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Who said military intervention in a coup d'état can't change the course of history ... functions quite well across the globe ... 1953 in Persia ... even willing to assassinate an ally during the initial stage of the Vietnam War Ngo Ding Diem and his brother Ngo Ding Nhu on 2 November 1963.

Cold War and Coups d'état in Latin America (70 years after the coup d'état in Bolivia 1952)

At the same time, between 1940 and 1954 Latin America went through a wave of democratic reforms. This pattern, as warned by Leslie Bethell and Ian Roxborough[1] was characterized by the development of a certain democratization, a shift towards social politcies that had been related to leftist reforms and the development of a working class militancy.

Therefore after 1947, this short democratic period collpased. The communist parties were outlawed and reprimanded in the majority of Latin American countries; the "reformist" parties moved over to the right wing; progress in social and democratic policies were contained and, in some cases, thrown backwards; the working class and its more militant unions were persecuted. In Brazil, the government of Eurico Gaspar Dutra introduced new decree-laws in order to control the workers in March of 1946. In Chile, the October 1947 transport workers' strike broke out with several deaths and with the capital under a state of siege. Other legislations to control or repress workers were passed in Cuba (the first one under Grau´s goverment in 1947 and then under Carlos Prío Socarrás in 1948 after the elections), in Costa Rica (in 1948 after the civil war) and in Mexico (the charrazo in October 1948). In this new context, the communist parties were purged, persecuted, repressed and declared illegal, as for instance in Brazil in May 1947, in Chile in April 1948, in Costa Rica in 1948, and once more, in Brazil in January 1948 communist deputies were removed from congress. Coups d'état became the norm: in Peru, Bustamante suffered a coup d'état in October 1948; in Venezuela, the democratic triennium ended on November 24, 1948 and the dictatorship of Marco Pérez Jiménez began and would last for 10 years; in Colombia, Laureano Gómez was overthrown in June 1953; in Guatemala, Jacobo Árbenz was overthrown in June 1954. By the end of 1954 there were an estimate of 11 dictatorships in Latin America (including Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru and Paraguay) which could reach 13 if Ecuador and Argentina are included.

Each continent has its own history, especially Africa and Asia after the colonial period and struggle for independence. Has seldom come with sovereignty ... see the EU after the 2021 Biden Blitzkrieg across Europe ... a proxy for the powerful US ... being an economic competitor comes with pain. Divide and Conquer.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri Aug 11th, 2023 at 06:55:35 AM EST
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