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NSAarchive | CHILE'S COUP at 50, 8 Aug
FOIA disclosure: Kissinger Briefed Nixon on Failed 1970 CIA Plot to Block Allende Presidency
As the commander in chief of the Chilean army, Gen. René Schneider, lay dying in a hospital after being shot in a CIA-backed coup plot in October 1970, President Nixon placed a phone call to his national security advisor, Henry Kissinger, to ask "What is happening in Chile?" according to a transcript of their conversation posted today by the National Security Archive. Kissinger told the President that the CIA-backed plot to block Socialist president-elect Salvador Allende from being inaugurated—an operation ordered by Nixon five weeks earlier—had not succeeded. The Chilean military turned out to be "a pretty incompetent bunch," according to Kissinger, having failed to seize power after the removal of Gen. Schneider, Chile's top pro-constitution officer.

"There's been a turn for the worse," Kissinger explained, referring to the Schneider assassination, "but it hasn't triggered anything else. The next move should have been a government takeover, but that hasn't happened."

"The [congressional] election is tomorrow and the inauguration is [November] third," Kissinger informed Nixon. "What they could have done is prevent the Congress from meeting. But that hasn't been done. It's close, but it's probably too late."

Obtained by the National Security Archive through legal and FOIA efforts, the Kissinger-Nixon "telcon" was published for the first time last week in Pinochet Desclasificado: Los Archivos Secretos de Estados Unidos Sobre Chile, a revised, 50th-anniversary, Chilean edition of Archive analyst Peter Kornbluh's book, The Pinochet File: A Declassified Dossier on Atrocity and Accountability. The updated edition was published as the first of a special series by Un Día en La Vida, a new publishing agency founded by Andrea Insunza and Javier Ortega through one of Chile's leading publishers, Catalonia Books. As part of the 50th-anniversary commemorations in September, a leading Chilean television channel, Chilevision, plans to broadcast a four-part documentary based on the book and Kornbluh's efforts to unearth secret documents relating to the U.S. role in the coup and support for the Pinochet dictatorship that followed.

archive Sun Feb 19th, 2017
by Cat on Fri Aug 11th, 2023 at 01:46:43 AM EST
Who said military intervention in a coup d'état can't change the course of history ... functions quite well across the globe ... 1953 in Persia ... even willing to assassinate an ally during the initial stage of the Vietnam War Ngo Ding Diem and his brother Ngo Ding Nhu on 2 November 1963.

Cold War and Coups d'état in Latin America (70 years after the coup d'état in Bolivia 1952)

At the same time, between 1940 and 1954 Latin America went through a wave of democratic reforms. This pattern, as warned by Leslie Bethell and Ian Roxborough[1] was characterized by the development of a certain democratization, a shift towards social politcies that had been related to leftist reforms and the development of a working class militancy.

Therefore after 1947, this short democratic period collpased. The communist parties were outlawed and reprimanded in the majority of Latin American countries; the "reformist" parties moved over to the right wing; progress in social and democratic policies were contained and, in some cases, thrown backwards; the working class and its more militant unions were persecuted. In Brazil, the government of Eurico Gaspar Dutra introduced new decree-laws in order to control the workers in March of 1946. In Chile, the October 1947 transport workers' strike broke out with several deaths and with the capital under a state of siege. Other legislations to control or repress workers were passed in Cuba (the first one under Grau´s goverment in 1947 and then under Carlos Prío Socarrás in 1948 after the elections), in Costa Rica (in 1948 after the civil war) and in Mexico (the charrazo in October 1948). In this new context, the communist parties were purged, persecuted, repressed and declared illegal, as for instance in Brazil in May 1947, in Chile in April 1948, in Costa Rica in 1948, and once more, in Brazil in January 1948 communist deputies were removed from congress. Coups d'état became the norm: in Peru, Bustamante suffered a coup d'état in October 1948; in Venezuela, the democratic triennium ended on November 24, 1948 and the dictatorship of Marco Pérez Jiménez began and would last for 10 years; in Colombia, Laureano Gómez was overthrown in June 1953; in Guatemala, Jacobo Árbenz was overthrown in June 1954. By the end of 1954 there were an estimate of 11 dictatorships in Latin America (including Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru and Paraguay) which could reach 13 if Ecuador and Argentina are included.

Each continent has its own history, especially Africa and Asia after the colonial period and struggle for independence. Has seldom come with sovereignty ... see the EU after the 2021 Biden Blitzkrieg across Europe ... a proxy for the powerful US ... being an economic competitor comes with pain. Divide and Conquer.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri Aug 11th, 2023 at 06:55:35 AM EST
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Making mischief abroad US and ITT corporations secret efforts to block the 1970 election of socialist president Allende in Chile | special senate sub-committee |

President Richard Nixon to CIA Director Richard Helms: 'Extreme Option: Overthrow Allende'

Washington, D.C., September 15, 2020 - On September 15, 1970, during a twenty-minute meeting in the Oval Office between 3:25 pm and 3:45 pm, President Richard Nixon ordered the CIA to foment a military coup in Chile. According to handwritten notes taken by CIA Director Richard Helms, Nixon issued explicit instructions to prevent the newly elected president of Chile, Salvador Allende, from being inaugurated in November--or to create conditions to overthrow him if he did assume the presidency. "1 in 10 chance, perhaps, but save Chile." "Not concerned [about] risks involved," Helms jotted in his notes as the President demanded regime change in the South American nation that had become the first in the world to freely elect a Socialist candidate. "Full time job--best men we have." "Make the economy scream."

Fifty years after it was written, Helm's cryptic memorandum of conversation with Nixon remains the only known record of a U.S. president ordering the covert overthrow of a democratically elected leader abroad. Since the document was first declassified in 1975 as part of a major Senate investigation into CIA covert operations in Chile and elsewhere, Helms's notes have become the iconic representation of U.S. intervention in Chile--and an enduring symbol of Washington's hegemonic arrogance toward smaller nations.

The role of ITT is now covered by global leading Big Tech from the Blue state of California and the Ivy League Universities for research in the Blue East.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri Aug 11th, 2023 at 06:00:13 PM EST
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'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Fri Aug 11th, 2023 at 06:00:44 PM EST
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"Final Speech," Salvador Allende (1973)

The Chilean right wing and the Nixon administration immediately began a campaign to topple the Allende government. U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger initiated an "invisible blockade" that helped wreak havoc on the Chilean economy. Internal opposition to the socialist measures of the Allende government coalesced under the leadership of the military, and on September 11, 1973, General Augusto Pinochet carried out a coup d'état. From the presidential palace, which was being bombarded by the Chilean air force, Allende made a last statement to the country before committing suicide, presumably to avoid the humiliation of being arrested by the military. In the aftermath of the coup d'état, thousands of Chileans were arrested and killed by the armed forces.

Allende's Last Words: The First 9/11 - 11 September 1973

In long gone era's in The Netherlands, as FM we had Max van der Stoel ... a giant.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri Aug 11th, 2023 at 06:01:19 PM EST
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