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DW CAST in order of appearance: (Paris) NE Pres. Mohammed BAZOUM, DE FM Annalena BAERBOCK, NE FM/(Paris) PM pro-temp Hassoumi MASSOUDOU*, DE MOD Boris PISTORIUS, DE DM/"Sahel Alliance" Pres. Svenja SCHULZE, KAS office manager Ulf LAESSING

EXTRAS: 60 Bundeswehr advisers in NE, 100 Bundeswehr in NE, 1,100 Bundeswehr (in Mali), 1,500 French in NE, 2,000 US in NE

UNSC Res. 1291 (2000) 6,037 troops
UNSC Res. 1856 (2007) 22,016 troops
UNSC Res. 1925 (2010) 12,379 troops a/o Feb 2023 bar chart
UNSC Res. 2666 (2022) exit plan due 20 Dec 2023

UN MINUSMA in Mali--
UNSC Res. 2100 (2013)
UNSC SC/10987 (July 2013)
ECOWAS/AFISMA authority transfered to 12,640 UN coalition military "mission"
UNSC Res. 2690 (June 2023) termination 31 Dec 2023

EEAS CSDP (Common Security and Defence Policy) -- in Niger
EUMPM "capacity building"

AFRICOM transnational --
"US America's Security in Africa," March 2022

DW | A German foreign policy miscalculation?, 8 Aug

...Now the Niger coup could possibly jeopardize the withdrawal of soldiers from Mali, which was supposed to be handled via the base at the airport in Niamey. "You can't just drive a truck through Mali or Burkina Faso. It's too dangerous," Laessing explained. "That's why it was planned that everything would go through Niger."

The Bundeswehr hopes that authorities in Niger will still cooperate and the withdrawal will be able to go ahead.

"To what extent this could affect the transport of personnel and materiel by the German MINUSMA mission contingent is not yet foreseeable," a[nonymous] Bundeswehr Operations Command spokesperson told DW. "Of course, that depends on how long the current situation lasts, how it goes on."...

* Mr. Lamine Zeine Ali MAHAMANE appointed Prime Minister, 8 Aug
by Cat on Tue Aug 8th, 2023 at 02:52:21 PM EST
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UN troops exit Mali base early over safety concerns, 14 Aug counter-intuitive mission
The UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) announced on Sunday that it had expedited the evacuation of its base in the northern town of Ber, citing worsening security conditions.
In June, the UN Security Council agreed to complete the withdrawal of the peacekeeping forces in Mali at the end of the year, following the transitional government's demand for the mission to end without delay. The removal of the MINUSMA mission, which was established in 2013 to help combat jihadist insurgencies in the Sahel nation, has heightened tensions between the military rulers and the CMA. The UN reported that more than 11,000 soldiers and 1,600 police officers had been deployed as of February of this year.

Late on Sunday, the Malian Armed Forces (FaMa) reported that seven soldiers were killed and at least eight injured in clashes with the former rebel group, Coordination of Azawad Movements (CMA), between Friday and Sunday. According to the statement, the state forces "retaliated" against an "attempted incursion" on their position by "armed terrorist groups" on Friday, adding that 28 of the rebels had been killed as a result of the clash. The army said it had taken control of Ber as part of the transfer of sites occupied by the UN peacekeeping force.

dailytrust | Air Force Jet Crashes In Niger State (14.08.23)
"In a statement, Director of Public Relations and Information of the Force, Air Commodore Edward Gabkwet, said the aircraft crashed in a village in Shiroro Local Government Area of Niger. It partly read, 'A Nigerian Air Force MI-171 Helicopter on a casualty evacuation mission crashed today, August 14, 2023, at about 1.1.00 pm Chukuba Village in Niger State.'..."
In another statement after it had announced the decision to withdraw its troops, the UN mission said its convoy that "withdrew from Ber" had been "attacked twice," with three wounded peacekeepers evacuated to Timbuktu for treatment.

"Attacks against peacekeepers may constitute war crimes under international law," it warned.
"FaMa is taking whatever it costs to occupy MINUSMA companies, including those located in the CMA-controlled areas, in violation" of a 2014 ceasefire and security deal, the former rebel group claimed in a statement. The May 2014 Algiers peace agreement was signed between the CMA and the Malian government to put an end to a cycle of Tuareg uprisings since the country gained independence from France in 1960.

cockroach alert ...

Ukraine MY 2021/2022. How the UN's model president shielded Nigeriens from another global WFP wheat shortage caused by G7 sanctions against Russian fertilizer, drought, euro inflation, and "regional superpower" risks.

CSIS | Mali's Peace Deal Is Failing (15.04.20)
The mediation team was led by Algeria and included the UN Stabilisation Mission in Mali (MINUSMA), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the African Union (AU), and the European Union, as well as the United States and France, who were initially designated "friends of the mediation".
Many Malians never accepted the conditions outlined in the Accord and have, unsurprisingly, grown more disillusioned as the framework has failed to curb violence. Armed Islamist and ethnic militias in Mali (which, for the most part, are not signatories to the Accord) killed more civilians in 2019 than in any year since Mali's civil war began in 2012. Tens of thousands of people have fled their homes, leading to mass internal displacement and widespread hunger in a country where malnutrition was already endemic. Despite these worsening conditions, international stakeholders including the United States, France, and the United Nations reflexively continue to portray implementation of the 2015 Accord as their top policy goal in Mali. In 2019, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warned that the Accord "remains the only valid and viable framework" for the Malian peace process....

by Cat on Tue Aug 15th, 2023 at 02:02:55 AM EST
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