue to function [?].

The EU's Media Freedom Act, published last month with the aim of boosting transparency and independence in the media, includes a number of safeguards aimed specifically at public service media: outlets [media operators] that are funded [in part or wholly] by [a government] and produce content [programmes] for the public.

contradiction ALERT
In order to further safeguard outlets, the regulation also obliges national governments to ensure that these organisations receive sufficient funding [?!] to protect their editorial independence [?!].

The specific [nope] focus on public service media follows concerns raised in the Commission's 2022 Rule of Law report, which for the first time, looked specifically at the challenges facing these types of outlets [media operators] and the steps countries [?!] could take to defend against the political pressure they might face. ....

See matrix of category errors
and
Wired | Biden's Privacy Order Slaps a Band-Aid on the EU-US Data Crisis, 7 Oct
"THE UNITED STATES is not going to stop spying on Europeans' data, but it is going to make sure that spying is 'proportionate.'"
noyb.eu | Executive Order on US Surveillance unlikely to satisfy EU law, 7 Oct
There is continuous "bulk surveillance" and a "court' that is not an actual court.
[...]
Max Schrems, chair of noyb.eu: "The EU and the US now agree on the use of the word 'proportionate' but seem to disagree on the meaning of it. In the end, the CJEU's definition will prevail— likely killing any EU decision again. The European Commission is turning a blind eye on US law again and allowing the continued surveillance of Europeans." ...
by Cat on Wed Oct 12th, 2022 at 09:58:58 PM EST
[ Parent ]
receiving-party charges, 14 Oct satellite "dishes"
Musk's tweet came in response to a CNN report that SpaceX had warned in a letter, dated September 8 and sent to the U.S. Department of Defense, that it can no longer afford to provide its Starlink terminals [recievers], which are crucial for Ukraine's military telecommunication.
[...]
The Starlink satellite [tele]communication system has been crucial not only for Ukraine's military communication, but also for the government to maintain contact with commanders, for Zelenskyy to conduct interviews with journalists, and for civilian communications, connecting with loved ones via the encrypted satellites signal frequency.
[...]
Ukraine has received around 20,000 Starlink satellite units receivers. Musk said last week that the "operation has cost SpaceX $80 million and will exceed $100 million by the end of the year."

Musk was initially lauded for providing the Starlink terminals receivers to Ukraine, but according to the SpaceX letter, the vast majority were partially or fully funded by other parties, including the U.S. government, the U.K. and Poland. Poland is the largest single contributor and has paid for almost 9,000 terminals receivers, which cost $1,500 and $2,500 for the two models sent to Ukraine, according to the documents.

Those governments also paid for a third of the internet connectivity data transmission while SpaceX funded the rest, making up the more expensive part of the bill, according to SpaceX.

Among the documents seen by CNN is also a request from Ukrainian General Valeriy Zaluzhnyi to SpaceX for almost 8,000 more Starlink terminals receivers. SpaceX reportedly responded by recommending the request be sent to the U.S. Department of Defense....

accounts payable. har.
by Cat on Fri Oct 14th, 2022 at 01:09:42 PM EST
[ Parent ]
MIT Tech Review | Starlink signals can be reverse-engineered to work like GPS--whether SpaceX likes it or not, 21 Oct
[...]
 For the past two years, his team at UT Austin's Radionavigation Lab has been reverse-engineering signals sent from thousands of Starlink internet satellites in low Earth orbit to ground-based receivers. Now Humphreys says his team has cracked the problem, and he believes that regular beacon binary data signals signals from the constellation, designed to help receivers connect with the satellites, could form the basis of a useful navigation system. Crucially, this could be done without any help from SpaceX at all.
[...]
Humphreys quickly realized that Starlink relies on a technology called orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM). OFDM is an efficient method of encoding digital data transmissions, originally developed at Bell Labs in the 1960s and now used in Wi-Fi[,] and 5G. "OFDM is all the rage," says Mark Psiaki, a GPS expert and aerospace professor at Virginia Tech. "It's a way to pack the most bits per second into a given bandwidth."

The UT Austin researchers did not try to break Starlink's encryption or access any user data coming down from satellites. Instead, they sought out synchronization sequences--predictable, repeating signals beamed down by the satellites in orbit to help receivers coordinate with them. Not only did Humphreys find such sequences, but "we were pleasantly surprised to find that they [had] more synchronization sequences than is strictly required," he says.
[...]

reference
What is adornment?
What is speech?
What is cave painting?
What is cunieform?
What is an alphabet
What is a telegraph?
"A telegraph is a communication system that sends information by making and breaking an electrical connection."

What is morse code?
-- --- •-• ••• • -•-• --- -•• •
What is binary code?
0100 0011 0100 0001 0101 0100

What is a modem
"The earliest devices that satisfy the definition of a modem may be the multiplexers used by news wire services in the 1920 1840s."
What is a telephone?
"the equipment necessary to convert sound to electrical signals and back"

Dretske, F., Knowledge and the Flow of Information

by Cat on Sat Oct 22nd, 2022 at 03:46:05 AM EST
[ Parent ]
by Cat on Mon Oct 24th, 2022 at 02:41:12 PM EST
[ Parent ]
"easy-to-use satellite dishes", 4 Nov
Negotiations between SpaceX and the Defense Department continue despite Musk's claim that SpaceX withdrepw * its request, according to a senior defense official.

"Negotiations are very much underway. Everyone in our building knows we're going to pay them," the senior Pentagon official told CNN, adding that the department is eager to have commitments in writing "because we worry he'll change his mind."

meaning, MoM replacement costs inna war to defend last Ukrainian trench are approaching "unsustainable" losses.

* not my typo, unexpectedly

by Cat on Fri Nov 4th, 2022 at 09:23:34 PM EST
[ Parent ]

Intelesat in heaven as it is on earth
by Cat on Fri Oct 14th, 2022 at 01:34:28 PM EST
[ Parent ]
space.com | Russian Proton rocket launches communications satellite for Angola (video), 13 Oct
A Proton rocket topped with the Angosat-2 spacecraft lifted off from the Russian-run Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan Wednesday at 11 a.m. EDT (1500 GMT; 6 p.m. Moscow time).

Angosat-2 is bound for geostationary orbit, about 22,250 miles (35,800 kilometers) above Earth, where it will provide communications services for the Angolan government for at least 15 years, if all goes according to plan.
[...]
Angosat-2 was built by the Russian satellite-manufacturing company ISS Reshetnev, with Airbus providing the communications payload, according to RussianSpaceWeb.com(opens in new tab). The satellite is a replacement for Angosat-1, which failed shortly after launching to Earth orbit in 2017.

Angosat-2 has faced problems of its own. For example, its liftoff was delayed by the coronavirus pandemic and economic sanctions imposed on Russia [by anonymous Forces®], which held up the development and delivery, respectively, of key satellite components, RussianSpaceWeb reported. And then came the Russian invasion of Ukraine, which began on Feb. 24.

In the wake of the invasion, which is ongoing, "Airbus stopped the delivery of 57 waveguides and related documentation for the deployable antennas operating in Ku- and C-band," RussianSpaceWeb.com's Anatoly Zak wrote. ...

by Cat on Fri Oct 14th, 2022 at 07:07:36 PM EST
[ Parent ]

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