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Great Northern War (1700-1721)

This left Charles stranded in Russia for the winter of 1708-9, one of the coldest ever in Europe. The Russians harrassed the Swedes all winter, and by the spring Charles had lost over half of his original army, although managing to maintain any fighting force was an impressive achievement. When campaigning began in 1709, Charles engaged in the siege of Poltava. Peter the Great gathered an army of 80,000 men, and at the battle of Poltava (28 June 1709), crushed the Swedish army, taking 18,794 prisoners. Charles himself escaped to Turkish Moldavia, and remained in Turkey until 1714. In the meantime, Russian and her allies were free to dismember the Swedish empire. In August-December 1709 Peter invaded Poland, reinstating Augustus, and also occupied the Baltic coast.

The Belligerent states:

🇸🇪 Swedish Empire
Holstein-Gottorp (1700-1714)
Warsaw Confederation (1704-1709)
🇹🇷 Ottoman Empire (1710-1714)
Crimean Khanate (1710-1714)
Cossack Hetmanate (1708-1714)
🇳🇱 Dutch Republic (1700)
🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 England(1700)
🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 Scotland(1700)
🇮🇪 Ireland(1700)
🇬🇧 Kingdom of Great Britain(1719-1720)

Shortly followed by the Crimean War led by Catherine the Great ...

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Sun Aug 20th, 2023 at 07:38:10 AM EST
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