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china briefing | Joint Statement between the People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation on Deepening the Comprehensive Strategic Partnership of Coordination in the New Era - PRC Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 22 Mar, abridged and annotated citations
The Moscow summit held between Russian President Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping has drawn to a close with both sides issuing a comprehensive Joint Statement. As always, these are somewhat ambiguous, meaning a certain amount of reading between the lines and certainly a well-grounded background into their relationship is required to create a reasonable analysis.

Western media has attempted to portray Putin as the "Junior Partner" which is largely accurate, although not exclusively. I have seen the two men on various platforms over the years, Putin does tend to refer to Xi as 'Chairman' while in return, Putin is referred to as 'President', implying Xi's seniority in the relationship. It is not, however, something Putin appears especially concerned about - there exists a certain amount of old-fashioned chivalry between the two.

Putin and Xi also get on - while Putin has been known in the past for the occasional joke and a laugh, Xi rarely does so. Yet I have seen Xi Jinping make mischievous comments about Putin's piano playing during a bit of forum banter. Clearly, there is a bond between the two, which should come as no surprise.

Anyway, on to the complete statement, which in Chinese [-language "narative"] is significantly more detailed than the truncated English-language version ["readout"] published here. The complete statement has been translated by Dezan Shira & Associates in Beijing and is reproduced below.

"With the unremitting efforts of both sides, the ["]China-Russia Comprehensive Strategic Partnership of Coordination for a New Era["] has reached the highest level in history and continues to move forward.

"The two sides reaffirmed their compliance with the ["]Treaty of Good-Neighborliness, Friendship, and Cooperation between the People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation["] signed on July 16, 2001, and the ["]Treaty of Good-Neighborliness, Friendship, and Cooperation between the People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation["] signed on 20 June 2021, and to develop bilateral relations in accordance with the principles and spirit established in the ["]Joint Statement on International Relations and Global Sustainable Development in the New Era["] issued by the People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation on February 4, 2022."

CDE [author's initials]: The preamble illustrates the long-standing yet evolving relationship the two sides possess.
[...]

euractive | Peace plans and pipelines: What came out of the Putin-Xi talks?, 23 Mar
bottom line: "The agreed summit language suits Putin's purposes, enabling him to continue fighting while saying he is open to talk peace."
bottom line: "Russia is still waiting on a deal and China has powerful leverage to secure advantageous price terms."
bottom line: "Russia is still waiting on a deal and China has powerful leverage to secure advantageous price terms."
CNBC | This map shows the massive gas pipeline that Russia and China are building (26.07.22)
State-owned energy companies, Russia's Gazprom and China National Petroleum Corp., have been building the pipeline for about eight years
RT | Russia and China ironing out new gas megadeal (22.03.23)
... The [Power of Siberia-2] is part of a $400 billion, 30-year agreement between Russia's Gazprom and the China National Petroleum Corporation, which was inked in May 2014
bottom line: "Short-term gains for Putin but a longer-term shift in favour of China."
bottom line: "China seeks to position itself as a mediator in the Ukraine crisis while sealing useful deals with Russia at a time when it is in a strong bargaining position vis-a-vis Moscow."
archived China-Russia East Route Pipeline AKA PipeChina cruising to the finish line (12.12.22), Putin orders a huge Far Eastern oil and gas project be re-organised (01.07.22)
by Cat on Sun Apr 2nd, 2023 at 07:40:35 PM EST

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