Welcome to European Tribune. It's gone a bit quiet around here these days, but it's still going.

Niger: Decolonization, Resources and Military Intervention

by Oui Sun Aug 6th, 2023 at 09:41:46 AM EST

Already posted relevant information on the Sahel region before, since the ill conceived Libya intervention of March 2011 led by Obama with HRC and damning R2P dogma of the State department. The UK-France and NATO were the providers of air power arms and munitions. Bombing from the air with the Arab states providing boots on the ground with jihadists coming from earlier conflict zones Afghanistan-Chechnya-Iraq-Algeria-Tunisia.

Open Letter to EU Top Diplomat Josep Borrell

We live in a divided world of Barbarians and Civilization ...

VDL and Borrell are compliant leaders in the American school of foreign policy and militarism.

 Bushwhacked Into America's Wars

Setting the example of military might and intervention: George W. Bush with Neocons Wolfowitz and John Bolton, Barack Obama with VP Biden.

Defiance, fear in Niger as ECOWAS deadline looms | Al Jazeera - today |

The regional bloc's ultimatum for Niger's coup leaders to restore deposed President Mohamed Bazoum or risk military intervention is set to expire on Sunday.

With the ECOWAS-issued ultimatum set to expire on Sunday, uncertainty looms over Niger with millions of Nigeriens now facing the prospect of war and hardship. Experts say any military intervention would be costly.

"I think this has the potential to be disastrous," said Cameron Hudson, a senior associate in the Centre for Strategic and International Studies's Africa Program.

"The only positive thing we can say about this coup so far is that there has been no violence," Hudson told Al Jazeera. "And I think we should preserve the peace in Niger for the sake of the people, and an intervention force led by Nigeria creates a very likelihood that perhaps uncontrollable violence will break out and that does not strike me as a positive outcome for anyone."

... what was relatively straightforward in The Gambia seven years ago will be much more complicated in Niger, with military leaders in neighbouring Mali and Burkina Faso backing Tchiani and declaring that any intervention against Niamey will be considered a declaration of war against their nations.

Niger's coup leaders have also courted Russia, reportedly seeking help from Russian mercenary group, Wagner, which sent troops to Mali after the military coup there.

"These [ECOWAS] forces are not trained for this mission. ECOWAS cannot bully Niger [as it has the backing of] Mali and Burkina Faso, because the only fighting force that has the experience of fighting and training together are those countries in the G5 Sahel," Hudson said.

He was referring to a regional force set up in 2017, which included troops from Niger, Chad, Mauritania, Burkina Faso and Mali, and which received training as well as funds from the West to fight armed groups linked to al-Qaeda and ISIL in the Sahel.

Experts also fear that a conflict in Niger could benefit al-Qaeda, ISIL and other armed groups who would have room to grow stronger if governments in the region get distracted in a fight with each other.

Any conflict would also have severe humanitarian consequences.

Oluwole Ojewale, an analyst at the Senegal-based Institute of Security Studies, noted that more than a million Nigerian refugees - now living in Niger's border towns after fleeing attacks from bandits and the Boko Haram armed group - would also be caught in the crossfire.

Libyan intervention led to unrest in Mali and arms trafficking to armed groups such as Boko Haram in Nigeria ...

Obama's Libya Debacle: How a Well-Meaning Intervention Ended in Failure | Foreign Affairs - March/April 2015 |

Writing in these pages in 2012, Ivo Daalder, then the U.S. permanent representative to NATO, and James Stavridis, then supreme allied commander of Europe, declared, "NATO's operation in Libya has rightly been hailed as a model intervention." In the Rose Garden after Qaddafi's death, Obama himself crowed, "Without putting a single U.S. service member on the ground, we achieved our objectives."


Kosovo-Libya-Syria-Ukraine ... the succes story of Pax Americana

The European Union suffering from influx war refugees, asylum seekers and families fleeing devastation by effects of global warming. Populism, xenophobia, Islamophobia ... the cycle of violence and more conflicts and wars. US economy and wealth flourishing ... the power of manipulation, propaganda and pure capitalism.

Al-Qa'ida in the Lands of the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM)

Al-Qa’ida in the Lands of the Islamic Maghreb is an Algeria-based Sunni Muslim extremist group. It originally formed in 1998 as the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC), a faction of the Armed Islamic Group, which was the largest and most active terrorist group in Algeria. The GSPC was renamed in January 2007 after the group officially joined al-Qa’ida in September 2006. The group had close to 30,000 members at its height, but the Algerian Government's counterterrorism efforts have reduced GSPC's ranks to fewer than 1,000.

Chadian Forces Decapitate AQIM - Top Leaders Killed in Mountains | Mar 2, 2013 |

A New Way to Engage? French Policy in Africa from Sarkozy to Hollande | Chatham House - May 2013 |

After taking office as president on 15 May 2012, Hollande rapidly came to view the Mali crisis and the wider threat that militants posed to West African and Sub-Saharan countries.

Mali's Tuareg rebels declare independence | The Guardian - 6 April, 2012 |

Tuareg rebels seize control of remote northern region of Azawad amid chaos surrounding overthrow of Mali's president.

Al-Qaeda Jihadists In Northern Mali | by Oui @BooMan on Jun 7, 2012 |

Regional jihadist groups operate in ’Africanistan'

The region's two main armed groups - the Tuareg separatist MNLA (National Movement for the Liberation of the Azawad) and Ansar Dine, an al Qaeda-linked Islamist group - have been in a precarious alliance in recent weeks.

Issofou said his country had information about the existence of a nebulous network of terrorist organizations that maintain links with the Somali al Shebaab group, the Nigerian Boko Haram, and the mostly Algerian-based al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM).

Warning about the emergence of an "Africanistan," Issofou said he had "specific information" about a Boko-Haram training camp in [the northern Malian city of] Gao".

Bauchi Church Bombing: Boko Haram Claims Responsibility

International reactions ...

Pressure mounts on Niger coup leaders as ECOWAS deadline approaches | France24 |

ECOWAS "may wait to see whether these sanctions really start to bite and put pressure on - before either going ahead or deciding finally exactly what to do about the military action".

Melly added that although "the presidents of the ECOWAS states have firmly committed themselves to military action - there's quite a lot of division within some member states."

"Opposition politicians in Nigeria, Ghana and Senegal are raising serious questions about this."

Niger Coup Leaders End Military Cooperation With France, Deepening Concerns Over Anti-Western Turn | WSJ |

Move to cut ties with former colonial power came amid threats of a military intervention by other West African states

The leader of the junta said the military won't bow to pressure to reinstate ousted president Mohamed Bazoum.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Sun Aug 6th, 2023 at 01:54:58 PM EST
politico.eu.com | France backs efforts to quash Niger coup ahead of Sunday deadline
French Foreign Minister Catherine Colonna on Saturday backed efforts to reverse a military coup in Niger, following a meeting in Paris with the African country's Prime Minister Ouhoumoudou Mahamadou and Niger's Ambassador to France, Aïchatou Boulama Kané.
This ia a peculiar endorsement of the  constitutional authority and legitimacy of Nigerien incumbents rejected by CNSP partisans. Their harrowing flight to safety inside the big tent of the Banque de France is not told. Imagine instead chaos and "boiled leaves" amid the ruins of foreign "assistance" and "frozen" treasury that they left to the toiling masses. Here is Mohamed Bazoum's obsequious letter to editorial managementof the Washington Post, inspired by V. Zekensk* and written by Matthew Miller, US State Dept. "messaging" manager.
This coup, launched against my government by a faction in the military on July 26, has no justification whatsoever. If it succeeds, it will have devastating consequences for our country, our region and the entire world.
o, ECOWAS! o, Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité!
France's Foreign Ministry has said the revocation of the military pacts will not effect existing military deals as Paris does not recognize the putschists [sic].
An idiom connoting 19th century European experience with European antidisestablishmentarians, typically, disaffected officers appointed by the current regime to defend the current regime
"They have until tomorrow to renounce this adventurism [sic], these personal adventures, and restore democracy,"
IFES authoritative report: Republic of Niger Election 2021
Main Candidates in this Election:*
... National Assembly (27 Dec 2020): count N/A
... President Round 1 (27 Dec 2020): count N/A
... President Round 2 (19 Feb 2021): count N/A
* A total of 30 candidates are running in the election.[1]
1 DW | Many challenges for a new president
[French Foreign Minister Catherine] Colonna said. "Niger, which had democratically elected its president, must return to constitutional order, must see the will of the people of Niger respected."
An *-English trope denoting epic armed expeditions to conquer dangerous, exotic foreign lands
According to reports by France 24 [in Mali] and the Associated Press, Niger's military junta [sic] has asked for help from the Russian mercenary group Wagner [!] as Sunday's deadline approaches.
also geographically challenged AP (Fri, 4 Aug)
The US seeks to hang on to its last, best counterterrorist outpost in West Africa
"Ten days into a coup in Niger, life has become more challenging for U.S. forces ..."

Two Anglo-american visions of the "Sahel region". One geographic, one political. Incidentally, Mauritania withdrew from the WAMEU in 2000, citing irreconcilable differences over CFA monetary policy.

West Africa defense chiefs finalize Niger intervention plan as junta negotiations deadlock (the less said about the IMF's Sudan "protectorate," the better)
"defense chiefs from ECOWAS countries excluding Mali, Burkina Faso, Chad, Guinea, and Niger met Friday in Abuja, Nigeria, concluding with several measures including a military intervention outlined as recommendations to the regional leaders..."

There's little else from Politico's pretext for war among AU55 states that merits comment, other than to warn: Don't do it. Remember, Nigeria's standing 200K-man army has failed to save its own democracy from "mostly muslim" trrsm cultivated by your liege AFRICOM.  
by Cat on Sun Aug 6th, 2023 at 04:20:04 PM EST
premiumtimesng | Niger Coup: Nigerian Senate rejects Tinubu's troop deployment plan, urges political solution, 5 Aug constitutional crisis?
Rather the upper legislative chamber advised Mr Tinubu and the Economic Community of West Africa States (ECOWAS), which he leads, to explore political solution to the crisis.

The resolution confirms an earlier PREMIUM TIMES report that Senators had taken a decision opposing military action in Niger.

President Tinubu had on Friday sought the approval of the upper chamber to mobilise the Nigerian Army to Niger Republic to combat the Nigerien coupists who overthrew their democratically elected president, Mohammed Bazoum.

In a resolution after deliberating on Mr Tinubu's request at a closed session Saturday, the Senate supported other steps being taking by Nigeria and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) to reverse the coup but rejected the option of a military action in the poor West African nation.
The resolutions read by the Senate President are as follows.

"The Senate commends President Bola Ahmed Tinubu and other heads of states and government of the ECOWAS for their prompt response and the position taken on the unfortunate incident in Niger Republic.

"The Senate calls on the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and chairman of ECOWAS to further encourage other leaders of ECOWAS to strengthen the political and diplomatic options and other means to resolve the political logjam in Niger Republic.

"The National Assembly supports ECOWAS leadership under President Bola Ahmed Tinubu in resolving the political situation in Niger and returning the country to a democratic governance in the nearest future.

"The leadership of the Senate is mandated to further engage with the President and commander-in-chief on behalf of the senate and national assembly on how best to resolve the issues in view of the existing cordial relationship between Nigeriens and Nigerians.

"Finally, the Senate calls on the ECOWAS parliament to rise to the occasion by equally condemning this coup and also providing solutions to resolve this logjam as soon as possible."

ECOWAS Revised Treaty - 1993, select points of interest

• Chap. II Defininitions, Art.1
"Chairman of the Authority" means the current Chairman of the Authority of Heads of State and Government of the Community, elected in accordance with the provisions of Article 8.2 of this Treaty;"

• Chap. IX, Establishment and Implementation of an Economic and Monetary Union

• Chap. XII, Co-operation in Other Areas

• Chap. XIII, Land-locked and Island Member States, Art. 68

• Chap. XV, Settlement of Disputes, Art. 76

• Chap. XVI, Sanctions Applicable for Non-Fulfillment of Obligations, Art. 77

• Chap. XIV, Financial Provisions, Art. 69 - 75

CFA Zone, est'd. 1945
CAEMC (1973): CD, CF, CM, GA, GQ, TD
WAEMU (1994): BJ, BF, CI, GW, ML, NE, SN, TG
pdf, 56 pp plus cover
keynotes: (A) The Treaty does not provide either the ECOWAS Chairman or ECOWAS Authority assembled any "mechanism" (i) to establish an ECOWAS military institution, (ii) declare, finance, or prosecute a war, (iii) intervene in a member state's co-operation with a "third-country"; and (B) Nigeria is not a CFA Zone beneficiary. Nigeria's legal tender is the naira (NGN).
by Cat on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 02:37:09 PM EST
[ Parent ]
theafricareport | Nigeria's Senate rejects military intervention in Niger as ultimatum to coup leaders expires, 6 Aug
The Senate has all but halted President Bola Tinubu's plan to deploy soldiers in Niger, a move that might give the military junta a respite.
Axel Springer | West Africa prepares for war in Niger, 7 Aug holiday hours
ECOWAS would not be able to go it alone, and the crisis has created some unlikely allies for the bloc. France, which has long seen Nigeria and ECOWAS as threats to its influence in West Africa, announced its support for an ECOWAS-led military intervention Saturday (French Foreign Minister Catherine Colonna did not confirm whether her country would participate in the speshul military operation). The U.S. has signaled some support for ECOWAS' actions, though also hasn't committed to supporting an speshul military operation.
militrarytimes | West African leaders will meet Thursday after Niger's junta DEFIES key deadline and shuts airspace, 7 Aug
A spokesman for the coup leaders, Col. Maj. Amadou Abdramane, noted "the threat of intervention being prepared in a neighboring country," and said Niger's airspace will be closed until further notice. Any attempt to fly over the country will be met with "an energetic and immediate response."
It was not immediately clear what ECOWAS leaders will do now. The region is divided on a course of action. There was no sign of military forces gathering at [WAEMU.NE] Niger's border with Nigeria [.NG], the likely entry point by land.

Nigeria's Senate has pushed back on the plan to invade, urging Nigeria's president, the bloc's current chair, to explore options other than the use of force. ECOWAS can still move ahead, as final decisions are made by < wipes tears > consensus by member states.

Guinea [.GN] and neighboring Algeria [.DZ], which is not an ECOWAS member, have come out against the use of force. [WAEMU.SN] Senegal's government has said it would participate in a military operation if it went ahead, and Ivory Coast [WAEMU.CI] has expressed support for the bloc's efforts to restore constitutional order.
archive "sixth region of the African Union"
Since the coup, extremists have been ecstatic as they're able to move around more freely without fear of attack, Boubacar Moussa, a former jihadi fighter, told the AP [The Bat Man Associated Press]. He had joined a nationwide program that encourages fighters to defect and reintegrate into society. The program's fate is unclear.

Moussa said he's received at least 10 phone calls from active jihadis in the Tillaberi region near the Mali border who said there's been no concern about airstrikes. If there's a military intervention by ECOWAS, they [ECOWAS] likely will attack Niamey, he said.

by Cat on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 03:37:24 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Canada is out. Nigeria is out. RUTO wins the bid!
militarytimes | US and Kenya sign defense agreement ahead of planned Haiti deployment, 26 Sep
The U.S. and Kenya signed a defense agreement Monday [25 Sep] that will see the East African nation get resources and support for security deployments as it is poised to lead a multi-national peacekeeping mission to Haiti to combat gang violence.

U.S. Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin and Kenya's Defense Minister Aden Duale signed the accord at a meeting in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi. The agreement guides the countries' defense relations for the next five years as the war in East Africa against the al-Qaeda linked al-Shabab extremist group intensifies.

Austin thanked Kenya for volunteering to take the leadership of the Haiti multi-national force and reiterated that the U.S government would work with Congress to secure the $100 million in funding that it pledged on the sidelines of the U.N General Assembly.
Kenya has pledged to send 1,000 security officers to Haiti to combat gang violence in a mission that is pending the U.N Security Council's formal approval but has received support from the U.N. and U.S. Duale said his country is ready to deploy to Haiti and cited Kenya's "very long history of global peacekeeping" in Kosovo [!], neighboring Somalia [!], and Congo [!].

whitehouse.gov | President Biden Announces the Inaugural Members of the President's Advisory Council on African Diaspora Engagement in the United States, 26 Sep
halp. halp. In which portfolio of "mission-driven enterprises" do military contractors in Haiti fit?
by Cat on Wed Sep 27th, 2023 at 09:47:25 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Has the Pentagon lost the phone number of mercenaries' Erik Prince ... $100 million will buy a lot of experienced "volunteers". True soldiers of fortune ... no American soldiers have died on Biden's killing fields. Chapo ⁉️

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu Sep 28th, 2023 at 08:16:47 AM EST
[ Parent ]
In my early youth, boy's books and strips about exploring Africa and missionary work was in ... of course the journey into "Dark Africa" by Dr. Livingstone was well known.

My first encounter with politics was likely reading small newspaper article about the Mau Mau rebellion ... the name of course stuck in memory ... ugly terrorists.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Thu Sep 28th, 2023 at 08:41:12 AM EST
[ Parent ]
US, UK "public school" diaspora to World: More british than the British and Jamaicans. Combined.

trtworld | Nigeria's opposition urges president to reconsider intervention in Niger, 5 Aug

"The consequences will be casualties among the innocent citizens who go about their daily business," Suleiman Kawu Sumaila, spokesperson for the Northern Senators Forum, said just after the ECOWAS ultimatum. The northern regions have deep social and trade links with southern Niger, where local populations share many cultural, religious, and linguistic heritages.
species UPDATE: Ghosts in Africa (21.05.23)
...For the last decade, most reconstructions of African population history have been seeing ghosts. This got started as early as 2007, when Vincent Plagnol and Jeffrey Wall looked at West African and European population samples to consider how much of their genomes might have come from divergent ancestral groups....
Sumaila also warned of insecurity risks if Niger is destabilised as the Sahel region battles long-running militant insurgencies.

Those concerns were shared by the country's largest opposition grouping, which denounced the potential military operation in Niger as "absolutely thoughtless".

oilprice | Nigeria Blows Up Illicit Oil Vessels In Airstrike Operation (07.08.23)
"The Nigerian military have been overstretched over the years battling terrorism and all manners of insurgency that are still very active," the Coalition of United Political Parties said Saturday. Besides insurgency groups in the northeast, Nigeria's security forces are battling organised crime gangs in the centre and northwest, and separatist groups in the southeast.

archive ELECTION 2023 Nigeria, AU55 reality check, "massive EU investments announced", Guinea junta freezes state assets
The country has also plunged deeper into economic hardship with [Bola] Tinubu's decision to end fuel subsidies last May. His goal was to free up funds for investment, in agriculture and social programmes in particular. The immediate result, however, was a quadrupling of fuel prices for a country where nearly half the population is estimated to live in extreme poverty.

"Nigeria, in its current socioeconomic state, cannot afford such a costly intervention," the coalition argued.

by Cat on Thu Aug 10th, 2023 at 01:21:04 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Niger rejects rules-based order, 8 Aug RBO-R2P
France and the US coordinate their actions with the Economic Community of West African States [ECOWAS]. The ECOWAS initially did some sabre-rattling but has piped down. Its deadline for intervention has passed. The ECOWAS simply does not have a mechanism for the rapid gathering of troops and the coordination of hostilities, and its powerhouse Nigeria has its hands full tackling internal security. The Nigerian public opinion feels wary about a blowback—Niger is a large country and has a 1500-kilometre long porous border with Nigeria. An unspoken truth is, Nigeria is hardly interested in increasing the French military presence in Niger or on being on the same side with France, which is extremely unpopular throughout the Sahel.
The only regional state that can afford effective military intervention in Niger is Algeria ["traditional ally" of France?]. But Algeria has neither any experience in conducting such operations on a regional scale nor has any intention to depart from its consistent policy of non-interference in the internal politics of a sovereign country. Algeria has warned against any external military intervention in Niger. "Flaunting military intervention in Niger is a direct threat to Algeria, and we completely and categorically reject it... Problems should be solved peacefully," said Algerian president Abdelmadjid Tebboune.

At its core, without doubt, the coup in Niger Republic narrows down to a struggle between Nigeriens and the colonial powers. To be sure, the growing trend of multipolarity in the world order emboldens African nations to shake off neo-colonialism. This is one thing. On the other hand, the big powers are being compelled to negotiate rather than dictate.

Thanks, no. G7 are waving 2021 joint-force "outpost" agreements stamped by Bazoum. I'll take the under. archive Fri Sep 9th 2022

Walter Rodney, "Aspects of the International Class Struggle in Africa, the Caribbean and America"

...The first Pan-Africanists to engage in the political mobilization of the African masses on African soil had a continental outlook. The African National Congress which was formed in the Union of South Africa in 1912, aimed at being 'African' and not merely 'South African' and it was renamed in 1923 to emphasize this fact. Significantly, organizations of the same name extended into what is now Zimbabwe, Malawi, Zambia, and Tanzania. It is also significant that dynamic African spokesmen of the 1930s like Nnamdi Azikiwe and Wallace Johnson were African rather than Nigerian or Sierra Leonean. But the lawyers and place-seekers who eventually took the independence movement in hand were incapable of transcending the territorial boundaries of the colonial administrations. Imperialism defined the context in which constitutional power was to be handed over, so as to guard against the transfer of economic power or genuine political power. The African petty bourgeoisie accepted this, with only a small amount of dissent and disquiet being manifested by the progressive elements such as Nkrumah, Nyerere, and Sekou Toure.[2] Areas of West and Central Africa which experienced French colonial rule witnessed the shameless dismantling of those colonial politics which had a large territorial base. Whereas the French had maintained unity for exploitation, the African petty bourgeoisie lacked the capacity to demand both unity and freedom. So they accepted the ["]Balkanization["] which led to fragments called Ivory Coast, Upper Volta, Niger, Chad, Central African Republic, and so on. Since independence, little or no progress has been registered with respect to reversing this Balkanization....

by Cat on Thu Aug 10th, 2023 at 02:24:12 PM EST
[ Parent ]
eeas.europa.eu | Election Follow-up Mission [EFM] to Zimbabwe - Final Report Publication, 15 July 2022
The Final Report of the EFM notes slow and limited progress in the implementation of the recommendations offered by the EU [Election Observation Mission] EOM in 2018. It highlights a number of challenges that, if left unaddressed, might affect the organisation of inclusive, transparent and peaceful elections in 2023. For example, key recommendations designed to improve the campaign environment by promoting a level playing field, accountability and transparency have not yet been tackled.
Positively, the EFM report highlights that several actions to undertake a comprehensive electoral reform were initiated following the 2018 elections, both from the government side and from civil society. Whilst [UK-Eng. ALERT] the Covid-19 lock-down delayed the process, an Inter-Ministerial Task Force considered recommendations from the election observers, including the EU EOM, and developed a draft bill to amend the Electoral Act. Should the bill be advanced in its current form, it would bring noteworthy improvements to the election process. In a press conference organised by the EFM on 20 May, Chief of Mission Mr. Elmar Brok underlined the need for the reform process to move forward in a timely and inclusive fashion to promote credible elections next year.
IRI | Zimbabwe 2023 Elections: A Risk Assessment of the Online Space, 26 July 2023, 20pp META promo
WhatsApp is the leading online media platform in Zimbabwe, used by 3.7 million people--almost half of Zimbabweans with access to the internet.10 Its low data use has made the platform a leading communication tool for social and political discourse. Although the platform has restrictions on its political use, both the ruling party and the opposition are actively utilizing WhatsApp to spread their message. Facebook is next with 1.3 million users.11 The platform is actively used for political campaigning and information exchange.12 Although Twitter does not enjoy the same popularity, with only 232,200 users, it is still an active space for social discussions and political campaigning.13

Information Integrity, which refers to the accuracy, consistency, and reliability of information, is of concern in Zimbabwe, especially during the pre-election period.14 Main narratives spread through social media have two dimensions: issues concentrated on transparency, accountability, and corruption, and targeted attacks toward opposing figures, including hate speech, name calling, and discrediting of individuals.

The ruling party and the government are known to spread propaganda aimed at Western ideals (equality, freedom of expression, human rights, etc.) labeling sides as "patriots" and "sell-outs." Online hate speech is primarily targeted at journalists, human-rights defenders, women, the LGBTQI+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and intersex) community, and tribal communities.15

Although < wipes tears > the Constitution of Zimbabwe guarantees freedom of expression and media, Zimbabwe has implemented laws that target online expression.16 Journalists and activists have faced criminal charges for exposing corruption and abuse of power.17 Internet access, especially in rural areas of the country, is significantly low, which makes a large percentage of the population dependent on state-controlled media. Internet shutdowns have occurred around political events such as protests and post-election periods.18

Zimbabwe's political landscape has a troubling history of offline violence, especially around elections. The country's security forces, backed by ZANU-PF, have consistently engaged in acts of unlawful violence, exhibiting a sense of impunity. These acts often result in police brutality and further victimization of vulnerable groups.19

hrw | Zimbabwe: Repression, Violence Loom over August Election, 3 Aug
Zimbabwe authorities have failed to take necessary steps to ensure that the general election slated for August 23, 2023, meets international standards for free and fair elections, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today.

The 44-page report, "'Crush Them Like Lice': Repression of Civil and Political Rights Ahead of Zimbabwe's August 2023 Election," finds that the seriously flawed electoral process threatens the fundamental rights of Zimbabweans to freely choose their representatives.

...Human Rights Watch spent two weeks in Zimbabwe in April and May 2023. Twenty-eight (28) people were interviewed, including representatives from the main opposition party, election observer groups, lawyers, human rights activists, and ordinary citizens. These people provided first-hand accounts on electoral conditions in the country ahead of the August 23, 2023, elections....
The electoral process has been undermined by the authorities' adoption and use of repressive laws, the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission's (ZEC) lack of impartiality, the Zimbabwe Republic Police's partisan conduct and use of intimidation and violence against the opposition, the opposition's lack of access to voter rolls, and impunity for individuals responsible for election-related abuses.
herald.co.zw | Biased observers: History repeating itself, 19 Aug guilt by association
For instance, Chris Maroleng, who has been described by some as a commissar journalist for opposition parties and his accomplices, would want to masquerade as an unbiased observer when history is littered with his anti-Zimbabwe sentiments, which, upon deportation on Thursday he demonstrated without restraint or shame, baring his true colours as an off colour political activist.
herald.co.zw | Govt warns errant poll observers (19.08.23)
...In a statement yesterday, the Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Information, Publicity and Broadcasting Services Mr Nick Mangwana said the Government had noted with disappointment, reports carried yesterday by a local daily on alleged gross interference in Zimbabwe's electoral processes by a named foreign observer mission.

"Allegations that the foreign observer mission is giving grocery vouchers, fuel coupons and other freebies to local journalists so that they write negative reports on the elections have been met with the utmost disgust.

"The reports, if true, go against the spirit of non-interference and mutual respect that the invitation to observe our elections was extended under....

Why would Zanu PF, or any government for that matter acquiesce to have the company of biased observers Good Governance Africa when they are known agents provocateurs? As we speak, more than 60 so-called observers of Maroleng ilk are in the country disguised as observers when they have devious intentions behind the façade of observing elections. They are from the American Government-funded Carter Centre and pose a threat to the country's elections as they have no intention to be partial and to keep to the tenets of unbiased elections observers.

Some of the members include individuals who have been involved in, or accused of, subverting constitutionally elected governments on the continent. Among the observers there is Mr Bornface Chibwana who runs an NGO in Malawi called Multiparty Democracy and was instrumental in the downfall of former Malawi President Professor Peter WaMutharika, also on the list is Mr Arthur Nanthuru who is a political activist in Malawi. Also there is Sekonyela Mapetja Director of Lesotho Council of NGOs as part of the Short Term Observers contingent.

Regionally, most of the groups are under the Southern Defenders headed by Mr Katema Katema, a group that has caused mayhem in Lesotho and Swaziland as well. These groups interview voters, and collect so-called electoral malpractices that they then use to mount court challenges in the event of disputed polls. The individuals leading Western-sponsored nongovernmental organisations have been active in Lesotho and they caused serious demonstrations that resulted in the loss of the ruling party where a six-month-old opposition eventually won after a series of demonstrations.

conscience whips asses
trtafrika | EU vote observers reject claims of bribing Zimbabwe journalists, 19 Aug
... Citing unnamed sources, The Herald daily newspaper on Friday reported that an EU media team had met 18 journalists and handed out whiskey and grocery vouchers to "influence journalists to make outlandish claims that seek to sully the whole election process". The EU election observation mission (EOM) "is astounded by the defamatory and malicious accusations made in an article, published in local Zimbabwean media," said head of the delegation Fabio Massimo Castaldo.

'Unsubstantiated rumours'

"These allegations are based on unsubstantiated rumours and entirely fabricated," his statement said. He described previous attempts to discredit his mission and concluded that such stories were "blatant disinformation of the Zimbabwean public".
Twelve candidates are running for the presidency, but the competition is essentially a race between President Emmerson Mnangagwa, 80, and Nelson Chamisa, 45, in a country beset by corruption, inflation, poverty and unemployment.

euractiv | EU vote observers to Zimbabwe reject bribe report, 20 Aug ditto
A European Union team observing upcoming elections Zimbabwe on Saturday (19 August) denied a state-owned newspaper story alleging they were involved in a bribery scandal....
archived IRI | Moldova, IRI-USAID
by Cat on Mon Aug 21st, 2023 at 03:50:52 PM EST
[ Parent ]
linkedin | Chris Maroleng, Good Governance Africa international CEO

gga.org | Chris Maroleng abstract résumé

is Global Advisor and the SADC Executive Director of Good Governance Arica. He is an accomplished public and corporate affairs practioner with close to 20 years working experience specialising in strategy, research, media, communication, security, corporate governance and public affairs. Prior to his GGA appointment, Chhris was the Chief Operation Officer of the South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC), where he was responsible for the organisation's turnaround strategy, improving the DAABC's cash balance, enforcing governance and driving efficiencies in operations cluster as well as promoting a performanc culture for optimal outcomes.
Prior to joining eNews, Chris worked at the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) in the African Security Programm (ASAP), as a senior researcher in peace and security issues in Africa, and where he published extensive reports related to African affairs. Chis holds a MA in International and Comparative Politics from the University of Cape Town. Hew was also a Menell Media Fellow,at Duke University's Dewitt Wallace Center for Media and Democracy.
ewn.co.za | Chris Maroleng, 2018-2020
• Marleng takes SAABC to court for demation, reputation damage
• Maroleng: SABC dismissal hurt my reputation
• Axed COO Chris Maroleng demanding R16m from SABC
• SABC acting COO Craig van Rooyen resigns
• SABC set to facce-off with Marleng after finding him gulity of gross negligence
• SABC briefs media on its financial situation (Albert Dunlap School of Business Management)
news24 | Chris Maroleng booted out of Zimbabwe, Daily Maverick photographer's accreditation denied, 18 Aug "free press"
Former SABC chief operating officer Chris Maroleng has spoken of his dismay after he and his team were deported from Zimbabwe ahead of Wednesday's general election.

Maroleng, who now works for Good Governance Africa, said he and three colleagues were in the country to carry out "vital field research on election conditions and challenges in Zimbabwe".
Maroleng took to social media to post about their "disturbing" experience with the country's immigration officials: "My colleagues and I have been abruptly deported by the Zimbabwean government from Harare today (Thursday) at [16:15]. Our stay, a mere two days long since our arrival on Tuesday, has been cut short in a manner that highlights the grave implications of bad governance.
On Thursday, after Maroleng's deportation, the Zimbabwe information ministry's permanent secretary, Ndabaningi Mangwana wrote on X, formerly known as Twitter, that the state noted that people have had an interest in visiting the country ahead of the elections. However, he said they need to follow the right processes.

"If you are an election observer, say so, we accredit such. If you are a journalist say so, we accredit such. If you make misrepresentations to the immigration officer, you may find yourself on the next plane home.

odysee.com interview, Elections are very important, as they're first for this new republic - Zanu-PF representative, (EN) run time 00:05:04
.ZM Second Republic: "Zimbabwean politician and ZANU-PF administration secretary, Obert Mpofu, spoke with RT on the country's political agenda and upcoming general election."
by Cat on Tue Aug 22nd, 2023 at 03:41:26 PM EST
[ Parent ]
cartercenter.org | Carter Center Preliminary Statement on Zimbabwe's 2023 Harmonized Elections , 25 Aug 4pp
The key findings of this preliminary statement are as follows:
Election Day: On election day, Carter Center observers reported that the voting process ran smoothly at most polling stations; however, in some areas, particularly in Harare, Bulawayo, and Manicaland, polling stations opened late—in some cases more than 11 hours late.
Voting process followed international standards: Palestinian observers (25.08.23)
"By the same token, national observers and parties' agents seem to uderstand their rights and duties and they were satisfied with the process so far,' [Central Elections Commission of Palestine chief Hishum Kuhail] said. "It is worth mentioning here of the gender mix of local observers and parties' agents. In all centres visited, long queues, peaceful environment, order, presence of local observers were evident. The voting process followed international standards. Voters were checked agaist the voters list, then given three ballot papers (Presidential, National Assembly, and local authority). The voter finger is then marked by indelible ink and cast his/her vote [with]in a secure voting screen, and final[ly] cast the votes in their designated ballot boxes."
Although the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission extended voting hours, and the government officially proclaimed Aug. 24 as an additional election day, many stakeholders expressed concerns that logistical delays may have depressed voter turnout in those areas. Closing and counting procedures were assessed as largely positive in the limited number of polling stations the Center observed....
voa | US Embassy Joins Others Voicing Concern About Zimbabwe Election, 26 Aug
"While the election days were predominantly peaceful, the electoral process thus far did not meet many regional and international standards," [US Embassy spokesperson Rebecca] Archer-Knepper said. "We share the deep concerns expressed by ["normally gutless"] SADC and other international electoral observation missions," she said, referring to the Southern African Development Community.
'Joining BRICS Bank widens country's sources of credit' (26.08.23)
[Finance and Economic Development Minister Mthuli Ncube] said this in an interview on the sidelines of the 15th BRICS summit where President Mnangagwa was represented by Vice President Constantino Chiwenga. Zimbabwe is already a member to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank, and the Afreximbank among other development financiers.  However, it has increasingly been overlooked for development funding by the IMF and the World Bank owing to political differences with the United States and a few western countries which wield havy influence over the multi-lateral agencies...."Hopefully, beyond joining the bank we can then move on as a country and join the entire BRICS which ag augers well for Zimbabwe and positioning among the nations that are growing and growing pretty fast."
On Wednesday, police took 35 election monitors from the Zimbabwe Election Support Network and Election Resource Centre into custody and charged them with plotting to announce unofficial results. They were released on $200 bail each on Friday.
Newly appointed CCC spokesperson, Mkwananazi wanted by police (26.08.23)
"The Zimbabwe Republic Police confirms that Promise Dalubuhle Mkwananzi is being sought in connction with a warrant of arrest issued by Harare Magistrate Court on 22nd April 2020 for defaulting court proceedings ["jumping bail"?]. Promise Dalubuhle Mkwananzi is facing incitement to commit public violence ["insurrection"?] charges under Harare Central CR 2627/07.19 and Harare Public Prosecutor reference 11394/2019."
The Zambian national [SADC dir Nevers Mumba] said a $20,000 registration fee for presidential candidates was restrictive. He also noted the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission's reluctance to release voter rolls to the opposition on time and criticized the disruption of opposition rallies by police.
reuters | Zimbabwe's re-elected president fends off election fraud claims, 27 Aug
It was unclear whether the opposition would use the courts to dispute the election results, as Zimbabwe's judges have historically sided with the governing party. Political analyst Munjodzi Mutandiri, from the Southern Africa Liaison Office, said the opposition had more to gain by taking to the streets than to the courts.

"The questions around judicial independence won't cure the legitimacy challenge (of the results) just as (the electoral commission's) impartiality and perceived lack of independence have created" the disputed results, he said. CCC spokesman Promise Mkwananzi said in a statement that the official results differed from those tallied by the opposition.

"The CCC has initiated a comprehensive citizen's review of the vote count," he said.

economist | Zimbabwe's flawed election will ensure its pariah status endures, 27 Aug
The opposition Citizens Coalition for Change (CCC) decried the official tallies—53% for Mr Mnangagwa versus 44% for its leader, Nelson Chamisa—as "fake". It says it will challenge the results in the courts and perhaps on the streets, too. History suggests its efforts will be futile. Either way, Zimbabwe's abject failure to hold credible elections means that its pariah status will endure for the foreseeable future.
"few, if any, free and fair elections in Zimbabwe since white rule ended in 1980"
Before voting there was a "climate of fear", according to observers from the EU. On election day, August 23rd, ballots did not arrive until dusk in some urban areas, where ZANU-PF is weak, yet were ready in remote rural areas, where it dominates. Independent NGOs collating a parallel vote had their offices raided and computers seized. Even observers from the normally gutless regional bloc, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), said the election belied Zimbabwe's constitution&mdsh;and criticised efforts to intimidate its delegation.
election meddling
The CCC says it will soon announce the results of its own parallel vote count. It argues that it is absurd that, though polls show that more Zimbabweans feel the country is going in the wrong direction than five years ago, Mr Chamisa supposedly won fewer votes (1.96m to 2.15m) and a lower share than at the last election in 2018 (when he took 45%). It has lawyers ready to take its case to the constitutional court. Yet Zimbabwe's judges are widely seen as biased towards the ruling party. The CCC will probably try to organise mass protests in an effort to influence the court of international public opinion.
AP | Zimbabwe's opposition alleges 'gigantic fraud' in vote that extends the ZANU-PF party's 43-year rule, 27 Aug
Opposition leader Nelson Chamisa's Citizens Coalition for Change [CCC] party said it would challenge the results as "hastily assembled without proper verification."

"They stole your voice and vote but never your hope," Chamisa wrote in a post on X, formerly known as Twitter, in his first public reaction to the election's announced outcome. "It's a blatant and gigantic fraud."

archive conspiracy to overturn the 2020 election
by Cat on Sun Aug 27th, 2023 at 08:46:52 PM EST
[ Parent ]
China behind 'largest ever' digital influence operation
"spouting lies about the United States' alleged role in creating the COVID-19 pandemic and criticizing Washington's support of Taiwan"
China should come clean on vanishing minister, top EU official says
"Qin's absence led to the delay of a planned visit to China by EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell"
Prigozhin's lesson for Trump & Co: Don't trust Putin's promises
"Trump, Vivek Ramaswamy, and Macron should all be thinking twice after Prigozhin's death about pinning hopes on deals with Putin."
by Cat on Tue Aug 29th, 2023 at 04:21:23 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Estonia's pro-Ukrainian PM faces pressure to quit over husband's indirect Russian business links | AP News |

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue Aug 29th, 2023 at 07:26:39 PM EST
[ Parent ]
under the radar RT relays,
Algeria rejects French request to use airspace for Niger operation - media
..."Faced with Algerian refusal, France turned to Morocco, asking for authorization to pass its military planes through its airspace," state radio said, according to the Nova News Agency....
I haven't verified. Here is aps.dz, Radio Algier. STATE-OWNED media has moved on. To BRICS XV. Business Forum and PLUS beauty pageant.

BRICS (2009 FTA): CN, RU, BR, IN, ZA; AR*, DZ*, IR*, EG*, ET*, BO*, SA*, AE*, ID*, BD*, CM*, ML*, SN*, TH*, UZ*, FJ*, KZ*, TN*, TR*

by Cat on Tue Aug 22nd, 2023 at 09:18:52 PM EST
[ Parent ]
yahoo! CNN | ECOWAS orders `immediate activation' of standby force in Niger, 10 Aug
according to a statement read by Omar Alieu Touray, President of the ECOWAS Commission.

It was not immediately clear what the "deployment" and "activation" of the force would entail. The statement also emphasized a "determination to keep all options on the table for the peaceful resolution of the crisis."

Final Communique - Second Extraordinary Summit Of The ECOWAS Authority Of Heads Of State And Government On The Political Situation In Niger
¶10. j-k (in particular)
Confusion and concern

Several analysts told CNN that a military intervention in Niger would probably not be imminent, as it takes time to assemble the ECOWAS troops.

The communique is "about mobilizing the required resources should an intervention be needed, but it's also a signal to the junta in Niger that ECOWAS is prepared to take necessary actions including force should talks fail," Abuja-based defense and security analyst Murtala Abdullahi told CNN.

by Cat on Fri Aug 11th, 2023 at 12:38:43 AM EST
[ Parent ]
ECOWAS | Final communique - Extraordinary Summit of the ECOWAS Authority of Heads of State and Government on the political situation in Niger (latest version)
8. Taken cognizance of the condemnation of the attempt coup and the illegal detention of President Bazoum and members of his family and government by the neighbouring countries, the African Union, United Nations, European Union, United States of America, China, Russia, la Francophonie, the Commonwealth, the OIC, and other partners;
Now. That. is some bullshit.
by Cat on Sun Aug 6th, 2023 at 04:28:48 PM EST
lamonde | 63 years and 2 coups later..., 5 Aug PROOF!
Initially, 34 streets and 211 avenues in the economic capital will be affected. The list was presented to the Council of Ministers and unveiled on July 24 by Bruno Koné, minister of construction, housing and urban planning, in a lengthy interview with Fraternité Matin, Côte d'Ivoire's largest state-controlled newspaper. To ward off criticism, the minister stressed that the thoroughfares and their names were selected based on a proposal from a college of experts and local figures "who have no reason to be complacent in the mission entrusted to them."
According to the Ministry of Urban Planning, another list of 2,500 street names is due to be announced in the next few days. It has already been approved by the Council of Ministers. A further 5,500 will follow in the coming months. In all, 14,000 routes will receive addresses.

The project, which is financed by the World Bank to the tune of $15 million (around €13.6 million), aims to provide an address for residents and businesses in Abidjan's 13 neighborhoods. In a city of 6 million inhabitants, this is no mean feat. Initial addressing was carried out during colonial times, followed by a few street names and so-called alphanumeric codes (B25, L231...) for the axes of the main districts under the presidency of Henri Konan Bédié (1993-1999). But the project "never managed to take root in the collective memory," said Koné.
Improving tax revenues

On a day-to-day basis, addressing is supposed to improve direction giving and the circulation of people but also public and emergency services, e-commerce and mail distribution companies. "We're also going to see an increase in bank credit," said economist and teacher-researcher Séraphin Prao. "Without an address, banks are reluctant to grant loans. When you do an application, you have to specify where you live, but what proof is there that this person lives on this street? With addressing, the banker can check and this will reduce banking risk."


CFA Zone (1945): 1994 WAEMU: BJ, BF, CI, GW, ML, NE, SN, TG

by Cat on Sun Aug 6th, 2023 at 05:55:09 PM EST
Calm in Niger's capital as ECOWAS deadline for coup leaders approaches
and, AND the youths are misguided.

More important, I did not know that ITALY also maintains an army base in Niger. "it had reduced the number of troops it has in Niger to make room in its military base for civilians who may need protection from a fragile security situation." I'm confoosed. I had the impression that France repatriated loads of civilians earlier in the week.

by Cat on Sun Aug 6th, 2023 at 07:11:38 PM EST
Niger coup: US offers 'unflagging' support to ousted leader as sanctions threatened | The Guardian |

UN, US and France all call for a return to [America's New World ] order after Gen Abdourahamane Tchiani declares himself the new head of state

The United States will work to ensure full restoration of constitutional order in Niger after the military takeover, the secretary of state, Antony Blinken, told the ousted president, Mohamed Bazoum, in a phone call late on Friday, offering him his "unflagging support".

The US is communicating with "a broad array" military leader in Niger, the state department said, after coup leaders declared Gen Abdourahamane Tchiani - the Nigerien military leader behind the detention of the country's democratically elected president - the new head of state.

Tchiani, the head of the presidential guard since 2011, appeared on state television on Friday, saying he was the "president of the National Council for the Safeguard of the Homeland" and warning that any foreign military intervention would lead to chaos.

The general, who has previously kept out of public life, presented the coup as a response to "the degradation of the security situation" linked to jihadist bloodshed.

Secretary Blinken's Calls with Nigerien President Bazoum and Former President Issoufou

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Sun Aug 6th, 2023 at 07:58:04 PM EST
Niger's military junta has remained defiant despite ECOWAS threatening to attack

The junta has also seen support among some of the country's youth, who have begun to band together into a citizens' militia. German news agency DPA on Saturday reported groups of youths setting up roadside checkpoints at intersections.

Those same youths are said to have been behind pro-junta demonstrations that have taken place in the capital Niamey since the coup.

On Sunday, supporters of the junta, now rebranded as the "Conseil National pour la Sauvegarde de la Patrie" (CNSP), gathered at Niamey Stadium in a show of support. AFP journalists reporting from the scene said the 30,000-seat venue was nearly full, with supporters waving Russian flags and pictures of the coup leaders.

Niger: demonstration in support of coup plotters in Niamey stadium - video
Flags of Russia, Mali and Burkina Faso are seen waving

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Sun Aug 6th, 2023 at 08:11:20 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Elections in Niger: casting ballots or casting doubts? | Clingendael Institute |

Niger could see its first democratic transition since independence as the country heads to the polls for the presidential election on 27 December.1 Current President Mahamadou Issoufou has indicated he will respect his constitutionally mandated two-term limit of 10 years, passing the flag to his protégé, Mohamed Bazoum. Political instability looms, however, as Issoufou and Bazoum's Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism (PNDS) and a coalition of opposition parties fail to agree on the rules of the game.

Political inclusion and enhanced trust in the institutions governing Niger's electoral process are key if the risk of political crisis is to be avoided. Niger's central role in Western policymakers' security and political agendas in the Sahel -- coupled with its history of four successful coups in 1976, 1994, 1999, and 2010 -- serve to caution Western governments that preserving stability through political inclusion should take top priority over clinging to a political candidate that best represents foreign interests.

      Since the independence of Niger in 1960, Nigerien armed forces have played a prominent role in the country's history, either because of their recurrent "nonpolitical" interventions in the political arena or based on their involvement in the stabilization process of the Sahel and the fight against terrorism. Nigeriens have lived under civil, military, and authoritarian regimes, experienced four coups d'état (1974, 1996, 1999, and 2010), four political transitions, nine presidents, and have voted on seven constitutions. The Nigerien population lived under military rule for 23 out of 60 years following independence. Thus, Nigerien contemporary politics cannot be analyzed without a sound understanding of the Nigerien Army, how the institution became an "entrepreneur politique," and how institutional, economic, and social factors may encourage the intervention of a nonpolitical institution in the political arena. Politics and the military are definitely connected in Niger. Each coup has had a different motive.

During a turbulent electoral year in the region, Western governments must focus on the long-term goals of stabilizing and legitimizing Niger's political system as a means of ensuring an ally in security and migration matters -- not the other way around.


Disagreement over election modalities

A serious hindrance to Niger's future political stability is the lack of consensus between the ruling party and the opposition about the modalities under which the presidential elections should take place. The electoral code has been a source of tension and does not have the backing of the opposition. The voter roll similarly does not have their approval, as it excludes Nigériens living abroad. Finally, the composition of the two key institutions that can certify the elections and deal with any issues that arise, the Constitutional Court and the CENI, is a highly debated topic, as both bodies are seen by the opposition as politicized and favoring the ruling party. An interviewed opposition member expressed doubts about the impartiality of the CENI: "It's all fixed and the CENI is always with them [the ruling party].

You know very well that some parties are not included in the composition of the CENI. Under such conditions it will be very difficult for elections to be free and fair."

The fiercely debated issue of independent electoral bodies is not a standalone issue of instrumentalization of state power in Niger. President Issoufou's second term has seen a steady rise of repressive politics that have been criticized heavily by civil society and opposition parties. Protests in the capital over the past years have in many instances resulted in arrests of key civil society leaders. The most recent example is the incarceration of activists during a protests in Niamey against an alleged corruption scandal at the Defense Ministry. Rights groups have decried such repressive tactics, as well as the growing arsenal of legal instruments at the disposal of the government to justify their interventions.

Most interviewed opposition politicians express their concern that the elections will not take place in a free and fair manner. The opening of formal campaigning on 5 December took place against the backdrop of a decision of the Constitutional Court of 13 November to invalidate the candidacy of leading opposition figure Hama Amadou. The Court ruled that Amadou, who has been in a legal battle with the Nigerien justice system over an alleged child- trafficking case, in which he was condemned to one year in prison, is ineligible as candidate for the highest office in Niger based on Article 8 of Niger's electoral code. The article bars citizens convicted of crimes with prison sentences of one year or more from running for president.

2009 Nigerien constitutional referendum

Additional reports from The Hague Institute Clingendael ...

Strategic Missteps: Learning From A Failed EU Sahel Strategy | 09 Nov. 2020 |

Borrell: "We don't do diplomacy with Barbarians, I need to refer you to our war department (NATO)."

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Sun Aug 6th, 2023 at 08:12:08 PM EST
[ Parent ]
by Cat on Sun Aug 6th, 2023 at 08:48:30 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Niger, Di Maio: "Italy will soon open a new military base in Niamey" | June 3, 2021 |

It is in Niger, the main beneficiary of the Italian fund for migration and its development aid, that recently Italy "has concentrated its greatest efforts", said Di Maio, stating that "thanks to these collective efforts, migratory flows in Europe they have decreased by 70 per cent in recent years". The minister then declared that Italy will continue to support Niger also in the framework of the action of the United Nations, of the European Union and the coalition for the Sahel (Task force Takuba), urging not to abandon a country that "is paying a very high price for its stability". The invitation is therefore to continue "an integrated approach" in support of democratic strengthening and institutions, to which - the minister observed - the Nigerians have shown themselves to be attacked even in the last presidential elections, won by President Mohamed Bazoum and held without major accidents.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Sun Aug 6th, 2023 at 08:57:39 PM EST
Giorgia Meloni's Foreign Policy and the Mattei Plan for [Italy in] Africa
Meloni's posture in Algeria seeks to demonstrate her willingness to move beyond a mere set of energy memorandums and broaden Italy's foreign policy to include strategic diplomacy with long-term goals. She described Algeria as Italy's "most stable, strategic and long-standing" partner in North Africa,[2] and reassured President Tebboune that Italy stands by Algeria. The country has recently felt cornered following Morocco's joining of the Abraham Accords, a feeling few other countries aside from Italy had the courage to assuage and which had pushed Algeria further towards Russia and China as a result.
btw, Algeria announced this weekend, management disapproves of ECOWAS military intervention
Meloni's activism in North Africa did not end there. The prime minister and her cabinet promoted high-level missions and diplomatic efforts with Libyan government officials, allowing Italy to reap diplomatic wins in the energy field. In January, a few weeks after visiting Algeria, Meloni flew to Tripoli for a meeting with Libya's UN-backed Prime Minister Abdul Hamid Dbeibeh. The visit led to the signing of an 8 billion US dollars gas deal between Italian energy company Eni and Libya's National Oil Corporation (NOC).[3]

Then, in May, Meloni hosted Benghazi militia leader Khalifa Haftar in Rome to discuss the surge in migration;[4] and the following month, she met Dbeibeh to discuss the economy as well as energy and infrastructure projects, stressing the importance of Libyan stability for Italian interests. By discussing political and economic priorities with both Libyan leaders, Meloni seemingly went beyond the transactional approach that Italy (and Europe more broadly) has long adopted vis-à-vis North Africa promoting a more comprehensive framework which seemingly seeks to embrace the region's own priorities as well.
Whether Giorgia Meloni's Mattei Plan truly seeks to help alleviate poverty and exploitation in Africa through comprehensive and holistic approaches remains to be seen, and Tunisia might hold the keys to this verdict.

Indeed, the real litmus test for Meloni's Mattei Plan for Africa is the developing situation in Tunisia, once considered the only successful case of democracy emanated from the so-called Arab Spring. Post-revolution elites in Tunisia did not operate successfully in managing the economy or the social development of the country and actually brought it to the verge of collapse by the end of 2018. The delegitimisation of the political class became evident in the 2021 presidential elections, when the vast majority voted for the outsider and relatively unknown constitutional law professor, Kais Saied, and his programme of state renewal and anticorruption.

Enrico Mattei, "activist investor"
by Cat on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 12:24:00 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Algeria and Chad warn of outside military intervention in Niger. See Sudan intervention and chaos.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 09:25:59 AM EST
Algerian President: We reject any military intervention in Niger | Aawsat |

Algeria is categorically against any military intervention in Niger, Ennahar TV said late on Saturday citing President Abdelmadjid Tebboune.

"A military intervention could ignite the whole Sahel region and Algeria will not use force with its neighbours," Tabboune said in an interview with local media.

He added, "We are ready to extend a helping hand to Niger, and Algeria will not use force with its neighbors."

The army's seizure of power in Niger shook the Sahel region, the seventh coup in West and Central Africa in three years.

Niger is one of the poorest regions of the world and of strategic importance to world powers. Senior defense officials of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) have drawn up a plan for military intervention if Niger's coup leaders do not reinstate elected President Mohamed Bazoum by Sunday, threatening more conflict in a region already battling a bloody Islamist insurgency. Bazoum is being held by military personnel at his residence in Niamey.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 09:31:47 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Sudan coup 2021: US may reevaluate Israel-Sudan normalisation | MEE - 26 Oct. 2021 |

Biden administration says US and Israel watching the aftermath of the military takeover in Sudan 'very closely'

Price's comments have signalled that the US may put a pause on the normalisation process between the two countries. Cameron Hudson, a fellow at the Atlantic Council and former US diplomat, told Middle East Eye that with the military currently in power, the Biden administration would look to refrain from offering it any legitimacy.

"The US could be signalling an effort to slow down the normalisation talks between Israel and Sudan because any deal now could be interpreted as  legitimising the military's hold on power, something Washington has no interest in doing," Hudson said.

Doing so would likely harm the success of the coup, as establishing ties with Israel has been seen by analysts as a move made by Sudan's military, while civilian leaders including Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok have appeared to downplay the decision.

"The Sudanese military has always been approaching Israel or isolating the civilians from being approached by Israeli officials," Dr Jihad Mashamoun, a researcher and political analyst, told MEE.

"The military believes that if they have the backing of Israel, Israel will lobby on behalf of the military in the US in favour of the Sudanese military's control over the transition period in Sudan."

Mashamoun noted that Israel, which has yet to give an official response to the coup, likely favours a military-led government in Sudan.

"Israel would want a military partner in Sudan rather than a civilian one because anything that a civilian government does has to go through parliament. The problem for Israel is that if this normalisation agreement goes through parliament, it won't pass."

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 09:34:49 AM EST
The Problem of Foreign Mercenaries in Libya: the Front for Change and Concord in Chad (FACT)

After many years of conflict in Libya, the 5 + 5 Joint Military Commission, which was formed by the representatives of the warring factions, agreed on the ceasefire agreement and the agreement was signed on 23 October 2020. Withdrawing of foreign mercenaries from Libya within the scope of this permanent ceasefire has undoubtedly become one of the most prominent topics. After the three months given by the committee, both the Sirte-Jufra line, where the Russian Wagner company is active and the movements in the regions under the control of Khalifa Haftar, the leader of the militia groups in the east of Libya, showed that these actors were unwilling to eliminate  mercenaries from Libya.

  • From the diaries - Last Obama Stronghold In Libya About to Fall
  • Khalifa Hifter was once a top military officer for Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi, but after a disastrous military adventure in Chad in the late 1980s, Hifter [also spelled Haftar, Hefter] switched to the anti-Gadhafi opposition. In the early 1990s, he moved to suburban Virginia, where he established a life but maintained ties to anti-Gadhafi groups.

However, after the United Arab Emirates (UAE), which is the financier of foreign militia groups, announced that it withdrew its financial support from these groups in March, it was announced that up to 5,000 Chad and Sudanese militias were preparing to get withdrawn from Libya.

The fact that the border control in Libya has not been fully established and the illegal border crossings that create serious security problems, especially in the Chad-Niger border, seem to be a red signal  about the threats that these irregular and uncontrolled militia groups, which are deemed to be separatist in their own countries.

The Unravelling: In a failing state, an anti-Islamist general mounts a divisive campaign | The New Yorker - Feb. 16, 2015 |

Early last year, General Khalifa Haftar left his home in northern Virginia--where he had spent most of the previous two decades, at least some of that time working with the Central Intelligence Agency--and returned to Tripoli to fight his latest war for control of Libya.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 09:41:29 AM EST
Chad Covert Coup and Saharan Insecurity New details have emerged surrounding US federal lawsuits filed in the State of Virginia and Washington against Libyan militia leader Khalifa Haftar by families of alleged victims of torture and extrajudicial killings

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 09:42:43 AM EST
[ Parent ]
The killing of Idriss Déby reveals a tangled geopolitical web that is likely to deepen internal divisions in Chad | TRT World |

General Idriss Déby, 68, who misruled Chad for 31-years, died after sustaining injuries in clashes between FACT rebels and his troops over the weekend, the country's military announced. A state funeral is due to take place this week.

Will his death lead to peace in this oil-producing nation of 15 million? Or will it lead to more chaos and crises, making a bad situation worse?

Will FACT leader Mahamat Mahdi Ali translate Déby's death, which is a game changer, into real political currency and overrun the Chadian capital N'Djamena, where Déby's replacement, a 37-year-old four-star general, who is none other than Déby's own son, let's call him "Déby Le Fils" is regrouping the army for face off?

The internal and geopolitical context of Deby's death is not particularly promising.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 09:44:37 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Chad's `covert coup' and the implications for democratic governance in Africa | The Conversation - May 4, 2021 |

The recent spate of military coups in Africa, which were intended to be transitional, might instead be a risk for democracy in the long term. There might be a short term need to maintain security. But the military may not necessarily be a credible partner to build democratic governance. Military intervention could mean that people might continue to be in a state of stagnant democracy.

Chad is the most recent example of this. Soon after the death of President Idriss Déby, the military swiftly took over power. They immediately installed his 37-year-old son Mahamat, a military commander, as interim president. He will now lead an 18-month Transitional Military Council. Parliament and the government have been dissolved and the constitution suspended.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 09:45:41 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Mopping up operation by US Special Forces after the disaster intervention in Libya creating instability #Benghazi raid and stupidity of Hillary Rodham Clinton in 2011. Sending munitions, arms and jihadists to Turkey to fight another proxy war in Syria to remove president Bashir Al-Assad. Braking glass, but no ceilings. Be damned.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 01:40:29 PM EST
[ Parent ]
The US can't use its $110 million drone base in Niger

Known as "Nigerien Air Base 201," the installation cost $110 million to build and it features a 6,200-foot runway for MQ-9 Reapers as well as manned aircraft. The U.S. military began conducting drone flights from the base in November 2019.

About 1,100 U.S. troops are currently deployed to Niger, according to the Defense Department. The country is an important partner in the U.S. military's efforts to counter the Islamic State group and other terrorist organizations in Africa. In October 2017, four U.S. soldiers were killed near the Nigerien village of Tongo Tongo after being attacked by more than 100 ISIS fighters.

Politico first reported that U.S. military drones were unable to fly from a base near Agadez, Niger, after the country's armed forces ousted Niger's president in a July 26 coup.

It is too early to determine how the closure of Niger's airspace will affect U.S. military operations in Africa, a second U.S. official told Task & Purpose.

In the short term, not being able to use of Nigerien Air Base 201 will limit the U.S. military's visibility over the Sahel region of Africa where ISIS [???] and al-Qaida's branch in West Africa known as Jama'at Nusrat al-Islam wal-Muslimin, or JNIM, both have a strong presence in Africa and the Middle East.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 01:42:04 PM EST
[ Parent ]
From a progressive American Thinker in March 2011 ..

Libya is Not Our Problem | By BooMan23 - Mar 13, 2011 |

If Anthony Shadid's reporting on Libya for the U.S. media is accurate, my prediction has come true. The United States of America will get blamed for everything no matter what we do. And I find it very irritating.

We have absolutely no responsibility for the fact that Gaddafi has been running Libya for over forty years. We didn't tell people to revolt against his leadership. We do not have close relationships with the Libyan elite. We do not coddle them, empower them, or apologize for them. We have only the most tangential interests in what happens in Libya, and our main concern is that chaos there not lead to energy inflation that slows the world economy and cost us jobs.

Moreover, one of the most common Arab complaints about the USA is that we intervene in their internal affairs. So, when we don't go racing to aid a hodgepodge of ill-trained, ill-led, poorly educated rebels, suddenly we're the bad guys? I don't like Gaddafi, but reading the rebels' complaints almost makes me want to start rooting for him.

Shadid details just how disorganized the rebellion is, and it doesn't inspire any confidence on my part that we should have anything to do with them, even if we share a common loathing for Gaddafi.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 01:43:13 PM EST
[ Parent ]
From a progressive American Thinker in March 2011 ..

Libya is Not Our Problem | By BooMan23 - Mar 13, 2011 |

If Anthony Shadid's reporting on Libya for the U.S. media is accurate, my prediction has come true. The United States of America will get blamed for everything no matter what we do. And I find it very irritating.

We have absolutely no responsibility for the fact that Gaddafi has been running Libya for over forty years. We didn't tell people to revolt against his leadership. We do not have close relationships with the Libyan elite. We do not coddle them, empower them, or apologize for them. We have only the most tangential interests in what happens in Libya, and our main concern is that chaos there not lead to energy inflation that slows the world economy and cost us jobs.

Moreover, one of the most common Arab complaints about the USA is that we intervene in their internal affairs. So, when we don't go racing to aid a hodgepodge of ill-trained, ill-led, poorly educated rebels, suddenly we're the bad guys? I don't like Gaddafi, but reading the rebels' complaints almost makes me want to start rooting for him.

Shadid details just how disorganized the rebellion is, and it doesn't inspire any confidence on my part that we should have anything to do with them, even if we share a common loathing for Gaddafi.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 03:48:06 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Big failure in MENA countries for decades by US aggressive policy in so-called war on terror started in earnest intervening in Afghanistan under Carter/Brzezinski by training and supplying arms via ISS Pakistan ... Saudi wanted to get rid of domestic terrorists so shipped them out for field training ... fighting proxy wars for the West often with Arab funding, support and sometimes joined by Türkiye in Bosnia, Libya and Syria. Estimated army of jihadists trained by Saudi/U.S. alliance: 40,000.

See also training jihadists in Albania/Kosovo, FOB Camp Bondsteel.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 10:38:03 AM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 10:56:03 AM EST

#FieldVision | A Lighthouse in the Desert: The Mobile Border Units in Niger | May 10, 2019 |

New Heads of Mission appointed for EUCAP Sahel Niger and EUAM Ukraine | 16 May 2023 |

Veterans in managing retreats?

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 10:57:44 AM EST
[ Parent ]
U.S. Embassy in Liberia - Policy & History

The United States and Liberia's long, shared history dates back nearly two centuries.  In 1819, the U.S. Congress appropriated $100,000 for the establishment of Liberia and resettlement of freemen and freed slaves from North America by the American Colonization Society (ACS).  The first group of settlers arrived in Liberia from the United States in the 1820s. The United States, which officially recognized the Republic of Liberia in 1862.

In June 2009, the United States broke ground on a modern embassy complex, calling it a symbol of U.S. confidence in the future of the Liberia. The new complex is located at Greystone, near the Embassy's existing facilities in Mamba Point, and and was completed and dedicated by Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton and Liberia's President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf in January 2012.

Liberia and slave trade West Africans shipped to the Americas from the Gold Coast ...

Timeline: From Colony to Republic 1820 to 1847

"The fourth annual report of the American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Color of the United States."

The settlement that had been called Christopolis was renamed Monrovia after the American president, James Monroe, and the colony as a whole was formally called Liberia.

The Foundations of Liberia

The creation of an African American colony was supported by slave holders and abolitionists, but founded by a few dozen black families

Liberia's Historic Ties to the United States

For the most part, blacks were wary of the movement to remove them from their American homes, and many organized to denounce the practice, fearing it would become official policy. Nonetheless, some were attracted to the idea of liberty offered outside the United States.

"They went because they saw themselves as second-class citizens who would never be first-class citizens," said Dianne Oyler, a history professor at Fayetteville (N.C.) State University who specializes in West Africa. They also went for business opportunities and to do missionary work. But only about 13,000 immigrated over the next 40 years.

The new colony proved useful to the U.S. government in policing the illegal cross-Atlantic slave trade. Whenever the U.S. Navy seized a slave ship, it would deposit the human cargo in the new colony. It was common practice for Western naval powers to return boatloads of slaves to a convenient port in Africa, even if it wasn't the original home of the slaves. The British unloaded their slaves in Sierra Leone, the French in Gabon.

America's dumping ground was named Liberia in 1824, the same year the new settlers built Monrovia, naming it for U.S. president James Monroe, who helped establish the colony with $100,000 from funds used to police the illegal slave trade. Although it was useful to the United States, Liberia was never a U.S. possession. Before those first settlers had even set foot on Scherbo Island, the colonists had signed a constitution granting the American Colonization Society the authority to govern the colony.

I wondered how come just a single country from all of Africa voted agains the UN Resolution to commemorate Palestinian Nakba Day ... wtf

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 05:15:53 PM EST

Venezuelan President Decries Europe's Silence on Koran Burning | TeleSur |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Tue Aug 8th, 2023 at 10:43:11 PM EST
[ Parent ]
This article has colonialism and oppression written all over it ☹

Niger coup: Where to now for European diplomacy? | DW News |

FALSE - Complete bull what is conveyed here ...

There was a time when Niger, an important country of transit for people wanting to reach Europe, seemed to be the perfect partner for Germany.

After former German Chancellor Angela Merkel visited in 2016, Mahamadou Issoufou, who was president of Niger until 2021, intensified efforts to seal off one of the main migration routes through the Sahara.

The country's strategic location was also seen as important for tackling the growing threat from extremists in neighboring Mali in particular, and preventing the expansion of the Islamist militant group, Boko Haram.

West has an 'image problem'  😊 😊

Those who have launched coups in the Sahel have also benefitted from the fact that international military missions have failed there and that there is growing frustration among the people of the region. Basedau said that this was not enough to explain the coup in Niger but gave the West good reason to reflect on its approach.

"One should avoid any action that could give the impression that geopolitical interests are at play or there is neocolonialist interference," he said, adding that the West really had an "image problem."

"European countries interested in having some form of relationship with Sahelian countries because of their own national interests, need to find a way to not necessarily distance themselves from France, but to really make sure people are aware of the policy differences that they may have," agreed Eguegu.

He said that in this way Germany and others could maintain their influence. "They are not burning EU flags in Bamako or in Niamey or in Ouagadougou. It is specifically the French flag that you see. If they can get the French flag, they [could] of course get the European Union flag or write slogans to explain their dissatisfaction. So there really needs to be the understanding that anti-French sentiment should not be mistaken for anti-European sentiment."

Time to send in our "good-will" ambassador Josep Borrell ... give his  lecture on the "clash of civilization with them Barbarians©".

Hundreds of people joined demonstrations in Niger's capital city of Niamey on Thursday, protesting against sanctions imposed on the country by many of its neighbors in the wake of a military takeover. Amid concern [West's terrified ... Wagner in Syria, Libya, Mali and now in Niger] that Russia could seek to expand its already-growing regional influence, some coup supporters were seen brandishing Russian flags.

Anti-Western sentiment -- particularly aimed at former colonial power France -- has served as a backdrop for the events in Niamey since the sudden detention on July 26 of the country's elected president by the commander of his own elite guard.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 11:04:38 PM EST
Resentment against rulers in Niger is decades old and grievances have not been addressed as there is no free election, nor democracy. Rulers kept in power by the old colonial West. Russia as partner has been rejected by Europe and NATO, thus Cold War 2.0 will see Russia return to old Soviet style propaganda and espionage what the present KGB ruler knows best. As Obama admitted: "Don't do stupid things." I have seen some very basic propaganda tools and cartoons used in Niger ... very effective. Now let's talk about winning the war against jihadists in the MENA countries .... 😊 throw the bums out!

Russia's war propaganda and disinformation: Recentring African agency

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 11:05:32 PM EST
[ Parent ]
A couple of weeks ago DW put out a story "Germany takes over presidency of Sahel Alliance". wtaf? Svenja " Shifting Sands in the Sahel" Schulze. Schulze and Baerbock's defense strategy. Then the China "triad" and Germany's "place in the world". On the same day down stream DW ran a 7 min. vid feature, "Fact check: How Russia pushes its propaganda in Africa".

This is such an incredibly crass production, I transcribed the damn thing including editor's directions. To retrieve the crime from ...ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE...as is convenient.

by Cat on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 11:51:50 PM EST
[ Parent ]

DW CAST in order of appearance: (Paris) NE Pres. Mohammed BAZOUM, DE FM Annalena BAERBOCK, NE FM/(Paris) PM pro-temp Hassoumi MASSOUDOU*, DE MOD Boris PISTORIUS, DE DM/"Sahel Alliance" Pres. Svenja SCHULZE, KAS office manager Ulf LAESSING

EXTRAS: 60 Bundeswehr advisers in NE, 100 Bundeswehr in NE, 1,100 Bundeswehr (in Mali), 1,500 French in NE, 2,000 US in NE

UNSC Res. 1291 (2000) 6,037 troops
UNSC Res. 1856 (2007) 22,016 troops
UNSC Res. 1925 (2010) 12,379 troops a/o Feb 2023 bar chart
UNSC Res. 2666 (2022) exit plan due 20 Dec 2023

UN MINUSMA in Mali--
UNSC Res. 2100 (2013)
UNSC SC/10987 (July 2013)
ECOWAS/AFISMA authority transfered to 12,640 UN coalition military "mission"
UNSC Res. 2690 (June 2023) termination 31 Dec 2023

EEAS CSDP (Common Security and Defence Policy) -- in Niger
EUMPM "capacity building"

AFRICOM transnational --
"US America's Security in Africa," March 2022

DW | A German foreign policy miscalculation?, 8 Aug

...Now the Niger coup could possibly jeopardize the withdrawal of soldiers from Mali, which was supposed to be handled via the base at the airport in Niamey. "You can't just drive a truck through Mali or Burkina Faso. It's too dangerous," Laessing explained. "That's why it was planned that everything would go through Niger."

The Bundeswehr hopes that authorities in Niger will still cooperate and the withdrawal will be able to go ahead.

"To what extent this could affect the transport of personnel and materiel by the German MINUSMA mission contingent is not yet foreseeable," a[nonymous] Bundeswehr Operations Command spokesperson told DW. "Of course, that depends on how long the current situation lasts, how it goes on."...

* Mr. Lamine Zeine Ali MAHAMANE appointed Prime Minister, 8 Aug
by Cat on Tue Aug 8th, 2023 at 02:52:21 PM EST
[ Parent ]
UN troops exit Mali base early over safety concerns, 14 Aug counter-intuitive mission
The UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) announced on Sunday that it had expedited the evacuation of its base in the northern town of Ber, citing worsening security conditions.
In June, the UN Security Council agreed to complete the withdrawal of the peacekeeping forces in Mali at the end of the year, following the transitional government's demand for the mission to end without delay. The removal of the MINUSMA mission, which was established in 2013 to help combat jihadist insurgencies in the Sahel nation, has heightened tensions between the military rulers and the CMA. The UN reported that more than 11,000 soldiers and 1,600 police officers had been deployed as of February of this year.

Late on Sunday, the Malian Armed Forces (FaMa) reported that seven soldiers were killed and at least eight injured in clashes with the former rebel group, Coordination of Azawad Movements (CMA), between Friday and Sunday. According to the statement, the state forces "retaliated" against an "attempted incursion" on their position by "armed terrorist groups" on Friday, adding that 28 of the rebels had been killed as a result of the clash. The army said it had taken control of Ber as part of the transfer of sites occupied by the UN peacekeeping force.

dailytrust | Air Force Jet Crashes In Niger State (14.08.23)
"In a statement, Director of Public Relations and Information of the Force, Air Commodore Edward Gabkwet, said the aircraft crashed in a village in Shiroro Local Government Area of Niger. It partly read, 'A Nigerian Air Force MI-171 Helicopter on a casualty evacuation mission crashed today, August 14, 2023, at about 1.1.00 pm Chukuba Village in Niger State.'..."
In another statement after it had announced the decision to withdraw its troops, the UN mission said its convoy that "withdrew from Ber" had been "attacked twice," with three wounded peacekeepers evacuated to Timbuktu for treatment.

"Attacks against peacekeepers may constitute war crimes under international law," it warned.
"FaMa is taking whatever it costs to occupy MINUSMA companies, including those located in the CMA-controlled areas, in violation" of a 2014 ceasefire and security deal, the former rebel group claimed in a statement. The May 2014 Algiers peace agreement was signed between the CMA and the Malian government to put an end to a cycle of Tuareg uprisings since the country gained independence from France in 1960.

cockroach alert ...

Ukraine MY 2021/2022. How the UN's model president shielded Nigeriens from another global WFP wheat shortage caused by G7 sanctions against Russian fertilizer, drought, euro inflation, and "regional superpower" risks.

CSIS | Mali's Peace Deal Is Failing (15.04.20)
The mediation team was led by Algeria and included the UN Stabilisation Mission in Mali (MINUSMA), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the African Union (AU), and the European Union, as well as the United States and France, who were initially designated "friends of the mediation".
Many Malians never accepted the conditions outlined in the Accord and have, unsurprisingly, grown more disillusioned as the framework has failed to curb violence. Armed Islamist and ethnic militias in Mali (which, for the most part, are not signatories to the Accord) killed more civilians in 2019 than in any year since Mali's civil war began in 2012. Tens of thousands of people have fled their homes, leading to mass internal displacement and widespread hunger in a country where malnutrition was already endemic. Despite these worsening conditions, international stakeholders including the United States, France, and the United Nations reflexively continue to portray implementation of the 2015 Accord as their top policy goal in Mali. In 2019, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warned that the Accord "remains the only valid and viable framework" for the Malian peace process....

by Cat on Tue Aug 15th, 2023 at 02:02:55 AM EST
[ Parent ]
tabloid Bild | Baerbock takes action against comedians
by Cat on Tue Aug 8th, 2023 at 03:14:37 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Brazil's Lula snubs Olaf Scholz with Ukraine war remarks | Politico - Jan. 31, 2023 |

After Lula's remarks on Ukraine, the German chancellor stated that Russia's invasion of Ukraine was not just a European problem, but "a blatant violation of international law" and that it undermines "the basis for our cooperation in the world and also for peace."

Lula, for his part, criticized mediation efforts to date: "Until now, I sincerely haven't heard very much about how to reach peace in this war." He instead proposed to establish a peace-oriented club of nonaligned countries like China, Brazil, India and Indonesia, which he said have thus far not been involved in discussions on the war.

He also rejected the possibility that Brazil could help Ukraine to fend off Russian missile or drone attacks by selling its units of the German-made Gepard air defense tanks along with corresponding ammunition: "Brazil has no interest in handing over munitions that can be used in the war between Ukraine and Russia," Lula said. "We are a country committed to peace."

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 11:40:47 PM EST
Press statement by President von der Leyen with Brazilian President Lula da Silva | July 17, 2023 |

This is the first Summit between the European Union and our Latin American and Caribbean partners in eight years. The world has certainly changed during that time. We went through a global pandemic, we have a major war on European soil, and we are confronted with the generational challenge of climate change. So we need our close friends to be at our side in these uncertain times.


Once again, a very warm welcome here to Brussels. It is a pleasure to have you, President Lula.

No bitter arguments about the Ukraine proxy war?

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 7th, 2023 at 11:41:54 PM EST
[ Parent ]
kommersant | Nuland in Niger announced the risks in case of inviting Wagner PMC, 8 Aug
Acting US Deputy Secretary of State Victoria Nuland is on a visit to Niger. She told reporters that the rebels are aware of the "risks to sovereignty" if the private military company Wagner is invited.

"The people who have taken these actions here are very aware of the risks to their sovereignty when Wagner is invited," said Ms. Nuland (quoted by AFP).

The undersecretary has held meetings with Niger's military leaders, but has yet to make progress on preventing a coup. "These conversations were extremely frank and sometimes very difficult," the diplomat added. The rebels did not accept US proposals to try to restore democratic order, she said. She also failed to meet with ousted President Mohamed Bazum.

Rebels have been in control of Niger since late July. The economic community of West African countries, which includes Niger, and many Western countries called on the military to release the president and return him to power. ECOWAS threatened Niger with military intervention. According to the Associated Press, the rebels have already turned to the Wagner PMC during a meeting in Mali (the state supports the Niger rebels, PMC fighters operate in this country by invitation). Prime Minister of Niger Uhumudu Mahamadu, who is in France after the coup, believes that the presence of PMCs in Niger is impossible. According to him, to cross the border from Mali, they would need to destroy Islamic groups, which "has not happened in four years."

by Cat on Tue Aug 8th, 2023 at 12:17:54 AM EST
Nice promotion after resignation Wendy Sherman ... her "qualification" is Russia and Ukraine ... she must be happy with Russian expansion into Africa. 😊

Just curious ... with a closed airspace did she travel by car or dropped in by parachute in "Nigerien Air Base 201" up Nirth 😅 ... perhaps visited JOT?

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Tue Aug 8th, 2023 at 03:41:41 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Wagner boss expresses 'joy' over Victoria Nuland
Wagner chief Evgeny Prigozhin says he is proud of the members of his private military company as simply mentioning their name can compel Washington to reassess its positions. Acting US Deputy Secretary of State Victoria Nuland recently urged Niger's new military government not to enlist the help of the Russian contractors.

Speaking to journalists over the phone on Tuesday [07.08.23], Prigozhin was asked to comment on Nuland's personal visit to Niger and her advice to the new government not to strike any deals with Wagner.

"I am proud of the boys from Wagner," replied Prigozhin. "Just the thought of them makes ISIS and Al Qaeda small, obedient, silky boys. And the US has recognized a government that it did not recognize yesterday just to avoid meeting the Wagner PMC in the country."

"This brings joy, Mrs. Nuland," he quipped.

by Cat on Tue Aug 8th, 2023 at 03:19:34 PM EST
[ Parent ]
"classic Russian technique": 1. kill the hostage, 2. bomb the village, 3. frame a suspect

courthousenews AP | Western officials: Niger junta warned they'd kill deposed president after any military intervention

... ["]Representatives of the junta["] told U.S. Under Secretary of Stalking Victoria Nuland of the threat to Bazoum during her visit to the country this week, a Western military official said, speaking on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the situation. A U.S. official confirmed that account, also speaking on condition of anonymity, because they were not authorized to speak to the media.
F24 "regional superpower"
Nine of the 11 14 heads of state expected to attend were present, including the presidents of Senegal, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Togo, Benin, Guinea-Bissau, and Sierra Leone. The ["]non-ECOWAS["] leaders of Mauritania [.MR] and Burundi [.BI] also participated in the closed-door meeting.
in a continental "bloc"
AU55/OAU(2002/1963 FTA): AO, BF, BI, BJ, BW, CD, CF, CG, CI, CM, CV, DJ, DZ, EG, EH, ER, ET, EQ, GA, GH, GM, GN, GQ, GW, KE, KM, LY, LR, LS, MA, MG, ML, MR, MU, MW, MZ, NA, NE, NG, RW, SC, SD, SO, SS, SL, SN, ST, SZ, TG, TD, TN, TZ, UG, ZA, ZM, ZW
On Wednesday, a Nigerian delegation led by the former Emir of Kano, Khalifa Muhammad Sanusi, met the junta's leader, Gen. Abdourahmane Tchiani.
The Honorable Muhammad Sanusi II was delighted with the conviviality that prevailed during the exchanges with the President of the National Council for the Safeguarding of the Fatherland. "We received a good appreciation from him. We will return to Nigeria and we will inform the President of the message in our possession which is the first of its kind between Heads of State," he said.
The former emir was one of few people allowed to meet Tchiani.
the-star.co.ke | 'Leave Niger to decide its future': Religious leader warns against military intervention (10.08.23)
In particular, the leader of INRI Evangelical Spiritual Church from Nigeria, Primate Elijah Ayodele warned the US not to interfere in the internal affairs of the country and let the people of Niger decide their future without any outside pressure.

"Leave Niger to decide its future. I use this moment to appeal to international communities not to attempt shedding blood in the Republic of Niger in a move toward restoring the ousted president," he said.

Ayodele's warnings came as Acting US Deputy Secretary of State Victoria Nuland met with Niger's military leadership [07.08.23] for more than two hours of "very frank and at times quite difficult" talks in Niamey.

When Nuland met with the coup leaders earlier this week, she was denied access to both Tchiani[Tiani] and Bazoum. A separate delegation comprised of ECOWAS, the United Nations and the African Union was barred from coming at all.
lasahel.org | Press Rlease from the General Secretariat of the Government: Formation of a government of 21 members, including four women, 10 Aug
(mostly civilians)
by Cat on Thu Aug 10th, 2023 at 11:21:21 PM EST
[ Parent ]
«Après la Françafrique» a freakish attraction PMC Wagner

kommersant | 94 French senators announced the transformation of "French Africa" ​​into a "military Russian", 8 Aug

A group of senators sent an open letter to President Emmanuel Macron about the failure of cooperation with Africa. In their opinion, "French Africa" ​​becomes "military Russian Africa, economically Chinese Africa and diplomatically American Africa."
what a sad, strange, and deranged conception of humanity
The letter was signed by 94 parliamentarians, including the chairman of the faction "Republicans" in the Senate Bruno Retaio and the chairman of the Senate Commission on Foreign Affairs, Defense and Armed Forces Christian Cambon ("Republicans"). The letter was published in Le Figaro newspaper.

"Today Niger, yesterday Mali, CAR [CAEMC.CF] and Burkina Faso rejected France, French troops and French companies. After the failure of the Barkhan Operation [!], the Wagner paramilitary formations come at our expense," the open letter says. They accuse the PMC of not respecting human rights and believe that the company is approached by dictators or leaders who maintain power "by rallying their population against the former colonial power."

The senators point out that this sub-Saharan movement is growing. Demonstrations and anti-French actions are already taking place in such "seemingly close to us countries as Côte d'Ivoire [.CI] and Senegal [.CN]."

Parliamentarians said the French government masked the failures by accusing dissenters of nostalgia for a "French Africa" ​​policy that implies informal tutelage over former colonies. "Africa, a friendly continent, seems to have ceased to understand France and is increasingly challenging her role and presence," the letter says. The senators urged the president to reconsider his policy in Africa.

The publication was answered by the Minister of the Armed Forces Sebastien Lecornu. He did not agree with the failure of Operation Barkhane (carried out to fight Islamist groups in Mali, Burkina Faso, Mauritania [symb. MRU <- ex-ECOWAS 2000 .MR], Niger [<-WAEMU] and Chad [CAEMC.TD]). However, he acknowledged the need to "learn lessons, as in all crises and all military operations."

by Cat on Tue Aug 8th, 2023 at 12:53:44 AM EST
Antony beliefs what he reads in US News media is poor journalism filled with misconception and military disinformation from Pentagon contractors. He sends envoy Nuland to crisis locations for briefings what she has witnessed on the ground. History coming home to bite.

Niger coup Uprising: Wagner taking advantage of instability - Antony Blinken | BBC News |

Ecowas - a regional bloc of 15 West African states - issued a Sunday deadline to Niger's junta leaders to stand down and restore President Bazoum.

This deadline was ignored and Ecowas is due to hold a meeting on Thursday to decide on what to do next.

On Monday, US Deputy Secretary of State Victoria Nuland held what she described as "difficult and Frank talks" with the coup leaders, whom she said understood the risks of working with the mercenaries.

Mr Bazoum, who is currently in captivity, has also spoken of his concerns about Wagner's influence in Africa.

"With an open invitation from the coup plotters and their regional allies, the entire central Sahel region could fall to Russian influence via the Wagner Group, whose brutal terrorism has been on full display in Ukraine," he wrote in an opinion piece for the Washington Post published last week.

It is currently unclear if Wagner fighters have entered the country but the prominent Wagner-affiliated Telegram channel Grey Zone said on Monday that some 1,500 of its fighters had recently been sent to Africa.

It did not specify where on the continent they had allegedly been deployed.
Wagner's leader, Yevgeny Prigozhin has urged the junta to "give us a call" in a voice message uploaded to Telegram on Tuesday.

"We are always on the side of the good, on the side of justice, and on the side of those who fight for their sovereignty and for the rights of their people," he said.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue Aug 8th, 2023 at 01:36:13 PM EST
President of Niger: My country is under attack and I've been taken hostage | WaPo Opinion - by Mohamed Bazoum |

I write this as a hostage. Niger is under attack from a military junta that is trying to overthrow our democracy, and I am just one of hundreds of citizens who have been arbitrarily and illegally imprisoned. This coup, launched against my government by a faction in the military on July 26, has no justification whatsoever. If it succeeds, it will have devastating consequences for our country, our region and the entire world.

Our government came to power through a "democratic election in 2021". Any attempt to overthrow a lawful government must be opposed ...


The coup plotters falsely claim that they acted to protect Niger's security. They allege that our war against jihadist terrorists is failing and that my economic and social governance, including partnerships with the United States and Europe, has hurt our country.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue Aug 8th, 2023 at 01:37:23 PM EST
[ Parent ]

From New Frontier to New Normal:
Counter-terrorism operations in the sahel-sahara

Richard Reeve and
Zoë Pelter
August 2014

"The committee believes that U.S. Africa Command is on the front lines of
 the next phase of the terrorist threat"

US House of Representatives Committee on Armed Services
report 113-446 on the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2015, 13 may 2014

"We have to get used to operating in Africa, and they have to get used to us," [Commander of
Marine Corps Forces Africa Maj. Gen. Raymond] Fox told a Washington defense conference April 9.
"We want Marines to be as familiar with Africa as they are with Iraq and Afghanistan. I don't want
the first time they see that place to be when they're going in there for real. So we're going to
deliver a path where Africa sees more of us and we see more of Africa."

Marine Corps Times, 18 may 2014

"But why review our military deployment in Africa if it has functioned so well up to the present?
Because the threat has diffused, it has multiplied. Because we must now respond to challenges
which are those of speed, mobility, effectiveness and to do it with new means."

President François Hollande, N'Djamena, 19 July 2014

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Tue Aug 8th, 2023 at 02:22:41 PM EST
by Cat on Tue Aug 8th, 2023 at 03:20:56 PM EST
[ Parent ]
The Tuareg military forces of deposed dictator Gaddafi traveled with modern, heavy weapons and pick-up trucks south into Northern Mali where alliance were sought with Islamic militants from Algeria and Sunni terrorists adhering to Al Qaeda.

Many more rebels, veteran jihadists were transported with munitions, weapons by ship into ports of Turkey to overthrow Assad in Syria. See CIA post in #Benghazi. Funded by Arab Gulf states and Qatar, an broad alliance doing the U.S. Neocons a big favor. Proxy NATO were more than compliant, under leadership of Old Colonial powers and emboldened by New Europe to get grace from Washington DC.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Tue Aug 8th, 2023 at 05:22:42 PM EST
From my diary in January 2012 - updated links.

US special ops training Malian troops since 2004 - defect to Tuareg rebels | Business Insider - Apr. 5, 2012 |

The Tuareg rebel's Islamist allies, Ansar Dine, have not called for an end to fighting at the time of writing. They have different aims to the Tuareg rebels, calling for Sharia law rather than an independent state, and the BBC reports that they have links with Al Qaeda.

What's more, the allies may be splitting. The latest AFP reports suggest that Ansar Dine (which means "Defenders of Faith") have chased Tuareg rebels from Timbuktu, forcing women to wear headscarves and cutting off the hands of thieves. Three Algerian members Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb's (AQIM) are also said to have been spotted in the city.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue Aug 8th, 2023 at 05:23:18 PM EST
[ Parent ]
North African Salafists Turn on Sufi Shrines in Mali | REF World - May 18, 2012 |

The Salafist war on the physical legacy of Sufi Islam has opened a new front in the northern Malian city of Timbuktu, home to a number of ancient mosques and the famous tombs of 333 Islamic "saints." [UNESCO world heritage site]

The May 5 attack on the tomb of Sidi Mahmud Ben Amar (1463-1548) confirmed the fears of many in Mali that the Salafist Ansar al-Din occupiers of Timbuktu would turn their energies towards the destruction of the city's religious heritage. The attackers prevented worshippers from approaching the tomb before tearing off its doors, breaking windows and setting flammable portions on fire. One man who attempted to stop the destruction was bound and forced into a car (al-Jazeera, May 7).

The men were reported to have told shocked onlookers: "What you are doing is haram! [forbidden]. Ask God directly [for intervention] rather than the dead." Before leaving they promised to destroy other tombs in the city (Reuters, May 5). An Ansar al-Din spokesman described the leader of the attack as a "new member" of the group (a Mauritanian according to some sources) and suggested that his actions would be investigated (al-Jazeera, May 7).

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue Aug 8th, 2023 at 05:27:07 PM EST
[ Parent ]
US Special Forces Trained Malian Army, Ethnic Tuareq Defect to Rebels | Jan 16, 2013 |

PART I of some sequence of events that may have been under the radar leading to the decision by France to intervene in Mali. Recently the Obama administration led us to believe "Al-Qaeda" was defeated.

I have voiced a different opinion during the last 12 months. The consequences for North Aftrica and possible backlash for Europe is already seen by this week's news headlines.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue Aug 8th, 2023 at 05:29:05 PM EST
[ Parent ]
by Oui (Oui) on Tue Aug 8th, 2023 at 08:34:08 PM EST
Mali, Burkina to send delegation to coup-hit Niger | Africa News |

The Malian army announced on Monday the dispatch to Niamey by Mali and Burkina Faso of a joint official delegation in "solidarity" with Niger, the scene of a military coup at the end of July and under the threat of a West African military intervention.

"Burkina Faso and Mali are sending a delegation to Niamey, led by the Malian minister" Abdoulaye Maïga, one of the strong men of the Malian junta, indicated the Malian army on social networks. "Objective: to show the solidarity of the two countries to the brotherly people of Niger", she added.

The delegation is expected in Niger on Monday, according to Nigerien Foreign Affairs.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue Aug 8th, 2023 at 09:46:02 PM EST
F24 | France denies violating Niger's airspace, 9 Aug

• 6:39pm: 'Fast-moving' official denials
"The junta in Niger has today put out a statement accusing France of several things: of having a plan to destabilise Niger, of breaching its airspace by flying in a military plane from Chad and of releasing and supporting terrorists in the country as well as attacking a guard post," F24 reporter said.

yahoo! AFP | Niger coup leaders take aim at France on eve of key summit
France firmly denies the new unfounded accusations by the putschists in Niger," said a joint statement by the French defence and foreign ministries. They also rejected the claim that France, which has around 1,500 soldiers stationed in Niger to aid anti-insurgency efforts, had released any jihadist prisoners. It added that the flight had been approved and coordinated with Nigerian armed forces, "an authorisation confirmed in writing".

Thursday's summit of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) takes place under the chairmanship of Nigeria, the regional superpower and advocate of a hard line against the coup.

Citing a source close to the French government,  Norris-Trent said Paris had "firmly denied" the allegations, saying "they had flown a plane in but that was in agreement with the Nigerien army and categorically denied having released any terrorists." (VIDEO)
sputnik  | Niger Military Raise Threat Level, Blame France for Attack on National Guard
"The National Council for the Safeguard of the Fatherland informs the local and international community about the events of extreme seriousness that are taking place in Niger, about the facts of the behavior of the French forces on our territory ...Today, August 9, 2023 at 6.30 am [5:30 am GMT], the positions of the Niger National Guard... were attacked ...The actions of the French forces were condemned for unilaterally releasing detained terrorists," Amadou Adramane, the Nigerien military's spokesman, said. "On August 9, a military aircraft of French troops took off from N'Djamena [Chad]... This aircraft deliberately stopped all contact with air control after entering our airspace".
• 3:01pm: Bazoum family experiences ECOWAS sanctions
his family are running out of food and experiencing other shocking conditions, a statement issued by Bazoum's political party stated Wednesday. No electricity and running water for a week, and only has dried and canned foods left to eat. An advisor told the Associated Press, Bazoum remains in good health.

• 12:18pm: Nepo central
Idrissa Kané is general manager of Niger's Post Office and involved in a case of alleged misappropriation of public funds being handled by the Niger's anti-corruption body, Halcia.

It is unclear whether he was taken into custody due to this case or to his mother, Ambassador Aïchatou Boulama Kané, defiant attitude towards Niger's new military leaders. She has remained in her post despite a declaration from the coup leaders on Thursday that it was "terminating" employment of Bazoum's ambassadors to France, the United States, Nigeria, and Togo.

by Cat on Wed Aug 9th, 2023 at 11:04:52 PM EST
Journalism from the French empire is so damn poor, writing in the style and short-sightedness of the colonial era. The arrogance of America and Europe transcends all. The damage of removing Gaddafi is seen every day since as has the attempted regime change by Neocon doctrine ofAssad in Syria. Indeed, together with Russian forces Syria has experience some form of "peace", but nothing like the situation before  February 2011 uprising.

Highlighted the complete bull, so poor it should be ranked as fake news and disinformation or propaganda.

Niger coup leaders take aim at France | France24/AFP |

It is the fifth coup in Niger's history since independence from France in 1960 -- and the fourth in the ranks of the 15-nation ECOWAS since 2020.

Bazoum's election in 2021 had helped Niger to cement close ties with France and the United States, which have major bases and troop deployments in the country.

- Sahel crisis -

Countries in the fragile Sahel are battling with a  jihadist insurgency that erupted in northern Mali in 2012, spread to Niger and Burkina Faso in 2015 and now is causing jitters in states on the Gulf of Guinea.

The bloody campaign has been devastating for those three countries, which have a long history of turbulence and are among the poorest nations in the world.

Mali and Burkina Faso have also seen coups in recent years and fallen out with France, the region's former colonial power and its traditional ally.

France last year withdrew its forces from those countries and refocussed its anti-jihadist strategy on Niger.

Niger coup makers: Ousted gov't 'authorised French attack to free Bazoum' | Al Jazeera - 31 July 2023 |

My own research, understanding and diaries written have been spot on since the overthrow of the Gaddafi regime by U.S. and NATO intervention in March 2011.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Thu Aug 10th, 2023 at 05:34:34 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Violent Extremism in the Sahel | Global Conflict Tracker CFR - updated |

Spanning the area from Senegal to Eritrea, situated between the Sahara to the north and the African tropics to the south, the Sahel region has long faced severe, complex security and humanitarian crises. Since gaining independence in the 1960s, many countries in the Sahel have experienced violent extremism due to the confluence of weak and illegitimate governance, economic decline, and the worsening effects of climate change. Violence, conflict, and crime have surged over the last decade, transcending national borders and posing significant challenges to countries both in and outside the region. The epicenters of violence and humanitarian disaster are in the Liptako-Gourma and Lake Chad Basin subregions. 

Liptako-Gourma is in the central Sahel, in the borderlands of Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger. Current instability is associated with the collapse of the Libyan state in 2011 [exactly - Oui], which led to the  proliferation of weapons and armed fighters in the region. The influx of extremists into northern Mali reignited the dormant Tuareg rebellion [PDF] in 2012, which had previously surfaced in 1963, 1990, and 2006. Representing only 10 percent of the Malian population, the Tuareg people, organized under the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA), sought an autonomous state and aligned themselves with multiple Islamist groups, including al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) the Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO), and Ansar Dine to push government forces out of the north. Then-President Amadou Toumani Touré was deposed in a March 2012 coup by the army, which disapproved of the government's failure to suppress the rebellion.


AQIM began as an outgrowth of the Algerian civil war. The group, formed in 1998 as the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC), rejected the more violent and exclusivist tendencies of the Armed Islamic Group (GIA) and particularly sought to focus instead on attacks against military and government targets.

US Special Forces backed by White House policy have been entrenched since 2004 in the Sahel from cost to coast as the Bush-Cheney War on Terror.

Violence begets more violence ... same for proxy war in Ukraine. World in turmoil ... almost feels like a slow smoldering fire of an impending WW III. Losing the real battle against the effects of Global Warming, as prophesied.

Latest story from AFP ... update headline 😊

Diplomacy centre stage on eve of West Africa summit on Niger | RFI |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Thu Aug 10th, 2023 at 05:37:29 AM EST
[ Parent ]
lasahel.org | Communiqué No. 25 of the National Council for the Safeguarding of the Fatherland,
10 Aug trrsts apprehended in June-July, ahem, besides "French forces on our territory"
by Cat on Thu Aug 10th, 2023 at 11:41:52 PM EST
[ Parent ]
4:40pm: Detained Niger President Bazoum seen by doctor, according to his entourage, 12 Aug
Mohamed Bazoum, who has been detained since being ousted by members of his guard last month [26.07.23], was seen by his doctor Saturday, his entourage said, amid [US Stalkers Blinken, Nuland] rising concerns for his health.

The president "had a visit by his doctor today", a member of his entourage told AFP, adding the physician also brought food for Bazoum, his wife, and son who are being held with him.

"He's fine, given the situation," the source added.

aljazeera | Sanctions, airspace closures hamper UN (08.08.23)
"Louise Aubin said flights operated within Niger by the United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) had been disrupted but not suspended by the coup leaders' decision to close its airspace in response to the [ECOWAS]'s threat of possible military intervention."
reliefweb.int | Preliminary Analysis on the Impacts of the Political Crisis and Sanctions on Food Security and Markets in Nige (10.08.23)
"404 - Page not found"
dailytrust | [ECOWAS] Sanction: Shortage Of Cooking Ingredient Hit Ghana (11.08.23)
"Traders in Ghana have expressed fear that the economic blockade of Niger Republic by ECOWAS will have negative effects on businesses in their country."

by Cat on Tue Aug 15th, 2023 at 12:26:19 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Complete lack of understanding of history and local culture by the invaders ... attempted dominance is doomed to fail except the colonial tool of genocide.

[All links added are mine - Oui]

Lost Lords of the Sahara | Sept. 2011 |

Ruggedly independent, the Tuareg struggle to survive amid the turmoil of North Africa.

The rebel commander, his face hidden behind a dark turban, leads the way over the soft sand, scorched black in places by exploded mortar shells and littered with detritus from a series of battles waged here, on a children's soccer field.

With nearly every stride, our feet crunch spent rifle cartridges. "Step in my steps," he cautions, noting that the Niger army had mined the area, where there had been a school for Tuareg. His men removed some of the devices; others remained lost in the shifting sands. "Maybe they are buried too deep to explode if you step on one."

It is late afternoon in the dry season, and the temperature has finally slipped below 100°F. The beige dunes stretching to the north begin to take on a pink hue, and the shadows from the steep ridges to the southwest are spreading across the valley floor. In this lonely valley called Tazerzaït, where the Aïr Massif meets the great sand seas of the Sahara, the commander's men had won the greatest victory of their two-year rebellion against the Niger government.

The rebels, all ethnic Tuareg, descend from the fierce nomads who for several centuries dominated the lucrative caravan trade in gold, spices, and slaves that crisscrossed this desolate region of North Africa. Fighting under the banner of the Movement of Nigeriens for Justice (MNJ) and supported in part by Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi, they had captured 72 government soldiers at Tazerzaït and renewed their demands that the government share revenue derived from another source of treasure: uranium mined on Tuareg lands. In a show of goodwill the Tuareg released all of their prisoners--except one. "He is a war criminal," the commander says.

As we walk, the commander explains that local Tuareg built the school at Tazerzaït because it is near a well central to the region's far-flung grazing areas, allowing families to visit their children as they moved their herds. Previously, locals who wanted their children educated had to send them to far villages and rarely saw them.

"My father only knew how to live in the desert," the commander says. "He knew how to make the salt caravan to Bilma, how to find grazing in the desert, how to hunt antelope in the canyons and wild sheep in the mountains. And that is what I know, but the life of the desert is ending. Our children need school."

We reach the top of a small bluff where three mud-brick classrooms stand, their walls gouged with bullet holes, their roofs missing. The chalkboards are covered with graffiti left by the Nigerien soldiers--French profanities and cartoons depicting Tuareg having sex with animals.

Four rebels with Kalashnikovs slung over their shoulders have brought the alleged war criminal down from the mountain cave where they are holding him. His posture is slumped, like a sulking teen, and he crosses and uncrosses his arms, eyes darting among the men. The sleeves of his camouflage shirt are cut off and his combat boots are untied. He claims to be 27 years old, but his round face and awkward manner make him look much younger.

Resistance to Mining: Enabling Factors and control of knowledge in uranium mining conflicts in Africa | PhD thesis - Sept. 2015 |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Thu Aug 10th, 2023 at 07:21:46 AM EST
The Tuareg of the Sahara | Bradshaw Foundation |

The Tuareg inhabit the Saharan regions of North Africa - Niger, Mali, Libya, Algeria and Burkina Faso. Tuareg is an Arabic term meaning abandoned by God. They call themselves Imohag, translated as free men. No one knows the true origin of the Tuareg, where they came from or when they arrived in the Sahara. Reputedly of Berber descent, the language of the Tuareg is Tamachek, with their own script known as Tifinagh, thought to have ancient Libyan roots. Their numbers are unclear, but estimates run between 300,000 and 1 million. The Tuareg were recorded by the Greek historian Herodotus in the 5th Century BC.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu Aug 10th, 2023 at 07:22:34 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Call for military intervention is now almost off the table ... no appetite by regional states and only Nigeria would have the manpower and military might. The vast sub-Saharan nation, isolated would make it difficult for a joint U.S. - France expeditionary force to intervene. Similar to president Carter and his Special Forces got bogged down in the Iranian desert long before reaching their destination in Teheran.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu Aug 10th, 2023 at 12:49:30 PM EST
...Video report of nearly 30 min. with several experts including Cameron Hudson.

What's the impact of Niger's military coup?

Coup leaders continue to ignore international calls to reinstate the ousted president.
Niger is in crisis two weeks after a military coup.

The generals in control are ignoring international demands to reinstate deposed President Mohamed Bazoum.

So what's the future for the vast country and a key Western ally?

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu Aug 10th, 2023 at 12:51:07 PM EST
Cameron Hudson, a former senior fellow at the Atlantic Council ...

Cameron Hudson is an analyst and consultant on African peace, security, and governance issues. He was previously a senior fellow at the Atlantic Council's Africa Center, where his research focused on the democratic transitions and conflict in the Horn of Africa. Previously, Cameron served as the executive director of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's Simon-Skjodt Center for the Prevention of Genocide. Cameron also served as the chief of staff to successive presidential special envoys for Sudan during the period of South Sudan's separation from Sudan and the Darfur genocide. He served during the Bush administration as the director for African affairs on the staff of the National Security Council at the White House. He started his government career as an intelligence analyst in the Africa Directorate at the Central Intelligence Agency. He has also worked in democracy and governance with the United Nations, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, and the International Organization on Migration.

The United States and R2P | USIP-USHMM-Brookings - Madeleine Albright, e.a. - July 2013 |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Thu Aug 10th, 2023 at 12:51:52 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Director for African affairs Bush Administration

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu Aug 10th, 2023 at 12:52:38 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Jan-Feb 2014 in Kyiv, Ukraine

[Heavily censored using the Google search engine - Oui]

Signed by Victoria Nuland, deputy to John Kerry ..

Maidan Revolt ... not dignified whatsoever ... refusal agreement mediated by the EU .. opted for a bloody massacre with up to 100 deaths ... sealed fate of democratically elected president Yanukovych. Ousted in a coup d'état organized by the U.S. and partners of New Europe. Ukraine lost territory represented by majority Russian speaking citizens: Luhansk, Donetsk and Crimea. But NATO (2008) wasn't satisfied ... wished for more ... (2022)

Kiev demonstrators face "a wall of riot police" in Ukraine protests | BBC News - Feb. 18, 2022 |

Related reading ...

Ukrainian Orthodox playing the anti-Semitic Card | @BooMan - Dec 8, 2017 |

July 26, 2023 in Niamey, Niger.

    "MERDE la République FRANÇAISE!"

Signed by Victoria Nuland, deputy to Antony Blinken ... only common denominator: Joe Biden the terminator. In Niger a demand by the neo-colonial powers to abide by the most recent adopted Constitution and chased president Bazoum.


Thousands in Niger rally in support of coup leaders

An estimated 30,000 people gather in the capital Niamey at a stadium, some draped in Russian flags, as the threat of regional military intervention looms.

Niamey demonstration in full support of the new military ruling Junta ... deduction .. Nigeriens are more intelligent than Ukrainians. Say no to war and foreign interventions.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri Aug 11th, 2023 at 11:47:32 AM EST

Western sanctions are already biting ...

Two weeks after being deposed and under house arrest, Niger's ousted president is said to be running low on food | PBS |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri Aug 11th, 2023 at 11:48:22 AM EST
[ Parent ]

Niger Latest Preparations and Developments

Click link to watch video on YouTube 😊

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri Aug 11th, 2023 at 11:52:35 AM EST
[ Parent ]

A woman holds a photo of ousted Niger President Mohamed Bazoum during a protest outside the Niger Embassy in Paris, France on August 5, 2023. (Photo credit:  Stefano Rellandini, AFP)

EU, African Union 'deeply concerned' over detention conditions of Niger's president | France24 |

12:14pm: Air France extends suspension of flights to Mali and Burkina Faso

Air France has extended "until August 18" the suspension of its flights to and from Bamako and Ouagadougou "following the coup d'état in Niger and due to the geopolitical situation in the Sahel region", the airline said on Friday.

The carrier had announced on Monday that it was suspending flights to Mali and Burkina Faso until Friday inclusive, shortly after the closure of airspace in neighbouring Niger.

The authorities in Mali and Burkina Faso support the perpetrators of the coup d'état in Niger on July 26.

Don't call it a coup d'état ... Jake Sullivan. The U.S. will only recognize the legitimate president Mohamed Bazoum, he is not deposed.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri Aug 11th, 2023 at 12:22:18 PM EST
[ Parent ]
France warns attacks on its interests in Niger will not be tolerated | France24 |

Almost sounds like Vladimir Putin before his R2P mission to protect Russian dual-citizens in Crimea and Donetsk in March 2014. Human and national interests come together.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Fri Aug 11th, 2023 at 12:23:34 PM EST
[ Parent ]
French embassy attack and demonstrations against French military base in Niger ... demands France exit from Niger.

Niger coup: Russia warns Ecowas not to take military action | BBC News |


On Friday coup supporters, some waving Russian flags, protested at a French military base near the capital NIamey, some chanting "down with France, down with Ecowas".

Both France and the US operate military bases in Niger and they have been used to launch operations against jihadist groups in the wider region.

Military officials from Ecowas countries are reportedly set to meet on Saturday to draft plans for a military intervention.

The bloc has said it remains open to finding a diplomatic solution to the crisis, but Nigeria's President Bola Tinubu said on Thursday that "No option is taken off the table, including the use of force as a last resort".

The US has not explicitly backed military action but has called on the junta to step aside and allow the restoration of the country's democratic constitution.

The Niger junta has not responded to the latest statements from Ecowas leaders.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Fri Aug 11th, 2023 at 11:06:18 PM EST
Niger's coup leader General Tchiani: The ex-UN peacekeeper who seized power

Some analysts have wondered whether the overthrow of Mr Mohamed Bazoum, who is from the minority Diffa Arab community, might open up ethnic tensions in Niger. However, a strong sense of cross-cultural cohesion and national identity has always been a distinctive strength of modern Niger.

A former Tuareg rebel and senior minister, Rhissa ag Boula, has now launched a "Council of Resistance" to restore Mr Bazoum to office, and is presenting this in firmly national terms. And so far there is no sign of the junta venturing down a divisive sectarian path.

Niger has suspended its plans to deport thousands of ethnic Arab nomads to Chad | Al Jazeera - 28 Oct. 2006 |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri Aug 11th, 2023 at 11:07:23 PM EST
[ Parent ]
by Oui (Oui) on Sat Aug 12th, 2023 at 04:45:54 AM EST

Niger coup: West African countries suspend key military meeting on 'standby' force | The Guardian |

Meeting meant to brief leaders about 'best options' for deploying force to Niger delayed indefinitely for 'technical reasons'

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Sat Aug 12th, 2023 at 10:07:14 PM EST

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Sun Aug 13th, 2023 at 02:47:24 PM EST
As North Africa slowly perished as instability grew into chaos ..

Clinton on Qaddafi: "We came, we saw, he died" | CBS News - Sept. 20, 2011 |

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton shared a laugh with a television news reporter moments after hearing deposed Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi had been killed.

"We came, we saw, he died," she joked when told of news reports of Qaddafi's death by an aide in between formal interviews.

Clinton was in Tripoli earlier this week for talks with leaders of Libya's National Transitional Council (NTC).

HRC was the favorite of Erdogan, Turkey, Qatar and Al Jazeera ... Muslim Brotherhood. The U.S. angered the Saudi Kingdom by deposing of authoritarian ruler Mubarak. The Saudis corrected the intervention from the U.S.

On this day ...

10 years on: Why Egypt's Rabaa massacre never went to court | DW News |

Morsi was forced by extremist religious elements of the MB to make changes in government and appoint new governors. The MB is considered a terror group and banned in the UAE, Bahrain, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia.

My diaries @BooMan archived ...

Khairat El-Shater Ordered Violence by Muslim Brotherhood in Cairo | Dec 6, 2012 |

A moment caught on camera that changed Northern Africa for decades to come ... more misery, terror and deepening poverty. Shameless ... the deplorables.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 14th, 2023 at 08:11:25 AM EST
They should abide by the UN Charter of neighbourly relations and work for peace, respect the sovereignty of states as agreed by the founding of the United Nations established by FDR, not Teddy Roosevelt. The Monroe Doctrine cannot and must not be expanded to Colonial Africa that has already suffered greatly under the boots of the aggressors from Europe (and during the Cold War from the Soviets and Cuba).

In Cold War 2.0 seeing a repeat performance with Arab States and China joining the fray?

".... he must go!"

    ((youtube 36F9KVpYrSo)

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 14th, 2023 at 08:12:28 AM EST
[ Parent ]
The Atlantic Conference & Charter, 1941

...by the end of May, German forces had inflicted humiliating defeats upon British, Greek, and, Yugoslav forces in the Balkans and were threatening to overrun Egypt and close off the Suez Canal, thereby restricting British access to its possessions in India. When the Germans invaded the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941, few policymakers in Washington or London believed that the Soviets would be able to resist the Nazi onslaught for more than six weeks. While the British Government focused its efforts on dealing with the Germans in Europe, they were also concerned that Japan might take advantage of the situation to seize British, French, and Dutch territories in Southeast Asia.

Finally, both Churchill and many members of his Cabinet were alarmed by the third point of the Charter, which mentions the rights of all peoples to choose their own government. Churchill was concerned that this clause acknowledged the right of colonial subjects to agitate for decolonization, including those in Great Britain's empire.

Churchill already backtracked on the essence of the Declaration by proposal to attack and invade the Soviet Union in the Summer-Fall of 1945 after FDR had passed away. Today with MAGA and Super MAGA under Joe Biden, all treaties are off the table and the world has receded to the ravages of the Great Depression with its anguish, poor perspective due to Climate Chance, return of nationalism (fascism) and neo-colonialism for resources and critical materials to survive the next few decades on Planet Earth in capitalist luxury.

So Zelenskyy believes he is wearing the shoes of Churchill?.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 14th, 2023 at 08:13:43 AM EST
[ Parent ]
The African Experience in Politics and Culture: From Monroe's Doctrine to Nkrumah's Consciencism
By Ali A. Mazrui


On the African continent, President James Monroe is immortalized in the capital city of Liberia. The African city of Monrovia is named after this American President. But the inadvertent impact of James Monroe on Africa was even more far-reaching than his memorial tribute in Liberia. More by accident than by design, the Monroe Doctrine helped to transform Africa's relations with the Western World in fundamental and irreversible ways.

If Africa's Triple Heritage is a convergence of Africanity, Islam and Western culture, James Monroe's policies for the Americas had repercussions for the its Western segment. Let us first examine these three legacies more closely before we elaborate on the African consequences of the Monroe Doctrine.

Ghana's founding president, Kwame Nkrumah, coined the term "consciencism" to designate the three civilizations that have helped to shape contemporary Africa: Africa's own rich inheritance, Islamic culture, and the impact of Western traditions and lifestyles. The interplay of these three civilizations is the essence of the continent's triple heritage. This has given colour to Africa's unique character as a cultural bazaar, which reflects a wide variety of ideas and values drawn from different civilizations, all competing for the attention of potential African buyers. In every African country today, the triple forces of indigenous culture, Islam, and Westernization vie for domination, and provide a variegated backdrop for policies, group actions, and individual decisions.

This contest for supremacy can lead to open conflicts, as was the case with the 2002 Miss World Beauty Pageant in Nigeria, which was resisted by Islamic groups that saw it as an importation of undesirable Western values bordering on the prurient and as a debasement of women. The ensuing demonstrations against the organizers of the pageant resulted in the loss of lives and property, and led to the eventual relocation of the event from Abuja to London. Conducting any national exercise, such as a simple headcount or census, can easily have implications for African culture, Islamic practice, and Western values. Africa is indeed a contested territory with imported Islamic and Western values contending with indigenous African values and customs.

Even before Islam came to Africa there was an older triple heritage in the continent: an interplay between African culture, Semitic culture, and the legacy of Greece and Rome. This ancient triple heritage is best illustrated in Ethiopia, where Christianity has flourished since the fourth century, the impact of Judaism is captured in local versions of the legend of Solomon and Sheba, and the Greco-Roman legacy is manifest both in social traditions and in brick and mortar.

This ancient triple heritage evolved when the Semitic element (which was once both Hebraic and Arabian) narrowed to become mainly Islamic. On the other hand, the Greco-Roman legacy expanded to become the impact of modern Western civilization as a whole on African life and culture.

Kwame Nkrumah and Ali Mazrui: An Analysis of the 1967 Transition Debate

Additional reading ...

Abayudaya: music of the Jews of Uganda | Tikun Olam - Feb. 27, 2005 |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 14th, 2023 at 10:18:57 AM EST
Despatch From the Consulate General at Dakar to the Department of State | Nov. 30, 1956 |

Survey of the Changing Situation in French West Africa--Conclusions and Policy Recommendations

  1. Over the past twelve months, the political evolution of French West Africa which previously ambled along at a leisurely rate, has suddenly been precipitated and is now proceeding at a rate which is not merely rapid but which is constantly accelerating.

  2. ... The present African political leaders are probably prepared to settle for the relatively modest degree of local self-government which they are about to receive under the "loicadre". But these more mature leaders are beginning to be hard-pressed by a rising tide of younger African "évolués", mostly anti-French extremists strongly stamped with Marxism and/or Moslem Nationalism.

  3. Thus in Africa South of the Sahara, the Niger of nationalism and the Congo of anti-colonialism are steadily rising and will before long be flowing in full flood. So far, the tam-tams of open revolt are silent; but they are increasingly taut in the heat of flaming conflict further North. In a very few years--perhaps even in a mere matter of months--the rapid current of events is likely to bring about a new and potentially dangerous situation in French West Africa.

Confronting Dark Colonial Past In Congo

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by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 14th, 2023 at 12:05:09 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Geographically, West Africa fits into South America and technically is part of the Western Hemisphere and thus application of the  Monroe Doctrine ... see ties with Liberia.

Remarks by National Security Advisor Ambassador John R. Bolton on the The Trump Administration's New Africa Strategy | Dec. 13, 2018 |

Heritage Foundation, Washington, D.C.

The White House is proud to finalize this strategy during the second year of President Trump's first term, about two years earlier than the prior administration's release of its Africa strategy.

We have prioritized developing this document because we understand that lasting stability, prosperity, independence, and security on the African continent are in the national security interest of the United States.

Under our new approach, every decision we make, every policy we pursue, and every dollar of aid we spend will further U.S. priorities in the region. In particular, the strategy addresses three core U.S. interests on the continent:

First, advancing U.S. trade and commercial ties with nations across the region to the benefit of both the United States and Africa.

We want our economic partners in the region to thrive, prosper, and control their own destinies. In America's economic dealings, we ask only for reciprocity, never for subservience.

Second, countering the threat from Radical Islamic Terrorism and violent conflict.
ISIS, al-Qaida, and their affiliates all operate and recruit on the African continent, plotting attacks against American citizens and targets. Any sound U.S. strategy toward Africa must address this serious threat in a comprehensive way.

And third, we will ensure that U.S. taxpayer dollars for aid are used efficiently and effectively.

The United States will no longer provide indiscriminate assistance across the entire continent, without focus or prioritization. And, we will no longer support unproductive, unsuccessful, and unaccountable U.N. peacekeeping missions.

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by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 14th, 2023 at 12:06:23 PM EST
The return of the Monroe doctrine | The Economist - Sept. 17, 2020 |

Only a decade ago Latin America seemed to be making a mark in the world. Enriched by a commodity boom and with democracy contributing to social progress, many of the region's governments felt part of "the rise of the south" in a multipolar world. John Kerry, Barack Obama's secretary of state, said in 2013 that the United States saw its newly self-confident neighbours as equals. "The era of the Monroe doctrine is over," he declared, referring to an early American president's warning to European monarchies to keep out of the western hemisphere, which gradually evolved into the belief that the United States was the hegemon of the Americas.

Under President Donald Trump, the Monroe doctrine seems to be back. In 2019 John Bolton, then Mr Trump's national security adviser, proclaimed it to be "alive and well" in a speech in which he pledged to topple the dictatorships of Venezuela and Cuba. The United States has so far failed in that, but its neo-Monrovianism has now produced a victory. It will take over the presidency of the Inter-American Development Bank (idb), a big regional lender which, though based in Washington D.C., has been in Latin American hands since its founding in 1959. [US already has a 40% controlling vote and thus veto power] On September 12th a virtual meeting of the board of governors chose Mauricio Claver-Carone, the Trump administration's top official for Latin America, as the bank's president.

    And not just any American: A White House political appointee Mauricio Claver-Carone is a Cuban-American lawyer, an ally of Senator Marco Rubio, and former lobbyist who trafficked in highly partisan polemics. As an official at the National Security Council, Claver-Carone became known more for wielding punitive sanctions than for any deep expertise in development economics.

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by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 14th, 2023 at 12:07:17 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Replaced by the Biden administration

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by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 14th, 2023 at 12:08:04 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Our moral values ...

International abortion rule led to lapsed health aid in some African countries, report shows

President Trump issued a Presidential Memorandum that reinstated the "Mexico City Policy" for family-planning assistance awarded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). That Memorandum further directed the Secretary of State, in coordination with the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS), to implement a plan to extend the Policy to "global health assistance furnished by all departments or agencies" to the extent allowable by law.

Protecting Life in Global Health Assistance (PLGHA)

Additional reading ...

Losing Our Religion review: Trump and the crisis of US Christianity | The Guardian - Aug. 13, 2023 |

Russell Moore, formerly of the Southern Baptist Convention, thinks evangelicals have come dangerous adrift of morality ... The Scandal Rocking the Evangelical World

The sudden departure of Russell Moore is forcing an overdue conversation about the crises of American Christendom.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 14th, 2023 at 12:12:22 PM EST
[ Parent ]

Wagner Group is active in Mali, Sudan, Libya and Central African Republic

What's ahead for the Wagner Group in Africa and the Middle East? | Brookings - July 18, 2023 |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 14th, 2023 at 02:25:49 PM EST
by Ahmed Idris

Niger coup leader agrees to hold direct talks with ECOWAS | Al Jazeera - 21 hrs ago |

A group of Nigerian Islamic scholars who met Niger's coup leader have said the general has agreed to hold direct talks and resolve a standoff with West African leaders.

Sheikh Abdullahi Bala Lau, who led the Nigerian delegation, made the announcement on Sunday, a day after his group held talks with General Abdourahamane Tchiani in the Nigerien capital Niamey.

Niger military to prosecute Mohamed Bazoum for 'high treason' | Al Jazeera - 8 hrs ago |

In a statement read out on national television late on Sunday, a spokesman for Niger's military laid out the charges against Bazoum as "high treason and undermining the internal and external security" of the country.

According to the rebels, they have collected evidence that allows them to prosecute the former president and his accomplices on charges of treason and endangering state security.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 14th, 2023 at 02:27:22 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Proliferation of arms and jihadists as proxy mercenaries ... no American boots on the ground ...
❌ no body bags shipped home 🇺🇸 ❌

 [Tuareg fighters were Gaddafi's mercenaries with heavy arms, ousted by NATO air power giving Sunni Islamists and the dozens of tribes an incentive to fill the void in Libya ... quagmire]

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by Oui (Oui) on Wed Aug 16th, 2023 at 07:43:04 PM EST
[ Parent ]

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by Oui (Oui) on Tue Aug 15th, 2023 at 08:17:53 PM EST
Nigeria air attack kills children in Niger: Official | Feb. 20, 2022 |

The Nigerian military has killed and wounded children in an air attack in neighbouring Niger, according to a local governor in Niger, state television and an aid agency.

The attack took place in the village of Nachade in the region of Maradi, Niger, on Friday, a few kilometres from the border with Nigeria, said Chaibou Aboubacar, the governor of Maradi.

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by Oui (Oui) on Tue Aug 15th, 2023 at 09:02:21 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Niamey residents welcome plans to prosecute former president | AfricaNews |

The ruling junta in Niamey says it has gathered the necessary evidence to prosecute Niger's deposed president, Mohamed Bazoum, for "high treason". Nigeriens trust the army, but rights activists fear corruption in the judiciary?

Col. Major Amadou Abdramane, member of Niger's ruling CNSP said Bazoum was being charged following his post-coup exchanges with high-ranking West African politicians and "their international mentors," whom the leaders of the revolt accuse of making false allegations and attempting to derail a peaceful transition in order to justify a military intervention.

Version Western Source - AP News

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by Oui (Oui) on Tue Aug 15th, 2023 at 09:03:45 PM EST
Related news ...

Abdoulaye Seydou, head of the M62 activist group arrives home after he was released from prison following a court order

The M62 movement, set up a year ago, is a coalition of around 10 groups and NGOs opposed to the presence of French military forces in Niger.

The group M62 had accused the defence and security forces of massacring civilians in helicopter raids on an illegal gold mine last October, launched on the grounds that the alleged killers of two police officers had holed up there.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Tue Aug 15th, 2023 at 09:04:31 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Niger military to prosecute Mohamed Bazoum for `high treason' | Al Jazeera |

Charges against deposed president come hours after a Nigerian delegation said Niger's coup leaders were open to diplomacy to resolve the crisis.

Nice that "independently" the military junta can open a channel for diplomacy and consider Justice for alleged infringement of the Niger latest constitution.

... all is needed now is to appoint someone to be Minister of Justice to take care of that. If I were the junta, I would look ar some life insurance policies. 😄

Historically in last decades, military coup d'état succeeded in 100% of the cases ... only one in Burkina Faso failed in the early hours due to a split in the Armed Forces. For Niger it should be smooth sailing as they have support of the masses. Excellent narrative and/or propaganda.

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by Oui (Oui) on Wed Aug 16th, 2023 at 05:49:25 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Ousted FM Massoudou talks legitimacy to France24 and RFI

Foreign Minister Hassoumi Massoudou, a close ally of Bazoum, said the deposed president was being "held hostage" by the military junta that has seized power in the impoverished West African nation.

Speaking from neighbouring Nigeria, where he sought refuge in the wake of the coup, Massoudou condemned the putschists' announcement that they would prosecute Bazoum for treason, saying the junta had "no legitimacy to try anyone".

"These people who carried out this coup, this corrupt act we're witnessing ... they cannot pretend to have the moral status to put anyone on trial."

NIGER: Impunity enshrined in the constitution

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by Oui (Oui) on Wed Aug 16th, 2023 at 11:16:33 AM EST
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Aug 16th, 2023 at 11:18:59 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Opposition figures arrested or banned from election ...

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Aug 16th, 2023 at 11:23:28 AM EST
[ Parent ]
lesahel.org | Communique N°27, 14 Aug

GOOG was having a spot of trouble this morning retrieving lesahel.org. Which is inconvenient, because gouv.ne is under maintenance.

The National Council for the Safeguarding ot eh Fatherland (CNSP and the Transitional Government wish to inform national and international opinion that since the events of July 26, 2023, the most fanciful and misleading allegations have been conveyed by certain lobbies in relation to West African political leaders at the highest leverl and their international mentors.
With regard to the specific case of the deposed president, the CNSP and the Transitional government invite anyone of good will, peace-loving, justice to question the sincerity of his claim to maintain that he is sequestered even that the soldiers never invaded his presential residence and that he sill has all the means of communication.
In any event, the Nigerien government has to date gathered the necessary evidence to prosecut the deposed president and his local and foreign accomplices before the competent national and international authorities for high treason and undermining internal and external security of Niger following its exchanges with nationals, foreign Heads of State and heads of international orgnizations.
by Cat on Wed Aug 16th, 2023 at 08:01:15 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Ousted president Mohamed Bazoum is isolated within his own country, lost allegiance of the Armed Forces and the masses ... time to take away his iPhone or whatever Blackberry he is carrying. Many leaders have  been confronted by losing power to a military or subversive force ... ask the US Central Intelligence Agency, MI-6 or French DGSE.

Niger: President Mohamed Bazoum calls on US for help after coup | BBC News - 4 Aug. 2023 |

Niger's ousted leader has urged the US and "entire international community" to help "restore... constitutional order" after last week's coup.

In an opinion piece in the Washington Post, [ousted] President Mohamed Bazoum said he was writing "as a hostage".

He also warned that the region could fall further under Russian influence, via the Wagner Group which already operates in neighbouring countries.

Niger's West African neighbours have threatened military intervention.

Defence chiefs from the region finished a three-day meeting in Nigeria's capital, Abuja, on Friday saying they had drawn up a detailed plan for the use of force for leaders from the regional bloc Ecowas to consider.

"All the elements that will go into any eventual intervention have been worked out here, including the resources needed, the how and when we are going deploy the force," Abdel-Fatau Musah, Ecowas commissioner for political affairs, peace and security said.

Nigeria's President Bola Tinubu on Friday wrote to lawmakers seeking their support for the sanctions and military action. His letter included a reference to a "military build-up and deployment of personnel".

On Thursday, the coup leaders announced they were withdrawing the country's ambassadors from France, the US, Nigeria and Togo.

In a statement read out on national television, they said the functions of the four ambassadors had been "terminated".

The junta also announced it was cutting bilateral military ties with former colonial power France. The country currently has around 1,500 troops in Niger and has been part of a force combating Islamist militancy.

France has responded by saying that only "legitimate" governments could alter agreements.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Aug 16th, 2023 at 01:56:06 PM EST
France to Pull More Than 2,000 Troops From Africa's Sahel | AP News / VOA - July 9, 2022 |

France will withdraw more than 2,000 troops from an anti-extremism force in Africa's Sahel region by early next year and pivot its military presence to specialized regional forces instead, President Emmanuel Macron said.

Macron announced last month a future reduction of France's military presence, arguing that it's no longer adapted to the needs in the area. The French Barkhane force, operating in Mali, Chad, Niger, Burkina Faso and Mauritania,had also met opposition from some Africans.

After discussions Friday with leaders of the African countries involved, Macron announced that France would reduce its force to 2,500 to 3,000 troops over the long term. The country currently has 5,000 troops in the region.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Wed Aug 16th, 2023 at 01:57:17 PM EST
Security in the Sahel and the end of Operation Barkhane | IISS - Sept. 5, 2022 |

In early 2022, France began withdrawing its forces from Mali and re-configuring Operation Barkhane, its counter-insurgency mission that has been under way in several Sahelian countries since 2014. The last French military unit left Mali on 15 August. The soldiers remaining in the Sahel will no longer play a direct combat role in regional armed conflicts and instead will support and train local forces. Russia, meanwhile, has become a new security actor in the region. These are the most consequential geopolitical shifts that have occurred in the Sahel since 2012, when a secessionist uprising by Tuareg and Islamist non-state armed groups in northern Mali nearly toppled the government and spilled into neighbouring Burkina Faso and western Niger. [Tuareg fighters were Gaddafi's mercenaries with heavy arms, ousted by NATO air power giving Sunni Islamists and the dozens of tribes an incentive to fill the void in Libya ... quagmire]

France's failure in Mali is yet another case, like the nearly two-decade intervention by the United States in Afghanistan, in which a Western power has intervened in an armed conflict abroad and proved unable to deliver on its goals regarding stability and security. In January 2020, France raised the number of soldiers committed to Barkhane - primarily special-operations forces - from roughly 4,000 to 5,100. But it began withdrawing after a Malian military junta consolidated control over the government in May 2021. France's failure to define achievable objectives for Operation Barkhane beyond conducting strikes against jihadists leaders and providing Malian forces with general counter-terrorism support and capacity building meant that the mission could have continued aimlessly for the foreseeable future.

The rift between Paris and Bamako grew soon after the junta took power and established security ties with Russia. The rift became permanent when the Wagner Group - a Kremlin-linked private military company - deployed mercenary forces to the country in late 2021. This development prompted several European Union countries to withdraw from the French-led Task Force Takuba, a multinational special-forces unit created in 2020 to contribute to Barkhane's mission. The task force disbandedshortly after.

A year earlier, US left Afghanistan in the dark of night and caught not only its NATO allies by surprise which had battled and failed to establish a democracy with Anglo-Saxon moral principles in twenty long years.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Wed Aug 16th, 2023 at 02:18:56 PM EST
[ Parent ]
AU55 v G7

F24 | African Union council 'rejects' military intervention

The African Union's Peace and Security Council, the organ in charge of enforcing the bloc's decisions, met in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa on Monday for talks on the crisis in Niger that one African diplomat described as "difficult".

According to several sources cited by Le Monde, the council rejected an ECOWAS proposal to stage a military intervention unless the Nigerien military junta cedes power and reinstates President Mohamed Bazoum. Bazoum has been under house arrest since the July 26 coup.

Speaking to FRANCE 24's sister station RFI, a diplomat who attended the meeting said many southern and northern African member countries were "fiercely against any military intervention".

I didn't fully understand that the "G5S" (Burkina Faso, Guinea, Chad, Mali, Niger) is no string of "coups", neither "contagion" nor mutiny, but the logical conclusion to remote control of the continent by MINUSMA's dismal patrons. But for perennial conflict in the Sudans, I see a certain elegance in insurgent border land strategy and the "astonishing message discipline" that inhabits the grey zone. It's about time that AU55 pulled G7 up short.    
by Cat on Thu Aug 17th, 2023 at 02:27:35 AM EST
After leaving the Peace Summit in Jeddah, Victoria Nuland visited Niamey to give the miliary Junta a browbeating ... the military leaders would not stoop as low to meet a deputy secretary of State for Eastern European Affairs. Doors stayed shut.

Enough about Sullivan. Let us now turn to Victoria Nuland, an architect of the 2014 overthrow of the pro-Russian government in Ukraine, one of the American moves that led us to where we are, though it was Putin who initiated the horrid current war. The ultra-hawkish Nuland was promoted early this summer by Biden, over the heated objections of many in the State Department, to be the acting deputy secretary of state. She has not been formally nominated as the deputy for fear that her nomination would lead to a hellish fight in the Senate.

It was Nuland who was sent last week to see what could be salvaged after a coup led to the overthrow of a pro-Western government in Niger, one of a group of former French colonies in West Africa that have remained in the French sphere of influence. President Mohamed Bazoum, who was democratically elected, was tossed out of office by a junta led by the head of his presidential guard, General Abdourahmane Tchiani. The general suspended the constitution and jailed potential political opponents. Five other military officers were named to his cabinet. All of this generated enormous public support on the streets in Niamey, Niger's capital--enough support to discourage outside Western intervention.

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu Aug 17th, 2023 at 09:26:29 PM EST
Niger : une émissaire américaine a rencontré les auteurs du coup d'État

La numéro deux de la diplomatie américaine par intérim a indiqué avoir rencontré le général de brigade Moussa Salaou Barmou, nouveau chef d'état-major de l'armée, de même que d'autres responsables, mais n'avoir pas pu s'entretenir ni avec le chef des militaires au pouvoir, le général Abdourahamane Tiani, ni avec le président renversé Mohamed Bazoum.

Victoria Nuland a dit avoir proposé "de nombreuses options" pour mettre fin au coup d'État, de même que les "bons offices" des États-Unis "s'il y avait un désir de la part des responsables de revenir à l'ordre constitutionnel", tout en ajoutant ceci : "Je ne dirais pas que cette offre a été prise en compte de quelque manière que ce soit."»

[Remember the events leading up to the Maidan Massacre of Feb. 24, 2014 in Kyiv - "FU*K  the EU"]

'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu Aug 17th, 2023 at 09:27:20 PM EST
[ Parent ]

Brig. Gen. Moussa Salaou Barmou, who trained at Fort Benning, Georgia, helped oust Niger's democratically elected president | The Intercept |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Thu Aug 17th, 2023 at 09:28:20 PM EST
[ Parent ]

Acting Deputy Secretary of State Victoria Nuland on the Situation in Niger

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Thu Aug 17th, 2023 at 09:29:22 PM EST
[ Parent ]
From Chi-Town bag man to ECOWAS asset: Bola Tinubu
...A 1993 report by IRS Special Agent Kevin Moss explained that "there is probable cause to believe that funds in certain bank accounts controlled by Bola Tinubu…represent proceeds of drug trafficking; therefore these funds are forfeitable to the United States."...
Which reminded me of Carol Moseley-Braun: From improbable rise to abrupt, ignominious fall
...As a Senator, Moseley Braun made trips with Matthews to Nigeria without notifying the State Department or the U.S. ambassador at a time when the United States had issued sanctions against that nation. Those trips garnered enough backlash to cost Moseley Braun re-election in 1998....
and, of course, The Understudies "with a white mother and a Kenyan father"
by Cat on Fri Aug 18th, 2023 at 12:42:37 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Secretary Antony J. Blinken With Waihiga Mwaura of BBC Focus on Africa | Aug. 8, 2023 | plus video

BBC MWAURA:  Secretary of State, I want to jump in and get a sense from you on this.  So Russia has promised free grain to some of the worst affected countries, especially on the African continent.  Isn't this somewhat a measure of good faith on the part of Russia?

SECRETARY BLINKEN:  Well, it's - I - none of this is a laughing matter, but it's laughable.  What Russia was proposing is - was to get grain to a half dozen countries, about 50,000 tons.  The Black Sea Grain Initiative delivered 20 million tons to lower and middle-income countries.  In other words, what the Russians were proposing in compensation for getting out of the agreement is a drop in the bucket of what countries were getting and what they need.

And by the way, I was at the United Nations last week.  Ninety-one countries signed on to a declaration saying that food should not be used as a weapon of war, and never mind what the United States is saying, country after country - and notably countries in Africa - were all calling upon Russia to get back into the Black Sea Grain Initiative.

'It Takes Two to Tango'

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by Oui (Oui) on Fri Aug 18th, 2023 at 01:54:54 PM EST

The Puzzle of JNIM and Militant Islamist Groups in the Sahel | ACSS - Dec. 2020 |

Violent events linked to militant Islamist groups in the Sahel-- Burkina Faso, Mali, and western Niger--have surged nearly sevenfold since 2017. With more than 1,000 violent episodes reported in the past year, the Sahel experienced the largest increase in violent extremist activity of any region in Africa during this period.1 With nearly 8,000 fatalities, millions of people displaced, government officials and traditional leaders targeted, thousands of schools closed, and economic activity severely curtailed, the Sahel is staggering from the surge of attacks.

Stretching from northern Mali to southeastern Burkina Faso, violent events attributed to Jama'at Nusrat al Islam wal Muslimeen (JNIM) comprise more than 64 percent of all episodes linked to militant Islamist groups in the Sahel since 2017. The Macina Liberation Front (FLM) has been by far the most active of JNIM's component groups, operating from its stronghold in central Mali and expanding into northern and other parts of Burkina Faso.

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by Oui (Oui) on Fri Aug 18th, 2023 at 01:55:55 PM EST

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by Oui (Oui) on Fri Aug 18th, 2023 at 01:56:57 PM EST
[ Parent ]


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by Oui (Oui) on Fri Aug 18th, 2023 at 01:58:01 PM EST
Overthrow Gaddafi arms trafficking violence Boko Haram Northern Nigeria ... January 2012 a warning from the U.N.

U.N. warns arms from Libya could reach Boko Haram and al-Qaeda | Reuters - Jan. 2012 |

The Libyan civil war may have given militant groups in Africa's Sahel region like Boko Haram and al Qaeda access to large weapons caches, according to a U.N. report?

Evidence of long-range firearms trafficking to the Sahel, including by air from France and from Turkey via Nigeria | UNODC |

In a video, Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau said his fighters had kidnapped women and children and would treat them as "slaves" in retaliation ...

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by Oui (Oui) on Fri Aug 18th, 2023 at 02:00:00 PM EST
[ Parent ]

The regionalization of Boko Haram's threat | July 7, 2015 |

In the early years of 2002 to 2009, Boko Haram was a local sectarian movement with demands confined to the Nigerian context. Gradually, it has radicalized as a result of a repressive policy of the Nigerian state. This policy pushed the organization toward a mass violence strategy, including the use of neighbouring countries as bases of retreat and thus regionalizing its threat.

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri Aug 18th, 2023 at 02:01:06 PM EST
[ Parent ]
Nigeria to hand out food as cost of living bites | BBC News - 3 hrs ago |

The Nigerian government has approved the disbursement of 5bn naira ($6.5m; £5.1m) to each of the country's 36 states and the federal capital for the procurement of food items for the poor.

It will also distribute bags of rice, maize and fertiliser, Governor Babagana Zulum of the north-western Borno state told the media after a National Economic Council meeting at the presidential villa in the capital, Abuja.

The move is part of measures to ease the rising cost of living, a fallout from President Bola Tinubu's decision to remove fuel subsidies when we took power in May.

Since then fuel prices have risen by 200% and food prices have more than doubled - leading to the president declaring a state of emergency over food insecurity last month and announcing measures to boost food security, small businesses, manufacturing and affordable transport.

President Tinubu said the removal of subsidies had helped the government save more than 1tn naira ($1.2bn).

Kenyan man sets himself ablaze to protest high cost of living | African Nations |

Not mentioned in some Kenyan newspapers ...

The Star - Nairobi - Kenyan Post

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Fri Aug 18th, 2023 at 03:10:39 PM EST
by Cat on Fri Aug 18th, 2023 at 09:03:31 PM EST
[ Parent ]
NY Yella Cake to have interviewed Junta Official in Niger, 18 Aug.
by Cat on Sat Aug 19th, 2023 at 01:18:18 PM EST
by Oui (Oui) on Sat Aug 19th, 2023 at 09:44:52 PM EST
  • Burma's Transition to "Disciplined Democracy" | August 2011 |
  • Province Taiwan voluntary transition to mainland China 🇨🇳 by 2050 | Xinhua News |

  • Guinea: Colonel Mamady Doumbouya says on state television after political consultations he is considering a transition of 39 months | Al Jazeera - May 1, 2022 |
  • Niger coup leader proposes a three-year transition of power

    Abdourahmane Tchiani, who met an ECOWAS delegation in Niamey, also warns that any military intervention in Niger `will not be a walk in the park' for those involved.

    ECOWAS has taken a harder stance on Niger's July 26 coup, the region's seventh in three years, than it has on previous ones in Mali, Burkina Faso and Guinea.

    Niger, a country that has strategic importance for regional and global powers because of its uranium and oil reserves as well as its role as a hub for foreign troops involved in the fight against armed groups linked to al-Qaeda and ISIL (ISIS).

    The ECOWAS delegation's arrival in Niamey followed that of the new United States ambassador to Niger, Kathleen FitzGibbon.

    A spokesman for the US State Department said the new envoy's "diplomatic focus will be to advocate for a diplomatic solution that preserves the constitutional order" and the immediate release of Bazoum, his family and all those unlawfully detained.

    The United Nations has also joined the reconciliation efforts, sending its special representative for West Africa and the Sahel, Leonardo Santos Simao, to Niamey on a mission to facilitate a swift and peaceful resolution to Niger's crisis.

    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Sun Aug 20th, 2023 at 08:35:47 AM EST
    I recently learned that, according to the invisible hand d/b/a the World Bank, Mauritania obtained upper middle-income status, such that ordinary families can afford $8,000 to $10,000 price of asylum in the USA by selling land or livestock.

    But this 12-day-"old" I24 report is truly a priceless example of the "rules-base order" FKA "international law" FKA FKA "democratic process" FKA "free trade" FKA "neo" imperial discretion. It summarizes four-year's of business school cases in 1,000 words. I also commend the photo editor's selection memorializing "feminist foreign policy," or gender "equity," (AFP PHOTO / BOUREIMA HAMA Anne Lauvergeon (C), CEO of French nuclear energy company Areva, arrives at the groundbreaking ceremony for a giant uranium mine in Imouraren, northern Niger, on May 4, 2009.) and Eichinger's sublime sarcasm.

    "Ideally, collaboration with international justice, and especially the FBI, could help the ruling junta to dismantle the evasion and laundering circuits, and the fraud cases. This could make it possible to recover considerable sums, and offer the country a chance of recovery."
    One might imagine that  the "preliterate" people inhabiting Niger had no part in and had not approved the 2010 constitutional referendum
    ...The president's refusal to give up power at the end of his second five-year term sparked widespread protests, and after military leaders toppled him, they named a consultative counsel to draft a new constitution. The counsel settled on what is known as a semi-presidential system where the chief executive's powers are limited....
    further amended 2017 to remedy corruption of bureaucratic authorities—during  Issoufou's second term. At that time, recurring complaint by the US embassy, having no objection to near perfect replication by the Nigerien state of model G7 "constitutional order," statutes, and enforcement, was "although". In light of these facts, it comes as no surprise to me six years later that the only cooperation brought to bear by G7 allied "neighbors" is settling the question, Who controls the looting?
    by Cat on Sun Aug 20th, 2023 at 02:59:43 PM EST
    [ Parent ]
    ne.usembassy.gov | NIGER 2016 HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT, 27 pp

    published with wordpress technology FFS

    by Cat on Sun Aug 20th, 2023 at 06:48:03 PM EST
    [ Parent ]
    Indeed, democracy and the constitution needs to be protected ... if needs be by military intervention and bloodshed ... battle for Nigerien freedom 🇳🇪

    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Sun Aug 20th, 2023 at 07:55:25 PM EST
    [ Parent ]
    A brief review ...

    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 21st, 2023 at 09:53:26 AM EST
    Nigeria ECOWAS Sanctions: 'People will die' if the border with Niger stays closed | France24 |

    In the remote town of Bodinga, in Nigeria's Sokoto State, rows of cargo trucks can be seen stranded on both sides of the border. Many have been there since July 26, when the military junta in Niger overthrew President Mohamed Bazoum and trade between the poor, landlocked country and its West African neighbours was frozen.

    "People will die! If they leave the border like this, people will die. There's no work. From morning until night I have nothing to eat," a desperate Nigerian truck driver tells FRANCE 24. He was on his way to a cement plant in Niger's capital Niamey with a cargo of coal when the border closed and has spent the past two weeks sitting by his truck waiting.

    Some tradesmen seem to get through, on foot, motorbikes and donkey carts. But their crossings are conditioned with bribes and black market trade has spiralled.

    "Our only problem is the security personnel, we have to pay them bribes so they'll let us pass," says a man operating cargo drawn by donkeys. But the bulk of business is at a standstill.

    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 21st, 2023 at 09:56:51 AM EST
    Searching "Bodinga in Nigeria's Sokoto State"

    Let Nigeria mind their own "democracy" and troubles of terror Boko Haram ... neglect and poverty, the members upper class live on bribes for commerce.

    'Sapere aude'

    by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 21st, 2023 at 09:59:12 AM EST

    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 21st, 2023 at 10:00:05 AM EST
    [ Parent ]
    Controversy trails Tinubu's invitation to Obama party's convention | Daily Post - Sept. 9, 2012 |

    The statement said, "Tinubu will be at the ring side as the Democratic Party conducts activities that will culminate in the nomination of President Barack Obama as its candidate for the November 2012 presidential elections in the USA.

    Tinubu received a gold card invitation, which is prime; and with this, he will be joined by three other eminent personalities: Governor Kayode Fayemi of Ekiti State; Speaker of the Lagos State House of Assembly, Adeyemi Ikuforiji; and a former Commissioner for Information and Strategy in Lagos State, Mr Dele Alake."

    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 21st, 2023 at 10:00:54 AM EST
    [ Parent ]
    Bola Tinubu - the 'godfather' who has been sworn in as Nigeria's president | BBC News - May 29, 2023 |

    Bola Tinubu, 71, has been sworn in as Nigeria's president after winning the country's most competitive election since the end of military rule in 1999.

    Widely credited with reshaping Nigeria's commercial hub Lagos, Mr Tinubu saw off a divided opposition party and a youth-backed third-party candidate in February's election.

    Defeated candidates Atiku Abubakar and Peter Obi are challenging his victory in court, alleging the result was manipulated.

    Mr Tinubu has rejected the allegation, and has hailed the peaceful transfer of power as "our enduring faith in representative government".

    He has replaced Muhammadu Buhari, who has stepped down at the end of his two terms.

    Africa's most populous country is facing a troubled economy, widespread insecurity and high inflation. Many will want Mr Tinubu to hit the ground running when he takes on one of Africa's most daunting jobs.

    Once forced into exile by military ruler Sani Abacha, Mr Tinubu knows the value of freedom and wears it as an insignia on his signature hat - a broken shackle that looks like a horizontal figure of eight.

    A trained accountant, it was the activities of the pro-democracy National Democratic Coalition (Nadeco) group, where he was a member, that brought him into Abacha's crosshairs.

    The opposition of groups like Nadeco, and Abacha's death in 1998, ushered in Nigeria's democracy in 1999 and in many ways, Mr Tinubu, a former Mobil oil executive, feels entitled to Nigeria's presidency.

    Mr Tinubu - known to his supporters as "Jagaban", which translates to "leader of warriors", a title from the Emir of Borgu in Niger state - will now be looking at unifying a country that is retreating into regional lines and religious blocs, as the election results showed.

    But it is not a job that fazes him. He has pointed to his time as Lagos state governor between 1999 and 2007 to sell his candidacy to Nigerians.

    Under his tenure, Lagos massively grew its income through huge foreign investment, while a public transport scheme that saw new lanes created for rapid buses eased the notorious traffic jams faced daily by commuters.

    Controversy has emerged over the $500 million recovered from the late Gen. Sani Abacha's estate | Jan. 19, 2018 |

    Related an impression from the Biden White House ...

    President Biden Announces Presidential Delegation to the Federal Republic of Nigeria to Attend the Inauguration of His Excellency Bola Ahmed Tinubu

    'Sapere aude'

    by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 21st, 2023 at 10:05:12 AM EST
    Who is Bola Tinubu, Nigeria's new president? | DW News - May 29, 2023 |

    Bola Ahmed Tinubu has come out victorious in the Nigeria's highly disputed presidential election. Who is this veteran politician and why is he widely regarded as a kingmaker and "godfather"?

    After working for US consultancy firms, he returned to Nigeria in the 1980s and worked for the Mobil oil company as an auditor.

    He first got involved in politics in the 1990s and was elected governor of Lagos when military rule ended in 1999.

    Sometimes referred to as the political "godfather", Tinubu has been known for exerting power from behind the scenes and using his extensive network to back candidates for office.

    Source of wealth unknown

    Tinubu's support also helped outgoing leader Muhammadu Buhari win two terms in office, in 2015 and 2019.

    During the 2019 election, a bullion van was seen entering Tinubu's residence on Bourdillon Road in the affluent Lagos neighborhood of Ikoyi. Tinubu responded with the statement: "I keep money anywhere I want."

    Since stepping down as Lagos governor in 2007, Tinubu has picked every subsequent winning candidate.

    Tinubu is believed to be one of Nigeria's richest politicians but the source of his wealth is unknown. The political kingmaker has interests in a number of business ventures, from media and aviation to tax consultancy, hotels, and real estate holdings.

    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 21st, 2023 at 10:06:55 AM EST
    [ Parent ]

    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 21st, 2023 at 10:07:35 AM EST
    [ Parent ]

    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 21st, 2023 at 10:08:18 AM EST
    [ Parent ]
    lesahel.org | Visit of an ECOWAS delegation to Niger: "We hope to establish a constructive dialogue between ECOWAS and Niger which will lead to the resolution of this crisis", assured the Head of the ECOWAS delegation, 20 Aug
    A strong ECOWAS delegation led by the former President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, General Abdulsalami Abubacar is this Saturday August 19, 2023 in Niamey. Welcomed by the Prime Minister, Minister of Economy and Finance, Mr. Lamine Zeine Ali Mahaman  at the Diori Hamani International Airport in Niamey, the Head of this delegation had at the Palace of the Presidency of the Republic, a head-a-tete with the President of the National Council for Safeguarding the Party, Head of State, Brigadier General Abdourahamane Tiani. Shortly befoe this meeting between the two personalities, the delegation led by General Abdulsalami Abaubacar had an extended working session with the Prime Minister and certain members of the government still at the Palace of the Presidency of the Republic.

    [PHOTO of 5 principal negotiators including Mohamed Bazoum, excluding Tiani]

    At the end of these various exchanges, the Head of the ECOWAS delegation, General Abdulsalami sid that he had been sent by the Heads of State of ECOWAS ["the Authority"] in order to discuss with the new authorities of Niger about the socio-political situation in Niger with a view to finding a favorable outcome. "We are going to leave to report to them on this mission. We also discussed with the former President of the Republic [M. Bazoum] and we collected his assessments. We hope that this meeting will establish a constructive dialogue between ECOQAS and Niger that will lead to the resolution of this crisis," he said.

    lemonde | West African bloc rejects Niger's three-year transition plan to democracy, 20 Aug uh oh
    Abdel-Fatau Musah, ECOWAS commissioner for politics and security, described the proposal of a three-year transition as "a joke" and said the bloc would "never accept it."

    "We want constitutional order to be restored as soon as possible," he told Al Jazeera in an interview broadcast on Monday, August 21. "Military action is not off the table," he warned.
    "We say we need a very short transition period... but we are not even talking about one year. It's going to be a lot shorter than that," said ECOWAS commissioner Musah. "We had the same experiences with the three coups in the region in the past three years. Even as we speak those countries are still talking of extending the transition period already agreed with ECOWAS."

    lesahel.org | Press briefing by the Attorney General at the Niamey Court of Appeal: "We cannot tolerate this form of expression of fredoms in that it carries the virus of division and aggression in our country", declares Mr. Maazou Oumarou, 21 Aug uh oh
    To persuade these intensely active induviduals on social networks to abandon these harmful practices in the country, Mr. Maazou Oumarou recalled that our legal and regulatory system is complete as to the legal basis for repression of what they engage in. Thus, hesays, the first chapter of title 1 of the Penal Code provides for and punishes the crimes of teason and espionage, attacks on national defence, attacks and conspiracies against the authority of the State and the integrity of the national territory, the crime tending to distrurb the Sate by the massacre and the devastation and the crimes committed by the participatio in an insurrectionary movement.

    Further more, he explained, "This why the General Prosecutor's office, re-stating its criminal policy, instructed the public prosecutors, especially that of the High Court of Niamey and all the others performing the functions of the public prosecutor's office, to hire, without any weakness prosecution against anyone who engages i such acts, in strict compliance with the law."

    by Cat on Mon Aug 21st, 2023 at 11:12:36 PM EST
    nordicmonitor | Turkey sees opportunities in collaborating with Niger's coup leaders, 14 Aug
    ... The most significant sign of Turkey's implicit support for Niger's military junta came directly from Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who made remarks after Friday prayer on August 4. Erdogan stated, "We are striving to sustain our positive relations with them," praising the decision of the military rulers to cease uranium and gold exports to France.

    Criticizing France for what he characterized as the oppression of African people over the years, Erdogan said Niger's halting of exports was a response to the oppressive practices carried out by France. These practices, he noted, were not limited to Niger but also extended to Algeria, Rwanda and Mali.
    The second sign regarding Turkey's perspective on developments in Niger emerged through a statement released by the National Security Council (Milli Güvenlik Kurulu, MGK).



    This body, often referred to as the shadow government in Turkey, plays a central role in shaping foreign and security policy. The statement was crafted during a session led by President Erdogan and attended by leaders from the military, intelligence and government.

    The statement that followed the meeting not only refrained from condemning or criticizing the coup but also subtly suggested disapproval of Western nations and the anti-coup stance taken by regional African countries. The statement conveyed that "the resolution of the continent's issues is best sought by those who belong to the continent."

    The MGK statement also notably refrained from characterizing the military takeover as a coup, in contrast to the Turkish Foreign Ministry's statement issued on July 27, which did use the term "coup" but stopped short of explicitly condemning or criticizing the coup leaders....

    middleeasteye | Niger coup: Turkey's Erdogan opposes Ecowas military intervention, 21 Aug
    ...Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has said he opposes a military intervention in Niger against coup leaders, warning that it could lead to instability in the region.

    The foreign military action, which is being considered by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), would not be "right", Erdogan told journalists who travelled with him to Hungary on Sunday....

    apanews | Niger crisis: Turkey's Erdogan rejects Ecowas-led military option
    ...In an interview with certain media on Monday, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan rejected the military option being propounded by the regional organisation.

    "I don't think the decision of the Economic Community of West African States to intervene militarily in Niger is fair. Following this decision, Mali and Burkina Faso also warned that such a military intervention in Niger would be tantamount to a war against them. A military intervention in Niger would mean that instability would spread across many African countries," he declared.

    Niamey is one of Ankara's privileged partners in the Sahel. When he took office, deposed President Mohammed Bazoum set himself the goal of restoring security to his country, which was plagued by a jihadist insurgency. To that end, he purchased TB2 drones from the Turkish company BAYKAR....

    apanews | L'Union africaine suspend le Niger de toutes ses instances, 22 Aug
    by Cat on Tue Aug 22nd, 2023 at 04:13:09 PM EST
    NICE 😎

    Erdogan is a bit anti-NATO 🥺 ... eligible for BTRICS ?

    'Sapere aude'

    by Oui (Oui) on Tue Aug 22nd, 2023 at 06:34:34 PM EST
    [ Parent ]
    Algerian foreign minister begins tour of West Africa to discuss Niger crisis | France24 |

    Foreign Minister Ahmed Attaf was "mandated by President Abdelmadjid Tebboune" to go on a diplomatic tour to Nigeria, Benin and Ghana, the Algerian foreign ministry said on X, formerly known as Twitter.

    He is set to hold "consultations on the crisis in Niger and ways of dealing with it" with his counterparts in the West African countries, which form part of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).

    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Wed Aug 23rd, 2023 at 10:17:16 PM EST
    [ Parent ]
    ... with a diplomatic solution 🥺

    Ecowas says committed to diplomatic solution to Niger coup crisis | France24 |

    West African regional bloc Ecowas reiterated its commitment to finding a diplomatic solution to the crisis in Niger following the recent military coup there as the organisation met in Nigeria's Abuja on Friday.

    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Fri Aug 25th, 2023 at 12:35:25 PM EST
    by Oui (Oui) on Fri Aug 25th, 2023 at 12:43:31 PM EST
    [ Parent ]
    reuters | Niger allows Mali, Burkina Faso troops to enter its territory in case of attack
    On Thursday, the three allies' foreign ministers said they had met in the Nigerien capital Niamey to discuss boosting cooperation on security and other joint issues.
    The statement said the ministers welcomed the signing on Thursday by Niger junta leader General Abdourahamane Tiani of two orders "authorising the Defense and Security Forces of Burkina Faso and Mali to intervene on Nigerien territory in the event of an attack."

    "The Burkinabe and Malian Ministers ... reiterated their rejection of an armed intervention against the people of Niger which will be considered as a declaration of war," it said.

    and that is not all!
    lesahel.org | Joint press release followint the official visit to Niger of His Excellency Mrs. Ragnaghnewende Olivia Rouamba, Minister of Foreign Afairs, Regional Cooperation and Burkinabe people outside Burkina Faso and His Excellency Mr. Abdoulay Diop, Minister of Foreign Affairs and international cooperation fof the Republic of Mali, 25 Aug

    by Cat on Fri Aug 25th, 2023 at 05:30:00 PM EST
    [ Parent ]
    NIGERIAN authority seeks political solution, unexpectedly

    abatmediacenter | PRESIDENT TINUBU TO ENVOYS: ONLY HOME GROWN SOLUTIONS WILL SOLVE [ECOWAS] PROBLEMS with newly minted BRICS XV "superpower", 24 Aug

    ....Directs Immediate Resolution of Disagreements with UAE on Emirate Airline, Visa Issuance

    President Bola Tinubu on Thursday said African countries have a better chance of overcoming ["]economic and security challenges["] by looking inward for solutions and walking the talk on all of its pledges and agreements.

    President Tinubu stated this while receiving Letters of Credence from three envoys at the State House: Ambassador of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Mr. Awall Wagris Mohammed; Ambassador of the Republic of Cuba, Mrs. Miriam Morales Palmero, and Ambassador of United Arab Emirate, Salem Saeed Al-Shamsi.

    In a side meeting with the Ambassador of Ethiopia, the President assured the envoy that Nigeria will continue to strengthen its ties with African countries in the areas of trade, security, and economic growth.

    The Nigerian Banking Reforms of 2005 May Have Shielded The Economy From The 2008 Global Recession 2015 LOLnope
    UAE Banks Refuse To Open Bank Accounts For Nigerian Nationals 2016
    UAE asks banks to freeze accounts of those named on Qatar-linked blacklist: WAM 2017
    Nigeria court orders bank account freezes to check money laundering 2017
    'Banks lost N15billion to fraud, cyber-crime in 2018' 2018
    CBN freezes 11 bank accounts of companies, individual 2021
    UAE Imposes Visa Ban on Nigerians, Rejects Applications With 'Non-Refunding' 2022
    UAE rejects Buhari's plea, maintains indefinite visa ban on Nigerians 2023
    by Cat on Fri Aug 25th, 2023 at 08:44:27 PM EST
    Emirates Airlines suspended flight operations in Abuja last year over its inability to repatriate blocked funds, 25 Aug
    ...The UAE stopped issuing visas to Nigerians last year after Emirates Airlines suspended operations over an inability to repatriate some $85 million in revenue trapped in the country, resulting from forex restrictions. Earlier this year, the airline announced that a significant balance of its funds had been frozen in Africa's largest economy and had yet to be repatriated. The International Air Transport Association (IATA) said in March that Nigeria has withheld at least $743 million in revenue from international carriers operating in the country....
    by Cat on Fri Aug 25th, 2023 at 08:49:16 PM EST
    [ Parent ]
    "Mohammed congratulated the President for the historic decisions he has taken in the country, and the impact of the policies on the continent..."

    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Fri Aug 25th, 2023 at 10:27:47 PM EST
    [ Parent ]

    Chef Kiss!: Josep Borrell, the EU's foreign policy chief, embraces Niger's now ousted president Mohamed Bazoum back in early July (Photo: European Union)

    euobserver | EU's migration plans in Niger in balance after coup, 24 Aug

    by Cat on Fri Aug 25th, 2023 at 10:57:41 PM EST
    [ Parent ]
    by Cat on Fri Aug 25th, 2023 at 09:37:38 PM EST
    ❌🇫🇷 The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Niger has made a decision to withdraw the agreement for the French ambassador and has requested that they leave the country within 48 hours.

    Niger's junta expels French ambassador | African News / AFP - Video |

    Sylvain Itté, French ambassador to Niger, on March 20, 2023 in Niamey, Niger. The envoy was alongside then Nigerien Interior minister Hamadou Adamou Souley.

    Sylvain Itté failed to respond to an invitation for talks with the new minister of foreign affairs appointed by the ruling junta.

    'Sapere aude'

    by Oui (Oui) on Sat Aug 26th, 2023 at 05:11:19 AM EST
    [ Parent ]

    Macron says French ambassador still in Niger despite ultimatum | Le Monde |

    During a major foreign policy speech to ambassadors gathered in Paris, Macron confirmed that French envoy Sylvain Itté was listening in from Niger's capital Niamey despite being given a 48-hour deadline to leave the country.

    Macron insisted that France would not change its position in condemning the coup and offering support to Bazoum, stressing he had been democratically elected and was being "courageous" by refusing to resign. "Our policy is clear: we do not recognise the putschists," Macron said, adding that they were "abandoning the fight against terrorism".

    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Mon Aug 28th, 2023 at 08:21:54 PM EST

    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Tue Aug 29th, 2023 at 10:09:19 PM EST
    Niger's junta instructs police to expel French ambassador | Africa News |

    D'après ce document qui date d'il y a 2 jours mais qui vient d'être rendu public, les autorités nigériennes estiment que @SylvainItte, l'ambassadeur de France, ne jouit plus de son immunité diplomatique et demandent à la police de procéder à son expulsion.

    Niger's military junta that seized power last month, said it had revoked the French ambassador's diplomatic immunity and instructed the police to expel him.

    Sylvain Itte visa and that of his family have also been cancelled.

    'Sapere aude'

    by Oui (Oui) on Thu Aug 31st, 2023 at 10:36:02 PM EST
    by Cat on Fri Sep 1st, 2023 at 12:31:31 AM EST
    [ Parent ]
    President Bola Ahmed Tinubu has recalled all Nigerian ambassadors from their duty posts worldwide | Guardian Nigeria |

    This directive was announced by Tinubu's spokesperson, Ajuri Ngelale, in a statement on Saturday.

    Ngelale said the recall was effective immediately.

    He said the decision was sequel to a careful study of the present state of affairs at Nigerian consulate offices and embassies worldwide.

    'Sapere aude'

    by Oui (Oui) on Sun Sep 3rd, 2023 at 04:30:25 PM EST

    lemonde | France begins talks on withdrawal of some of its troops from Niger, 5 Sep
    At this stage, neither the number of soldiers involved nor the manner of this departure has been officially decided, but the general principle has been accepted. 1,500 French soldiers are currently deployed in the country, at three bases: in the capital, Niamey, in Ouallam, to the north of the capital, and in Ayorou, near the border with Mali. Some units may be redeployed in the region, notably in neighboring Chad [?!], or repatriated directly to Paris.
    A source insisted that discussions are only being held between the military, not with the ruling junta, as France continues to refuse to recognize the government that emerged from the putsch.
    lesahel.org | Niger-Nigeria cooperation: Towards the firm application of the principle of reciprocity between the two countries, 5 Sep
    According to a note from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Minister Bakary Yaou Sangare, during this interview discussed with the ambassador certain practices and decisions implemented by the Federal Republic of Nigeria and which could undermine diplomatic relations between Niger and Nigeria. He asked that these actions cease in order to preserve the exemplary nature of "our bilateral relations that the current circumstances, with the iniquitous decisions of ECOWAS, should not affect", ads the note.
    lesahel.org | Prime Minister's audience with the Chinese ambassador to Niger: M Jiang Feng promises to maintain all ongoing projects
    Speaking of China-Niger cooperation, he said that it is based on the sincere friendship of the two peoples and therefor all projects in the interest of the Niger people will continue. China has a responsibility to protect major projects like Kandadji, Agadem II, and many others which are property of the people of Niger.
    lesahel.org | Responses to Macron's speech given to French ambassadors
    by Cat on Tue Sep 5th, 2023 at 07:30:32 PM EST
    barrons AFP | Protests After Chadian Soldier Dies In Attack At French Base, 6 Aug G6 Sahel
    An army nurse at a French military base in northern Chad shot dead a Chadian soldier who had attacked him, triggering protests by local people, the region's governor told AFP on Wednesday.

    The incident occurred on Tuesday in the base of Faya-Largeau, where troops are deployed under France's strategy of fighting jihadists in West Africa's Sahel.

    "A Chadian soldier who was not in a normal state went to the French army base to get bandaged, picked up a scalpel and wounded a French military nurse," General Ali Maide Kebir, the governor of Borkou region, told AFP.

    "The nurse used his firearm and killed him," he said.

    "After hearing of the soldier's death, the people of Faya demonstrated all day long outside the entrance to the base and tried unsuccessfully to get inside," Maide Kebir said....

    RT | Protesters attempt to storm French military base - media
    "The outrage was caused by the murder of a Chadian soldier inside a French military base in the northern town of Faya-Largeau on Tuesday, Alwihda Info has reported."
    by Cat on Wed Sep 6th, 2023 at 09:22:52 PM EST
    [ Parent ]
    I was looking for S. Sigh's Wednesday seminar on depleted uranium gifts for Ukraine to confirm RT excerpts relayed from CNN.

    COME TO FIND, the ladies' press gaggle latched onto surpetitious Pentagon movements in Niger—departing "non-essential personnel" and equipment out of Niamey under the radar; "re-positioning" of an unspecified number of troops from AB 101 to AB 201, Agadez, NE; DOD emphasis on AFRICOM "force posture" status quo is unrelated ("no tie") to French MOD .

    defense | Pentagon Press Secretary Brig. Gen. Pat Ryder Holds a Press Briefing, 5 Sep

    [...Maui and Florida search & recovery ops, Indonesia excersises...]
    Q: Hi. Thanks for doing this. Two topics for you; first one, the visit -- the visit between Russia and North Korea. How can concerned is the Pentagon that this could add to deadly munitions to Russia in its war against Ukraine? And have you to the—to date been able to track how many weapons North Korea has been able to supply?

    And then second topic on Niger. Several media outlets are reporting that the French government is in talks to possibly withdraw troops from Niger. Is the Pentagon also in similar talks with the Niger government on the same?
    RYDER: Yeah, thanks, Tara.

    As far as Niger goes, I don't have any new announcements to make. Again, we remain focused on a diplomatic solution. There's been no change in U.S. force posture in Niger. But again, as updates become available, we'll certainly let you know.
    TARA: When you say no change in force posture, does that mean that U.S. forces have remained on base and are not venturing out, no training missions?
    RYDER: They're currently -- again, training missions have been paused, and so again, nothing new to provide from the podium here.


    JENNIFER: General Ryder, if the French pull out, will the U.S. pull out?

    RYDER: Again, I don't want to get into hypotheticals or speculate. Broadly speaking, the U.S. government remains focused on a diplomatic solution right now.
    JENNIFER: And what is the state of the Wagner forces in Africa and elsewhere post-Prigozhin? And what can you tell us about the recruiting efforts, the alleged recruiting efforts in Cuba? What are you seeing? What do you know? Have any of those Cuban recruits showed up in Ukraine?
    RYDER: Yeah, thanks, Jennifer. I don't have any information to provide as it pertains to Cuba. I would say largely speaking, as you've heard us say before, Wagner has been im—significantly impacted negatively in terms of their broad organization, and—and their efforts in Africa, while they do continue to maintain a presence in Africa, what the— what they will be able to accomplish or how their operations will be affected over the long term is —is something we're continuing to keep an eye on.
    JENNIFER: And who's the head of Wagner now?
    RYDER: Again, I'd have to refer you to Wagner to talk about their head.


    CARLA: Just one follow on Niger. So how concerning is it to the Pentagon that the French are in talks on pulling out? And can you just explain to us how much the French contribute to the counter-terror war that the U.S. is also a part of in West Africa?

    C-SPAN | Defense Department Briefing, 7 Sep DOD "readiness" housekeeping, "presense", personnel and contractors "levels"
    "Deputy Defense Department Spokesperson Sabrina Singh [of GAAP historical cost adjustment fame] briefs reporters on the ongoing response to the Maui wildfires, U.S. military assistance for the war in Ukraine, [Austin "tri-lateral call" with JP Hamada Yasukazu and KR Lee Jong-sup,] and U.S. force posture in Niger after pulling non-essential personnel."
    by Cat on Thu Sep 7th, 2023 at 08:06:48 PM EST
    [ Parent ]
    Niger Junta Accuses France of Amassing Forces for a Military Intervention After the Coup in July

    Niger's new military leaders accused France of amassing forces for a possible military intervention in the country following the coup in July. French President Emmanuel Macron said Sunday that he would only take action at the demand of deposed Nigerien leader Mohamed Bazoum.

    Niger's junta spokesman, Maj. Amadou Abdramane, said that France is also considering collaborating in such an intervention with the Economic Community of West African States, a regional bloc known as ECOWAS.

    "France continues to deploy its forces in several ECOWAS countries as part of preparations for an aggression against Niger," Abdramane said late Saturday in a statement broadcast on state television.

    Niger Expects 'Quick' France Forces Withdrawal | VOA - 05 Sept. 2023 |

    'Sapere aude'

    by Oui (Oui) on Sun Sep 10th, 2023 at 06:09:34 PM EST
    Top EU diplomat voices solidarity with 'hostage' French envoy in Niger | France24 |

    EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell held a press briefing after the bloc's foreign ministers met on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly in New York.

    Borrell expressed the bloc's "full solidarity" with Mohamed Bazoum, the elected president who has been detained by the military, praising his "courage and determination."

    Borrell said that the Europeans also agreed on the need to "reassess" their strategy in the Sahel, where France in particular has led years of efforts aimed at defeating jihadists.

    "We need a new approach as we are facing a much more complex environment," he said. "We insisted on the idea that we need African solutions for African problems."

    Over the past decade, the European Union has spent 600 million euros in civilian and military missions in the Sahel, training 30,000 personnel of security forces and 18,000 troops in Mali and Niger, Borrell recently told the European Parliament.

    Nonetheless, military leaders have taken over in both countries and in neighboring Burkina Faso.

    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Tue Sep 19th, 2023 at 11:57:15 AM EST
    Niger bans French aircraft from its airspace | Franse24 |

    Niger's military rulers have banned "French aircraft" from flying over the country's airspace, according to the Agency for the Safety of Air Navigation in Africa and Madagascar (ASECNA) website.

    BREAKING NEWS: French President Emmanuel Macron said France will end its military presence in Niger

    ... and pull its ambassador out of the country after its democratically elected president was deposed in a coup.

    'Sapere aude'

    by Oui (Oui) on Sun Sep 24th, 2023 at 07:09:30 PM EST
    [ Parent ]
    Striking at the heart ♥️ of terror at home ...

    French journalist arrested over report on Egypt spy operation | RFI |

    France was accused of an "unacceptable" attack on press freedom Tuesday after a journalist was arrested for reporting on leaked documents that claimed French intelligence was used to target civilians in Egypt.  

    Disclose @Disclose_ngo

    Perquisition en cours au domicile de la journaliste de @Disclose_ngo , @AriaLavrilleux. Des policiers de la Direction générale de la sécurité intérieure (DGSI) ont placé notre journaliste en garde à vue.

    Une nouvelle atteinte inadmissible au secret des sources ⤵️

    It denounced an "unacceptable attack on the secrecy of sources" - a view quickly backed by the Society of Journalists and Reporters Without Borders (RSF).

    "We fear that the DGSI's actions will undermine the secrecy of the sources," RSF said.
    Lavrilleux's arrest was confirmed to French news agency AFP by a source close to the case.

    "I am appalled and worried about the escalation in attacks on the freedom to inform, and the coercive measures taken against the Disclose journalist," said Virginie Marquet, lawyer for Lavrilleux and Disclose.

    "This search risks seriously undermining the confidentiality of journalists' sources," she said, adding that Lavrilleux had "only revealed information of public interest".

    The initial Disclose articles said French forces were complicit in at least 19 bombings against smugglers between 2016 and 2018 in the region.

    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Wed Sep 20th, 2023 at 07:22:12 AM EST
    French defence minister to investigate misuse of intelligence reports in Egypt | RFI - Nov. 24, 2021 |

    France's defence minister has called for an investigation into reports that Egypt used intelligence supplied by the French military to target and kill civilians suspected of smuggling.

    The information, based on leaked documents, was published by the investigative website Disclose.

    Operation Sirli, the name given to the mission between the two countries, was designed to provide intelligence on the jihadist threat along Egypt's western border with Libya, Disclose said in its report published on Sunday.

    "In principle, the mission...consisted of searching the western desert to find possible terrorist threats coming from Libya, using a light aircraft designed for surveillance and reconnaissance," it said.

    "But very quickly, the [French] members of the team understand that the intelligence supplied to the Egyptians is used to kill civilians suspected of contraband," the Disclose post reads.

    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Wed Sep 20th, 2023 at 07:23:20 AM EST
    [ Parent ]

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