Welcome to European Tribune. It's gone a bit quiet around here these days, but it's still going.

Biden, Sanctions and Republican Foreign Policy

by Oui Tue Oct 19th, 2021 at 10:15:28 AM EST

Economic sanctions are increasingly being used to promote the full range of American foreign policy objectives. Yet all too often sanctions turn out to be little more than expressions of U.S. preferences that hurt expands American economic interests without changing the target's behaviour for the better.

Doesn't make a better world, it changes the behaviour of American allies more than the intended targets. Bullying through sanctions and NATO military pressure makes states line-up behind unipolar might of the USA. There will be a moment the imbalance causes a confrontation and war, for now it's manoeuvring to stay on top of the pyre of wealth.

Biden Refuses to Lift Trump Sanctions on Iran | CBS News - Feb. 7, 2021 |

In A Nutshell ...

Economic Sanctions: Too Much of a Bad Thing | Brookings Institute - 1998 |

The widespread use of economic sanctions constitutes one of the paradoxes of contemporary American foreign policy. Sanctions are frequently criticized, even derided. At the same time, economic sanctions are fast becoming the policy tool of choice for the United States in the post-cold war world. The United States now maintains economic sanctions against dozens of countries; indeed, sanctions are so popular that they are being introduced by many states and municipalities. What is critical, moreover, is not just the frequency with which economic sanctions are used but their growing importance for U.S. foreign policy.

Sanctions--defined as mostly economic but also political and military penalties introduced to alter political and/or military behaviour--are employed by the United States to discourage the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missiles, bolster human rights, end terrorism, thwart drug trafficking, discourage armed aggression, promote market access, protect the environment, and replace governments.

To accomplish foreign policy ends, sanctions take the form of arms embargoes, foreign assistance reductions and cut-offs, export and import limitations, asset freezes, tariff increases, revocation of most favoured nation (MFN) trade status, negative votes in international financial institutions, withdrawal of diplomatic relations, visa denials, cancellation of air links, and prohibitions on credit, financing, and investment.

U.S. Foreign Policy and Diplomacy - shortlist

U.S. Treasury: Sanctions Programs and Country Information

  • Belarus Sanctions     08/09/2021
  • Chinese Military Companies Sanctions     06/16/2021
  • Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act of 2017 (CAATSA)     03/02/2021
  • Cuba Sanctions     09/02/2021
  • Foreign Interference in a United States Election Sanctions     04/15/2021
  • Hong Kong-Related Sanctions     07/16/2021
  • Iran Sanctions     10/08/2021
  • Iraq-Related Sanctions     04/30/2021
  • Lebanon-Related Sanctions     07/30/2010
  • Libya Sanctions     08/06/2020
  • Magnitsky Sanctions     12/10/2020
  • Russian Harmful Foreign Activities Sanctions     09/13/2021
  • Syria Sanctions     07/28/2021
  • Syria-Related Sanctions     07/28/2021
  • Ukraine-/Russia-Related Sanctions     08/20/2021
  • Yemen-Related Sanctions      05/20/2021

Office of Foreign Assets Control - Sanctions Programs and Information

The Office of Foreign Assets Control ("OFAC") of the US Department of the Treasury administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions based on US foreign policy and national security goals against targeted foreign countries and regimes, terrorists, international narcotics traffickers, those engaged in activities related to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and other threats to the national security, foreign policy or economy of the United States.

Long reach of US economic arm beyond International Law or United Nations directives.

Turkey's Halkbank urges dismissal of Iran-linked US prosecution

Gold transfers are well known in the UAE, Suriname and Kuwait ...

US Treasury Department abandoned major money laundering case against Dubai gold company | ICIJ - Sept. 21, 2020 | ... a Quid pro Quo for signing the Abraham Accords? Just like Sudan and Morocco!

Iran, Venezuela sign 20-year document: FM Hossein Amir-Abdollahian

Saudi Arabia best efforts to launder Prince Salman back into a wealthy, respectable partner for the UK and US ...

Saudi-Newcastle soccer takeover prompts 'sportswashing' concerns | NBC News |

Biden embraces Trump accords, but struggles with his withdrawal from Iran nuclear deal amid growing threat | ABC News |

Explain the hypocrisy of ally Israel, support with strategic arms while occupying Palestinian territory and killing its citizens. Contravenes UNSC Resolutions and International Law.

Biden Reset of Diplomacy Solely with Allies

Biden-Blinken delayed ... and waited ... lost the window of opportunity to seal a new nuclear deal, unwilling to lift the Trump sanctions and decision to abolish the JCPOA treaty. U.S. Congress and the Knesset applaud ...

Final presidential debate shows Iran's political fissures | AP News - June 2021 |

The debate took on the pattern of the previous ones, with hard-liners focusing their criticism on Hemmati as a stand-in for Rouhani. Hard-liner Alireza Zakani went as far to accuse Hemmati of committing a "huge treason" by sharing financial information to the International Monetary Fund. Hard-line former Revolutionary Guard chief Mohsen Rezaei described the Rouhani government as being run by "infiltrators."

Abdolnasser Hemmati, who raised eyebrows in recent days after telling The Associated Press in an interview he'd be potentially willing to speak with President Joe Biden, said his government would not view Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates as enemies. He also warned that without deals with the wider world, Iran's economy would see no growth.

Everyone knew a hardliner was the frontrunner and would take a tougher stance on dealing with archenemy the U.S. Another "jewel" of the Obama legacy wasted. Hey, Trump/Pompeo policy wasn't so bad after all?


'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue Oct 19th, 2021 at 10:58:41 AM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue Oct 19th, 2021 at 11:00:12 AM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue Oct 19th, 2021 at 11:01:01 AM EST
Opposition Candidate Neves Nears Victory in Cape Verde Presidential Election

Seven candidates were vying to replace Jorge Carlo Fonseca, who has reached the end of his two-term limit in the Atlantic archipelago nation, one of Africa's most stable democracies.

Neves and Veiga, both former prime ministers, represent Cape Verde's two main parties. The winner will be charged with stabilising the tourism-driven economy after the ravages of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Neves had over 51% of the vote compared to less than 43% for Veiga, who represents Fonseca's party, according to official results from more than 91% of nearly 1,300 polling stations.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue Oct 19th, 2021 at 11:02:20 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Governo diz que Saab não será condenado a penas que não existam no ordenamento jurídico cabo-verdiano

Alex Saab's defense team regrets the position adopted by the Constitutional Court

The U.S. flies Alex Saab out from Cabo Verde without court order or extradition treaty | COHA |

On October 16, Colombian businessman and Venezuelan Special Envoy Alex Saab was in practical terms kidnapped for the second time, first by Cabo Verde under pressure from Washington, and now by the U.S., in flagrant violation of international law.

For nearly a year and a half, Saab had been imprisoned on the island nation of Cabo Verde, 400 miles off the northwestern coast of Africa in the Atlantic. As a Bloomberg article explains, "Saab was detained June 12 [2020] when the private plane he was traveling on from Venezuela to Iran made a fuel stop on the Cape Verdean island of Sal."  What Bloomberg does not mention is that Saab's plane was forced to land in Cabo Verde because two other nearby nations in mainland Africa, apparently under pressure from the US, refused to let him land.

There is no extradition treaty and there was no Interpol order

The capture of Saab was made without any proper legal basis. While Washington prevailed upon Cabo Verde to seize Saab based upon the pretext that the U.S. wanted to extradite him for alleged crimes, the United States has no extradition treaty with Cabo Verde. Moreover, while Cabo Verde authorities claimed that Saab was detained pursuant to a valid Interpol notice, a regional court in Nigeria found that the detention took place before the Interpol notice was issued, raising huge concerns about the legal validity of Saab's detention and imprisonment.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue Oct 19th, 2021 at 11:06:25 AM EST
[ Parent ]
by Oui (Oui) on Tue Oct 19th, 2021 at 12:18:26 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Former administration late decision as U.S. Central Command moves to include the Jewish State of Israel ... taking the fight to Iran.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Oct 20th, 2021 at 10:23:06 AM EST
Joint Exercises in the Persian Gulf and Red Sea ... Yemen.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Oct 20th, 2021 at 10:37:57 AM EST
[ Parent ]

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Oct 20th, 2021 at 10:55:30 AM EST
[ Parent ]

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Oct 20th, 2021 at 10:57:19 AM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Oct 20th, 2021 at 10:58:42 AM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Oct 20th, 2021 at 10:59:24 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Pandora Papers and high level corruption ...

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Oct 20th, 2021 at 11:00:56 AM EST
Unrest, chaos and deaths ...

14 Soldiers killed, 2 injured in terrorist attack on military bus in Damascus

14 people were martyred and others were injured in the explosion of two explosive devices attached to a military bus at the President Bridge in Damascus on Wednesday morning.

"At about 06:45 a.m. on Wednesday, while a military bus was passing near Jisr al-Rais in Damascus, the bus was targeted with two explosive devices that were previously attached to the bus, which led to the death of fourteen martyrs and the injury others," a military source told SANA.

The source added that the military engineering personnel "a third explosive device that fell from the bus after the explosion."

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Oct 20th, 2021 at 11:03:30 AM EST

Washington Post reporter from Beirut, Liz Sly ...

Trump Won't Let Go of Syria - Kills Scores of SAA | @EuroTrib - Feb. 2018 |

Keeping Daesh safe in enclave near Deir El-Zor, east of the Euphrates ...

    "The Coalition remains committed to focusing on the defeat-Daesh [ISIS] mission in the Middle Euphrates River Valley and asserts its non-negotiable right to act in self-defense."

    Official statement CENTCOM

Killing up to one hundred soldiers of the SAA.

Eastern city Deir el-Zour liberated from IS group, Syrian state media say | France24 - March 2017 |

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Oct 20th, 2021 at 11:05:15 AM EST
Geography: the Euphrates valley lies in Syria and includes the oil and gas resources of Deir Al-Zour governate.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Oct 20th, 2021 at 11:06:45 AM EST
Will envoy meet Hezbollah ministers and politicians or a careful crafted meeting with Sunni and Christian politicians ...

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Oct 20th, 2021 at 11:07:53 AM EST

A turn towards Misogyny, Racism and Fascism

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri Oct 22nd, 2021 at 12:28:38 PM EST

Centralized censorship lacks freedom to express a diverse opinion in a democratic state ... ridiculous. San Francisco ain't Little Rock or Jacksonville ...

AFL-CIO leadership blocks associate vote to support BDS boycott | The Intercept |

The resolution was originally introduced on June 14, after weeks of Palestinian resistance to Israel Planned expulsions of Palestinians from Sheikh Jarrah, a neighborhood in occupied East Jerusalem, precipitated Israeli attacks on Gaza, the West Bank and Israel itself and drew international attention.

On May 18, Palestinian trade unionists organized a one-day general strike and called on trade unions around the world to join them in solidarity. Across the United States, large groups of organized workers organized actions for the first time. Trade union teachers, roofers, electricians, technical engineers, workers, and journalists issued resolutions and statements condemning Israeli violence against Palestinians.

In the Gulf region, Auckland stevedoring workers refused to unload Israeli freight, as they did during the Israeli offensive on Gaza in 2014. Several local unions are affiliated with the AFL-CIO. Only one of them, the San Francisco Teachers' Union, part of SFLC, endorsed BDS - First Union K-12 in the nation to do so.

SFLC decision He advocates BDS "against apartheid in Israel," and calls on President Joe Biden to halt $3.8 billion in annual military aid to Israel.

More US labour unions join alliance against 'Israeli apartheid' | MEMO - June 19, 2021 |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Sat Oct 23rd, 2021 at 06:02:55 AM EST
What does BDS mean?
by StillInTheWilderness on Sat Oct 23rd, 2021 at 11:35:51 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions - Wikipedia
The Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement (BDS) is a Palestinian-led[6] movement promoting boycotts, divestments, and economic sanctions against Israel
by generic on Sun Oct 24th, 2021 at 08:50:48 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Thank you.
by StillInTheWilderness on Sun Oct 24th, 2021 at 04:20:38 PM EST
[ Parent ]

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon Oct 25th, 2021 at 10:02:48 PM EST
UK warns Iran to 'meaningfully' engage in nuclear talks | The National - UAE |

A senior EU foreign affairs official will host Iran's chief negotiator on the deal on Wednesday in Brussels in a bid to restart the stalled talks.

US President Joe Biden has said he is ready to re-enter the 2015 agreement, as long as Iran meets conditions such as full compliance. Iran, however, wants the sanctions lifted first.

Conservative MP Greg Smith previously described Iran as the "world's leading sponsor of terror groups, including those committed to the destruction of Israel".

He asked the government if "having a nuclear weapon would give Iran the ultimate protection to spread its malign influence in the region?"

The UK's Middle East minister James Cleverly said, "our priority absolutely remains to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapon capability".

"Sadly, Iran's nuclear programme has never been more advanced and it is more worrying today than perhaps it has ever been."

He urged Iran to take the opportunity at the Vienna talks to restore the deal.

US Role Unclear As EU Confirms Nuclear Talks With Iran In Brussels

Russian envoy: Iran's demand for US to guarantee nuclear deal logical, conforms to 'elementary common sense'

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Tue Oct 26th, 2021 at 08:45:09 PM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Sat Oct 30th, 2021 at 12:33:15 PM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Sat Oct 30th, 2021 at 12:34:51 PM EST
The conservative American bishops are largely out of step with Francis and his agenda to put climate change, migrants, and poverty at the forefront of the church.

Pope Francis, who explicitly identified the United States as the source of opposition to his pontificate, preached this month that communion "is not the reward of the saints, but the bread of sinners."

His top official, Cardinal Luis Ladaria, wrote a letter to the American bishops warning them that the vote [ineligibility for communion] "could become a source of disagreement rather than unity in the diocese and the larger church in the United States."

The result is a rare, open rift between Rome and the American church.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Sun Oct 31st, 2021 at 09:10:08 AM EST

Saudi oil credit facility to resume in July 2021

In a bid to reportedly counter the Iranian influence in the region, Saudi Arabia has agreed to restart oil aid to Pakistan worth at least $1.5bn annually from next month, reported Financial Times quoting officials in Islamabad.

Last year, Saudis demanded that Pakistan repay a $3bn loan after Islamabad pressured Saudi Arabia to criticise India's nullification of Kashmir's special status. However, the rift was bridged in May after PM Imran Khan met Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman in Riyadh.

According to the FT: "News of the oil deal with Pakistan comes as Saudi Arabia embarks on a diplomatic push with the US and Qatar to build a front against Iran, said analysts. Riyadh lifted a three-year blockade of Qatar in January in what experts said was an attempt to curry favour with the newly elected Joe Biden."

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Sun Oct 31st, 2021 at 01:28:51 PM EST
PM Imran, Saudi crown prince vow to boost 'fraternal ties' | Tribune Pakistan |

A statement issued by the PM Office said the prime minister paid tribute to the leadership of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz in the progress and development of the kingdom.

He also lauded the crown prince for the `Saudi Vision 2030', aimed at transforming the socio-economic development of the kingdom in the 21st century.

Risk of nuclear proliferation as Pakistan possesses the Islamic atom bomb thanks to AQ Khan and shut-eye by the CIA and US administrations. Same with the French building Dimona and the nuclear bomb for Israel. In the 60s both Kennedy .and Johnson became aware of the Dimona nuclear plant. World power politics became a priority and all for the sake of America's National Security.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Sun Oct 31st, 2021 at 01:30:28 PM EST
[ Parent ]
The Pakistan-Saudi Arabia relationship hits a bump in the road | Brookings - Aug. 24, 2020 |

Pakistan's foreign minister, Shah Mehmood Qureshi, pointedly demanded that Saudi Arabia "show leadership" on the Kashmir issue. He asked Riyadh to call a special meeting of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC, which Saudi Arabia leads) to discuss it. This apparently capped months of "frustration", according to media reports, in Islamabad at Saudi inaction on Kashmir. Qureshi also said that if Saudi Arabia did not call a meeting of OIC foreign ministers, Pakistan would be compelled to go to Muslim countries -- Malaysia, Turkey, and Iran -- that had voiced concern over Kashmir and stood by Pakistan's side.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Sun Oct 31st, 2021 at 01:31:20 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Kandahar: Praise from Taliban Supreme Leader for victory over infidels

"May God reward the oppressed people of Afghanistan who fought the infidels
 and the oppressors for 20 years," Akhundzada said, in the recording.
"My intention here is to pray for you and you pray for me".

Blast near Kabul military hospital kills 3, wounds 16: medics

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Tue Nov 2nd, 2021 at 03:12:31 PM EST

Treating the lack of FDA approval as a reason to bet on Theranos was a small aside in Peterson's testimony; it was just one reason she thought Theranos seemed like a good investment. (A skepticism of the regulatory process is also one of the reasons Theranos board member General James Mattis wasn't concerned with some of the company's actions -- something the powerful conservatives seem to have in common). But it set the tone for a day of testimony about the DeVos family's approach to its $100 million investment in Theranos -- which seemed to be more about shiny things and FOMO than about the science behind the blood testing devices Holmes promised would change the world.

Elizabeth Holmes 'was in charge' of Theranos, says Gen. Mattis

DOJ Indictment U.S. v. Elizabeth Holmes, et al.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri Nov 5th, 2021 at 02:04:23 PM EST
Thousands of intelligence officers could soon face dismissal for failing to comply with the U.S. government's vaccine mandate, leading to concerns from Republican lawmakers about potentially hurting agencies considered critical to national security

... useful dismissals, chance to limit Republican workforce 😉

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri Nov 5th, 2021 at 05:47:31 PM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu Nov 11th, 2021 at 10:57:28 PM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Nov 17th, 2021 at 08:42:29 AM EST
[ Parent ]

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Sun Nov 21st, 2021 at 12:57:57 PM EST
[ Parent ]

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Nov 17th, 2021 at 08:44:43 AM EST
[ Parent ]
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Nov 17th, 2021 at 08:45:36 AM EST
[ Parent ]

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Fri Nov 12th, 2021 at 10:33:23 PM EST

Trump adviser Steve Bannon indicted for refusing to testify in January 6 probe | DW News |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri Nov 12th, 2021 at 10:34:08 PM EST
When you drop bombs, there will likely be casualties ... even women and children sometimes wear arms ... no regrets, fully investigated ... not!

An independent investigation into the strike was never conducted, according to a New York Times report which accused the military of a cover-up.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Mon Nov 15th, 2021 at 01:02:52 PM EST
The air strikes occurred on 18 March 2019 in the town of Baghuz in eastern Syria - then the last stronghold of the so-called IS caliphate.

Hundreds of thousands have died in the Levant between March 2003 and present day ...

The Generals v the Commander-In-Chief | Dec. 2018 |

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon Nov 15th, 2021 at 01:03:42 PM EST
[ Parent ]
The Netherlands holds Syria responsible for gross human rights violations | Sept. 2020 |

The Netherlands has invoked Syria's responsibility for human rights violations under international law, specifically holding Syria responsible for torture under the UN Convention against Torture. In the diplomatic note, the Netherlands reminded Syria of its international obligations to cease the violations and offer victims full reparation. The diplomatic note asked Syria to enter into negotiations, which is a necessary first step in dispute settlement. Should the two states be unable to resolve the dispute, the Netherlands can propose to submit the case to arbitration. If no agreement can be reached on this issue, the Netherlands will submit the case to an international court.

Dutch bomb killed seventy in Iraq | NRC Journalism - Oct. 18, 2019 |

In 2015, a bomb dropped by a Dutch F-16 in Iraq killed seventy civilians and injured around a hundred others. During the night of 2 to 3 June, the Dutch fighter plane carried out an air strike on a munitions plant belonging to the Islamic State (IS) in the city of Hawija in the north of Iraq. One reason the blast and the series of following explosions caused so many deaths and injuries was the fact that many refugees were living in houses and other buildings around the arms depot. Outdated intelligence concerning the number of people living in the vicinity and the presence of explosives might have been a factor.

The Netherlands' role in the bombing emerges from a joint investigation by NRC and NOS in Iraq and the Netherlands. Various sources have confirmed that it was a Dutch bomb, something the Ministry of Defence has never disclosed. As far as is known, the air strike was one of the deadliest carried out by the international coalition in the early years of the war against IS.

Minister of Defence Ank Bijleveld (CDA) told NRC and NOS on Friday morning that she could not comment on the Netherlands' involvement in the attack on Hawija "at this time". She said she hoped to be able to make a statement "in the not too distant future" and promised greater transparency about the consequences of Dutch air strikes. "In that context, everyone's security, particularly that of the pilots, will be our main priority," said Bijleveld.

Dutch government of Mark Rutte long denied involvement, later it denied responsibility civilians were killed and in Parliament it appeared Rutte had loss of memory whether he was briefed on the bombing of Hawija.

Higher collateral damage was expected in fatal Dutch bombing in Iraq: report

Dutch political decision to become involved in Iraq with lethal military support was illegal ...

Dutch Investigation: Iraq Mission Ruled Illegal

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Mon Nov 15th, 2021 at 01:46:11 PM EST
[ Parent ]
The World According to Dutch FM Halbe Zijlstra

Dutch PM Mark Rutte has been on the roll with accusations of Russian disinformation about the MH-17 crash, election meddling and fake news through RT. It took awhile to form a new cabinet after last year's general election, his party nominated its chairman for the task of Foreign Minister. Someone with no experience in diplomacy and foreign affairs. Except of course his meeting with Russia's president Putin in his dacha. Well more or less ...

Dutch Cabinet Falls Over Uruzgan Mission

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Mon Nov 15th, 2021 at 01:47:48 PM EST
[ Parent ]

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu Nov 25th, 2021 at 09:43:52 AM EST

Go to: [ European Tribune Homepage : Top of page : Top of comments ]