Welcome to European Tribune. It's gone a bit quiet around here these days, but it's still going.

US-France Ousted from Colonial Africa

by Oui Sat Apr 20th, 2024 at 01:51:41 PM EST

French Triumph as Troops Reach Ancient City of Timbuktu In North Mali | 28 Jan 2013 |

Timbuktu siege: Mali 'at risk of civil war' | Reuters |


The Arab Uprising fed by colour revolutions of Wester powers ... how it started after Iraq invasion of 2003, the overthrow of strongman Gadhafi in 2011 at the hands of three women in power in the white House ... R2P policy to prevent genocide ... see earlier success in Kosovo against Serbia.

Arab Spring: 10 years on

Photographing the final days of Gaddafi and his last stronghold | Al Jazeera |

"It is a conflict that still gives me chills every time I stop to look back at my old photographs, or when I remember those unimaginable sunny days and the cruelties human beings are capable of inflicting on one another in the worst of times."

NATO targets Libyan Navy in Tripoli, Al Khums and Sirte

Libya air strikes: NATO uses Twitter to help gather targets | The Guardian |

NATO is using information gleaned from Twitter to help analysts judge which sites could be targeted by commanders for bombing and missile strikes in Libya.

Potentially relevant tweets are fed into an intelligence pool then filtered for relevance and authenticity, and are never passed on without proper corroboration. However, without "boots on the ground" to guide commanders, officials admit that Twitter is now part of the overall "intelligence picture".

They said NATO scooped up all the open source information it could to help understand Gaddafi, who is constantly changing his tactics and concealing himself - and his forces - in places such as schools and libraries.

Benghazi Raid (Only Damascus Consulate annex are "legal" targets)

Bloggers Call BS on NY Times Benghazi Article | Dec 29, 2013 | [BHO got the nomination to run for US President over candidate HRC]

[...]

US agrees to pull troops out of Niger | BBC News |

The US's $100m (£80m) military base near Agadez was built just six years ago, and has played a key role in the US and French strategy to combat jihadists in West Africa.

    Air Force documents submitted to Congress in 2015 note that the U.S. "negotiated an agreement with the government of Niger to allow for the construction of a new runway and all associated pavements, facilities, and infrastructure adjacent to the Niger Armed Force's Base Aerienne 201 (Airbase 201) south of the city of Agadez." When the National Defense Authorization Act for fiscal year 2016 was introduced last April, embedded in it was a $50 million request for the construction of an "airfield and base camp at Agadez, Niger ... to support operations in western Africa." When President Obama signed the defense bill, that sum was authorized.

But Niger's relations soured with both Western countries last year following the coup and the military leaders have sought closer security ties with Russia.

Dozens of Russian military instructors have arrived in Niger in recent weeks, bringing with them a state-of-the-art air defence system, according to state media reports.

Niger has also distanced itself from local democracies and sought stronger regional alliances with fellow junta-led nations Burkina Faso and Mali.

The trio have quit Ecowas - the West African regional body which opposed their military takeovers.

They have also quit the French-backed G5 Sahel force, saying it was ineffectual and undermined African sovereignty, and have launched their own defence pact called the Alliance of Sahel States.

The U.S. Is Building a Drone Base in Niger That Will Cost More Than $280 Million by 2024 | The Intercept - 21 Aug 2018 |

Former French Intelligence agent exposes dirt on uranium mining operation in Niger | i24 - 8 Aug 2023 |

Former finance specialist for France, Marc Eichinger, denounces the numerous scandals plaguing Afrique francophone

Trucks carry rocks containing uranium 23 February 2005 at the Arlit opencast mine in the Air desert, Niger, one of the world's most impoverished regions. (Pierre Verdy / AFP)

Before her departure, Nuland told reporters that the coup leaders were offered "a number of options" to exit the crisis, which would restore Niger's relationship with the United States that suspended its aid.

"I would not say that we were in any way taken up on that offer," she said.

Nuland said she also warned Niger against bringing in Russia's Wagner mercenaries, citing "the risks to their sovereignty when Wagner is invited in."

From the diaries @BooMan

Display:

Paris a achevé son retrait militaire du Niger et a fermé son ambassade à Niamey \ Le Monde |

'Sapere aude'

by Oui (Oui) on Thu Apr 25th, 2024 at 06:52:20 PM EST
Germany Too Losing Face In Mali



'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Sun Apr 28th, 2024 at 07:45:41 AM EST
[ Parent ]
Russian troop arrival spells end for US military presence in Niger | FT - 2 days ago |

The Russian plane landed at the international airport in Niger's capital Niamey at about midnight with little fanfare, ferrying anti-aircraft defence systems and troops to Moscow's newest ally in the Sahel.

The arrival of the 100 soldiers this month was the final death knell for the presence of US forces, who have been based in the west African nation since 2013 -- and underscored Niger's determination to diversify its security partnerships beyond the west.

It also marked another strategic victory for Moscow in the Sahel, the semi-arid strip south of the Sahara, where military governments have increasingly shunned their traditional western allies in favour of new alliances with Russian President Vladimir Putin.

The shifting ties come as a wave of insecurity and terror continues to afflict the Sahel, where al-Qaeda and Isis-linked Islamist insurgents have unleashed havoc from Niger to Burkina Faso and Mali for more than a decade. Military juntas have seized power in all three countries as popular discontent swelled over the failure of democratic governments and the west to stem the violence.

[...]

The withdrawal of US troops from Niger was set in motion in March when a junta spokesperson described the military deal between the two as illegal and said it "violates all constitutional rules".

The relationship worsened during a visit by US officials - including assistant secretary of state for African affairs Molly Phee and head of the US-Africa Command General Michael Langley - to Niamey . Nigerien officials said the US delegation was "condescending", and rebuffed their attempts to meet junta leader General Omar Tchiani.



'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu Apr 25th, 2024 at 06:55:11 PM EST
Statement From Pentagon Press Secretary Maj. Gen. Pat Ryder on a Department of Defense Delegation to Niger | 24 April 2024 |

Per the U.S. State Department, U.S. Ambassador to Niger Kathleen FitzGibbon and Maj. Gen. Kenneth Ekman, U.S. Africa Command Director of Strategy, Engagement and Programs, will meet with National Council for Safeguarding the Homeland (CNSP) officials April 25 in Niamey, Niger to initiate discussions on an orderly and safe withdrawal of U.S. forces from Niger.

The Department of Defense remains committed to countering violent extremist organizations in West Africa. DoD will continue to support whole-of-government approaches to work with African leaders to maintain stability and address terrorist threats in the region, including addressing core issues that drive insecurity.



'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu Apr 25th, 2024 at 06:56:40 PM EST
[ Parent ]


'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Sun Apr 28th, 2024 at 07:39:39 AM EST
[ Parent ]
But from all reasoning with Russian forces now arriving in Niamey, US Base is neutralized and likely US stands checkmate v Russian influence.



'Sapere aude'
by Oui (Oui) on Thu Apr 25th, 2024 at 07:05:46 PM EST
Reply @MofA:
5 years ago, one couldn't see a small Sahel state ...

One hasn't been paying attention to the region from 9/11 forward. All very predictable and the resistance has been gaining strength each year ... primarily Sunni jihadists. Arab states were interested in parts of Africa for fertile agricultural land for food security ... the US with listening posts for retaining grip on the countries' leaders.

The decision for regime change in Libya opened the floodgates into Mali and neighbouring states. Key words | GSPC | Tuareg | Azawad declaration  | AQIM |

Earlier writings ...

  • US and France on War Footing with Al Qaeda in Sahel | 27 July 2010 |
  • Qatar and Saudi Arabia Financing Salafist Extremists in Mali and Sahel | 21 Jan 2013 |
  • A Decade of US Special Ops in the Sahel-Maghreb 2003-2013 | 7 Feb 2013 |
  • El Para, the Maghreb's Bin Laden | Feb 2005 |

    The War on Terror as business model for the weapons industry ... difficult times

    'Sapere aude'

    by Oui (Oui) on Sat Apr 27th, 2024 at 05:02:26 PM EST
    [ Parent ]
    Niger-Benin pipeline: First drops of oil arrive at Sémè Kraké, 24 Apr illustrated
    Amid frosty diplomatic relations, Benin is expected to receive transit duties and tax revenues per quantity of Nigerien oil that gushes out at Sémè Kraké [Benin]. The projection comes as the [offshore] platform where the 1980km pipeline that connects the Agadem oil fields lands.
    [...]
    Benin, a member of [CENTCOM's] regional ["superpower"] ECOWAS effected the closure of its borders to Niger in enforcement of sanctions against the [CNSP] that overthrew Bazoum. But President Patrice Talon has since taken a softer stance on the coupists in Niamey.

    The Beninese president in December, under ECOWAS provisions, announced the lifting of the suspension of imports of goods transiting to Niger via the autonomous port of Cotonou [!].  It followed his expressed "desire to see relations between Benin and the countries where the coups d'état took place rapidly re-established" according to media reports.

    archive EU planning new Africa mission, "Post-Cotonou Agreement", ACP and Cotonou Agreements

    24 Apr "LET US HELP YOU HELP US"

    state.gov: Amid discussion underway since July 2023, we have been unable to reach an understanding with the CNSP to continue that security cooperation in a manner that addresses the needs and concerns of each side.
    -----------------------------------------------------
    defense.gov: Subsequently, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict Christopher Maier and Lt. Gen. Dagvin Anderson, Joint Staff Director for Joint Force Development, will conduct follow-up meetings in Niamey next week, to coordinate the withdrawal process in a transparent manner and with mutual respect.
    lesahel.org | Press release from the Office of the Prime Minister: The United States and Niger will lead discussions in NIame to specify a timetable for the withdrawal of american armed forces of Niger, 26 Apr money quote
    The Prime Minister His Excellency Ali Mahaman Lamine Zeine, Minister of Economy and Finance has stayed from 16 to 19 April in Washington DC, the federal capital of the United States of America, where he took part in the General Assemblies of the Spring [Meetings] of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. In the margins of these meetings, he recieved an invitation from the U.S. State Department where he had gone in the company of his delegation.

    The main topic on the agenda of trade [!] between the two delegations focused on the termination, with immediate effect by the Niger notes verbales, which served as a defense agreement between our countries [Alliance of Sahel States?] and the United States of America [sanctions?].
    [...]

    archive April 2024 price cap mania exit plan
    by Cat on Sat Apr 27th, 2024 at 11:13:48 PM EST
    [ Parent ]
    Why the Yanks were booted out of Niger ... impudence and US officials were "condescending",

    Наглость Госдепа приводит к изгнанию США из Африки

    The existence of the most important military base for the United States in Africa is under threat. The leadership of Niger made a sensational decision to withdraw American troops from the country. And it's not just that Niger is now establishing cooperation with Russia and Iran. The behaviour of the official delegation of the U.S. State Department led to this development of events. What is it about?

    The Niger government has terminated the agreement that allows the American contingent to remain in the country, Reuters reports citing the representative of the transitional government of Niger Amadou Abdraman. The decision takes effect immediately. It is stated that American troops are on the territory of Niger illegally and their deployment was unilaterally imposed on the country.

    Nothing predicted such a development of events. The fact is that after seizing power in the country, the Nigerian military did not raise the issue of withdrawing American bases. Only the French were strictly instructed to leave. They left, and Niamey began to build a new relationship with Russia, including a Russian military presence to combat jihadist terrorism and Tuareg separatism to replace the ineffective French presence.




    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Thu Apr 25th, 2024 at 09:19:34 PM EST
    Exactly what I have been writing since 2011 .... end the lies and bull$hit of Western powers and overthrowing governments in Africa and the Middle East.

    Niger: the west's bulwark against jihadis and Russian influence in Africa | FT - 7 July 2022 |

    Niger's president Mohamed Bazoum (centre) and German chancellor Olaf Scholz leave the Presidential Palace in Niamey, Niger Berlin has been training Niger's soldiers in counter-terrorism [Credit: Boureima Hama/AFP/Getty Images]

    Niger's president Mohamed Bazoum (centre) and German chancellor Olaf Scholz leave the Presidential Palace in Niamey, Niger, in May this year. Berlin has been training Niger's soldiers in counter-terrorism © Boureima Hama/AFP/Getty Images

    Chad, previously a stalwart French ally, is unstable after Idriss Déby, president and commander of the most effective fighting machine in the Sahel, died in battle last year at the hands of insurgents allegedly trained by Wagner. Emmanuel Macron, the French president, attended Déby's funeral in N'Djamena.

    Much of the rot set in after western powers, including France and the UK, engineered the downfall of Libya's longtime dictator, Muammer Gaddafi, in 2011. The resulting power vacuum precipitated a flood of arms into the Sahel, weaponising ancient antagonisms and providing Islamists and criminal gangs with the wherewithal to wage terror. Wagner is now fighting in Libya too, alongside the rebel general Khalifa Haftar.

    Ibrahim Yahaya, senior Sahel analyst at Crisis Group, endorses the idea that Russia has opened "a second front" in the Sahel with the aim of destabilising European interests. Using Wagner, he says, is a cheap way of making trouble that provides deniability and costs Moscow nothing. "It's a different way of doing diplomacy. You use private companies that are there to make money, but then you use them to promote your strategic goals."

    Wagner, Mali, and prospects for peace in Africa | Responsible Statecraft - 27 Dec 2023 |

    Why the path to stability in Bamako may have to run through Moscow

    'Sapere aude'

    by Oui (Oui) on Thu Apr 25th, 2024 at 09:21:08 PM EST
    [ Parent ]
    US State Department calls jihadists "freedom fighters" ... and so the seeds of Al Qaeda - AQI- ISIL - AQAP - Islamic State - AQIM were sown from late 1970s on forward.

    The Puzzle of JNIM and Militant Islamist Groups in the Sahel | Africa Security Briefing |

    Violent events linked to militant Islamist groups in the Sahel-- Burkina Faso, Mali, and western Niger--have surged nearly sevenfold since 2017. With more than 1,000 violent episodes reported in the past year, the Sahel experienced the largest increase in violent extremist activity of any region in Africa during this period. With nearly 8,000 fatalities, millions of people displaced, government officials and traditional leaders targeted, thousands of schools closed, and economic activity severely curtailed, the Sahel is staggering from the surge of attacks.

    Covered the issue in multiple diaries over the years ...

    Don't Call Them Al Qaeda, Terror Coming from ISIS (aka AQI, IS) | Oui @BooMan - 2 July 2014 |

    My diary - Dream On Guys - in reference to BooMan's front page story - Declare the War on Terror Over (2012).

    'Sapere aude'

    by Oui (Oui) on Fri Apr 26th, 2024 at 07:54:15 AM EST
    Dream On Guys | June 2012 |

    In reference to BooMan's front page story - Declare the War on Terror Over.

    The foolish escapades of US Forces in Afghanistan - Iraq - Afghanistan and back home has succeeded in spreading the threat of terror across the globe. In addition, the situation has been aggravated  by the ignorant admirers of the State of Israel, its Armed Forces and the heavy-handed treatment of the the Palestinian people in the occupied territories. All US war crimes have been mirrored to the IDF and IAF: imprisonment, mall teatment, torture, targeted killings with collateral damage (innocent civilians). Abu Ghraib, Fallujah, Guantanamo Bay and drone bombing are illustrations of these crimes. Remember, there was no Al-Qaeda in Iraq. Al-Qaeda are Sunni fighters and responsible for suicide attacks and car bombings.

    We now have Al-Qaeda fighting in Syria, Northern Lebanon, Mali, Erithrea, Somalia, Nigeria and indeed Yemen. As long as the Western powers are allied to the Arabian oil fields of Qatar, UAE, Bahrein, Oman and Saudi Arabia they are exporting terror across the globe. These wealthy sheiks were responsible for funding the 9/11 attacks and most terror bombings from London, Madrid, Marocco, Nigeria, Syria, Yemen, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and upto the Philippines.



    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Fri Apr 26th, 2024 at 07:55:14 AM EST
    [ Parent ]
    Related reading ...

    The US-Al Qaeda Alliance: Bosnia, Kosovo and Now Libya. Washington's On-Going Collusion with Terrorists | Global Research - July 2011 |

    ... and do not forget after the failure of regime change in Damascus, thousands of most extreme jihadists holed up in Idlib district waiting for a new campaign of terror  ... have bomb, will travel.

    'Sapere aude'

    by Oui (Oui) on Fri Apr 26th, 2024 at 08:25:09 AM EST
    [ Parent ]


    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Sun Apr 28th, 2024 at 07:35:01 AM EST

    Infographics: Interesting map of the conflict SMO as of today ...

    'Sapere aude'

    by Oui (Oui) on Sun Apr 28th, 2024 at 07:41:24 AM EST
    [ Parent ]


    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Sun Apr 28th, 2024 at 07:42:13 AM EST
    [ Parent ]


    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Sun Apr 28th, 2024 at 08:24:51 AM EST
    [ Parent ]
    Malian state forces confirm death of Abu Huzeifa, who was believed to have helped carry out 2017 attack

    A senior Islamic State group commander wanted in connection with the deaths of US forces in Niger was killed in an operation by Malian state forces, the country's military said.

    Abu Huzeifa, known under the pseudonym Higgo, was a commander in the group known as the Islamic State in the Greater Sahara . The US State Department had announced a reward of up to $5 million for information concerning him.

    Huzeifa is suspected of helping lead a 2017 attack on U.S. and Nigerien forces in Tongo Tongo, Niger, that resulted in the deaths of four Americans and four Nigerien soldiers. Following this attack, the American army reduced its operations with its local partners in the Sahel.

    "The identification and evidence collected confirm the death of Abu Huzeifa known as Higgo, a renowned foreign terrorist ," the Malian army said in a statement late Monday.

    Moussa Ag Acharatoumane, leader of a Tuareg armed group allied with the state, said his forces participated in the operation and that it took place in northern Mali .

    A photo of Huzeifa broadcast by state television shows him in military fatigues, with a long black beard and a machine gun in his hand.

    Mali has experienced two coups since 2020 during a wave of political instability that has swept West and Central Africa. The country has been battling an increasingly serious insurgency led by jihadist groups linked to Al-Qaeda and the Islamic State group for more than a decade.



    'Sapere aude'
    by Oui (Oui) on Tue Apr 30th, 2024 at 10:02:52 PM EST
    Rewards for Justice is offering a reward of up to $5 million for information on Abu Huzeifa, also known as Higgo, for his participation in the 2017 Tongo Tongo, Niger attack. Abu Huzeifa is an ISIS-Greater Sahara (ISIS-GS) commander.

    On October 4, 2017, near the village of Tongo Tongo, Niger, ISIS-GS-linked militants attacked members of a U.S. Special Forces team tasked with training, advising, and assisting Nigerien forces in fighting terrorism. The attack resulted in the deaths of four U.S. and four Nigerien soldiers. Two additional Americans and eight Nigeriens were wounded in the encounter. On January 12, 2018, ISIS-GS leader Adnan Abu Walid al-Sahrawi claimed responsibility for the attack.

    Battle @Tongo-Tongo - Trump Dislikes Losers | by Oui @BooMan on 6 March 2018 |

    Related reading ...

    Chad Covert Coup and Saharan Insecurity | August 2023 |

    'Sapere aude'

    by Oui (Oui) on Tue Apr 30th, 2024 at 10:03:37 PM EST
    [ Parent ]


    Display:
    Go to: [ European Tribune Homepage : Top of page : Top of comments ]