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Violent Extremism in the Sahel | Global Conflict Tracker CFR - updated |

Spanning the area from Senegal to Eritrea, situated between the Sahara to the north and the African tropics to the south, the Sahel region has long faced severe, complex security and humanitarian crises. Since gaining independence in the 1960s, many countries in the Sahel have experienced violent extremism due to the confluence of weak and illegitimate governance, economic decline, and the worsening effects of climate change. Violence, conflict, and crime have surged over the last decade, transcending national borders and posing significant challenges to countries both in and outside the region. The epicenters of violence and humanitarian disaster are in the Liptako-Gourma and Lake Chad Basin subregions. 

Liptako-Gourma is in the central Sahel, in the borderlands of Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger. Current instability is associated with the collapse of the Libyan state in 2011 [exactly - Oui], which led to the  proliferation of weapons and armed fighters in the region. The influx of extremists into northern Mali reignited the dormant Tuareg rebellion [PDF] in 2012, which had previously surfaced in 1963, 1990, and 2006. Representing only 10 percent of the Malian population, the Tuareg people, organized under the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA), sought an autonomous state and aligned themselves with multiple Islamist groups, including al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) the Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO), and Ansar Dine to push government forces out of the north. Then-President Amadou Toumani Touré was deposed in a March 2012 coup by the army, which disapproved of the government's failure to suppress the rebellion.


AQIM began as an outgrowth of the Algerian civil war. The group, formed in 1998 as the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC), rejected the more violent and exclusivist tendencies of the Armed Islamic Group (GIA) and particularly sought to focus instead on attacks against military and government targets.

US Special Forces backed by White House policy have been entrenched since 2004 in the Sahel from cost to coast as the Bush-Cheney War on Terror.

Violence begets more violence ... same for proxy war in Ukraine. World in turmoil ... almost feels like a slow smoldering fire of an impending WW III. Losing the real battle against the effects of Global Warming, as prophesied.

Latest story from AFP ... update headline 😊

Diplomacy centre stage on eve of West Africa summit on Niger | RFI |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Thu Aug 10th, 2023 at 05:37:29 AM EST
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