Welcome to European Tribune. It's gone a bit quiet around here these days, but it's still going.

Timeline From Gaddafi to Wagner Coup In Mali

by Oui Fri Jan 14th, 2022 at 09:53:11 PM EST

British PM David Cameron and French president Hollande in Libya ... seeking a military victory to mark their legacy.

David Cameron's Libyan war: why the PM felt Gaddafi had to be stopped | The Guardian - Oct. 2, 2011 |

At one point the prime minister had to be told that there was no legal basis to bomb the main oil refinery supplying Tripoli because the UN security council resolution, authorising the military action, specified that "all necessary measures" could only be taken to protect civilians. "The prime minister was always the biggest hawk in the NSC," says one minister who attended the meetings. "He was always the person who was pushing and saying 'how can we get things moving in this way?'"

There amazons in Washington and R2P policy to overthrow the Libyan government.

Hillary Clinton - Susan Rice - Samantha Power - Amazon warriors R2P policy executing regime change

Obama's Women Advisers Pushed War Against Libya | The Nation - March 19, 2011 |

Sarkozy hopes Libya can boost France's reputation - as well as his own | The Guardian - Sept. 1, 2011 |

Libya is Nicolas Sarkozy's date with history. Behind the scenes of the Paris conference on Tripoli's future, the president was said to be revelling in his new French nickname, "Sarkozy the Libyan". In France, the intervention has been dubbed "Sarkozy's war", delighting him. By taking a leading role, the deeply unpopular leader hopes with one swoop to save the badly tarnished image of French policy in the Arab world, prove that France matters on the global stage and save his re-election battle for 2012.

Elysée observers say not since the cold war has a French leader made an international conflict such a personal obsession, poring over maps and plans, having the last word on arming rebel fighters. Many sensed a personal battle against his one-time friend turned enemy, Colonel Gaddafi.

Libyan Nationalism and Sovereignty -- Tuareg mercenaries traveling South.

In reference to BooMan's front page story - Declare the War on Terror Over, I wrote my reply in a diary - Dream On Guys. It wasn't shocking to me as I've been reading about the African situation throughout the last decade.

Al-Qaeda Jihadists In Northern Mali | BooMan - June 7, 2012 |

Mali has turned into a victim of "foreign terrorist aggression" as Afghan and Pakistani jihadists train Islamist recruits in the breakaway northern region, said Niger President Mahamadou Issofou in an interview.

"We have information of the presence of Afghans, Pakistanis in northern Mali operating as trainers," said Issofou in the interview from the capital Niamey. "They are training those that have been recruited in West Africa."

More than two months after northern Mali fell from government control following a March 22 military coup, the region has turned into a haven for rebel groups, with a motley mix of Tuareg separatist and Islamist groups controlling different parts of a region the size of France.

David Cameron offers France further help in Mali campaign | The Guardian - Jan. 28, 2013 |

David Cameron has told the French president, François Hollande, that Britain is "keen" to provide further military assistance to France in its operation to drive Islamist militants from Mali.

The prime minister has sent his national security adviser, Sir Kim Darroch, to Paris to discuss what help Britain could provide.

Britain has already provided two C-17 transport aircraft to help move French troops and equipment into Mali and a reconnaissance aircraft, the Sentinel R1, which were used during the Libya campaign.

The Guardian reported last week that a small number of British special forces soldiers were on the ground in Mali advising the French.

Russia to keep providing military assistance [Wagner group] to Mali despite Western criticism | France Diplomacy - Dec. 23, 2021 |

Malians protests against ECOWAS sanctions supported by the EU | France24 |

Mapping armed groups in Mali and the Sahel | ECFR |

Violence is tearing Mali and the Sahel apart. But who are the armed groups behind the bloodshed? Where are international actors stationed in the region? And what motivates them all? This project maps jihadist and non-jihadist groups and pinpoints the presence of external actors in the region as of May 2019.

Key words: Azawad - Tuareg - Al Qaeda

Follow-up Niger ....

Joint evaluation of the cooperation of the European Commission - BE - DK - FR - LUX with Niger between 2000-2008 | OECD - 2010 |

Being the largest and the most populous country of the Sahel region and acting as geopolitical buffer between Sahara and Nigeria, peace and stability in Niger plays a paramount role for the stability in the whole region. A breakdown of the social and political order could have a major destabilising effect on the region. The EU is acknowledging that Niger plays an important role in handling irregular migration, and Niger thus constitutes an essential partner in the EU´s cooperation with African partners on migration.

Niger: hub of migration routes from West Africa to Europe | KFW |

Niger as a return corridor

Since the beginning of the Libyan crisis in 2011, many migrants have returned to Niger or West Africa, including through deportations. In 2012 alone 114,500 Nigeriens returned from Libya. Since then, both migration to Libya and return migration from Libya have continued.

Nigeria: returning migrants at risk of new displacement or secondary migration

Areva - Uranium - Poverty - Survival - Emigration


https:/www.france24.com/en/africa/20220114-malians-demonstrate-en-masse-after-junta-calls-for-prote sts-over-sanctions
https:/www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/la-france-et-les-europeens-restent-au-mali-mais-pas-a-n-importe-q uel-prix-annonce-jean-yves-le-drian-20220114

Quote of the day by Frnech FM Le Drian: "If the Malians are free enough to demonstrate, they are free enough to hold an election".
End of Barkane: 20% of Malian territory under Islamist rule, End of Serval (after France kicked out by demonstrations and the putschists for their failure): 80%.

Background: https:/www.dw.com/fr/arm%C3%A9e-russe-ou-groupe-wagner-qui-est-au-mali/a-60363805
(interestingly, no report in Anglo-Saxon MSM since Xmas:

by Tom2 on Fri Jan 14th, 2022 at 11:04:39 PM EST
British PM David Cameron and French president Hollande in Libya

Back in 2011, the French president was Nicolas Sarkozy (the same who is suspected of having taken funds from Gaddafi). François Hollande was elected in May 2012.
by Bernard (bernard) on Sun Jan 16th, 2022 at 11:57:19 AM EST
The "no-holds barred" approach versus the "don't tell" French culture. 😂

Merci pour ce moment

Sinking of Rainbow Warrior. Submarines to Pakistan - Karachi bloodshed. AUKUS?

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Sun Jan 16th, 2022 at 12:59:36 PM EST
[ Parent ]
??? Were you answering my comment?
by Bernard (bernard) on Sun Jan 16th, 2022 at 05:22:55 PM EST
[ Parent ]
No, not likely ... was briefly looking for role French forces in Mali under François Hollande. Entry in Timbuktu was triumphant succes as I recall. I would have to check the date.

By chance came across this book link, how the French majority reacted to the `tell all" book. The US more often use physical force as the French appreciate a subtle approach to get a deal done (AUKUS). Foreign policy in former colonies in Africa was based on high level diplomacy with authoritarian leaders. France backed policy with security guarantees.

Cold War to Cold Peace: Explaining U.S.-French Competition in Francophone Africa | Peter J. Schraeder - Autumn 2000 |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Sun Jan 16th, 2022 at 07:20:27 PM EST
[ Parent ]
90% of Mali export are.. gold. By air. Embargo is making this impossible. Any relation to the crypto reset?
by Tom2 on Sun Jan 16th, 2022 at 12:52:46 PM EST
How Western Mali could become a gold mine for terrorists

On 9 April 2020, al-Qaeda-affiliated groups operating in the Sahel attacked a security and customs post on the Bamako-Kayes road in Mali's western Kayes region.

Four months later, on 5 August, groups attacked another post located on the Nioro-Kayes stretch.

These and other incidents signal that the region, which borders Guinea, Mauritania and Senegal, is increasingly becoming a hotbed of extremist violence. On 8 February 2021, Senegalese authorities announced that they had dismantled a katiba Macina support cell, in the border town of Kidira, just across the border from Kayes.

In 2006 the World Social Forum (WSF) was held in different cities around the world, including Caracas, Venezuela and Bamako, Mali (both in January); and Karachi, Pakistan (March). In 2007 it will be held in Nairobi, Kenya.

From my diaries @BooMan ...

US Special Forces Trained Malian Army, Ethnic Tuareq Defect to Rebels | Jan. 16, 2013 |

North Africa, Sahel and Maghreb - Chaos after Western (Military) Intervention | June 27, 2015 |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Sun Jan 16th, 2022 at 02:18:16 PM EST
One needs a commercial enterprise to exchange contraband like gold ... best place to be is the UAE - Dubai ... a real darling as absolute ruler.

Turkey gold to Iran via Dubai

Suriname cocaine to gold through UAE refinery and laundering

Venezuela mining

Sahel gold to Dubai

War On Terror is a profitable venture.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Sun Jan 16th, 2022 at 02:22:31 PM EST
[ Parent ]
from Europe began about 700 years ago.
by Cat on Sun Jan 16th, 2022 at 02:27:56 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Ousted Malian President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita Dies at 76
Ibrahim Boubacar Keita had served as president since 2013, but was forced out of power by the country's military in 2020 after popular protests rocked the streets of Mali's cities throughout the year. The protesters demanded that the president expel the French troops that have been deployed for years to combat Islamist insurgents, who snatched large areas of northern and central Mali.
Surely, this is moar RUSSIA misinformation. <reckless eyeballin'> Remember how the Atlanticists applauded Gen. SISI's masterful defense of protesters in Tarir Sq.?
by Cat on Sun Jan 16th, 2022 at 02:26:38 PM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Sun Jan 16th, 2022 at 03:42:33 PM EST

Translation via Google:

    Only the interests and other legitimate aspirations of the sovereign people take precedence. Pride, strength & solidarity to the worthy descendants of Soundiata KEÏTA in the face of the unacceptable injustice of the sanctions. The sound of the TamTam resounds in Kama.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Sun Jan 16th, 2022 at 03:44:21 PM EST
[ Parent ]
by Cat on Sun Jan 16th, 2022 at 06:09:44 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Oops ... wrong dates 😖

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Sun Jan 16th, 2022 at 03:44:56 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Coup and Arrests of President Keita and Cabinet

... strongly condemns the arrest of President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, the Prime Minister and other members of the Malian Government.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Sun Jan 16th, 2022 at 03:45:33 PM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Sun Jan 16th, 2022 at 03:46:23 PM EST
[ Parent ]
French Triumph as Troops Reach Ancient City of Timbuktu In North Mali | Jan. 28, 2013 |

Russian troops deploy to Mali's Timbuktu after French exit | Al Jazeera |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Mon Jan 17th, 2022 at 12:22:01 PM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon Jan 17th, 2022 at 12:22:56 PM EST
[ Parent ]

François Hollande salutes a "man of culture" and "an African proud of his continent"

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Mon Jan 17th, 2022 at 12:34:42 PM EST
Mali's Keita hails 'loyal' Hollande at France-Africa summit | RFI - Jan. 15, 2017 |

Keita described his "Brother François" as the most "loyal and sincere" of French presidents in his dealings with Africa.

He thanked him for ordering the Serval military operation to fight an alliance of Islamist rebels and Tuareg separatists four years ago

"The Malian people and I, myself, will never forget what Mali owes you," he told the outgoing French president.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon Jan 17th, 2022 at 12:35:27 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Nidal Malik Hassan: A Case Study In Lone Actor Terrorism | GWU - 2018 !

Nidal Malik Hassan
Rank: Major
Imprisoned in US Army Disciplinary Barracks Fort Leavenworth
Awards: Army Service Ribbon  National Defense Service Medal (2)  Global War on Terrorism Service Medal
Service: 1988-2009
Born: Arlington County Va.

Served under commander/preacher Anwar al-Awlaki who died by drone strike in Yemen after several failed attempts.

US Tomahawk cruise missile strike kills scores al-Awlaki tribe family members in Yemen's Saada province | Dec. 2009 |

Also known as Al-Majalah massacre in Abuyan governate (Yemen) via Wikipedia

U.S. cruise missiles carrying cluster bombs strike the al-Majalah region in southwestern Yemen, caused heavy casualties including 14 Bedouin children.

Cause: Bush War on Terror and Afghan/Iraq War

See attack by Al Qaeda on USS Cole in 2000 and further bloodshed Enduring Yemen Civil War under Barack Obama

Clinton failed to take out Osama Bin Laden by cruise missile because he was falcon hunting in Afghanistan with a party of Emirati royalty from Abu Dhabi or Dubai.

The Military's Role in Counterterrorism: Examples and Implications for Liberal Democracies | US Army War College Carlyle - 2011 |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Mon Jan 17th, 2022 at 07:48:18 PM EST
Much less effort to keep the peace than go to war and find a peace settlement. The spark that sets a country ablaze.

UAE decries 'heinous Houthi attack' after Abu Dhabi blasts: Live | Al Jazeera |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Mon Jan 17th, 2022 at 07:50:09 PM EST
[ Parent ]

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon Jan 17th, 2022 at 11:25:58 PM EST
[ Parent ]

Go to: [ European Tribune Homepage : Top of page : Top of comments ]