Welcome to European Tribune. It's gone a bit quiet around here these days, but it's still going.
To build-up a military alliance one needs an enemy as condition for war ...

Europe in a Changing Global Order: Militarization and the New EU Global Strategy for Security and Defence

The new Global Strategy for the European Union's Security and Defence Policy presented in June 2016 by the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice-President of the Commission Federica Mogherini, followed by the NATO Summit in Warsaw in July of the same year, come at a moment of high uncertainty and radical change in the international system. Traditional alliances are being questioned and both national and regional political and economic interests are taking shape along emerging fault lines, while new strategic perspec- tives are being outlined on various fronts.

In this context, the idea of the return of "cosmopolitics" in Europe emerge as one of the most overbearing themes in the current debate. European security and defence have been once again put on the political agenda as priority issues. Mogherini's Global Strategy, while pledging for a stronger and more independent European Union "as a global security provider", stressed that the EU has now "to cope with superpowers as well as with increasingly fractured identities" and, in doing so, it cannot be alone. For this reason, the new strategy, as well as a Joint Declaration by Donald Tusk, Jean-Claude Junker and NATO's Secretary General, solemnly asserts the need of a strengthened cooperation and interdependence between the EU and NATO - and that, in both operational and ideological terms.

"The purpose, even the existence of our Union is being questioned. Yet, our citizens and the worlds need a stronger European Union like never before". Yet, it seems, the EU institutions' answer to Europe's "identity crisis" is a military one, where the definition of common interests and needs is built again upon an imperialist vision of the world. If the process of reconstruction of the European identity is more and more anchored to the existence of "external threats", while the measure of cooperation and solidarity among the Member States is based solely on an increasing level of militarization, how can Europe find a credible alternative to the offence-defence dipole?

When it comes to these matters, how do actors define their preferences? More specifically, at the European level, the "ancestral dichotomy" between Europeanists and Atlanticists seems to be back again, leading the political debate about the future (and the present) of European security on a slippery terrain.

European Integration: From Gaullism to Atlanticism and Europeanism | SSRN - April 4, 2014 |

I have stated it before, the year 2014 was pivotal for security in Europe ... we failed miserably as we watched in awe how democracy in the United States struggled with domestic issues, liberal values, division and managed te elect an Evangelical Nationalist as its president supporting white supremacy ... a step towards fascism.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Sat Jan 21st, 2023 at 10:17:05 PM EST

Others have rated this comment as follows:


Occasional Series