Sat Jan 21st, 2023 at 12:09:33 AM EST
History of US aggression against the Islamic Republic of Iran
Supporting Saddam Hussein in the 1980s with genocidal attack employing chemical warfare on the battlefield, providing military intelligence and targeting from satellite data. Joining in horrible war crimes. A million lives lost on the Iraq-Iran War.
Exclusive: CIA Files Prove America Helped Saddam as He Gassed Iran | Dawn - Aug. 28, 2013 |
The U.S. knew Hussein was launching some of the worst chemical attacks in history -- and special presidential envoy Donald Rumsfeld set up a meeting in Baghdad and still gave him a hand.
DISTRICT COURT of THE HAGUE CRIMINAL LAW SECTION -- Supply precursors for chemical warfare used against Kurds in Halabja 
[....]It has been established that the accused, consciously and solely acting in pursuit of gain, has made an essential contribution to the chemical warfare program of Iraq during the nineteen eighties. His contribution has enabled, or at least facilitated, a great number of attacks with mustard gas on defenseless civilians. These attacks represent very serious war crimes. [....] [....] the proven facts consist of : - complicity in being a co-perpetrator of a violation of the laws and practices of war, while that fact includes inhuman treatment and while that fact causes the death or severe bodily harm of an other person, and while that fact is the expression of a policy of systematic terror or illegal conduct against an entire population of a certain group thereof, committed several times; - complicity in being a co-perpetrator of a violation of the laws and practices of war, while that fact includes inhuman treatment and while that fact causes the death or severe bodily harm of an other person, committed several times.
count 1, principally:
that Saddam Hussein Al-Tikriti and/or Ali Hassan Al-Majid Al-Tikriti and/or Hussein Kamal Hassan Al-Majid and/or (an)other person(s) (who so far has/have remained unknown),
on or around 5 and/or 6 June 1987 and/or August 1988 in Zewa and/or
on or around 16 March 1988 in Halabja and/or
on or around 3 May 1988 in Goktapa (Gukk Tapah) and/or
on or around 25 August 1988 in Birjinni (Bergin),
in any case at one (or more) point(s) in time in the years 1986 and/or 1987 and/or 1988 in Iraq, together and in conjunction with (an) other(s), in any case in conspiracy, (again and again) with the view to completely or partially wipe out a national or ethnic group as such, to intentionally has/have killed members of the group and/or inflicted grievous bodily and/or mental harm by then and there, together and in conjunction, in any case in conspiracy, in Iraq (in Zewa and/or Halabja and/or Goktapa (Gukk Tapah) and/or Birjinni (Bergin) and/or (an)other place(s) intentionally used chemical weapons (mustard gas and/or nerve gas(es)) against persons, belonging to (part of) the Kurdish population group (in the country side and/or in Halabja) in Northern Iraq who were present then and there, as a result of which those persons from (part of) that Kurdish population group (in the country side and/or in Halabja) have died and/or suffered grievous bodily and/or mental harm ((among other things) existing in that those persons from (part of) that Kurdish population group (in the country side and/or in Halabja) have found themselves in a (permanent) situation of (serious) fear).
Covered in my diary ...
Dutchman Van Anraat On Trial for Halabja Genocide | Posted by Oui @BooMan - Dec 1, 2005 |
[started blogging in September 2004 at the Pond of Martin Longmon]
Frans van Anraat, 63, is charged with complicity in war crimes and genocide for supplying agents for poison gas used by Iraq in the 1980-1988 war with Iran and against its own Kurdish population, including a 1988 attack on the town of Halabja.
"He is being accused of delivering raw materials necessary to build Saddam Hussein's chemical weapons. The use of those weapons by the regime in Baghdad led to death of thousands in Iraq and Iran," Prosecutor Fred Teeven told the court.
"He is complicit in serious international crimes."
International sources for technology and chemical precursors
According Iraq's report to the UN, the know-how and material for developing chemical weapons were obtained from firms in such countries as: the United States, West Germany, the United Kingdom, France and China. By far, the largest suppliers of precursors for chemical weapons production were in Singapore (4,515 tons), the Netherlands (4,261 tons), Egypt (2,400 tons), India (2,343 tons), and West Germany (1,027 tons). One Indian company, Exomet Plastics (now part of EPC Industrie) sent 2,292 tons of precursor chemicals to Iraq. The Kim Al-Khaleej firm, located in Singapore and affiliated to United Arab Emirates, supplied more than 4,500 tons of VX, sarin, and mustard gas precursors and production equipment to Iraq.
The provision of chemical precursors from US companies to Iraq was enabled by a Reagan administration policy that removed Iraq from the State Department's list State Sponsors of Terrorism. Leaked portions of Iraq's "Full, Final and Complete" disclosure of the sources for its weapons programs shows that thiodiglycol, a substance needed to manufacture deadly mustard gas, was among the chemical precursors provided to Iraq from U.S.companies such as Alcolac International, Inc and Phillips. Both companies have since undergone reorganization and Phillips, once a subsidiary of Phillips Petroleum and now part of ConocoPhillips, an American oil and energy company while Alcolac Intl. has since dissolved and reformed as Alcolac Inc.
Downing passenger jet over Persian Gulf
Listing Terror Groups as Freedom Fighters - Again
Delisting MEK as a terror group
Listing Iranian defense forces as a terror organization
EU mulls adding Iran's Revolutionary Guards to list of terrorist groups | Le Monde |
The debate in Brussels shows the willingness of European leaders to increase their pressure on Tehran, amid ongoing repression in the country.
US Ally Soleimani's Global Fight Against Terror
- He fought the Iraqi invasion of Islamic Republic of Iran by Saddam Hussein
- He fought the Soviet invaders of Afghanistan in the 80s
- He fought the Taliban in the 90s
- He fought the invaders of Iraq post March 2003
- He fought Al Qaeda and Islamic State foreign fighters in Syria and Iraq alongside the US coalition
Why Afghan Politicians Express Anger And Grief Over Soleimani's Killing | RFERL |
The United States confirmed killing the powerful commander of Iran's elite Qods (Quds) Force in the late hours of January 2 in an air strike near Baghdad International Airport.
The same day, Afghan Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah expressed his condolences to Iran. In a statement, he acknowledged Soliemani's cooperation with Afghans during decades of war in Afghanistan.
Abdullah's statement was not as harsh as his political party's - Jammiat Islami. The lengthy press release on January 3 named Soleimani as a martyr and said the news of his death is received with deep grief and anguish.
Key Takeaways From Qasem Soleimani's Massive Funeral Procession | RFERL |
A serie of three articles on outside intervention led by the U.S. [and Israel] supporting foreign terror groups in assassinations and terror campaign of bombings. The sanction regime by the Western nations leaves Iran in an economic poor shape and poverty. The historic ethnic division of Iran leaves multiple opportunities to be exploited by funding opposition movements seeking independence or at least some autonomy. A universal trend for self-identity and nationalism.
The criminal acts by the Jewish State of Israel is not covered in these series as it would be too extensive from the Mossad training the Shah’s secret service SAVAK in methods of oppression and torture.
The Fall of the Shah — The CIA has lost eleven espionage ground stations along the 1,600 km Iranian - Soviet border. The thousands of US military personnel contracted by the DoD have left.
The 8 years during the Reagan administration could by itself be written in a lively book.
Israeli Intelligence and Assassinations | Feb. 8, 2022 |
Has any major power been using the argument of borders and sovereignty recently? UN Charter provisions. #bansanctions #brotherhood #sisterhood