Fri Mar 31st, 2023 at 10:19:49 AM EST
Ten days ago, 20-21 March, the presidents and delegations from China and the Russian Federation met in Moscow to agree. To what? one may yet wonder, given that G7 censors condemn the matter rather than disclose it. Which is a simple feat. For the Kremlin would apper to be the sole publisher of complete communiqués but for AfterShock.news duplication of documents. "Let's start from the end" (the economy, stupid), the culmination of means and motive, which definitively belie occidental fixation on Ukraine anathema and invidious sanctions against the rest.
- Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the People's Republic of China on cooperation in the field of joint production of television programs.
- Protocol to the Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the establishment and organizational basis of the mechanism for regular meetings of the heads of government of Russia and China dated June 27, 1997.
- Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation and the Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China on deepening cooperation in the field of exhibition and fair activities.
- Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation and the Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China on deepening investment cooperation in the development and use of forest resources.
- Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation and the Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China on deepening investment cooperation between the subjects of the Russian Federation and the provinces of the People's Republic of China in the soybean industry.
- Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of the Russian Federation for the Development of the Far East and the Arctic and the Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China on industrial and infrastructural cooperation in the preferential regimes of the Far East of the Russian Federation.
- Protocol between the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China, the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research and the Chinese Academy of Sciences on strengthening cooperation in the field of fundamental scientific research.
- Memorandum of Understanding and Cooperation in the field of consumer protection between the Federal Service for Supervision of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare (Russian Federation) and the Main State Administration for Control and Regulation of the Market of the People's Republic of China.
- Memorandum of Understanding between the Federal Agency for State Property Management (Russian Federation) and the Committee for Control and Management of State Property of the State Council of the People's Republic of China on Strengthening Cooperation in the Management of State Enterprises.
- A comprehensive program of long-term cooperation in the field of fast neutron reactors and closing the nuclear fuel cycle between the State Atomic Energy Corporation "Rosatom" and the Atomic Energy Agency of the People's Republic of China.
- Memorandum of Cooperation between the Federal State Unitary Enterprise "All-Russian State Television and Radio Broadcasting Company" and the China Media Corporation.
- Agreement on the exchange of information and cooperation between the Federal State Unitary Enterprise "Information Telegraph Agency of Russia (ITAR-TASS)" (Russian Federation) and the Information Agency "Xinhua" (People's Republic of China).
After Shock also duplicates kremlin.ru | Joint statement of the President of the Russian Federation and the Chairman of the People's Republic of China on the plan for the development of key areas of Russian-Chinese economic cooperation until 2030
, the scoping document, explicity pertains to the MOUs finalized by states' delegates;
kremlin.ru | Joint statement by the Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China on the deepening of relations of comprehensive partnership and strategic interaction entering a new era.
kremlin.ru | The President of Russia and the President of China made press statements
presents a transcript. As is the custom, China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs narrates President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin Jointly Meet the Press
Prior to arrival in Moscow, Xi Jingping telegraphs mission priorities from Beijing to regional trade partners and NATO detractors.
fmprc | Forging Ahead to Open a New Chapter of China-Russia Friendship, Cooperation and Common Development"
There is a clear historical logic and strong internal driving force for the growth of China-Russia relations. Over the past ten years, we have come a long way in our wide-ranging cooperation and made significant strides into the new era.UNSC
(1945): FR, US, UK, CN, RU
(1967 FTA): BN, KH, ID, LA, MY, MM, PH, SG, TH, VN, TL*
(2005 East Asia Summit): CN, RU, IN, KR, ASEAN; US, AU, JP, NZ
(1989 FTA): CN, CN-hk, CN-tw, RU, ID, SG, VN, TH, PH, MX, PE, CL, BN, PG, MY, KR; US, AU, JP, NZ, CA
(1999 NGO) FR, DE, IT, ES, JP, UK, US, EU-CO, EU-EC, AU, CA; RU, CN, AR, BR, IN, ID, KR, MX, SA, ZA, TR
(2001 NGO): CN, RU, IN, PK, KZ, KG, TJ, UZ, IR, AM*, AF*, AZ*, BY*, TR*, LK*, KH*, SA*, EG*
(2009 FTA): CN, RU, BR, IN, ZA; AR*, DZ*, EG*, ID*, IR*, CM*, ML*, SN*, TH*, UZ*, FJ*, ET*, KZ*
(2012 FTA): AM, BY, KZ, KG, TJ, RU, VN*, CN*, RS*
(2018 TNC): CN, KZ, RU, BY
* observer, dialogue, or applicant member
— High-level interactions have played a key strategic role in leading China-Russia relations...fmprc | Xi Jinping Arrives in Moscow for State Visit to Russia
— Our two sides have cemented political mutual trust and fostered a new model of major-country relations. ...
— Our two sides have put in place an all-round and multi-tiered cooperation framework.
— Our two sides have acted on the vision of lasting friendship and steadily strengthened our traditional friendship. ...
— Our two sides have had close coordination on the international stage and fulfilled our responsibilities as major countries. China and Russia are firmly committed to safeguarding the UN-centered international system, the international order underpinned by international law, and the basic norms of international relations based on the purposes and principles of the UN Charter. We have stayed in close communication and coordination in the UN, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization [SCO], BRICS, the G20 and other multilateral mechanisms, and worked together for a multi-polar world and greater democracy in international relations. We have been active in practicing true multilateralism, promoting the common values of humanity, and championing the building of a new type of international relations and a community with a shared future for mankind.
Looking back on the extraordinary journey of China-Russia relations over the past 70 years and more, we feel strongly that our relationship has not reached easily where it is today, and that our friendship is growing steadily and must be cherished by us all. China and Russia have found a right path of state-to-state interactions. This is essential for the relationship to stand the test of changing international circumstances, a lesson borne out by both history and reality...
The Russian side held a grand welcome ceremony at the airport.kremlin.ru | Meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping
President Xi Jinping delivered an arrival statement, extending warm greetings and best wishes to the Russian government and people on behalf of the Chinese government and people. He stressed that China and Russia are friendly neighbors connected by shared mountains and rivers. Our two countries have consolidated and grown the bilateral relationship on the basis of no-alliance, no-confrontation and not targeting any third party, and set a fine example for developing a new model of major-country relations.
Cai Qi, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau and Director of the General Office of the CPC Central Committee, Wang Yi, member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and Director of the Office of the Central Commission for Foreign Affairs, Qin Gang, State Councilor and Foreign Minister and other officials accompanying President Xi arrived on the same plane. Zhang Hanhui, China's Ambassador to Russia, also came to the airport to greet the arrival.
Vladimir Putin: Dear Mr. Chairman, Dear friend! Welcome to Russia, to Moscow.fmprc | President Xi Jinping Meets with Russian President Vladimir Putin
I am glad to have the opportunity to personally congratulate you on your re-election as head of the Chinese state. This was made possible because the Chinese people and their representatives appreciated your work over the previous decades.
In recent years, China has made a tremendous leap forward in its development. All over the world, this causes genuine interest, and we even envy you a little. China has created a very effective system for developing the economy and strengthening the state. It is much more efficient than in many other countries of the world, this is an obvious fact. Market mechanisms are combined with a fairly confident political course and bring visible results. I am sure that under your leadership, China will take further steps in its development in the coming years and will certainly achieve the goals you have set for yourself....
Xi Jinping: I am very pleased at your invitation to once again pay a state visit to Russia, especially immediately after my next re-election as the President of the PRC, and I chose Russia as the first country of my foreign visit.
You just remembered that exactly ten years ago, when I first became President of the PRC, I also chose Russia as the first country for my first foreign visit. You reminded me of this, and to this day these pictures are well preserved in my heart....
President Xi stressed that there is a profound historical logic for China-Russia relationship to reach where it is today. China and Russia are each other's biggest neighbor and comprehensive strategic partner of coordination. Both countries see their relationship as a high priority in their overall diplomacy and policy on external affairs. China always upholds an independent foreign policy. To consolidate and develop well China-Russia relations is a strategic choice China has made on the basis of its own fundamental interests and the prevailing trends of the world. China is firm in keeping to the general direction of strengthening strategic coordination with Russia. Both China and Russia are committed to realizing national development and rejuvenation, support world multi-polarity and work for greater democracy in international relations. The two countries should further deepen practical cooperation in various fields and strengthen coordination and collaboration on multilateral platforms such as the UN to boost their respective national development and rejuvenation, and be a bulwark for world peace and stability.
The two sides had an in-depth exchange of views on the Ukraine issue. President Xi stressed that, on the Ukraine issue, voices for peace and rationality are building. Most countries support easing tensions, stand for peace talks, and are against adding fuel to the fire. A review of history shows that conflicts in the end have to be settled through dialogue and negotiation. China released a document on its position on the Ukraine crisis, advocating the political settlement of the crisis and rejecting the Cold War mentality and unilateral sanctions. China believes that the more difficulties there are, the greater the need to keep space for peace. The more acute the problem is, the more important it is not to give up efforts for dialogue. China will continue to play a constructive role in promoting the political settlement of the Ukraine issue.
President Putin said that Russia appreciates China for consistently upholding an impartial, objective, and balanced position and standing for fairness and justice on major international issues. Russia has carefully studied China's position paper on the political settlement of the Ukraine issue and is open to talks for peace. Russia welcomes China to play a constructive role in this regard.
The two Presidents said that they look forward to formal talks on the next day to draw up a new blueprint for China-Russia comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination in the years to come.
After the official welcoming ceremony, which took place in the St. George Hall of the Grand Kremlin Palace, the conversation between the head of the Russian state and the President of China began.
fmprc | President Xi Jinping Meets with Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin
On the morning of March 21 local time, President Xi Jinping met with Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin at the Russian Federation Government House.President Xi Jinping Holds Large-group Talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin
President Xi Jinping stressed that since last year, the all-round practical cooperation between China and Russia has maintained sound momentum of growth amid the complex external environment. China has remained Russia's largest trading partner for 13 years in a row. Our energy cooperation has continuously deepened, solid progress has been made on strategic major projects, and increasing people-to-people, cultural and sub-national exchanges have brought us even closer. It is important that both sides work together to scale up and improve the quality of our economic and trade cooperation, promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, and keep industrial and supply chains secure and stable. The two sides can fully leverage the role of major connectivity projects to spur growth, jointly safeguard our energy security, and expand bilateral economic and trade exchange. We can enhance cooperation in scientific research and innovation and promote sustained progress in our cooperation. We need to work for the continued success of the Chinese-Russian years of sports exchanges in 2022 and 2023 with more activities to be held in a well-planned way. China attaches high importance to seeking synergy between the Belt and Road Initiative and the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) and stands ready to work with Russia and other EAEU member states to fully implement the Agreement on Economic and Trade Cooperation between China and the EAEU and deepen regional cooperation at a higher level.
On the afternoon of 21 March local time, President Xi Jinping had large-group talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin at the Kremlin in Moscow.kremlin.ru | Russian-Chinese talks
China is in the first year of fully implementing the guiding principles set forth by the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, and will foster a new development paradigm at a faster pace, promote high-quality development, and advance Chinese modernization in all respects. Russia is pursuing its national development goals through 2030. The two sides need to step up communication and coordination for new and greater progress in practical cooperation. President Xi expressed his readiness to work with President Putin to provide guidance and instructions for the bilateral relations and practical cooperation to boost the development and rejuvenation of both countries.
[...]fmprc | President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin Sign Joint Statement of the People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation on Deepening the Comprehensive Strategic Partnership of Coordination for the New Era and Stress Settling the Ukraine Crisis Through Dialogue
The package of documents signed during the visit includes an intergovernmental agreement on cooperation in the joint production of television programmes, as well as documents concerning cooperation between the National State Television and Radio Broadcasting Company (VGTRK) and the China Media Group, and on the exchange of information and cooperation between Russia's ITAR-TASS news agency and the Xinhua News Agency.
The relevant ministries signed memorandums of understanding aimed at deepening cooperation in trade shows and exhibitions, in the management and use of forest resources, in soybean production, as well as industrial and infrastructure cooperation under preferential terms in the Russian Far East.
The Russian Ministry of Science and Higher Education, the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology, the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research and the Chinese Academy of Sciences signed a Protocol on Strengthening Cooperation in Fundamental Scientific Research. The Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation and the Chinese Atomic Energy Authority also signed a Comprehensive Long-term Cooperation Programme on fast neutron reactors and closed nuclear fuel cycle development.
In addition, the relevant state agencies signed memorandums of understanding and cooperation regarding consumer protection and deeper cooperation in the management of state companies.
After completing the talks, the heads of state made statements to the media. Later, a state dinner was held in the Palace of the Facets on behalf of the President of the Russian Federation in honor of the Chairman of the People's Republic of China.
kremlin.ru | Speeches at state dinner hosted by President Vladimir Putin in honour of President of People's Republic of China Xi Jinping
Vladimir Putin: Dear Mr. Chairman, Dear friends!A Journey of Friendship, Cooperation and Peace that Attracts Worldwide Attention
The "Book of Changes", which is a real code of wisdom of Chinese civilization, says: if people have a common soul, then their common strength is so great that it can cut the strongest metal, overcome any obstacle.
I am confident that Russian-Chinese cooperation has truly limitless possibilities and prospects, and we will continue to act in unison and strengthen our partnership for the benefit and interests of the peoples of Russia and China.
I propose a toast to the health of our friend, esteemed President of the People's Republic of China, Mr. Xi Jinping, to the health of all members of the Chinese delegation, to the deepening of Russian-Chinese comprehensive partnership and strategic interaction, to the prosperity and well-being of the peoples of Russia and China!
Gan Bei! [To the dregs!]
Xi Jinping (retranslated) : Dear President Putin! Ladies and Gentlemen! Dear friends!
It is a great pleasure to pay a state visit to the Russian Federation at the invitation of President Putin, to arrive in Russia in three years. This gives me great joy. In this regard, I would like to express my heartfelt gratitude to you, Mr. President, and dear Russian friends for the warm welcome.
Ten years ago, I made my first state visit to Russia as President of the People's Republic of China, and together with President Putin, we opened a new page in the development of Chinese-Russian relations.
Over the years, together in the spirit of equality, trust, mutual support, common prosperity, friendship from generation to generation, we have been making every effort to strengthen our political trust, expand cooperation, strengthen international cooperation and coordination. Together we have filled our relations with new content in accordance with the call of the new era.
In the face of changing world, time and history, China and Russia have managed to maintain strategic restraint. Together we confidently and calmly responded to the challenges of the time. Our relations have become stronger, more mature and We set an example—a model example—of relations between the great powers.
I propose a toast to the further development of Chinese-Russian relations of strategic partnership and interaction in a new era, to the prosperity, development and happiness of our peoples, to the friendship between our peoples from generation to generation, to the health of President Putin and all those present!
Let's drink to the bottom!
, State Councilor and Foreign Minister Qin Gang on President Xi Jinping's State Visit to Russia
a valedictory about situational leadership