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ChatGPT | China is threatening EU agriculture. Should farmers squeal? , 11 June illustrated paronomasia
Pork and dairy are first at the plate, according to the state-owned Global Times. Over the last two weeks, it has reported that the Chinese government is considering anti-dumping probes into imports of both foods, which in 2023 accounted for nearly €5 billion—a quarter [25%] of EU agri-food exports to the Asian giant and 2 percent of total exports.
volume or value?
Cheaper Brazilian and U.S. protein is already cutting into Europe's margins, complained [Belgian Meat Office manager Joris] Coenen, and EU producers can't easily redirect volume to emerging markets like Viet Nam and the Philippines. Duties are currently 12 percent. Hoist them to 20 percent and exporters are in trouble.

But context is important too. Only a tenth [10%] of Europe's pork leaves the bloc, of which less than half [< 5%] goes to China.

In threatening higher pork duties, Beijing is also "piggybacking": trying to profit from a step they might take anyway due to domestic oversupply, said Jacob Gunter, lead analyst on economy for the Mercator Institute for China Studies (MERICS).
Beijing is already looking to finalize its near-complete self-sufficiency in grains, with its first "food security law" taking effect last week. The strategy "puts China first" by importing moderately and using scientific and technological advances to boost output [yield].
Spotlight on the top five EU agri-food exports to China over the past 5 years, in value in euros. Details of the product categories can be found here.
First question: Which EU states cultivate coffee, tea, cocoa, and "spices"? Second question: What are inedible agri-foods?
by Cat on Tue Jun 11th, 2024 at 03:00:50 PM EST
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12 June | 17 June
bloombrg | China Launches Anti-Dumping Probe on Imports of EU Pork (17.06.24)
The investigation began on Monday, according to a statement from the Chinese Ministry of Commerce. China is the EU's biggest overseas market for pork, although [EU] export volumes have fallen off in recent years due to [CN] domestic oversupply and low prices. Still, the trade was worth $1.83 billion last year, with farmers in Spain, Denmark, and the Netherlands the biggest beneficiaries.
archive NEO Beijing autoshow 2024, third-country EV battery swapping since 2019
euractiv | OpEd | EU, China and pigs in the middle, 18 June
John Clarke is the former director for international relations at DG Agriculture at the European Commission and former head of the EU Delegation to the WTO and UN in Geneva.

China confirmed European producers' worst fears yesterday when it announced the launch of an anti-dumping investigation into imports of European pork.
Chinese officials made no secret that the launch was in retaliation against Europe's imposition last week of higher than anticipated anti-subsidy tariffs on imports of Chinese Electric Vehicles (EVs): up to 38% duty on top of the existing 10% applied to all imported cars.
But in this author's view, China's move is misguided, and it may come to regret it.
[1] ...An anti-dumping case (along with vague allegations of distorting subsidies) launched for purely political and tit-for-tat retaliatory reasons hardly inspires confidence in China's attachment to those multilateral principles....
[2] the move will not have the desired deterrent or leverage effect. Spain, the Netherlands, and Denmark are unlikely by themselves to be able to swing EU decision-makers against the imposition of definitive EV duties, expected early next year....
Wrong victims. Germany and France < wipes tears > should have been the targets if that [EV market entry]  is China's objective...
[3]...WTO law and practice assumes retaliation—where legal—to be focused where possible on the sector under dispute. Cars for cars, planes for planes, and so on. To routinely take unrelated sectors hostage in trade disputes is a risky policy with unforeseen consequences....
[4] is it wise to target commodity foodstuffs, notably in a country like China, for which food security is a perennial pre-occupation? Even the EU excluded food from its Russia sanctions list. Food politics is fools' politics. Food relies on long-term contracts between supplier and buyer.

dont-say-solidarity-lanes. dont-say-starving-africans.
by Cat on Tue Jun 18th, 2024 at 02:19:55 PM EST
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