Sun Sep 18th, 2022 at 11:37:57 AM EST
The US as nuclear rogue state. Part I of II | By Sirocco on Aug 2nd, 2005 |
In brief, the NPT allows only five states to have nuclear weapons: the US, the UK, France, Russia, and China. These five - aka the permanent members of the UN Security Council - agree not to transfer nuclear weapons technology to others, who agree not to seek to develop nuclear weapons. But importantly, that is not all. In return for the vast majority of countries forever forswearing the right to have nuclear forces, the five also agreed agreed in Article VI of the NPT eventually to get rid of theirs.
While little known, especially in the US, this requirement is not in dispute. It was a central premise when on May 11 1995, the Cold War firmly behind them, 170 countries made the historic decision to extend the treaty indefinetely. And in 1996, the International Court of Justice unanimously held that Article VI obligates states to "bring to a conclusion negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament in all its aspects." Indeed, the five recognized nuclear weapon states recommitted themselves to this goal at the 30-year Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference in New York, May 2000.
Failed NPT: Introduction of Battlefield 'mini-Nukes'
A Strategy for Non-Strategic Disarmament: The Multilateral Prohibition of Low-Yield Nuclear Weapons - 2013
The probability of low-yield nuclear weapons being used is significantly greater than other classes of nuclear weapon owing to the battlefield contingencies for which they are designed and the vulnerable nature of their deployment in the field. Their continued development, particularly in emerging nuclear arsenals, constitutes a major threat to regional and global stability.
This study also canvasses the possible alternative approaches to non-strategic nuclear arms control including; improvements to command-and-control, coordination of declaratory policy, unilateral disarmament initiatives, and regulating delivery systems. While some of these options may be worth pursuing as concurrent policy ideas, they cannot substitute for the proposed treaty.
A multilateral treaty banning low-yield nuclear weapons removes several pathways to nuclear war while providing extra mechanisms for controlling escalation should they ever be used. By analysing the possible scenarios involving low-yield nuclear weapons it is shown that a treaty with minimal intrusive verification strengthens the security of each state party.
Effect New START Treaty ...
U.S. Strategic Nuclear Forces: Background, Developments, and Issues | US Congress Report - Sept. 2019 |
US nuclear weapons: first low-yield warheads roll off the production line | The Guardian - Jan. 28, 2019 |
The US has begun making a new, low-yield nuclear warhead for its Trident missiles that arms control advocates warn could lower the threshold for a nuclear conflict.
The new weapon, the W76-2, is a modification of the existing Trident warhead. Stephen Young, a senior Washington representative of the Union of Concerned Scientists, said its yield had most likely been cut by taking away one stage from the original two-stage, W76 thermonuclear device.
"As best we can tell, the only requirement is to replace the existing secondary, or second stage, with a dummy version, which is what they do every time they test fly a missile," Young said, adding that the amount of tritium, a hydrogen isotope, may also be adjusted. The result would be to reduce its explosive power from 100 kilotons of TNT, to about five - approximately a third of the force of the bomb dropped on Hiroshima.
Blurring the lines in using nuclear weapons
"Hey all you nuclear powers out there. We're just going to trust that you recognize this is 'just a little nuclear weapon' and won't retaliate with all you've got," Hanham wrote in a tweet. "Remember! The US only intends to nuke you 'a little bit.'"
The NPR said the US could respond with nuclear weapons against "significant non-nuclear strategic attacks," including attacks on "civilian population or infrastructure". It also said the US would "strengthen the integration of nuclear and non-nuclear military planning".
Speaking to reporters last week, former defence secretary William Perry, an arms control advocate, said he was less worried about the number of nuclear warheads left in the world than by the return of cold war talk about such weapons being "usable".
Reducing Nuclear Danger
Greater threat of terror and nuclear proliferation ...
Pakistan's mini nuclear weapons easy targets for terrorists: US President Barack Obama | April 2016 |
Republican presidential frontrunner Donald Trump had his own advice for America's allies: get your own nuclear weapons, don't depend on US.
America's foreign policy failures best illustrated by Afghanistan and Pakistan ... losing the foothold in Central Asia after two decades of war.
The agonizing problem of Pakistan's nukes | Brookings - Sept. 28, 2021 |
Nuclear Weapons: A Record That Falls Short of Lofty Ambitions | Dec. 2016 |
On September 24, 2009, Obama chaired the UN Security Council summit on nuclear nonproliferation and nuclear disarmament. The council unanimously adopted U.S.-sponsored Resolution 1887 calling for a world without nuclear weapons. In May 2010, a suc review of the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) was held at the United Nations that resulte in a consensus action plan to strengthen compliance with the treaty.
The World Today
Today, the world looks quite different. The threat of nuclear war between the United States and Russia or China, by mistake or miscalculation, has increased due to a general deterioration of relations and regional tensions over eastern Europe, Ukraine, Syria, and the South and East China seas. Russia dropped out of the nuclear security summit process in 2016, and Moscow and Washington have exchanged charges of violating the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, which eliminated an entire class of nuclear weapons.
New START Treaty: In modernizing nuclear arsenal, U.S. stokes new arms race
Related reading ...
'Engaging With Iran' Does NOT Mean Nuke Them | By clammyc @BooMan on Jan 7, 2007 |
IAEA report on AUKUS and risk nuclear proliferation
China, AUKUS countries clash at IAEA over nuclear submarine plan
Ukraine invasion: Liz Truss comments sparked Putin decision to put nuclear deterrence forces on high alert, Kremlin says | Sky News - Feb. 28, 2022 |
Liz Truss nuclear decision "I will push the button of nuclear Armageddon"
Google search came up with zero links, empty, nada ... only this message:
Some results may have been removed under data protection law in Europe.
Learn more ... CENSORSHIP
Liz Truss Says She's 'Ready' To Press Nuclear Button And Alarm Bells Are Ringing | Huff Post - Aug. 24, 2022 |
Meanwhile, will neo-colonialism too be laid te rest?
Putin and the Nuclear End Game | The Bulwark |
My very own early warning ...
NUCLEAR THREAT M.A.D.
Biden's Blitzkrieg Across Europe
Sweeping reforms of the principles of the European Union, easing budget on military spending, ending trade barriers and renew trade deals, abandon environmental regulations and security, and commitment to reliance on American fossil fuel supply, economic hardship due to a great war on European soil and making transfer of mass data to American Big Tech possible. Trust and verify? Easing economic espionage for NSA/GCHQ and tracing EU leadership and policy makers. Welcome to the End of the End of History.
The Return of Bismarck
Germany is ready to become a leader on European security and must become the "best equipped armed force" in Europe, Chancellor Olaf Scholz said.
"As the most populous nation with the greatest economic power and a country in the centre of the continent, our army must become the cornerstone of conventional defence in Europe, the best-equipped force," Scholz said in a speech before the top personnel of the Bundeswehr.
Germany ready for a leading military role in Europe, Chancellor Scholz says
Strengthening German military should not be seen as a threat by our European partners, Scholz says at a military event in Berlin