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Reinventing Collapse

by gmoke Sun Oct 16th, 2022 at 03:47:36 AM EST

Reinventing Collapse:  The Soviet Example and American Prospects by Dmitry Orlov

Gabriola Island, BC, Canada:  New Society Publishers, 2008
ISBN:  978-0-86571-606-3

(page 5)  Wars take resources;  when resources are already scarce, fighting wars over resources becomes a lethal exercise in futility.  Those with more resources would be expected to win.  I am not arguing that wars over resources will not occur.  I am suggesting that they will be futile, and that victory in these conflicts will be barely distinguishable from defeat.

Frontpaged with minor edit - Frank Schnittger

(8-9)  But I am suggesting that where Russia bounced back because it was not fully spent, the United States will be more fully spent and less capable of bouncing back.

(11)  There is a lesson to be learned here:  when faced with a collapsing economy, one should stop thinking of wealth in terms of money.  Access to actual physical resources and assets, as well as intangibles such as connections and relationships, quickly becomes much more valuable than mere cash.

Editorial Comment:  Mutual aid, the way people pulled together in the first few months of the COVID pandemic.  That was a platform which could have been built upon much more solidly than it has, if it has.

(31)  It is in the nature of all information to want to spread freely, and networked computers make it ridiculously easy for it to do so.

(37)  There is a little secret that everyone knows:  the United States military does not know how to win.  It just knows how to blow things up.  Blowing things up may be fun, but it cannot be the only element in a winning strategy.  The other key element is winning the peace once major combat operations are over, and here the mighty US military tends to fall  squarely on its face and lay prone until political support for the war is withdrawn and the troops are brought back home.

Editorial Comment:  "We don't do nation-building." 

(53)  Camus also indicated a specific failure of both systems [Communism and Capitalism]:  their inability to provide creative, meaningful work.  We see this failure in the very high rates of depression.  We attempt to define depression as a psychological ailment, but it is a symptom of a cultural failure:  the inability to make life meaningful or enjoyable.

Editorial Comment:  All my notes on Gandhian or nonviolent economics are available through http://hubeventsnotes.blogspot.com/2014/04/sarvodaya-swaraj-and-swadeshi.html  
The concept of swadeshi, local production, a daily practice of producing something, Gandhi also called the soul of satyagraha, truth force, political and social nonviolence.

(58)  ... the US desperately needs an enemy to justify having a military that cannot win.  This enemy must be safe to rail against, but obviously too powerful to attack directly, leaving a proud and purposeful paralysis as the only possible choice of action.

(82)  The last act in the American consumerist tragedy will end with the now naked consumer standing on top of a giant mound of plastic trash.  At the end of an economy where everything is disposable stands the disposable consumer.  But once the consumer is disposed of, who will be left to take him out with the trash....

Speaking of agricultural disasters as a class, it is worth noting at the outset that agriculture is seriously dull work, best done by decidedly simple people who do not mind bending down to touch the ground all day until they look like hunchbacks.

Editorial Comment:  This is ridiculous and offensively stupid on a variety of levels unless, of course, it's joke.

(85)  Shortly before the Soviet Union's collapse, it became known informally that the ten percent of farmland allocated to kitchen gardens (in meager tenth of a hectare plots) accounted for some 90 percent of domestic food production.

Editorial Comment:  He means fruits and vegetables not meats and grains.  USAmerican Victory Gardens of  WWII harvested an estimated 9,000,000-10,000,000 short tons (8,200,000-9,100,000 t) of fruits and vegetables in 1944, an amount equal to all commercial production of fresh vegetables or 50% of all the produce consumed that year (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victory_garden#United_States_2).  1944 was only the second growing season of the program.  Imagine what we might have now if we'd continued with a Victory Garden and local agriculture program since then.  Imagine what we could do if we started now, and did it consistently, year after year.  See City Agriculture at http://cityag.blogspot.com for years of links to urban and advanced agriculture.

(91)  In the United States, medicine is for profit.  People seem to think nothing of this fact.  There are really very few fields of endeavor to which Americans would deny the profit motive.  It could be said that making a profit off the suffering of sick people is simply unethical:  it comes down to exploiting the helpless - a predatory practice that a civilized society cannot tolerate.

(114)  Although people often bemoan political apathy as if it were a grave social ill, it seems to me that this is just as it should be.  Why should essentially powerless people want to engage in a humiliating farce designed to demonstrate the legitimacy of those who wield the power?  In Soviet-era Russia, intelligent people did their best to ignore the Communists:  paying attention to them, whether through criticism or praise, would only serve to give them comfort and encouragement, making them feel as if they mattered.  Why should Americans want to act any differently with regard to the Republicans and the Democrats?  For love of donkeys and elephants?

Editorial Comment:  Voting is the least of democracy, which is do it yourself anyway, but in the present circumstances (today and the foreseeable future) a necessary and sometimes useful tool.

(133)  This, then, is the correct stance vis a vis the money economy:  you should appear to have no money or significant possessions.  But you should have access to resources, such as food, clothing, medicine, places to stay and work and even money.  What you do with your money is up to you.  For example, you can simply misplace it, the way squirrels do with nuts and acorns.  Or you can convert it into communal property of one sort or another. You should avoid getting paid, but you should accept gifts and, of course, give gifts in return.  You should never work for money, but always donate your time and effort charitably.  You should have a minimum of personal possessions, but plenty to share with others.  Developing such a stance is hard, but, once you do, life actually gets better.  Moreover, by adopting such a stance, you become collapse-proof.

Love it - excellent 💰 food for thought 🌎 debt to planet Earth and battle effects climate change!

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Sun Oct 16th, 2022 at 05:53:17 AM EST
Orlov seems to be all in these days on NATO forced Russia to invade and USAmerica blew the Nordstream pipeline.  (I'm agnostic on these issues as I don't have enough trustworthy information to make any kind of decision about them.)

For me, what's happening between Russia, Ukraine, and the rest of the world is a carbon war, a climate war but I've seen only Timothy Snyder of Yale consistently mention that reality.  I haven't seen (from here in USAmerica) the EU countries which depend upon Russian oil and gas do crash programs of energy efficiency and conservation over the last few months which will mean unnecessary suffering this winter and is probably a serious tactical mistake.  It is also stupid given that climate chaos should have made people do this in any case (see https://www.eurotrib.com/story/2022/9/19/25214/6203 for more).

Solar IS Civil Defense

by gmoke on Sun Oct 16th, 2022 at 07:26:03 PM EST
[ Parent ]
I usta check on Orlov back in the day, when he was a free rider, planted on blogspot with a PayPal donation button. What first  caught my attention was his first book, iirc, (which I didn't buy; the synopsis an excerpts were sufficient for my purposes) concerned incoherent English spelling. He published an alternative phoneme syllabary, purporting to efficiently represent vernacular *-English speechmdsah;quite an amusing exercise in the futility of standardized liguistics.

The rest of his opinions featured either his houseboat blueprints or somewhat systematic, if not antagonistic, criticism of European value systems, including but not limited to topical and bureaucratic foibles epitomized by US American escatology. Which isn't to say that his attitude to current events favored "Russian" civilization.

These days, I rarely connect, because Club Orlov's turned to total commercial publishing. And I'm not paying for milk that I can get for free.

by Cat on Sun Oct 16th, 2022 at 08:19:28 PM EST
[ Parent ]
For me, what's happening between Russia, Ukraine, and the rest of the world is a carbon war, a climate war but I've seen only Timothy Snyder of Yale consistently mention that reality.

I agree ... see earlier posts here@EuroTrib with quotes from Timothy Snyder.

h/t gk

Timothy Snyder claims "Russia is fascist": Falsification in the service of US-NATO war propaganda

Harari Knows Little About Ukraine, East and West ...

Viktor Pinchuk Foundation

An online conversation with Yuval Noah Harari and Timothy Snyder, moderated by Anne Applebaum.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Sun Oct 16th, 2022 at 09:37:15 PM EST
[ Parent ]
the Liberal Democracy Index (weighted by popuation) will.
by Cat on Sun Oct 16th, 2022 at 04:48:30 PM EST
If the nukes don't get us, climate chaos will.
And if either of those don't, the forever chemicals (PFAS), the microplastics, and all the other gunk we've distributed widely probably will.

But, until then, enjoy each breath.

Solar IS Civil Defense

by gmoke on Sun Oct 16th, 2022 at 07:13:40 PM EST
[ Parent ]
That name brings back memories from the good (or bad) old days. Dmitry and his 'bourgeois survivalism', 'collapsitarians' etc.

All this theorizing about the war's causes just serves to distract from a dumb, odious reality. Aggressor = victim?! Geostrategy?! When the goals of the 'special military operation' keep shifting every other week? Putin thought he could pull a fast one because he and his coterie lost touch. From his point of view it was quite rational but under very false assumptions. He rightly criticized the Western military adventures in Iraq and Afghanistan but then he proceeds to make an even bigger mistake.

When the US waged one of the stupidest wars in history and ended up in a total disaster they could still pick up and go home, 10,000km away. This time it's about a direct neighbor, the little brother so to speak, with a 1000 years of common history. How is this not foolhardy?

As usual, stupidity not strategy nor conspiracy is the best explanation in human affairs. The bluff has finally been called. The 'second army' of the world does not look so invincible anymore.

Schengen is toast!

by epochepoque on Mon Oct 17th, 2022 at 08:15:20 PM EST
Tell us about the other ones.
by Cat on Mon Oct 17th, 2022 at 11:58:46 PM EST
[ Parent ]
"the most foolish war since the Emperor Augustus sent his legions into Germany in 9 B.C. and lost them." Martin van Creveld.
So there is at least another reference point.

Schengen is toast!
by epochepoque on Tue Oct 18th, 2022 at 06:08:55 PM EST
[ Parent ]
He exaggerates. It happened in 9 A.D....
by gk (gk (gk quattro due due sette @gmail.com)) on Wed Oct 19th, 2022 at 07:46:06 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Bonaparte and Hitler invading Russia also spring to mind. But people who think they can conquer the whole world will always end up overreaching.

But Putin is definitely not in that league.

It is rightly acknowledged that people of faith have no monopoly of virtue - Queen Elizabeth II

by eurogreen on Sat Oct 22nd, 2022 at 08:11:43 PM EST
[ Parent ]
I think Orlov's point about wars is spot on. Much like in world war one, both Russia, Ukraine, and the west that finances and arms Ukraine, is waging a war that can ill be afforded. Any resources gained won't replace the resources spent. But much like in world war one, backing down means facing the sunk costs, so doubling down it is.

Russia probably expected the war to be over in a month or two (maybe nearly was in late March/early April with the Istanbul negotiations), but then again the west (and maybe Ukraine) probably expected Russia to cave in under the tsunami of sanctions. Neither happened. The boys will not be back for Christmas.

The Ukrainian mobilisation with western funding, training and arms managed to recapture some territories but sems to have stalled now. That offensive have now led to partial Russian mobilisation. Which in turn means a Russian offensive in a couple of months. I would expect both sides to be able to ratchet up the military force on the front line. Modern armies are much smaller then a hundred years ago, but unfortunately nothing says it has to stay that way. Of course that means larger portions of shrinking real economies goes manufacturing to weapons of war, training soldiers and the logistics of moving larger and larger groups of soldiers to the war to kill and die.

If the war, like world war one, lasts until the economies breaks down, I think Europe is in trouble. Cutting economic ties with Russia denied them currency but Europe of resources. Currency is only useful for trading goods and resources. As long as China and its manufacturing is open to Russian trade, I don't see Russia running out of anything crucial. However, the US can probably live with Europe going down, and from the neocon perspective Europe was a problem anyway. So US can keep funding the war even if Europe becomes ever poorer. Or the US can as long as they can keep the larger empire in check. A better question is how much the US can ramp up war production.

Hopefully future historians will have a fun time parcelling out the shifting war goals from the propaganda. Because that will mean that there are future historians and we avoided the an all-out nuclear  war. The sane thing would be pre-emptive peace conferences, but given the level of war propaganda, I don't see that coming.

by fjallstrom on Tue Oct 18th, 2022 at 12:30:36 PM EST
[ Parent ]
conveyed by G7 anglophone press—immediately after RF crossed the border—bore an uncanny resemblance to the Bush II House declaration of Operation Iraqi Freedom: "open arms", flowers, "shock and awe" that one might suppose was informed by the termination of the 30-days long Operation Desert Storm a decade earlier.

What I cannot recall is a seminal declaration by Putin, expressing similar confidence in the RF's 20-years war in Afghanistan—much less its premature termination, "Mission Accomplished." If I could, that would establish a pattern of expectation and failure pecular to Kremlin military "operations", notwithstanding G7 media operator projection of Putin's irrational yet atavistic objective in Ukraine.

Nor have I discovered any such contemporaneous, "offical" statements issued from kremlin.ru, president.ru and amid  ru,.com,.net,.news media operator speculation. To the contrary, I've found since 24 February consensus in open end ("whatever it takes", to borrow from the Italian) duration of this "operation" amid, ahem, questions and concerns about how to measure "de-nazification" and "de-militarization" of Donbas, in particular, and Ukraine government, in general—notwithstanding contested boundaries of NATO enlargement and EXISTENTIAL THREATS to sovereign regimes du jour,
formerly known as "regime change",
a political process that cultivates democracy of which the RF cannot boast.

by Cat on Tue Oct 18th, 2022 at 05:58:02 PM EST
[ Parent ]
"a tactic borrowed from American victory, nearly as audacious as the liberation of Khark*v oblast, the Thunder Run first used to stunning effect in the 2003 invasion of Iraq."

Slava Ukraini!

by Cat on Tue Oct 18th, 2022 at 07:58:37 PM EST
[ Parent ]
"thunder run", invented by the Yanks in 2003? I think not.

... Whatever you want to call it, it's a basic tactic of every successful army ever. Eighty years ago, it went by the name of blitzkrieg, but it was millenia old by then.

It is rightly acknowledged that people of faith have no monopoly of virtue - Queen Elizabeth II

by eurogreen on Sat Oct 22nd, 2022 at 08:26:03 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Peace is currently politically impossible. Ukrainians may have been open to a peace deal at the beginning but after all the atrocities nothing but kicking the Russians completely out is acceptable to 70+% of them.

Putin would like a stalemate peace (like last time) to regroup but that is not on offer. He can't pull back either because here is the parallel to WW1: even as an autocrat with media control he's not a dictator with complete control. Kaiser Wilhelm had to keep going during WWI although it was hopeless because he had to think of his domestic audience. Full-fledged dictator Saddam Hussein could basically lose two wars and have every critic shot. Putin has to keep his powerbase under control while knifes are getting unsheathed in Russia... or windows opened.

Schengen is toast!

by epochepoque on Tue Oct 18th, 2022 at 06:29:08 PM EST
[ Parent ]
You refer to the Minsk Agreement (2015)? Or Budapest Memorandum (1994)?
by Cat on Tue Oct 18th, 2022 at 06:55:53 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Hard to say, really. Some years ago, when I was still in academia I had a colleague originally from Kiev. She was at that time already making a point of using Ukrainian with her friends, regularly expressed scorn at her countrymen who still went to work in Russia as if nothing happened and when I went out to drink with her friends from Kiev I learned that Stepan Bandera was a moderate. However my current colleague from Odessa seems to reserve her rancor mostly for the government in Kiev lying about casualties. Obviously in no way a representative sample, but I doubt you can get one of those under current conditions. There are obviously a lot of people deeply committed to the war, but how many and how committed they really are is something we'll only learn if a mobilization drive fails. Politically it hardly matters. The oligarchs' old source of strength died with the Ukrainian economy, Zelensky even could turn against his old patron without any consequences, everyone who is getting rich now is getting rich because of the war. And the nationalists were in a strong enough position even before the war to utterly block Zelensky's deescalation initiative.
by generic on Tue Oct 18th, 2022 at 10:27:56 PM EST
[ Parent ]
"Zelensky's deescalation initiative ..."

Can you provide a link, or just hearsay?

Power of neo-nazi's from Odessa ... Sternenko

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Wed Oct 19th, 2022 at 07:27:15 AM EST
[ Parent ]
I was specifically talking about this:

"I'm not some loser!": Zelensky to volunteer during visit to disengagement area | UNIAN

"He did hand it to me, and I'll read it. Listen, I'm the president of this state. I'm 42. I'm not some loser. I came here to you, telling you 'take away your weapons'. So don't you flip this all to rallies," Zelensky said.

"I sought to see understanding in your eyes. But what I'm seeing is a guy who thought he's talking to some softie, trying to shift topics," Zelensky added, once again vowing to read the letter.

As reported earlier, disengagement of troops in Luhansk region was agreed during the round of Minsk talks Oct 1.

Disengagement was supposed to start on Oct 7, but it was postponed due to constant shelling by Russian occupation forces. The last time the enemy opened fire at the positions of Ukrainian troops in the disengagement near Petrivske was on Oct 25.

Note the source here explains the failure of deescalation by Russian violations of the ceasefire, but in the actual video you see the "volunteers" giving Zelensky the runaround. And those "No Surrender Rallies" mentioned in the text seem to be what forced Zelensky's U-turn. I'm not aware of any initiatives during the war after the first peace conference was abandoned, if that's what you were asking for.
by generic on Wed Oct 19th, 2022 at 08:34:26 AM EST
[ Parent ]
by Cat on Wed Oct 19th, 2022 at 02:32:27 PM EST
[ Parent ]
This event took place on 28 October 2019.

Excellent article, I do recall this effort and Zelensky made no headway because the Minsk agreement needed a constitutional change. Such a change has happened quite frequently ever since the coup d'état of February 2014.

Instead, Kyiv and the government made life for Russian speaking Ukrainians unbearable. See the many human rights violations documented by the UN and others.

Participants in "No Surrender" march in Kyiv voice demands to Zelensky | Oct. 14, 2019 !

Activists who are taking part in a "No Surrender" march in Kyiv on Defenders Day demand that President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky either pursue victory in the Donbas war or resign, according to an UNIAN correspondent.

Organizers of the march, participants in the Russian-Ukrainian war in Donbas, addressed the crowd at the "viche", or a popular meeting, that took place at the Maidan Nezalezhnosti Square downtown Kyiv.

After that, a rally was held outside the President's Office.

Speaking at the rally, a Ukrainian historian and TV host Vitaliy Haidukevych expressed the opinion that the so-called "Steinmeier formula" for the Donbas settlement is designed to "surrender Ukraine."

He cited a historical analogy between today's developments with the approval of the Steinmeier formula with the events of 1938, when British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and Adolf Hitler signed the Munich Agreement.

"This Steinmeier formula is essentially a Munich conspiracy-2. This time, when they want to strike a deal with Putin, they are ready to kill Ukraine," said Haidukevych.

At the same time, a veteran of the Azov regiment, Dmytro Kukharchuk, raised concerns that, if today the Ukrainian Armed Forces withdraw from Donbas, then "the enemy will be in Kyiv tomorrow."

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Oct 19th, 2022 at 04:20:08 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Ukraine: Martial Law Introduced in Response to Russian Invasion, Apr 2022
CONSTITUTION OF UKRAINE as amended a/o 6 Aug 2022
UNGA votes to condem Russia's annexations, 12 Oct

NEW! Armageddon & Forced Deportation Watch
Sputnik | Putin Declares Martial Law in New Russian Territories Amid Kiev's 'Terrorist' Shelling, 19 Oct inna war zone

..."The constitutional laws on the admission of four new regions into the Russian Federation have come into force. The Kiev regime, as you are aware, has refused to recognize the will and choice of the people, and has rejected any proposals for negotiations. On the contrary, shelling continues. Innocent people are dying," Putin said. "The Neo-Nazis are using openly terrorist methods, sabotaging critical infrastructure, assassinating representatives of local authorities," the president added...
-- Exec Summary: What Restrictions Will Martial Law in New Russian Territories Entail?
kremlin.ru | Decree on the introduction of martial law in the territories of the DPR, LPR, Zaporozh*[,] and Kherson regions
by Cat on Wed Oct 19th, 2022 at 05:11:36 PM EST
[ Parent ]
A Book Review 😂

Way off reality as in America it is the collapse of society, civic responsibility, fed by disinformation, social media, algorithms, hate, turmoil and simple disintegration of democracy as limits of pure capitalism is reached. The destruction of the European Union as a viable economic power, ally and friendly competitor to keep the US in check, will be to America's detriment.

The Soviet Example and American Prospects by Dmitry Orlov

A Leningrad-born software engineer, Orlov came to the States in the mid '70s when he was 12.* During extended visits back home in the late '80s to mid '90s, he watched his home country disintegrate in time-lapse fashion. He later became convinced that America was fated for a similar crash, but remained a closeted doomer for more than a decade. When he finally came out with his message, he found an eager audience among the fledgling peak oil community. Energy Bulletin published his "Closing the 'Collapse Gap': the USSR was better prepared for collapse than the US" in December 2006, and it quickly became one of the site's most popular articles ever.

Reinventing Collapse is intended to give readers a concrete sense of how they can change their lives to better face the reality ahead. Everyone's starting point, argues Orlov, should be eliminating his or her need for money. He's certain that America will choose to inflate away its debt à la the Soviet Union, making the dollar effectively worthless. Those who divest themselves of exposure to dollar depreciation will be poised not just to survive but to flourish in these trying times. For example, someone with the foresight to stockpile basic supplies like razor blades, medications and soap will be well-positioned to barter for other things.

A Soviet survivalist?

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Tue Oct 18th, 2022 at 06:42:57 AM EST
by Cat on Tue Oct 18th, 2022 at 03:48:04 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Patreon survivalist too.

Solar IS Civil Defense
by gmoke on Wed Oct 19th, 2022 at 05:57:53 PM EST
[ Parent ]
DW | Zimbabwe headed for bumper wheat harvest, 22 Oct 3-min, A/V "hot take"
Failing rains have not been the only problem. Zimbabwe held the "breadbasket of Africa" status until early 2000, when agriculture to a nose-dive because of the land reforms.
nutshell: yer Steve Kean lament o'er the [1980] fall of Rhodesia to the DICTATOR Mugabe.
From a net exporter to a net importer of cereals and grain. But things have slightly shifted because of mechanization and some of the reforms that the government has embarked on. The record wheat production has been achieved thanks to partnerships between the [Mnangagwa] government and private companies. The authorities encouraged private players like [domestic grain] millers and [international?] banks to finance farmers for sixty percent of their wheat planted ...
NY Yella Cake | A Coup Offered Hope to Zimbabwe. Has Its New President Delivered?, 10 Aug 2019
Since seizing power in a 2017 coup from his onetime mentor, Robert G. Mugabe, Mr. Mnangagwa has gradually IMPOSED himself on Zimbabwe -- here in Mr. Mugabe's former offices in downtown Harare, as well as on the country at large....

AU55 reality check
Sputnik | Moroccan OCP Group Opens Nigeria's First Innovatory Fertilizer Plant, feestock

On October 20, Moroccan fertilizer company OCP Group opened the continent's first innovatory fertilizer plant in Kaduna, northern Nigeria, [Morocco World News] reported.
The new 10-hectare plant comprises a blending unit with a production capacity of 120 tonnes per hour and a storage unit with a capacity of 25,000 tonnes.

It also contains a modern training facility, a laboratory equipped with advanced analytical technology to assure the conduct of quality control and soil analysis, and a model farm for performing agronomic trials and farmer training.
"This facility is not only for the production of fertilizers, but also to have a profound impact on the agricultural value chain of the country," the OCP Africa CEO said, adding that "OCP Africa is committed to contributing to the transformation of the food system on the continent, and Nigeria represents a strategic pole for our group."

Hettiti stated that "effective use of custom fertilizer is one of the best ways to increase farmers' productivity."

The arrival of the new fertilizer plants is a result of the "Presidential Fertilizer Initiative" (PFI), launched by Nigerian president Muhammed Buhari in December 2016 [!], with the goal of assisting in "the domestic blending of NPK fertilizer towards reducing the challenges of the Nigerian farmers." ....
USAID - FEWS Net: Zimbabwe | Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes increase as own-produced stocks deplete atypically early,Aug 2022, MY 2022/2023 "food secuerity outlook", illustrated
• An increasing proportion of households in deficit-producing areas are experiencing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes as the 2022/23 lean season sets in earlier than normal due to below-average 2021/22 [yield] and macroeconomic instability. Meanwhile, near-average 2021/22 harvests and above-average 2020/21 carryover stocks in some surplus-producing areas will continue to drive Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes....

• Staple grain availability at both household and market levels is lower than usual with reliance on maize meal purchases higher than normal for this time of the year. Seasonal grain deliveries to, and stocks at, the Grain Marketing Board (GMB) are also low, with private sector imports reportedly now beginning to arrive. The government has indicated it will not import grain [?!] this marketing season, and will rely on domestic reserves for commercial and humanitarian needs.

• The macroeconomic situation remains volatile despite some recent stabilization in parallel market foreign currency exchange rates. Official (auction and interbank) exchange rates continue to increase, recording 10 and 6 percent increases between July and August, respectively. Though fuel prices have reduced somewhat, prices of most goods and services continue to increase in both USD [inflation] and ZWL [deflation] terms driven by both international and domestic ["]factors["]. As a result, the cost of living continues to increase and additional households are falling below the poverty lines....

VOA | [African] Development Bank Agrees to Help Zimbabwe Clear $13.5 Billion Debt, 14 July 2022
by Cat on Sun Oct 23rd, 2022 at 05:52:30 PM EST
by Cat on Sat Oct 29th, 2022 at 12:22:11 AM EST

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