Tue Dec 21st, 2021 at 04:25:04 PM EST
See follow-up diary …
Biden and US Corps to Compete In EU Gas Deal | by Oui Tue Feb 1st, 2022 |
[Update on nuclear power plants in France boosting energy prices]
Poland shuts down Yamal-Europe Pipeline as it switches to alternate suppliers LNG from Qatar, Norway and USA. Gas spot price surges to new record.
Russian natural gas exports to Europe via Yamal pipeline drop sharply
Poland's post-Gazprom supply conundrum | ICIS - Feb. 15, 2021 |
Delays to US LNG project funding and the restart of Danish gas production may leave Poland more exposed to the spot market from 2023 than initially intended.
State-owned supplier PGNiG's 26 year-long Yamal pipeline supply contract with Russian producer Gazprom expires in the end of next year.
PGNiG is Poland's largest oil and gas company, dominating the industry from exploration to storage as well as transmission and trading.
The company planned to partially backfill the end of Russian supply with LNG contracts. However, two such agreements starting in 2023 are still awaiting final investment decisions (FIDs) for construction of LNG export plants, with one facility now aiming for a 2024 operations start-up.
Another supply opportunity for PGNiG came from the 10bcm/year Baltic pipe project, due to link Norway, Denmark and Poland once operational in autumn 2022.
In 2017, PGNiG booked enough capacity on the pipeline to replace 80% of volumes currently supplied by Russia.
Poland in the grip of Yamal | Energy Europe - April 17, 2020 |
Poland has finally and irrevocably decided that after 2022 it will break free from the Yamal contract, under which it purchases natural gas from Russia. In the future, it intends to buy gas from Norway, the European Union, the United States, and Qatar. For now, however, the Baltic Pipe gas pipeline, through which gas will come from Norway, is not yet ready and a new terminal for liquefied natural gas (LNG), in which the EU is investing nearly 128 million, has not yet been expanded. In these circumstances, a number of experts are suggesting that Poland may not manage to implement its plans by the time its contract with Gazprom expires.
Unforeseen Danish local bat and mice populations causes delay in Baltic pipeline ...
Baltic Pipe delay to push Poland back into Russia's arms | Deutsche Welle - July 23, 2021 |
Playing politics and not smart economics -- the consumer picks up the bill as the gas price has increased 600% since the summer.
European natural gas prices rise further as freezing weather arrives | FT |
Gazprom: Transportation routes Russian gas to Europe
Alexander Lukashenka threatens to block the Yamal-Europe gas pipeline if Poland and Lithuania close the border with Belarus.
Poland and Gazprom failed to agree on a price for a contract renewal.
Z Jamału pod rynnę? -- From Yamal to the gutter?
The recent perturbations on the blue fuel market have made questions about the situation of Poland resound after the Yamal contract with Russia expires at the end of 2022. According to Gazprom's narrative, only long-term contracts protect importers against price fluctuations.
This logic does not hold true for a contract with Russia, as evidenced by the fact that Polskie Górnictwo Naftowe i Gazownictwo has recently proposed to renegotiate the terms on which we buy fuel. - In our opinion, there is room for lowering the price - said the president of the Polish company, Paweł Majewski, without revealing the details of the offer. It was another initiative of the Polish concern aimed at changing the conditions of purchasing the contracted raw material. PGNiG issued a similar request in November last year.
Lublin Triangle Summit: Poland, Lithuania to support Ukraine in light of Russia's movements on border
At the European Summit on March 20th and 21st in 2014, government leaders were supposed to agree climate and energy targets for 2030. Instead, they discussed Crimea, Ukraine and Russia. Leaders were right to postpone discussion of the targets, but wrong to postpone action on reducing Europe's dependence on Russian gas.
Europe and NATO have thrown the booklet on diplomacy out of the window ...
[Update-1] Nuclear Power In Europe
Four Nuclear Plants Shut Down In France
Reactors of the Civaux and Chooz nuclear power plants: replacements and preventive checks on parts of the piping of a safety system
During preventive maintenance checks on the primary circuit of reactor number 1 of the Civaux Nuclear Power Plant (in the Vienne Department of France), scheduled as part of its ten-yearly in-service inspection, some defaults were detected close to the welds on the pipes of the safety injection system (SIS[1>) circuit. The French nuclear safety authority, Autorité de Sûreté Nucléaire (ASN) was informed of this detection.
Checks initiated on the same equipment of reactor number 2 of the Civaux Nuclear Power Plant revealed similar defects.
Today, a decision has been taken to replace the affected parts on the two Civaux reactors, the work being governed by a technical instruction prepared in cooperation with the ASN, which leads to extend the shutdown of the two reactors.
The four reactors of the Chooz (in the Ardennes Department) and Civaux nuclear power plants use the same technology and form the N4 reactor series of the French nuclear fleet.
Phasing Out Nuclear Energy
Business Case Nuclear Energy
EDF Energy England
Nuclear Energy Production Finland
Finnish nuclear power plant Olkiluoto receives permission to startup its third unit
END OF UPDATE