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The Hill | OpEd | , 15 Jan
A key lesson learned from the COVID pandemic is how important the ["]international supply chain["] is to national security....The National Security Supply Chain™ is far more than just a military matter -- it is expected to include keeping a country's economy and society healthy. As President Biden noted in his introduction to the [DOD]National Security Strategy released in October, "If parents cannot feed their children, nothing else matters."
[INCONTINENCE ALERT]
China has demonstrated that it is willing and able to use trade as a strategic WEAPONG, targeting supply chains [sic] to force countries to adhere to its geopolitical goals. Although foodstuffs are often [?] sanctioned, as bans can be blamed plausibly on the presence of pests [read: African Swine Fever (2018-2021)], other commodities are also used to punish countries, such as the export of construction sand to Taiwan in 2022, in response to former House Speaker Nancy Pelosi's (D-Calif.) visit to the country, or rare earth exports to Japan in 2010, following a maritime dispute in the East China Sea. Although Beijing denied a rare earths ban -- claiming it was just a general reduction on export quotas -- the impact on Japan and the global supply chain was very real.

THESE PUNITIVE ACTIONS OVER THE YEARS have persuaded some Western countries to reduce their dependence on China, a movement that gained momentum from the fallout of the COVID pandemic. The European Union's Critical Raw Material Act of 2022 followed several pieces of legislation in the United States, including the CHIPS and Science Act, aimed at countering dependency and building national resilience.

However, what governments often do not consider is the threat to national security supply chains from INDIRECT EXPOSURE to China. Recent research by The Evenstar Institute, a London-based think tank, shows how much influence China has over third-party countries that are vital for the West's supply chain.
[...]
[Captain Obvious] is CEO of The Evenstar Institute, a nonpartisan, nonprofit think tank in London, and co-host of the < wipes tears> "What China Wants" podcast.

reference
wikiwtf, Three-world model a/o 1 Jan 2023
"This article is about the Western political concept. For the Maoist political concept, see Three worlds [sic] theory."

UN | Declaration on the Establishment of a New International Economic Order, pp 1-3 précis (Arabic, EN, ES, FR, RU, Mandarin)

[...]
  1. The greatest and most significant achievement during the last decades has been the independence from colonial and alien domination of a large number of peoples and nations which has enabled them to become members of the community of free peoples. Technological progress has also been made in all spheres of economic activities in the last three decades, thus providing a solid potential for improving the well-being of all peoples. However, the remaining vestiges of alien and colonial domination, foreign occupation, racial discrimination, apartheid and neo-colonialism in all its forms continue to be among the greast obstacles to the full emancipation and progress of the developing countries and all the peoples involved.....
  2. The present international economic order is in direct conflict with curren development in international political and economic relations. Since 1970, the world economy has experienced a series of grave crises which have had severe repercussions, especially on the developing countries because of their generally greater vulnerability to external economic impulses....
  3. All these changes have thrust into prominence the reality of interdependence of all the members of the world community. Current events have brought into sharp focus the realization that the interests of the developed countries and those of the developing countries can no loger be isolated from each other, that there is a close interrelationship between the prosperity of the developed countires, and the propserity of the international community as a whole depends on the prosperity of its constituent parts. International co-operation for development is the shared goal and common duty of all countries.
  4. The new international economic order should be founded on full respect for the following principles: [(a) ...(t)]
  5. The unanimous adoption of the International Development Strategy for the Second United Nations Development Decade was an important step in the promotion of international economic co-operation on a just and equitable basis....
  6. The United Nations as a universal organization should be capale of dealing with problems of international economic co-operation in a comprehensive manner and ensuring equally the interests of all countries....
  7. The present Declaration on the Establishment of a New International Economic Order shall be one of the most important bases of economic relations between all peoples and all nations.

229th plenary meeting 1 May 1974 [!]
3202 (S-VI). Programme of Action on the Establishment of a New International Economic Order
The General Assembly Adopts the folowing Programme of Action:

CONTENTS
Introduction [p 5]
I. Fundamental problems of raw materials and primary commodities as related to trade and development
II. International monetary system and financing of the development of developing countries
III. Industrialization
IV. Transfer of technology
V. Regulation and control over the activities of transnational corporations
VI. Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States
VII. Promotion of co-operation among developing countries
VIII. Asistance in the exercis of permanent sovereignty of States over natural resources
IX. Strengthening the role of the United Nations system in the field of international economic co-operation
X. Special Programme [p 10]

(bold face emphasis added)

Diversity is the key to economic and political evolution.
by Cat on Sun Jan 15th, 2023 at 03:10:00 PM EST
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