Welcome to European Tribune. It's gone a bit quiet around here these days, but it's still going.

Third and Deciding Phase for Europe

by Oui Wed Apr 27th, 2022 at 01:03:11 PM EST

Yesterday's expansion of hostilities outside the border of Ukraine ...

Two explosions inside Moldova (Transnistria) destroyed transmission towers of Russian news broadcasts

Many warnings were given that the explosion of refugees flowing across the Mediterranean Sea would encourage fascist populism of Xenophobia and Islamophobia.

A changing landscape authored by the group of nations allied in the Five Eyes to destabilize and conquer. Cheney and Rumsfeld will be proud of what New Europe has become ... difficult birth pangs, but with rendition, torture, detention and black ops one can truly build a unifying force of evil. Add quite some mean covert operations, propaganda and disinformation, any fascist power can change the mindset of a continent. Lessons from Goebbels with dark tools hidden in Big Tech would make any inferior nation very powerful. The 5% wanting to rule the 8 billion of human kind.

A Final Warning: Rise of Fascism

Man took that one tiny step forward on the Moon for mankind ... rhetoric but nothing came of it. A planet burning on fossil fuel and powerful lobbies in Washington DC until there's no more tomorrow for the vast majority.

As Republicans are fooling themselves by declaring the planet had changing climate over the past million years. Get back into your SUVs America and show off the spirit of exceptionalism.

Biden has conquered Europe without firing a shot ... proxy warfare and superior "intelligence". Europe folded to the demands of the Empire.

Rumsfeld announces first Summit meeting of NATO to be held in a former Warsaw Pact country - 2008

Trump's Revival of anti-EU Sentiment in Warsaw | Jul 6th, 2017 |

Poland Spinning the Shoah - Anti-semitism

East-West Schism: Destruction Process Inside Europe

The EU is wrong to arm Ukraine. Here's why | Open Democracy |

Four days after Russia illegally invaded Ukraine, European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen announced that "for the first time ever", the EU would "finance the purchase and delivery of weapons... to a country that is under attack". A few days earlier, she had declared the EU to be "one union, one alliance" with NATO.

Unlike NATO, the EU is not a military alliance. Yet, from the outset of this war, it has been more concerned with militarism than diplomacy. This was not unexpected.

The Lisbon Treaty provided the legal underpinning for the EU to develop a common security and defence policy. Between 2014 and 2020, some €25.6bn* of the EU's public money was spent beefing up its military capacity.

The 2021-27 budget established a European Defence Fund (EDF) of nearly €8bn, modelled on two precursor programmes, which for the first time allocated EU funding to the research and development of innovative military wares, including highly controversial arms that rely on artificial intelligence or automated systems. The EDF is but one aspect of a much broader defence budget.

EU spending is indicative of how it identifies as a political project and where its priorities lie. Over the previous decade, political and social problems have increasingly been addressed militarily. The removal of humanitarian missions from the Mediterranean, replaced by high-tech surveillance drones and leading to 20,000 drownings since 2013, is just one example. In choosing to fund militarism, Europe has driven an arms race and prepared the groundwork for war.

EU-27 from Social Democracy to Weaponizing Expansion

How the campaign to overthrow Gaddafi and Assad changed the EU-28 to a ordinary proxy of the United States and through NATO made a right-wing turn to political division and extremism.

A new Treaty for the Eurozone? | by Frank Schnittger on Sep 14th, 2011 |

In reality, the Lisbon Treaty represented no such thing. It made some minor adjustments to governance rules to reflect the fact that the EU had expanded to 27 Member states. In fact, even before it been ratified, it was rendered almost entirely irrelevant by the global financial crisis which erupted in 2008. What difference have the new powers for the European Parliament made? The power of Petition contained in the Treaty has not even been implemented. Has the European Council become any more effective with the appointment of a full time President of the Council?

Instead we have seen the usual fragmented, uncoordinated, shambolic lurching from one phase of the crisis to the next with European institutions largely sidelined whilst a dysfunctional Merkel/Sarkozy national leadership partnership struggles to achieve any kind of coherent policy analysis, never mind an effective solution.

The 2nd Migrant Wave to Germany | by DoDo on Sep 3rd, 2015 |

Back in 1989, around the time school started for me at the start of September, Budapest was full of East Germans hoping to leave for West Germany (for a mix of political and economic reasons), hopeful because Hungary started to dismantle the Iron Curtain a few months earlier. A large group camped out at the West German embassy, but there were makeshift camps around the city. The government finally opened the borders for them on 11 September, launching a mostly car-riding emigration wave (at least 70,000 people in three months). A few weeks later, East Germans camping out in Warshaw and Prague were taken to West Germany in sealed trains.

Yesterday, something similar happened, only this time the refugees are dark-skinned and faced much worse treatment. In line with both the government's xenophobic campaign and the EU's Dublin Agreement (whose main aim was to keep refugees from moving to the richer EU members), Hungarian authorities prevented the mostly Syrian refugees without EU visa from boarding trains bound for the west. Most of the stranded refugees who refused to be taken to Hungarian camps stayed in the underpass at main station Budapest Keleti (up to two thousand), in a makeshift "transit zone" lacking basic hygiene and only cared for by an NGO.

I don't know whether it was concern about image (to have such misery as the first sight of arriving Western tourists), or anger at the German foreign minister's denouncement of the anti-refugee wall built at the Serbian border, or anger at general Western hypocrisy ...

America On Path to Break-up the European Union

Ukraine latest: Chinese drone maker DJI halts Russia, Ukraine sales | Asia Nikkei |

Japan to attend NATO summit, Blinken says; U.S. defense chief Austin argues Ukraine can win war with Russia

    Russia's invasion of Ukraine is in its third month, with casualties mounting on both sides.

    Ukraine's forces continue to resist, while its President Volodymyr Zelenskyy regularly calls on the world to do more to help. Governments around the globe have imposed heavy sanctions against Moscow but have stopped short of direct intervention for fear of sparking a wider conflict.

    Meanwhile, rising geopolitical risk and volatile energy and financial markets are rocking Asia.

NATO expanding alliance to Israel and the Middle East, in addition to the Indo-Pacific Four ...

    U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken says Japan will attend the NATO summit to be held in late June.

    "One of the things we have been advancing is increasing NATO focus on working with partners that are not part of NATO, including what we call the "Asia-Pacific four," and that of course includes Japan," he says at a Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearing, adding that the four Asia-Pacific nations will attend the NATO summit in Madrid.

    "Japan has stood up in remarkable ways on the Ukraine crisis," he says.

Getting all assets in place for survival after a nuclear conflict or World War 3 ... damn you!

NATO expanding into Asia-Pacific to militarily encircle China as well as Russia

This pattern of securing military alliance in combination with economic might and the sword of harsh sanction will split all nations on earth to choose sides. The hand of China will be forced and in the end the antagonism from the United States will make the only decision possible ... strong ties with the former Soviet Union with immense wealth of minerals, metals and fossil fuel to secure China's independence for future generations.


The challenge is not springtime ... the seasons turn slowly but surely and gas price of LNG transport will sharply rise ... Europe has to outbid Asia in the Fall. In seven months cold Winter will come knocking. Only Hungary and Serbia have signed long-term contracts with Gazprom. Will US special forces blow-up the gas transport pipelines?

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Wed Apr 27th, 2022 at 06:43:37 PM EST

Statement by Commission President von der Leyen following the announcement by Gazprom on the disruption of gas deliveries to certain EU Member States

Putin just trying to be helpful where Old and New are divided on timeline cutting Russian gas delivery ...

Von Der Leyen as our next SG of NATO? She has my vote ... good riddance.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Wed Apr 27th, 2022 at 06:45:11 PM EST
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by Cat on Wed Apr 27th, 2022 at 07:52:32 PM EST
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Unforeseen delay ... Danish local bat and mice populations causes delay in Baltic pipeline ...

Baltic Pipe delay to push Poland back into Russia's arms | Deutsche Welle - July 23, 2021 |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Wed Apr 27th, 2022 at 08:59:15 PM EST
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'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Apr 27th, 2022 at 09:02:05 PM EST
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'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu Apr 28th, 2022 at 05:56:01 PM EST
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every time I read it.

Or "the lie factory."

So thanks for the smile.

by Cat on Thu Apr 28th, 2022 at 07:11:03 PM EST
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Russian energy giant Gazprom said in a statement that it hadn't received any payments from Poland and Bulgaria since April 1 and was suspending their deliveries ...

"As of the end of the business day on April 26, Gazprom Export had not received payments for gas supplies in April from Bulgargaz (Bulgaria) and PGNiG (Poland) in rubles," Gazprom said in a statement. [Source SP Global]

Unbelievable bullshit and propaganda inside Europe ...

My diary explained the context and what the facts are. Poland 🇵🇱 did not sign a new contract and got in trouble this winter due to gas shortage. Germany supplied natural gas through the Yamal pipeline, flow eastward. The Dutch in turn had an obligation by contract to deliver more Groninger gas, contrary to promises to end extraction due to major damages to infrastructure, homes, churches and buildings. #quakes

Poland Surges Towards Energy Sovereignty by Oui on Dec 21st, 2021 |

Poland's post-Gazprom supply conundrum | ICIS - Feb. 15, 2021 |

Delays to US LNG project funding and the restart of Danish gas production may leave Poland more exposed to the spot market from 2023 than initially intended.

State-owned supplier PGNiG's 26 year-long Yamal pipeline supply contract with Russian producer Gazprom expires in the end of next year.

PGNiG is Poland's largest oil and gas company, dominating the industry from exploration to storage as well as transmission and trading.

In 2017, PGNiG booked enough capacity on the pipeline to replace 80% of volumes currently supplied by Russia.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Apr 27th, 2022 at 06:47:04 PM EST
Management actually is crunching the numbers.

TASS | Reverse gas supplies from Germany to Poland via Yamal-Europe up more than five-fold, 27 Apr

Reverse gas supplies via the Yamal-Europe gas pipeline from Germany to Poland soared more than five-fold early on April 27, according to the information provided by the gas transport operator Gascade. This followed the suspension of gas supplies from Russia to Poland.

Gas pumping via the pipeline from Germany to Poland went up 5.2-fold to 1.23 mln cubic meters per hour.

Meanwhile, the direct physical gas flow via Yamal-Europe from Poland to Germany through the compressor station in Mallnow has been zero for 21 days. It is formed as the difference between renominations (revised requests) for direct and reverse supply (reverse to Poland).
According to figures provided by the Russian Federal Customs Service, Russian gas supplies to Poland increased by 9.4% in 2021 to 10.58 bln cubic meters, while deliveries to Bulgaria doubled last year to 3.15 bln cubic meters.

Poland uses around 20 bln cubic meters of gas per year. Warsaw claims it has found the possibility to abandon Russian gas through purchasing liquified natural gas from the United States and Qatar, as well as gas supplies from offshore Norway.

Peskov | Demand to make gas payments in rubles not blackmail, Kremlin spokesman says
"This necessity [to switch to ruble payments] was dictated by the fact that we had a rather significant sum of our reserves blocked, or, as we say it in Russia, stolen from us," Peskov said. "All this required a transition to a new payment system."

"Therefore, there is no blackmail here, our clients were informed about all new modalities in advance. So we categorically disagree with such definition," he concluded.

supra. "And if those countries siphon off Russian gas intended for other European customers, deliveries to Europe will be reduced by that amount, the gas company said."
Bloomberg reported earlier today, citing sources, that ENI (IT) is preparing to open ruble accounts with Gazprombank to make payments for Russian gas.
A spokesman for Eni declined to comment.
A Q&A issued by the EU said companies should carry on paying in euros,
2. Why could the compliance with the new rules of [Kremlin] Decree no 172 of 31 March be in conflict with the sanctions?
The [Kremlin] Decree introduces a new payment procedure, whereby the deposition of Euros or Dollars on the supplier's account is no longer considered as fulfilment of the contractual obligations. Instead, Euros or Dollars received by EU companies need to be converted into roubles under the Decree, and EU companies are only deemed to have fulfilled their contractual obligations once the conversion process from Euros or Dollars [purchase of RUB] has been successfully completed, and the payment has been made in roubles.

This process, which is entirely in the hands of the Russian authorities, would also allow Russia to involve the Russian Central Bank in this process, through a number of transactions linked to the management of the Central Bank's assets and reserves, which is prohibited under the EU sanctions. As the conversion process may take an undefined amount of time [BWAH!], during which time the foreign currency is entirely in the hands of the Russian authorities including the Central Bank, it may even be considered as a loan [?!] granted by EU companies.
3. Is it still possible to pay for gas after the adoption of Decree no 172 of 31 Marchwithout getting in conflict with EU law?
Yes, this appears possible. EU companies can ask their Russian counterparts to fulfil their contractual obligations in the same manner as before the adoption of the Decree, i.e. by depositing the due amount in Euros or Dollars. The Decree of 31 March does not preclude a payment process which is in line with the EU restrictive measures. However, the procedure for derogations from the requirements of the Decree is not clear yet.
4. Are EU gas importers allowed to engage with Gazprom and GazpromBank in order to seek an acceptable solution or additional information on the situation? Are they allowed to open an account in euro with GazpromBank for gas payments?
The existing sanctions do not prohibit engagement with Gazprom or GazpromBank, beyond the refinancing prohibitions relating to the latter, as per Article 5(1)(a) and (6). Likewise, they do not prohibit opening an account with GazpromBank. ...

but noted that the Russian decree didn't preclude exemptions. It told companies to seek confirmation from Moscow that paying in euros was still possible. Eni wants more clarity on the guidelines and will comply with sanctions, the people said.
by Cat on Wed Apr 27th, 2022 at 08:30:49 PM EST
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'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu Apr 28th, 2022 at 07:34:33 PM EST
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euractiv | Von der Leyen defies Russia's gas `blackmail', vows EU unity with Poland and Bulgaria, 27 Apr "blackmail"
Emergency meeting

EU officials said energy ministers from across the bloc will meet in an extraordinary session on Monday to discuss the situation.
Monday's emergency meeting of energy ministers will also attempt to clarify how many countries have already started paying in roubles after Bloomberg news agency reported that four European buyers [EEASA gras trader/ had already opened accounts at Gazprombank to meet Putin's payment demands.

"It increasingly looks as if EU member states did not coordinate on the Russian Rouble-payment demands," said Georg Zachmann, an analyst at Bruegel, the Brussels-based economic think tank.
Meanwhile, Poland and Bulgaria are now receiving gas from their EU neighbours after Russia's state energy giant Gazprom turned off the taps, von der Leyen said.

in re "siphoning" RU supply to DE: It has been suggested that DE (Gazprom M&T?) is charging PGNiG some kind of resale price/bcm and transit fee/bcm for a portion of DE volume, purchased wholesale contract price. What's more, because these charges are EUR-denominated and the FX rate PGNiG pays to exange PLN for settlement is greater than ERMII rate, EASEE-gas supplier profits from the spread, ironically.
by Cat on Thu Apr 28th, 2022 at 09:38:49 PM EST
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yahoo! Bloomberg | Russia Rejects German Gas Payment From Seized Trading Unit, 27 Apr
"gas blackmail" or "9-step" plan? You be the judge, but don't be JUdgEMEntal!
fax news net | Poland seizes Russian gas assets, 29 Apr
He added that by the order of the prime minister, Novatek's subsidiary Novatek Green Energy is obliged to transfer the networks to those companies, which will then supply gas to the cut-off municipalities.
"ban on imports"?
Stamford Advocate | Poland seeks to restore Russian firm's halted gas supply
[CAPTION: Poland's Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki speaks to media at the gas station of Gaz-System in Rembelszczyzna, near Warsaw, Poland, Wednesday, April 27, 2022. Polish and Bulgarian leaders accused Moscow of using natural gas to BLACKMAIL their countries after Russia's state-controlled energy company stopped supplying the two European nations Wednesday.]

The supply cut was a separate development from Russia's decision earlier this week to stop gas deliveries to Poland.

Government spokesman Piotr Mueller said Poland expected the firm, Novatek Green Energy, to immediately comply with the demand to make its pipelines available to Poland's companies that seek to convey their gas to the 10 affected areas, including the popular Baltic Sea resort of Leba.

EU "embargo"?
by Cat on Fri Apr 29th, 2022 at 03:23:05 PM EST
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by Cat on Fri Apr 29th, 2022 at 03:28:50 PM EST
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inklusive Ölembargo gegen Russland has entered the room.
"The ban of oil embargo imports is likely to be put on the table on Wednesday during an ambassadors summit in Brussels, according to French news agency AFP."

Europe cooperates on gas, as Russia turns off taps to Poland and Bulgaria, 30 Apr

If Moscow continues insisting that gas deliveries be paid in rubles, EU members may increasingly find themselves cut off
Germany to support Russian oil embargo, 1 May
"blackmail" crisis averted

Schmiegel Wirtschaft sagt, nein zum 'Cold Turkey': To throttle gas imports from Russia and at the same time fill up the storage facilities for residential and critical public sector consumption next winter, industry and power plants would need to idle from May until the end of July.

by Cat on Sun May 1st, 2022 at 11:10:28 PM EST
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'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Fri Apr 29th, 2022 at 04:38:47 PM EST
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Mercedes is preparing for a gas delivery stop

The carmaker Mercedes-Benz is preparing for a possible stop in gas supplies from Russia. Like every company, Mercedes is also checking what dependencies there are and how one can become more independent of gas, CEO Ola Källenius explained today to the Reuters news agency: "It is still too early to assess which scenario could come into play here," said Källenius . "But yes, we are making preparations."

The group is also reacting to the fact that it is not yet clear which companies will be supplied in the event of a gas embargo and how: the Federal Network Agency has not yet announced how the car manufacturer would be affected by rationing, said Källenius. The Stuttgart are therefore in contact with the authorities. If gas should become scarce, the Federal Network Agency would ration it.

The Russian Gazprom group had stopped gas supplies to Poland and Bulgaria against the background of European sanctions imposed as a result of the invasion of Ukraine. So far, Germany has not been affected by such an export ban by Russia. At the same time, however, the discussion in the European Union continues as to whether the EU states should stop gas imports.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Fri Apr 29th, 2022 at 04:39:56 PM EST
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< wipes tears >

Am truly interested to discover how Ursula vdL will dissemble such an illegitimate EMBARGO uh entitlement. If I were a gambler, I'd bet on a raft of "OIL GAS ENERGY CRISIS" publicity, possibly qualified by more "blackmail" references as "red envelopes" are entirely out of the question, as yet.

by Cat on Fri Apr 29th, 2022 at 10:30:17 PM EST
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'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Apr 27th, 2022 at 09:05:26 PM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu Apr 28th, 2022 at 07:34:59 AM EST
Surely your NATO masters discussed the risks in your top level meetings with Brussels, London and the Pentagon ... Warsaw is on your side.

Russia doubles fossil fuel revenues since invasion of Ukraine began | The Guardian |

Country receives about €62bn from exports of oil, gas and coal in two months, with Germany the biggest importer, followed by China, Italy, The Netherlands (oil and coal), Turkey and France.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Thu Apr 28th, 2022 at 07:36:17 AM EST
Non-lethal Assistance and the Syrian Conflict: Lessons from the Netherlands | Just Security - July 20, 2020 |

Whether one thinks of Syria, Libya, Yemen, or Ukraine, third-State involvement is undeniably a common feature of many - if not most - ongoing non-international armed conflicts. While the direct provision of arms to non-State armed groups is widely deemed contrary to international law, recent years suggest that States feel less reticence to provide so-called "non-lethal assistance" (NLA), understood as material aid not designed to inflict serious bodily harm or death. In particular, in the context of the Syrian civil war, such aid has been provided to various rebel groups, including by the United States as well as by several European countries.

Of these countries, the Netherlands provides a particularly fascinating case study. This is not so much because of the scale of its NLA program, which remained altogether modest with a total cost of around USD 30 million. Rather, the intense dialogue between the executive and legislative branches in the Netherlands offers a unique insight into the type of NLA equipment that was provided, the processes used to vet beneficiaries, and the efforts taken to monitor where provided equipment ended up and how it was used. Parliamentary scrutiny intensified particularly after media reports in 2018 exposed the full extent of the aid program. As part of such scrutiny, the Dutch parliament commissioned a joint report from two expert bodies, the Advisory Committee on Public International Law (CAVV) and the Advisory Council on International Affairs (AIV) on the support of foreign non-State armed groups through "non-lethal assistance".

Where Does Custom Stand?

The report first recalls that arming and training foreign non-State armed groups, as well as otherwise supporting these fighters in a way that directly buoys their violent acts, breaches the prohibition on the use of force set out in Article 2(4) of the United Nations Charter and the foundational international law principle of non-intervention. The non-intervention principle would also be violated in situations wherein the assistance provided results in coercion in matters on which the de jure government must be allowed to decide freely. These conclusions are based on longstanding jurisprudence by the International Court of Justice (ICJ), specifically in the landmark 1986 Nicaragua case, and later confirmed in the 2005 Armed Activities judgment, and are not as such particularly controversial.

The report then engages in a somewhat confusing thought experiment, phrased as follows:

    If on the basis of recent State practice a new rule were to develop that permits certain types of aid, under specific circumstances and to certain armed opposition groups only, it is of great importance to strictly frame such an expansion of permissible aid on the basis of three conditions. (emphasis added)

This understanding appears to flow from an earlier section of the report that describes recent State practice and opinio juris possibly indicating an impending change in customary international law. Examples of such practice, as relied upon in the report, include non-lethal aid to Syrian rebel forces (including by the United States), and a 2013 EU Council Decision relaxing an already fragile European arms embargo on Syria in favor of rebel forces. More questionably, reference is made to an exception to the Libyan arms embargo imposed by U.N. Security Council resolution 1970 (2011) which allows non-lethal assistance to certain armed groups (here, the report appears to overlook the fact that the Council is not bound by the non-intervention principle in exercising its Chapter VII powers). Conversely, the report recognizes that State positions on the permissibility of NLA remain" diffuse." Thus, while Russia and Iran condemned third-State support to anti-Assad rebels, Western powers criticized Russian NLA to eastern-Ukrainian separatists.

Wales Summit Declaration | NATO - Sept 4, 2014 |

We, the Heads of State and Government of the member countries of the North Atlantic Alliance, have gathered in Wales at a pivotal moment in Euro-Atlantic security. Russia's aggressive actions against Ukraine have fundamentally challenged our vision of a Europe whole, free, and at peace. Growing instability in our southern neighbourhood, from the Middle East to North Africa, as well as transnational and multi-dimensional threats, are also challenging our security. These can all have long-term consequences for peace and security in the Euro-Atlantic region and stability across the globe.

Our Alliance remains an essential source of stability in this unpredictable world. Together as strong democracies, we are united in our commitment to the Washington Treaty and the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations. Based on solidarity, Alliance cohesion, and the indivisibility of our security, NATO remains the transatlantic framework for strong collective defence and the essential forum for security consultations and decisions among Allies.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu Apr 28th, 2022 at 06:23:43 PM EST
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Dutch had declared the Syrian rebel assistance program a "state secret" and kept all details under wraps without informing Dutch parliament. MFA tried to block or frustrate all requests for internal documents. Acting against International law ... so what's new for a NATO member nation that had build its reputation on the institutions towards peace in The Hague.

Rector Rianne Letschert investigates Dutch support for Syrian terrorists | April 2021 |

What do you expect? Erdoğan was complicit and a major player in the civil war to overthrow Bashar Assad.

Netherlands' investigation into possible war crimes of Syrian rebels paused due to Turkey: report | Nov. 2021 |

My earlier diary ...

Dutch Gov't Hard Facts and Lies/Propaganda about Syria | Nov. 22, 2018 |  ... the Dutch government lied about Iraq too.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Thu Apr 28th, 2022 at 06:25:02 PM EST
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Attacked at home for partygate, loved as a minister of war ... resemblance of Winston Churchill, hey Boris?

The Lady brought absolutely nothing to the table by Lavrov at a crucial moment when the window of diplomacy was open.

Claiming the high road in diplomacy ... what a big farce!

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Thu Apr 28th, 2022 at 07:37:40 AM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu Apr 28th, 2022 at 07:38:17 AM EST
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'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu Apr 28th, 2022 at 03:44:32 PM EST
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Seems more like Yugoslavia and Ethnic separation ... Zelensky had adopted policy of Azov National Guard to reject the Minsk agreement and push the Russian speaking population across the border. Hate has replaced friendship ... East vs West ... a separation line as the Berlin Wall and Iron Curtain. Complete lack of rapprochement.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Thu Apr 28th, 2022 at 03:39:33 PM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu Apr 28th, 2022 at 04:02:17 PM EST

Real #wallstreet a$$hole still ...

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Thu Apr 28th, 2022 at 04:03:47 PM EST
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As violence intensifies on the ground in Ukraine, the diplomatic tension has also ratcheted up a notch. As Russia accuses NATO of waging a proxy war, the UN chief Antonio Guterres is in Moscow, asking for cooperation over humanitarian access to places like Mariupol. Sergei Lavrov says Moscow is "ready to cooperate" with the UN to help civilians, but only a day earlier, he warned that World War III was a real danger.

French journalism ... calling FM Sergei Lavrov the "mouthpiece" of president Putin. Showing lack of norms and respect, become part of Western propaganda and demonizing anything or anyone Russian.

Haven't viewed The Debate for quite some weeks ... reached a low point as far as misinformation. France24 had in the past a group fact-checkers. Would be honest to cover a check the information in its own program.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri Apr 29th, 2022 at 07:41:17 PM EST
Thx for the reminder Pentagon man ...

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Sat Apr 30th, 2022 at 07:35:50 AM EST
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by Cat on Sun May 1st, 2022 at 09:24:19 PM EST

20th century shell shock d/b/a "somatic issues"

by Cat on Mon May 2nd, 2022 at 01:43:30 AM EST

Conflict in Ukraine's Donbas: A Visual Explainer | Int'l Crisis Group |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Mon May 2nd, 2022 at 08:07:58 PM EST
... and never looked back to de-escalate and stop the hostilities from both sides. There will be no winners, only losers in war.

Ursula von der Leyen says Putin must pay `high price' as she proposes oil ban | The Guardian |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Wed May 4th, 2022 at 01:54:52 PM EST

Due to a decade of European stupidity and American bullying, the Russian empire has grown by Crimea and large parts of NE-East and Southern border of Ukraine along the Azov Sea.

Preventing a Wider European Conflict | CFR |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Wed May 4th, 2022 at 02:16:06 PM EST
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'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed May 4th, 2022 at 02:17:05 PM EST
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'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed May 4th, 2022 at 02:18:07 PM EST
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'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed May 4th, 2022 at 07:25:44 PM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed May 4th, 2022 at 07:27:00 PM EST

Jacinda Ardern's Labour party is continuing to slump in popularity, as New Zealand reckons with a worsening cost of living crisis.

New polling found the centre-right National party leads Labour although a Labour-led coalition would still have a strong chance at government. The Newshub-Reid research poll put Labour down 6.1 points to 38.2% since its last poll in February, and National up 9.2 points to 40.5%.

'Everything is rising': New Zealanders make painful sacrifices as living costs skyrocket

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Wed May 4th, 2022 at 07:31:48 PM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu May 5th, 2022 at 12:04:22 PM EST
Are the Troubles Blocking NATO Membership?

Certainly security guarantees can be set through a negotiated bilateral defence pact ...

Relations with Ireland and NATO

Ireland had been willing in 1949 to negotiate a bilateral defence pact with the United States, but opposed joining NATO until the question of Northern Ireland was resolved with the United Kingdom (see The Troubles 1968-1998).

Official NATO-Ireland relations began in 1999 when Ireland became a signatory to NATO's Partnership for Peace programme and the alliance's Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council.

Since then, NATO and Ireland have actively cooperated on peacekeeping, humanitarian, rescue, and crisis management issues and have developed practical cooperation in other military areas of mutual interest, under Ireland's Individual Partnership Programme (IPP) and Individual Partnership and Cooperation Programme (IPCP), which is jointly agreed every two years.

See Frank's new diary ...

Expelling Russia

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Sat May 7th, 2022 at 01:39:09 PM EST
Western European Security and Domestic Danish Policy

At that time, Denmark has also become to be regarded in NATO as a fairly cumbersome partner, a "footnote" nation because it had begun to distance itself from the mainstream Western security policy by frequent dissent. The "footnotes" were an interlude, but in the eyes of most casual observers they became and still remain the crowning characteristic of Danish alliance policy.

Western European Union (WEU) | European defense organization

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Sat May 7th, 2022 at 01:40:42 PM EST
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NATO '49: FR, IT, LU, NL, BE, UK, US, CA, DK, NO, PT
by Cat on Sat May 7th, 2022 at 08:06:37 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Signing of the Brussels Treaty - March 17, 1948

The Western European countries were willing to consider a collective security solution. In response to increasing tensions and security concerns, representatives of several countries of Western Europe gathered together to create a military alliance. Great Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg signed the Brussels Treaty in March, 1948. Their treaty provided collective defense; if any one of these nations was attacked, the others were bound to help defend it.

The U.S. negotiators felt there was more to be gained from enlarging the new treaty to include the countries of the North Atlantic, including Canada, Iceland, Denmark, Norway, Ireland, and Portugal. Together, these countries held territory that formed a bridge between the opposite shores of the Atlantic Ocean, which would facilitate military action if it became necessary.

NATO and Denmark | 1948-1968 |

The drive for neutrality stems from the Radical Party founded in 1905 and a stance going back to 1864 and 1870, when the choice between alliance and neutrality presented itself on the occasion of the Franco-Prussian War.

The contrarian ...

Denmark's special status: opting out of EU defence cooperation

Not NATO, rather Denmark wants to keep strong Trans-Atlantic ties and does not seek further integration of the European Union, especially on defence.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Sat May 7th, 2022 at 09:06:03 PM EST
[ Parent ]
how circular European unification appears in retrospect: from the 30-years War to civilize all wars to the next, The Shadow in My Eye.
by Cat on Sun May 8th, 2022 at 02:21:36 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Long story of how the EU was planned to be equivalent to NATO
by Tom2 on Sun May 8th, 2022 at 04:17:44 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Petersberg Council of 1992 created 'associate member' status in WEU

Russia-Western Europe relationship has to be seen in the context of the strengthening EU/WEU relationship. Western Europe is playing a leading role in the reintegration of Russia into a Greater Europe. EU is Russia's main trading partner, its main investor and also its largest donor of assistance and grants. With the entry into force of the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement, the formal relationship between EU and Russia has received another significant boost, which also encompasses the security field. Although WEU regards developments in Russia as a vital security interest, it has been reluctant to institutionalize its relationship with Russia. Russia and WEU have, however, engaged in a number of practical cooperative projects, most importantly the provision of Russian satellite imagery and long-haul air transport assets to WEU. In terms of political contacts, the relationship is also clearly moving into a higher gear, yet without becoming institutionalized.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Sat May 7th, 2022 at 01:46:28 PM EST
[ Parent ]

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon May 9th, 2022 at 07:54:14 AM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon May 9th, 2022 at 07:54:41 AM EST
[ Parent ]

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon May 9th, 2022 at 07:55:15 AM EST
[ Parent ]

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon May 9th, 2022 at 07:55:50 AM EST
[ Parent ]
World leaders commemorate Victory in Europe Day

VE Day - 8 May 1945 | London - Winston Churchill |

Churchill's plan to move on Moscow vetoed by President Harry Truman who had a fight in the Pacific yet to be won ...

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Mon May 9th, 2022 at 07:56:50 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Except that it wasn't a plan to move on Moscow.
As the article you linked noted, it was a plan to roll back Russian troops out of eastern Germany and Poland.


It is rightly acknowledged that people of faith have no monopoly of virtue - Queen Elizabeth II

by eurogreen on Mon May 9th, 2022 at 10:52:57 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Operation Unthinkable - Churchill's plans to invade the Soviet Union in 1945

So concerned was the Prime Minister Winston Churchill, that in the spring of that year he ordered his Chiefs of Staff to prepare a plan, 'Operation Unthinkable' to attack the Soviet Empire. The top secret plan was so sensitive that only Churchill's immediate circle of military advisors were privy to the blueprint. The detailed proposal, which may seem fanciful today, sought to claw back East Germany and Poland, which had fallen under Soviet domination. Churchill felt particularly guilty over the fate of the Poles, who had fought valiantly for the Allies during the war but whose future was now dictated by Stalin.

If Churchill wanted to act, he knew that time was running out. The United States were about to move vast numbers of their troops and ordnance out to the Far East for the assault on mainland Japan, leaving Western Europe at the mercy of Stalin. Furthermore, demobilisation would start after VE Day and would rapidly reduce the size of the British Army and their capacity for offensive action.

The plan called for a massive Allied assault on 1 July 1945 by British, American, Polish and German - yes German - forces against the Red Army. They aimed to push them back out of Soviet-occupied East Germany and Poland, give Stalin and bloody nose, and force him to re-consider his domination of East Europe. But the plan was fraught with danger and the Allied force risked being dragged deeper into Soviet territory to face the nightmare of fighting in a Russian winter. The ghosts of Hitler and Napoleon were never far away.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon May 9th, 2022 at 07:57:32 AM EST
[ Parent ]
euractiv OpEd | Why Putin cannot win, and why Cataluyna lost
Putin's speech* was relatively tame, which is good news.

He called his undeclared war a "preventive" operation against an "aggressor" plotting against Russia and said Ukraine was trying to regain Crimea by force (though no such evidence exists). He also spoke of impending victory, reminding us that, historically, Russia has apparently defeated invaders.

Nostalgia is state policy in Russia. Putin even mentioned the 1812 battle of Borodino, won by field marshal Mikhail Kutuzov against Napoleon.
There is a slim chance Putin could be waking up to reality, although we cannot really be sure.

As we see it, the reality is the following: It is in the best interest of Russia to end this war, quickly. Putin cannot win because he has mobilised the entire West against him and because the West has started smelling victory.

The West is supplying Ukraine with the weapons of the 21st century, while Russia fights with World War Two-style memorabilia.
If Putin had been reading Tom Clancy's spy novels (this writer of the Brief re-reads them), he would have been warned about the technological progress in the Western armies and about the capacity of small, well-trained units equipped with state-of-the-art weaponry to stop and even destroy entire columns of tanks.

This is essentially what is happening in Ukraine.

Western armies, even in most countries of the former Soviet bloc, have made big progress toward professional hi-tech warfare, as opposed to the cannon fodder we see on TV, marching on Red Square next to nuclear missiles that cannot be used because, in such hypothesis, there would be no winner.

For a hypothetical peace agreement, face-saving for Putin is a prerequisite but this seems to be an unlikely compromise. Both in Kyiv and in Washington, the zero-sum mindset prevails.

And it is very difficult to say what is the mindset in the EU. Hopefully, on its anniversary, 52 years of the Schuman Declaration, the EU will ponder its role.

Just a reminder: This war is in ["]Europe["], and the EU was created to prevent war.

* link to euractiv "highlights", not the Address by the President of Russia at the military parade

by Cat on Mon May 9th, 2022 at 06:49:06 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Politico.eu.com | Zelenskyy tells Putin not to `appropriate' victory against Nazis
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy on Monday told Russia's Vladimir Putin not to use his Victory Day speech to "appropriate" the defeat of the Nazis in World War II, a conflict in which millions of Ukrainians died.

"We will not allow anyone to annex this victory, we will not allow it to be appropriated," the Ukrainian leader said, warning his country would not give "anyone a single piece of our history."

Zelenskyy, a Jewish president, has hit back hard against Putin's assertion that he is "de-Nazifying Ukraine" and has drawn clear parallels between Russia's invasion and NAZI genocide.

In a statement published late on Sunday ahead of Europe Day, which is also on May 9, EU foreign affairs chief Josep Borrell defended the EU's response to the war in Ukraine. Borrell underlined the bloc's political unity in the face of the Russian aggression, while EU ambassadors negotiate the sixth package of sanctions, which has led to internal divisions.
by Cat on Mon May 9th, 2022 at 08:32:09 PM EST
[ Parent ]
by Cat on Mon May 9th, 2022 at 08:57:40 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Newsweek | Russian Occupiers March Through Destroyed Mariupol to Mark Victory Day, 9 May
"'The occupiers celebrate Victory Day on the bones of Mariupol. Hundreds of citizens killed by the Russian army continue to be taken to the mass grave near the village of Vynohradne,' the Mariupol City Council said in a statement on the Telegram messaging app.'"

Daily Mail | Occupiers taunt Ukraine with processions in occupied territory including besieged city
"Similar Victory Day rallies were held in other cities including Melitopol, Energodar, Kherson and Staroblesk to rub Ukrainians' noses in the Russian invasion. The celebrations are held in commemoration of the Soviet Union's defeat over Nazi Germany in 1945, but is now coinciding with Russia's atrocities against civilians in Ukraine."

NBC News | Victory Day for Russia? Not in Ukraine.
"People across the world have seen the images of the mass grave dug in the shadows of Bucha's gold-domed church. That alone was traumatizing to see up close, but it is only a small piece of the full picture."

Diversity is the key to economic and political evolution.

by Cat on Mon May 9th, 2022 at 10:02:19 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Position of Ukraine between Poland and Russia in the narratives of French and German intellectual history from the end of the 18th century until the end of World War I

Engel condemns the Polish policy towards the Cossacks and all Ukrainian people, which led to the Uprising of Bohdan Khmelnitsky, a person he highly appreciates as the creator of the first Cossack state. [Responsible for the slaughter of 100,000 Jews in Galicia] He also describes Ivan Mazepa as a Ukrainian patriot and believes that Moscow managed to exploit the Ukrainian Cossacks more efficiently than Poland did because when Moscow was certain that it could do without the help of Cossacks, it began to dismantle their independence until it was no more.

The second generation. This discourse, which directly dealt with the position of Ukraine between Russia and Poland, is represented by the second generation of French and German historians. In contrast to the previous chapter on the discourse of the end of the eighteenth century, examined by the author of this paper in a number of his other works, this section covers its subject to a limited extent, since only further thorough research will allow ascertaining previously outlined inherent trends, features, and comparisons.

The foreign policy and intellectual prerequisites for a creation of the image of Ukraine in the French and German intellectual history in a half of the nineteenth century were determined by three factors of international politics of that time period: (1) restoration of the anti-Russian sentiment in French foreign politics during the reign of Louis Philippe I and especially Napoleon III; (2) political plans for the partition of Russia and liberation of Ukraine and Poland, which were conceived and attempted to be implemented by the then powerful opposition of the aristocrats with Ukrainophillic disposition in the Prussian court of Friedrich Wilhelm IV; (3) depiction of the image of Ukraine as a common homeland of Ukrainians and Poles in the creative and political works of the Great Polish Emigration in France in the 1830s, which had a decisive influence on the development of Ukrainian studies primarily in French, but also to a large extent in German intellectual history.

The second generation includes French scientists and politicians of the Second Republic and Second Empire, who revived the discourse about Ukraine in the period from the 1840s to 1860s, a move made mainly due to the foreign policy plans of Napoleon III. In addition, the second generation includes politicians and historians who held leading positions in French politics and historiography during the 1840s and 1860s period of the July Monarchy and the Second Empire.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon May 9th, 2022 at 05:39:35 PM EST

The equestrian statue by sculptor Mikhail Mikeshin, on a granite base by architect Vladimir Nikolaev, was installed in July 1888 during the celebrations for the 900th anniversary of the baptism of Prince Vladimir Sviatoslavich, later Saint Vladimir the Great.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon May 9th, 2022 at 06:14:45 PM EST
[ Parent ]
The Uniates are missing from the intellectual picture. Why is it that lately the EU wants to get involved in all the religious wars it can find? I wonder if the Ukrainian refugees influx is meant to push for a more catholic EU.
by Tom2 on Mon May 9th, 2022 at 06:15:38 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Ukraine is already a full-fledged part of the free world and a united Europe - address by President Volodymyr Zelenskyy Ukrainians! Our defenders....

Address by President Volodymyr Zelenskyy to the participants of the Brave Ukraine Charity Event, the people of Great Britain and the people of Ukraine

Every night I report to the public on what has been done to protect the state. On what the Armed Forces of Ukraine managed to achieve. On how we help our people. And on what international negotiations took place.

For example, today one of the notable news was the news of my conversation with you, Boris. Every time such negotiations take place, it is important for my country, for Ukraine. And no less important, I'm sure, for Britain. Because it is about steadfastness, courage and about the leadership that we demonstrate together - the Ukrainian and British nations. In defense of freedom. Our common freedom.

Russian troops today, as every day during this war, have continued to bomb our cities and our people. For example, my traditional morning meeting with the military, with the leadership of the army, with government officials and diplomats was accompanied by the sound of an air-raid siren. This is our reality. Missile strikes every day.

The day before yesterday - on the day when you, Boris, addressed our parliament, the Russian army launched 15 missile strikes at Ukraine. And this can be called a certain "Russian compliment" to your brilliant speech and our fruitful interstate cooperation. Because yesterday there were only 7 such strikes.

Obviously, Russia is annoyed by our proximity - Ukraine and Britain. So this means that we are really strong in defending freedom in Europe.

The biggest benefactors of military aid and army training ... recently Boris Johnson admonished Zelensky not to negotiate with the Kremlin unless from a position of military strength ... the talks in Turkey were discontinued.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Mon May 9th, 2022 at 09:16:54 PM EST

Putin's Russia 'mirroring the fascism and tyranny' of the Nazis, Wallace claims

Defence Secretary Ben Wallace's speech comes on the same day Vladimir Putin stages a military parade to mark the victory over Nazi Germany

Unrelated ...

On surprise Odessa trip, Charles Michel takes cover during missile strike

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Mon May 9th, 2022 at 09:22:39 PM EST
[ Parent ]
The 20th-Century History Behind Russia's Invasion of Ukraine

During WWII, Ukrainian nationalists saw the Nazis as liberators from Soviet oppression. Now, Russia is using that chapter to paint Ukraine as a Nazi nation

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Mon May 9th, 2022 at 09:24:02 PM EST
[ Parent ]

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue May 10th, 2022 at 09:15:40 AM EST
[ Parent ]
"Why minimizing the 'Red' victory?" | by Guy Spitaels, et.al. - May 11, 2005 |

We have to recall that the USSR had from 26 to 27 million deaths among all categories of the population, that it was attacked not only by Germany but also by allied troops from Romania, Hungary, Spain, Italy and Croatia, legions and divisions of the SS from all across Europe, including Flanders and Wallonia, who supported the Nazis with the blessing of some clergies.

Afterwards, it had to recover itself without the assistance of a "Marshall plan". In addition, some historians believe they have elements to speak of a "European civil war", in the course of which the "civilized and Christian" Europe joined fascist movements "against the Bolshevik barbarity".

This thesis today favors those who, in Germany and among the nationalist collaborators in the Baltic countries and in Ukraine or in Flanders, try to rehabilitate the former SS and national or "anti-Stalinist" movements that wrongly allied with Hitler to the point that they participated in the genocide perpetrated by the Nazis.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue May 10th, 2022 at 09:07:16 AM EST
Europe's Four Freedoms

Building an Independent Europe based of Four Freedoms

Baudouin took a less active role in politics than his predecessors, and Belgium entered the second half of the twentieth century showing an unprecedented era of economic growth, as Belgium took an active role in the formation of the Benelux customs union with its neighbors, the Netherlands and Luxembourg.

The union allowed the states to resist American political and economic influence during the period of the Marshall Plan, and allowed the region to plot its own economic path.

Ultimately, the Benelux union would serve as a model for the European Economic Community, a precursor to the European Union; to this day Brussels serves as the seat of many of the European Union institutions.

Today the EU-27 is under the boot of NATO and Washington DC ... full throttle speaking with a single voice (brain disengaged) going to war with the Russian Europeans.

Biden's Blitzkrieg Across Europe

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue May 10th, 2022 at 09:10:11 AM EST
[ Parent ]
The largest recipient of Marshall Plan money was the United Kingdom (receiving about 50% of the total), but the enormous cost that Britain incurred through the "Lend-Lease" scheme was not fully re-paid to the US until 2006.[4] The next highest contributions [loans] went to France (8%) and West Germany (12%).
background: WWI bankrupted European states. In the WWII antebellum period, defaults on loans held mostly by US private lenders were as common as devaluation of European currencies, due in parts to depletion of their gold reserves and price inflation. Several Conferences of London did not resolve payment processes among the several allied and enemy states, including the Yanks. US withdrew from the gold-standard (1933), implemented policies forbidding export of domestic gold, restricted US debt marketing to foreign parties (Act to Prohibit Financial Transactions with Any Foreign Government in Default on Its Obligations to the United States, short title, "Johnson [Debt-Default] Act"), and financed US fed purchases of foreign gold reserves.
in re: "special relationship", pp 17-21
The immediate problem facing the Roosevelt Administration was its inability, because of existing American law, to provide aid to Great Britain and France in their new status as belligerents. The President carefully followed the letter of the law and issued the neutrality proclamations that were called for, but at the same time he began the steps that ultimately led to the passage of the Neutrality Act of 1939. The revision of the neutrality legislation was the first major attempt by the Roosevelt Administration to provide meaningful assistance to the British against Hitler. Submitted to Congress late in September, 1939, the changes would permit belligerent nations to purchase war materials in the United States on a "cash and carry" basis.1
[Sen. Wm.] Borah [R-ID] mocked the notion that countries already experiencing financial problems and unable to pay even the interest on their World War I debt would be able to pay cash for any length of time. Time and again he asserted one of his central themes: once the United States departed from its neutral stance and began selling arms to England, America would not have the heart to refuse the British merely because they no longer had the ready cash. Sarcastically, he relabelled the proposed Neutrality Act the "credit and carry law."
The reason that the Administration made no attempt to defend the Allies' ability to pay cash indefinitely was that it actually knew very little about the financial future of Britain and France. This is hardly surprising; the Allies knew very little about it themselves. Financial predictions by both sides during World War I had proven notoriously incorrect, particularly in the matter of supply requirements, and the British were leery of repeating their mistake. Yet just such a journey into what one participant turned historian called "the misty uplands of prophecy" was an absolute prerequisite to any semblance of Anglo-American co-ordination in the purchase of war materials.7
The British were acutely aware of the potential problems involved in having to pay cash. Between August 24 and September 3, a set of currency and securities regulations was put into effect. These rules were the result of discussions between the Bank of England and the British Treasury which had begun back in the summer of 1937. They made all dealings in gold and foreign currencies a Treasury monopoly, required all gold and certain foreign currencies to be sold to the Treasury, and set up a system of registration for all securities marketable abroad--eventually leading to purchase and sale by the Treasury. Clearly a key theme behind all this was the desire to obtain and conserve U.S. dollars.10
When the Roosevelt Administration began to receive some reports giving the amount of gold and dollar reserves Britain had available as of September, 1939, the figures proved relatively accurate. A report on the British financial situation dated October 26, 1939, stated that they had $4,522,000,000 in gold reserves, and foreign investments added to dollar reserves totalled almost five and one-half billion dollars. In reality Great Britain had between $2.8 and $2.9 billion in gold and negotiable dollar resources combined, with the remaining $1.3 billion labelled as potential assets.11 It is not surprising that Montague Norman, Governor of the Bank of England, characterized that situation as "worse than tragic," while the American Ambassador in Great Britain, Joseph P. Kennedy, commented that "England is busted now." 12
The new neutrality legislation that President Roosevelt signed into law on November 4, 1939, made two basic changes in America's neutrality stance. War materials could now be sold to belligerents, but they had to be purchased in the United States and shipped on foreign vessels. Travel in war zones was forbidden, and the general tenor of the previous neutrality legislation was maintained. Short-term credits might still be extended through the Reconstruction Finance Corporation or the Export-Import Bank, but it was long-range financing that Britain had to arrange.18 In addition to a shortage of dollars and a virtual total denial of credit in America, United Kingdom finances were also hurt by an unfavorable balance of trade with the United States plus a decline in dollar-earning exports from the entire sterling bloc. In short, the area serviced by the British pound sterling was losing dollars desperately needed by the English to purchase goods in America.
That would duplicated to scale as the "Marshall Plan", 1948-1951, that established "the world's reserve currency" to bind them all in venal "peace".

Until further notice. < checks watch >

by Cat on Tue May 10th, 2022 at 12:52:14 PM EST
[ Parent ]
S.3522 - Ukraine Democracy Defense Lend-Lease Act of 2022 enacted as expected to save not democracy, but "the world's reserve currency" rate.

parity watch
Daily FX | Euro Swerves Volatility as Risk Aversion Permeates Markets to Boost Japanese Yen, 10 May

The Euro continues to hold ground against a surging US Dollar and Japanese Yen as the carnage from Monday has spilled over into the Tuesday Asian session. Risk assets under pressure across the board.
by Cat on Tue May 10th, 2022 at 04:22:16 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Biden signs $33B Ukraine Democracy Defense Lend-Lease Actof 2022, gets $40B, 9 May a.m.
"I think we will be able to do it [amend the text + $7B + eligible corps] as quickly as possible," House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said over the weekend about an emerging aid package. "We have great bipartisanship in terms of our support for the fight for democracy that the people of Ukraine are making."
Revised $40B Ukraine aid package unveiled, heads to House floor, 10 May p.m.
House Democratic leaders introduced a nearly $40 billion supplemental package of military, economic and humanitarian aid for Ukraine on Tuesday afternoon just hours before an expected floor vote.
In a late change to the bill that may win over wavering Republicans, House Appropriations Chair Rosa DeLauro, D-Conn., offered an amendment during Rules Committee consideration that would add an extra $304 million for the Pentagon to replenish U.S. stocks of weapons and other equipment delivered to Ukraine. The change was tucked into the rule for floor debate as a "self-executing" amendment, which means upon adoption of the rule, the added funds would be officially incorporated into the base text. ...While the negotiations were wrapping up, Ukraine's ambassador to the United States, Oksana Markarova, met with Senate Democrats at their weekly policy lunch Tuesday to discuss what assistance is needed as her country battles a Russian invasion.
And appropriators [BWAH!] also decided to cut a Biden-proposed $100 million "Food for Progress" fund at USDA to provide food aid to countries in the Middle East and Africa.
UA Transmission System Operator: The actions of the occupiers led to the suspension of gas transit through the Sokhranivka DHW, 10 May
by Cat on Wed May 11th, 2022 at 12:00:47 AM EST
[ Parent ]

Like 77 years ago? Killing 1.5 million Jews in the Ukraine? Revisionism of history is beyond today's reality. Were Zelensky's parents part of the Red Army fighting harsh battles into Berlin and the bunker where Adolf Hitler was a coward to stand by his soldiers and accept fate of a military defeat.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Tue May 10th, 2022 at 10:23:03 AM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue May 10th, 2022 at 10:25:49 AM EST
[ Parent ]
My bad ... should be deleted.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue May 10th, 2022 at 10:27:37 AM EST
[ Parent ]

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue May 10th, 2022 at 10:28:20 AM EST
[ Parent ]

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue May 10th, 2022 at 10:39:53 AM EST

Latest: Author has deleted this tweet. Lies and disinformation 🤥

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Tue May 10th, 2022 at 10:42:17 AM EST
[ Parent ]

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue May 10th, 2022 at 10:43:32 AM EST

CNI was also criticized for its failure to prevent the phones of Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez and other officials from being hacked by an unnamed foreign entity using the Pegasus spyware.

Defence Minister Margarita Robles claimed that mistakes had been made. "Of course there are security flaws and there will continue to be, because it's one of the prices we pay for the technology," she told reporters.

Esteban, who took charge of CNI in 2020 after years of service working as an agent, appeared last week before lawmakers in Congress. At the committee, Esteban reportedly acknowledged that the spy agency wire-tapped 18 pro-independence leaders but did so legally.

Esteban will be replaced by Esperanza Casteleiro, the deputy defense minister. 

Source may have been Morocco during crisis influx of migrants into Spain #polisario #algeria

Spanish Prime Minister, Defense Minister Hacked Using Israel's Pegasus Spyware in 2021, Officials Say | Haaretz |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Tue May 10th, 2022 at 07:44:05 PM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue May 10th, 2022 at 07:45:21 PM EST
[ Parent ]

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue May 24th, 2022 at 04:34:29 PM EST
Broader victimhood ...

It's not just Ukraine in conflict ... NATO partners try to pull the global world into the conflict with Russia ....

VDL leads (where is the makeover voice of Jens?) and German partnership with Olof Schulz who amplifies.

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz pledged to help countries in Africa that are also suffering from Russia's invasion of Ukraine | DW News |

There are other sources for grain ...

Let the US ship wheat instead of LNG and Brazil too will be happy to deliver.

Proceed as the ancient war criminal Henry Kissinger says: "Make a deal."

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Tue May 24th, 2022 at 04:39:32 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Mark Rutte, Prime Minister of the Netherlands
Video Message on the Inauguration of Nord Stream's Second
Pipeline, 8 October 2012

Ladies and gentlemen,

Less than a year ago, we celebrated the opening of the first Nord Stream pipeline in Germany.

It was a fantastic occasion and I look back on it with great pleasure. Unfortunately, I cannot be with you in person at today's launch of Nord Stream Two in Russia. But I'd like to take this opportunity to tell you how proud the Netherlands is of this achievement.

We are proud of the excellent working relationship between our four countries. And we are proud of the role our own Gasunie has played. This is another world-class joint achievement, and I warmly congratulate everyone on this outstanding result.

It's hard to overstate the importance of the Nord Stream project. The International Energy Agency calls this 'the Golden Age of Gas''.And with good reason.

Natural gas is relatively cheap and much cleaner than other fossil fuels. So as we seek large-scale renewable energy solutions, natural gas remains the transition fuel of choice.

There is an extra dimension to all this for the Netherlands - the largest producer and exporter of natural gas in the European Union.

Some 66,000 people in our country earn their living directly or indirectly in the gas sector. And it's a sector with growth potential.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu May 26th, 2022 at 09:52:44 PM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Fri May 27th, 2022 at 06:04:32 PM EST

Funds trump human rights issues ...

Commission unblocks Poland's recovery plan, ending dispute over the country's judiciary | EurActiv |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Wed Jun 1st, 2022 at 08:31:33 PM EST

Der Grüne Außenpolitiker Anton Hofreiter ... complete Moron on the issue of relationship Ukraine and Russia. Satisfaction to be in a German government. Talking nonsense.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Wed Jun 1st, 2022 at 09:31:21 PM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Jun 1st, 2022 at 09:32:27 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Speaking in Brussels on May 31 about the latest package of EU sanctions against Russia Taioseach Micheal Martin said that there was no doubt in his mind that "part of Putin's strategy was to create an energy crisis and also then to create a food crisis".

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu Jun 2nd, 2022 at 07:58:03 AM EST

Russia Is Connected to Western Europe | Nov 4th, 2021 |

Energy crisis caused by logistics, high employment and post pandemic economics of supply and demand.

'A perfect storm': supply chain crisis could blow world economy off course | The Guardian - Oct. 2, 2021 |

Post-pandemic recovery of the global economy, stock markets were back at record highs, and prices were rising just enough to make deflation fears a thing of the past.

Low wages have led millions to reconsider their careers during the pandemic, a phenomenon known as the Great Resignation.

However, a supply crunch that initially put a question mark over the availability of luxury cars or whether there would be enough PlayStations under our Christmas trees is instead morphing into a full-blown crisis featuring a shortage of energy, labour and transport from Liverpool to Los Angeles, and from Qingdao to Queensland.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Thu Jun 2nd, 2022 at 07:59:11 AM EST
[ Parent ]

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