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Churchill and VE Day -- 8 May 1945

by Oui Fri May 8th, 2020 at 11:08:04 AM EST

Work in progress -- more below the fold ...

Address to U.S. Congress - 1943

"For the working people ... against privilege and monopoly."

Relates to Lincoln's Gettysburg address: "... and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."

It's a sacrilege for Trump to relate to either President Abe Lincoln, FDR as wartime leader or Britain's Winston Churchill.

Lincoln's House Divided Speech

By exception, Trump with decor of a great president ...

Donald Trump Joins a Fox Town Hall Interview at the Lincoln Memorial - May 3, 2020

Trump's Unending Ability to Astonish | The Atlantic |

Most Events in the Lincoln Memorial Are Banned. Trump Got an Exception. | NY Times |

True colors of Donald Trump ... the real estate mogul from Queens, NY.

    "I don't know anything about David Duke, okay," Trump said. "I don't know anything about what you're even talking about with white supremacy or white supremacists. I don't know, did he endorse me? Or what's going on. Because I know nothing about David Duke. I know nothing about white supremacists."

All the Evidence We Could Find About Fred Trump's Alleged Involvement with the KKK

Donald Trump's father was arrested at Ku Klux Klan riot in New York in 1927, records reveal | The Independent - Aug. 2017 |

Churchill led Europe against Nazi Germany in WWII ...

America's Trump leads himself to defeat against an invisible intruder from China ...

The Pacific War ended with two atom bombs over Japan ...

Churchill, God and the Bomb

Although brought up in the Anglican tradition, by his early twenties Churchill was expressing views which, if not atheistic, were in conflict with the doctrinal tenets of Christianity. As a subaltern in India in 1897-98, he wrote to his mother of his hopes for a future in which 'science and reason' triumphed over religious superstition. If he fell in battle, he advised her to seek out 'the consolations of philosophy' and added, apparently conclusively, that 'I do not accept the Christian or any other form of religious belief'.

In the upheaval of British politics, the Churchill government faced defeat as the Big Three met in Potsdam in July 1945. New PM Attlee came to Potsdam and replaced Churchill ...

The Potsdam Conference, 1945

In the early years as NATO was established, under British leadership, the focus to prevent a German resurgence was adjusted to fight Communism and the Soviet Union. The new US weapon not only split the atom, but also the Allied Forces united in defeat of Fascism.

Key words WWII peace talks | Crimea | Teheran | Stalingrad turning point in War |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri May 8th, 2020 at 11:13:27 AM EST
The Potsdam Conference, 1945

  1. The Big Three--Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (replaced on July 26 by Prime Minister Clement Attlee), and U.S. President Harry Truman--met in Potsdam, Germany, from July 17 to August 2, 1945, to negotiate terms for the end of World War II.

  2. One of the most controversial matters addressed at the Potsdam Conference dealt with the revision of the German-Soviet-Polish borders and the expulsion of several million Germans from the disputed territories. In exchange for the territory it lost to the Soviet Union following the readjustment of the Soviet-Polish border, Poland received a large swath of German territory and began to deport the German residents of the territories in question, as did other nations that were host to large German minority populations.

  3. The Potsdam Conference is perhaps best known for President Truman's July 24, 1945 conversation with Stalin, during which time the President informed the Soviet leader that the United States had successfully detonated the first atomic bomb on July 16, 1945.

The Battleship Missouri and the Trumans

When the Japanese delegation came on board the ship to sign the terms of surrender on 2 September 1945, few if any of the sailors and allied dignitaries on deck realized how the site was selected. Here's what happened.

MacArthur vs. Truman: The Showdown That Changed America

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri May 8th, 2020 at 11:28:40 AM EST
The President informed the Soviet leader that the United States had successfully detonated the first atomic bomb on July 16, 1945.

Thanks to Fuchs, Stalin already knew about it (apparently, he knew about it before Truman).

by gk (gk (gk quattro due due sette @gmail.com)) on Fri May 8th, 2020 at 11:42:05 AM EST
[ Parent ]
A well known fact and followed by a great opportunity for the McCarthy witch-hunt. The nature of man hasn't evolved for the better over the centuries! With Trump and the coronavirus, it only deteriorates further.

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed on June 19, 1953

Russell-Einstein Manifesto

We invite this Congress, and through it the scientists of the world and the general public, to subscribe to the following resolution:

"In view of the fact that in any future world war nuclear weapons will certainly be employed, and that such weapons threaten the continued existence of mankind, we urge the governments of the world to realize, and to acknowledge publicly, that their purpose cannot be furthered by a world war, and we urge them, consequently, to find peaceful means for the settlement of all matters of dispute between them."

Manhattan Project: Einstein's letter to Roosevelt, August 2, 1939

Einstein drafted his famous letter with the help of the Hungarian émigré physicist Leo Szilard, one of a number of European scientists who had fled to the United States in the 1930s to escape Nazi and Fascist repression.  Szilard was among the most vocal of those advocating a program to develop bombs based on recent findings in nuclear physics and chemistry.  Those like Szilard and fellow Hungarian refugee physicists Edward Teller and Eugene Wigner regarded it as their responsibility to alert Americans to the possibility that German scientists might win the race to build an atomic bomb and to warn that Hitler would be more than willing to resort to such a weapon.

Ehrenfest's Library :: Einstein Manuscript Found in Leiden

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri May 8th, 2020 at 01:52:08 PM EST
[ Parent ]
A well known fact

One could argue that Truman informing Stalin of the bomb was also a well-known fact and didn't need restating. My point was that if you feel the need to tell the first part of the story, you should give the full story, so as not to leave the impression that Stalin was impressed by Truman's great news.

by gk (gk (gk quattro due due sette @gmail.com)) on Fri May 8th, 2020 at 07:58:03 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Fuchs: Grandfather of the H-bomb, Or Not?

"The thing that people forget now about Klaus Fuchs is that he was working very hard for his country."
[Norris Bradbury, Director
Los Alamos National Laboratory]

During WWII the Soviets were an ally so Fuchs got a limited jail sentence.

The grandfather of the hydrogen bomb? -- Anglo-American intelligence and Klaus Fuchs | JSTOR |

Frank Close makes the interesting point that in the late 1940s some in the US military were already advocating a pre-emptive nuclear strike against the Soviet Union. His "sharing of atomic knowledge with the Soviet Union has affected history for the better -- or the less bad", he says. By bringing about some parity he ensured that the doctrine of "mutually assured destruction" became a sobering reality, giving neither side the incentive to launch a strike.

How'd the Russians get the H-bomb? | The Harvard Gazette - May 2009 |

... the secret behind a thermonuclear bomb could have been conveyed in a single phrase: "radiation implosion."

Those two words are the heart of the breakthrough that Edward Teller and Stanislaw M. Ulam secretly published at Los Alamos in March 1951.

Further reading ...

A Nation Betrayed? The Klaus Fuchs Atomic Espionage Case Reconsidered

The Oppenheimer Affair

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri May 8th, 2020 at 09:11:49 PM EST
[ Parent ]

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Fri May 8th, 2020 at 03:32:37 PM EST

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by Oui (Oui) on Fri May 8th, 2020 at 04:17:38 PM EST

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by Oui (Oui) on Fri May 8th, 2020 at 05:12:43 PM EST
Stalingrad, the Turning Point of World War II in Europe - February 1943

Three quarters of a century ago, the most famous battle of the Second World War began. More than four million combatants fought in the gargantuan struggle at Stalingrad between the Nazi and Soviet armies. Over 1.8 million became casualties. More Soviet soldiers died in the five-month battle than Americans in the entire war. But by February 2, 1943, when the Germans trapped in the city surrendered, it was clear that the momentum on the Eastern Front had shifted. The Germans would never fully recover.

Battle of Stalingrad in colour, 75 years on | Daily Mail |

Stalingrad: Turning Point of World War II in Europe | Smithsonian |

Stalingrad marked the turning point of the Soviet-German War, a conflict that dwarfed the 1944-45 Allied campaign in Western Europe both in numbers and ferocity. But Stalingrad's outcome was not pre-ordained. On many occasions, Hitler and his generals might well have avoided or mitigated the disaster, while Stalin and his commanders initially considered their own counteroffensive there as secondary to a main effort elsewhere.

It evolved into a months-long battle in urban factory cellars and apartment hallways, fought mostly for the prestige of the two nations' leaders--one determined to take the city of Stalingrad at all costs, and the other to defend it to the last. It ended with the encirclement and annihilation of an entire German army of 250,000 men.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Fri May 8th, 2020 at 05:37:27 PM EST

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by Oui (Oui) on Fri May 8th, 2020 at 05:45:30 PM EST

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by Oui (Oui) on Fri May 8th, 2020 at 05:49:08 PM EST
No, not that Security Council ...

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by Oui (Oui) on Fri May 8th, 2020 at 06:08:39 PM EST

The Prime Minister spoke to President Putin today to mark the 75th anniversary of VE Day

They paid tribute to the collaboration between British and Russian forces during the Second World War, including through the Arctic convoys, and to the heroism and sacrifice of all those who lost their lives.

The Prime Minister invited President Putin to take part in the Global Vaccine Summit that the UK will host virtually in June, to strengthen healthcare systems and tackle coronavirus in some of the world's poorest countries.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Fri May 8th, 2020 at 06:09:33 PM EST
Ahmaud Arbery: Trump laments 'heart-breaking' killing | BBC News |

    While the arrest of 2 suspects in the shooting of Ahmaud Arbery is a critical step towards justice, the question that needs to be asked is why it seemingly took months, the release of a video and corresponding public outrage to catalyze action.

Father and son charged with murdering Ahmaud Arbery in Georgia

Pass A Hate Crimes Law So Blue Lives Matter Too

    According to ABC News, it's not just a one-year exception. In 2018, 47.2 percent of felony law enforcement killings were in the South. And in 2017, more than half of all law enforcement officers killed in the line of duty were murdered in the South, according to FBI data.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Fri May 8th, 2020 at 06:33:25 PM EST
In a Facebook post on Friday - which was Victory in Europe Day - Zammit Tabona said that "75 years ago we stopped Hitler. Who will stop Angela Merkel? She has fulfilled Hitler's dream to control Europe."

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon May 11th, 2020 at 06:53:40 AM EST

Rescue workers spot fifth body in Scheveningen surfing tragedy |  Dutch News |

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue May 12th, 2020 at 05:54:50 PM EST

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